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Steve Cornish - "Passing Sensitive Data Through The Public Domain"

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Steve Cornish talks at Digital Henley #4 on Wednesday 4th May regarding Data Security - The best passwords, the most effective ways to protect privacy and private data, data integrity and how big businesses keep your information safe (or don't!).

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Steve Cornish - "Passing Sensitive Data Through The Public Domain"

  1. 1. Passing Sensitive Data Through the Public Domain Steve Cornish steve@blazingpath.com | @stevesquirrol | linkedin.com/in/stevecornish 4th May 2016
  2. 2. About me By day… • Contracting Digital / Integration Architect • Currently @ Vodafone By night… • CTO of Squirrol – a Social Network for Collectors • Cool tech • Pre-funding stage • Site is live: https://squirrol.com
  3. 3. Why protect data? Public domain => Internet => untrusted network • Is the integrity of the data important? • Is the privacy of the data important?
  4. 4. Data Integrity / Authentication HMAC functions can be used to verify a message… a) Comes from the expected source b) Has not been tampered with in flight With HMAC, both the source and target generate a token (the MAC) from the message using a shared key which is compared to establish integrity.
  5. 5. HMAC … Message … Generate MAC from message Generate MAC from message MAC 1 Shared Secret Shared Secret Source Target MAC 2 Compare MACs
  6. 6. Data Privacy • Symmetric and Asymmetric cryptography can be used to secure data in flight • Symmetric encryption (e.g. AES): • The same key is used to encrypt the data and to decrypt the cipher • Asymmetric encryption (”Public Key Cryptography” / PKI): • Consists of a public/private key pair • The data is encrypted using the public key, and decrypted using the private key
  7. 7. Symmetric … Message … encrypt decrypt … Message … 110101010 101001101 010101011 Shared Key Shared Key Source Target
  8. 8. Asymmetric … Message … encrypt decrypt … Message … 110101010 101001101 010101011 (Target) Public Key (Target) Private Key Source Target
  9. 9. Summary • Data Integrity and Data Privacy are two concerns of Data Security • Data Integrity can be assured using HMACs • Data Privacy can be enforced using cryptography Data Security is a big subject – we’ve only scratched the surface
  10. 10. Thank you… Questions?
  11. 11. Appendix Performance • HMAC-SHA256 • 1m MACs in 4.76s • AES-128 • 1m encrypts in 2.54s • 1m decrypts in 2.13s (Run on a 5 year old Dell Latitude E6410 with Core i5, 4GB RAM, Win 7 32-Bit…)

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