Samenwerking cultuurprofessionals en hackers/ ontwikkelaars
Masterclass; 17 instellingen
What challenges do cultural / heritage institutions face where open date can play an important role in
Masterclass; 17 instellingen
Masterclass; 17 instellingen
Masterclass; 17 instellingen
"Opening GLAM Data Bottom-up" by Maarten Brinkerink
OPEN CULTURE DATA:Opening GLAM Data Bottum-UpOpen Cultural Heritage Data inthe Nordic CountriesMaarten BrinkerinkMalmö, April 24, 2013t: @OpenCultuurData | #opencultuurdata
WHATOpen Cultuur Data (Open Culture Data) is anetwork of cultural professionals, developers,designers, copyright specialists and opendata experts, that opens cultural data andencourages the development of valuablecultural applications. This makes cultureaccessible in new ways to a broader public.
WHYCultural institutions (or GLAMs) have a wealth of informationlocked up in their vaults. They preserve and store uniquecollections, they have an enourmous amount of knowledgeabout these collections (context, metadata), produceinformation and collect reactions from visitors.More and more cultural institutions make this informationdigitally accessible. This creates many new opportunities –for the institutions themselves but also for third parties – touse this information to create new applications and websites,allowing us to participate in arts and culture in new ways.However, this data is often very difficult to access for others.
STIMULATING COLLABORATION AND CREATIVITY“No matter who you are,most of the smartest people work for someone else.” Joy’s LawPUBLIC MISSION“For [GLAM] content to be truly accessible, it needs to be where the usersare, embedded in their daily networked lives.” Waibel and Erway, 2009
NEELIE KROES | VICE-president for the EC digital agenda & Open Data“I urge cultural institutions to open up controlof their data [...] there is a wonderfulopportunity to show how cultural material cancontribute to innovation, how it can become adriver of new developments. Museums,archives and libraries should not missit.”
HOWOpen Cultuur Data supports the cultural heritagesector in the release of culture data in the followingway:•encourage making more open culture data available•collecting culture data sets in a national catalogue•collecting and sharing knowledge and experience with openculture data•encouraging the making of new applications based on openculture data
1. Open Culture Data is knowledge andinformation of cultural institutions,organisations or initiatives about theircollections and/or worksdefining open culture data
2. Everyone can consult, use, spreadand reuse Open Culture Data(through an open license or bymaking material available in thePublic Domain)defining open culture data
3. Open Culture Data is available in adigital (standard) format that makesreuse possibledefining open culture data
4. The structure and possibleapplications of Open Culture Dataare documented in a ‘data blog’defining open culture data
5. The provider of the Open CultureData is prepared to answerquestions about the data frominterested parties and respects theefforts that it costs that the open datacommunity invests in developing newapplicationsdefining open culture data
• CC0 for metadata• PDM, CC-BY of CC-BY-SA forcontent• Open standards• Open documentation &communicationspecific conditions
• Ad-hoc start: September 2011• Contacting heritage professionals torelease datasets• Writing ‘datablogs’• 1 hackathon, 8 datasets in November2011• Starting point: 5 rules for Open CultuurData2011: EMERGENCE OF A NETWORK
HACKATHON | HACK DE OVERHEID | WORKSHOPPhoto: Breyten Ernsting. CC BY (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/nl/)
HACKATHON | HACK DE OVERHEID | APPS4NLPhoto: Breyten Ernsting. CC BY (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/nl/)
• 13 apps created, 8 app submitted (46 total)• Gold: Vistory• Education: Rijksmonumenten.info• Encouragement: ConnectedCollection• Categories of submitted apps: Navigatingcollections, Games, Data enrichment, Socialmedia and TabletsRESULTS APPS4NL
Developers: Hans van den Berg en Arjan den Boer | ab-cmediaAPPS
Developers: Jonathan Carter, Paul Manwaring, Jeroen van der Linde,Martin Elshout, Deniz Tezcan (gezamenlijk: Glimworm IT)APPS: GOUD VOOR VISTORY
• 2012: support from Images for the Future andCreative Commons Netherlands• April 2012: master classes• Juni 2012: start competition / hackathon 1• Oktober 2012, Rotterdam: hackathon 2• January 2013: Open Culture Data Awards2012: MASTER CLASS, GROWTH OF THE NETWORK, COMPETITION
ARCHIVESArchief EemlandGemeentearchief RotterdamGroene Hart ArchievenNationaal ArchiefRegionaal Archief LeidenLIBRARIESWageningen UR bibliotheekSECTOR INSTITUTESKunstfactorFASE 2: MASTER CLASS OPEN DATA | CREATIVE COMMONSMUSEUMSBuurtmuseum Leiden NoordCentraal MuseumFries Museum / KeramiekmuseumPrincessehofJoods Historisch MuseumMaritiem Digitaal/Visserijmuseum ZoutkampTeylers MuseumKNOWLEDGE INSTITUTESNationaal Comité 4 en 5 meiNCB NaturalisNIODTheater Instituut Nederland
17 GLAMs participatedTopics:#1: Introduction to copyright#2: Technology and en tools#3: Reuse and apps#4: Benefits and risks#5: Hackathon / evaluation
DATASETS (35 and counting…)More information & documentation:www.opencultuurdata.nl/datasets
THE CHALLENGEWhich apps can bring the best out of culture?•Apps that expand audience reach andengagement (online, offline, onsite) of artsand culture;•Apps that can reach audiences/ communitiesin new and innovative ways;•Apps that connect different datasets.
