"Opening GLAM Data Bottom-up" by Maarten Brinkerink

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Maarten Brinkerink's presentation from the Digisam #nordlod conference "Open Cultural Heritage Data in the Nordic Countries" 24 - 25 April 2013

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  • Masterclass; 17 instellingen
  • Samenwerking cultuurprofessionals en hackers/ ontwikkelaars
  • Masterclass; 17 instellingen
  • What challenges do cultural / heritage institutions face where open date can play an important role in
  • Masterclass; 17 instellingen
  • Masterclass; 17 instellingen
  • Masterclass; 17 instellingen
  • "Opening GLAM Data Bottom-up" by Maarten Brinkerink

    1. 1. OPEN CULTURE DATA:Opening GLAM Data Bottum-UpOpen Cultural Heritage Data inthe Nordic CountriesMaarten BrinkerinkMalmö, April 24, 2013t: @OpenCultuurData | #opencultuurdata
    2. 2. WHATOpen Cultuur Data (Open Culture Data) is anetwork of cultural professionals, developers,designers, copyright specialists and opendata experts, that opens cultural data andencourages the development of valuablecultural applications. This makes cultureaccessible in new ways to a broader public.
    3. 3. WHYCultural institutions (or GLAMs) have a wealth of informationlocked up in their vaults. They preserve and store uniquecollections, they have an enourmous amount of knowledgeabout these collections (context, metadata), produceinformation and collect reactions from visitors.More and more cultural institutions make this informationdigitally accessible. This creates many new opportunities –for the institutions themselves but also for third parties – touse this information to create new applications and websites,allowing us to participate in arts and culture in new ways.However, this data is often very difficult to access for others.
    4. 4. STIMULATING COLLABORATION AND CREATIVITY“No matter who you are,most of the smartest people work for someone else.” Joy’s LawPUBLIC MISSION“For [GLAM] content to be truly accessible, it needs to be where the usersare, embedded in their daily networked lives.” Waibel and Erway, 2009
    5. 5. NEELIE KROES | VICE-president for the EC digital agenda & Open Data“I urge cultural institutions to open up controlof their data [...] there is a wonderfulopportunity to show how cultural material cancontribute to innovation, how it can become adriver of new developments. Museums,archives and libraries should not missit.”
    6. 6. HOWOpen Cultuur Data supports the cultural heritagesector in the release of culture data in the followingway:•encourage making more open culture data available•collecting culture data sets in a national catalogue•collecting and sharing knowledge and experience with openculture data•encouraging the making of new applications based on openculture data
    7. 7. 1. Open Culture Data is knowledge andinformation of cultural institutions,organisations or initiatives about theircollections and/or worksdefining open culture data
    8. 8. 2. Everyone can consult, use, spreadand reuse Open Culture Data(through an open license or bymaking material available in thePublic Domain)defining open culture data
    9. 9. 3. Open Culture Data is available in adigital (standard) format that makesreuse possibledefining open culture data
    10. 10. 4. The structure and possibleapplications of Open Culture Dataare documented in a ‘data blog’defining open culture data
    11. 11. 5. The provider of the Open CultureData is prepared to answerquestions about the data frominterested parties and respects theefforts that it costs that the open datacommunity invests in developing newapplicationsdefining open culture data
    12. 12. • CC0 for metadata• PDM, CC-BY of CC-BY-SA forcontent• Open standards• Open documentation &communicationspecific conditions
    13. 13. • Ad-hoc start: September 2011• Contacting heritage professionals torelease datasets• Writing ‘datablogs’• 1 hackathon, 8 datasets in November2011• Starting point: 5 rules for Open CultuurData2011: EMERGENCE OF A NETWORK
    14. 14. HACKATHON | HACK DE OVERHEID | WORKSHOPPhoto: Breyten Ernsting. CC BY (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/nl/)
    15. 15. HACKATHON | HACK DE OVERHEID | APPS4NLPhoto: Breyten Ernsting. CC BY (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/nl/)
    16. 16. • 13 apps created, 8 app submitted (46 total)• Gold: Vistory• Education: Rijksmonumenten.info• Encouragement: ConnectedCollection• Categories of submitted apps: Navigatingcollections, Games, Data enrichment, Socialmedia and TabletsRESULTS APPS4NL
    17. 17. APPS: HAY KRANEN, HET VIRTUELE RIJKSMUSEUM
    18. 18. Developer: Ronald Klip, Contente Content.APPS
    19. 19. Developers: Hans van den Berg en Arjan den Boer | ab-cmediaAPPS
    20. 20. Developers: Jonathan Carter, Paul Manwaring, Jeroen van der Linde,Martin Elshout, Deniz Tezcan (gezamenlijk: Glimworm IT)APPS: GOUD VOOR VISTORY
    21. 21. • 2012: support from Images for the Future andCreative Commons Netherlands• April 2012: master classes• Juni 2012: start competition / hackathon 1• Oktober 2012, Rotterdam: hackathon 2• January 2013: Open Culture Data Awards2012: MASTER CLASS, GROWTH OF THE NETWORK, COMPETITION