• 27 apps submitted• Gold: Muse App• Silver: Histagram• Bonze: SimMuseum• Nationaal Archief-award: Tijdbalk.nl• Categories of submitted apps: Games,Content galleries, Creative reuse, Maps andtimelines, History and TourismRESULTS …
GOUD: MUSE APP: FEMKE VAN DER STER, PETER HENKES, JELLE VANDER STER
NATIONAAL ARCHIEF-PRIJS: TIJDBALK.NL: ARJAN DEN BOER
Open Images is an open media platformthat offers online access to audiovisualarchive material to stimulate creativereuse.Built by Sound and Vision & Knowledgeland butdesigned for participation by others.
• Open source (MMBase, FFmpeg, LAMP)• Open media formats (Ogg Theora, WebM)• Open standards (Dublin Core, CC-REL, HTML 5)• Open API (OAI-PMH, CC-0)• Open content (CC-licenses, PD)OPEN, OPEN, OPEN!
• Creative Commons BY - SA as preferablelicense• 3000 items (now over 1800)• Available in ‘internet quality’OPEN CONTENT
Some numbers:Estimated length of entire S&V archive: 750,000hEstimated length of ‘our’ newsreel collection: 500hEstimated length of material in Open Images: 110hSo currently 22% of ‘our’ newsreel collection isopenly available through Open Images and0,015% of our entire archive.05-05-13
•Pageviews•~280,000 (2012)•~207,000 (2011)•Plays•~11,000 (2011)•>16,000 (2012)•Downloads•~2,400 (tracked since July 2012)•API calls•~170,000 (2012)05-05-13IMPACT THROUGH OPENIMAGES.EU
•Available content items•~1,600 (2011)•~1,600 (2012)•Number of Wikipedia articles reusing the contentitems•~1,000, in 59 languages (2011)•~1,600, in 65 languages (2012)•Pageviews of those articles•~19,000,000 (2011)•~40,000,000 (2012)05-05-13IMPACT TRHOUGH WIKIMEDIA
SOME (MAJOR) CHALLENGES– What are proper metrics to analyse theimpact of external reuse?– How to value different ‘types ofinteraction’ with the open content?– How does the impact of external reuserelate to the impact of institutionallyowned channels?
• Public mission• Data enrichment• Increasing relevance• Increasing channels to end users• Brand value• Specific funding oppurtunities• Discoverability• New customers/ users• Building expertise• Desired spill-over effects/ creating new businessSource: Verwayen, Arnoldus & Kaufman 2011. The Problem of the YellowMilkmaid. Europeana White Paper no. 2.BENEFITS OF OPEN CULTURE DATA
• Have access to expertise on the dimensions ofcollection• Buy-in from the senior management is essential =>focus on value add• Necessity to invest in engagement with third parties• Face to face meetups are extremely valuable(masterclasses f.i.)• Start with something sweet and small• On hackatons:• It doesn’t just happen – lots and lots of effort• Search for sustainability• Not all data is equally popularLessons Learned
• GLAMetrics• Improve API search• Executive track• Focussed challenges (education etc.)• OpenCultuurData.beFUTURE WORK
SOME RESOURCES• http://www.opencultuurdata.nl/about• https://p2pu.org/en/groups/open-glam/• http://www.openglam.org• http://avoinglam.fi• http://mw2013.museumsandtheweb.com/paper