    22. 22. ARCHIVESArchief EemlandGemeentearchief RotterdamGroene Hart ArchievenNationaal ArchiefRegionaal Archief LeidenLIBRARIESWageningen UR bibliotheekSECTOR INSTITUTESKunstfactorFASE 2: MASTER CLASS OPEN DATA | CREATIVE COMMONSMUSEUMSBuurtmuseum Leiden NoordCentraal MuseumFries Museum / KeramiekmuseumPrincessehofJoods Historisch MuseumMaritiem Digitaal/Visserijmuseum ZoutkampTeylers MuseumKNOWLEDGE INSTITUTESNationaal Comité 4 en 5 meiNCB NaturalisNIODTheater Instituut Nederland
    23. 23. 17 GLAMs participatedTopics:#1: Introduction to copyright#2: Technology and en tools#3: Reuse and apps#4: Benefits and risks#5: Hackathon / evaluation
    24. 24. DATASETS (35 and counting…)More information & documentation:www.opencultuurdata.nl/datasets
    25. 25. THEMES• Theme WOII (NIOD, Archief Nijmegen, Leiden, 4/5 mei)• Theme fashion (Amsterdam Museum, Fries Museum, Centraal Museum)• Theme maps (Groene Hart, Eemland, Nationaal Archief)• Theme hist. video/ audio (Open Beelden, Geluid van NL)• Theme press photography (Anefo collectie Nationaal Archief)• Theme 19th century art (Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam Mus.)
    26. 26. COMPETITIONPowered by
    27. 27. THE CHALLENGEWhich apps can bring the best out of culture?•Apps that expand audience reach andengagement (online, offline, onsite) of artsand culture;•Apps that can reach audiences/ communitiesin new and innovative ways;•Apps that connect different datasets.
    28. 28. • 27 apps submitted• Gold: Muse App• Silver: Histagram• Bonze: SimMuseum• Nationaal Archief-award: Tijdbalk.nl• Categories of submitted apps: Games,Content galleries, Creative reuse, Maps andtimelines, History and TourismRESULTS …
    29. 29. GOUD: MUSE APP: FEMKE VAN DER STER, PETER HENKES, JELLE VANDER STER
    30. 30. ZILVER: HISTAGRAM: FRONTWISE (RICHARD JONG)
    31. 31. BRONS: SIMMUSEUM: HAY KRANEN
    32. 32. NATIONAAL ARCHIEF-PRIJS: TIJDBALK.NL: ARJAN DEN BOER
    33. 33. Open Images is an open media platformthat offers online access to audiovisualarchive material to stimulate creativereuse.Built by Sound and Vision & Knowledgeland butdesigned for participation by others.
    34. 34. • Open source (MMBase, FFmpeg, LAMP)• Open media formats (Ogg Theora, WebM)• Open standards (Dublin Core, CC-REL, HTML 5)• Open API (OAI-PMH, CC-0)• Open content (CC-licenses, PD)OPEN, OPEN, OPEN!
    35. 35. • Creative Commons BY - SA as preferablelicense• 3000 items (now over 1800)• Available in ‘internet quality’OPEN CONTENT
    36. 36. Some numbers:Estimated length of entire S&V archive: 750,000hEstimated length of ‘our’ newsreel collection: 500hEstimated length of material in Open Images: 110hSo currently 22% of ‘our’ newsreel collection isopenly available through Open Images and0,015% of our entire archive.05-05-13
    37. 37. •Available content items•~1,600 (2011)•>1,800 (2012)•Visits•>66,000 (2011)•>105,000 (2012)•Unique visitors•~89,000 (2012)•>53,000 (2011)05-05-13IMPACT THROUGH OPENIMAGES.EU
    38. 38. •Pageviews•~280,000 (2012)•~207,000 (2011)•Plays•~11,000 (2011)•>16,000 (2012)•Downloads•~2,400 (tracked since July 2012)•API calls•~170,000 (2012)05-05-13IMPACT THROUGH OPENIMAGES.EU
    39. 39. •Available content items•~1,600 (2011)•~1,600 (2012)•Number of Wikipedia articles reusing the contentitems•~1,000, in 59 languages (2011)•~1,600, in 65 languages (2012)•Pageviews of those articles•~19,000,000 (2011)•~40,000,000 (2012)05-05-13IMPACT TRHOUGH WIKIMEDIA
    40. 40. SOME (MAJOR) CHALLENGES– What are proper metrics to analyse theimpact of external reuse?– How to value different ‘types ofinteraction’ with the open content?– How does the impact of external reuserelate to the impact of institutionallyowned channels?
    41. 41. • Public mission• Data enrichment• Increasing relevance• Increasing channels to end users• Brand value• Specific funding oppurtunities• Discoverability• New customers/ users• Building expertise• Desired spill-over effects/ creating new businessSource: Verwayen, Arnoldus & Kaufman 2011. The Problem of the YellowMilkmaid. Europeana White Paper no. 2.BENEFITS OF OPEN CULTURE DATA
    42. 42. BENEFITS OF OPEN CULTURE DATA
    43. 43. ETHAN ZUCKERMAN ON CIVIC ENGAGEMENT
    44. 44. • Have access to expertise on the dimensions ofcollection• Buy-in from the senior management is essential =>focus on value add• Necessity to invest in engagement with third parties• Face to face meetups are extremely valuable(masterclasses f.i.)• Start with something sweet and small• On hackatons:• It doesn’t just happen – lots and lots of effort• Search for sustainability• Not all data is equally popularLessons Learned
    45. 45. • GLAMetrics• Improve API search• Executive track• Focussed challenges (education etc.)• OpenCultuurData.beFUTURE WORK
    46. 46. SOME RESOURCES• http://www.opencultuurdata.nl/about• https://p2pu.org/en/groups/open-glam/• http://www.openglam.org• http://avoinglam.fi• http://mw2013.museumsandtheweb.com/paper
    47. 47. • Lotte Belice Baltussen• Johan Oomen• Nikki Timmermans• Maarten ZeinstraShout-out
    48. 48. www.opencultuurdata.nlmbrinkerink@beeldengeluid.nl@mbrinkerink@OpenCultuurData#opencultuurdataTHANKS! QUESTIONS?

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