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21/04/2017
Closingstatement:Sharing is Caring – Hamburg Extension
OpeningUp!BuildingConnectivitythrough Cultural Heritag...
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Openingup! – Developingbusinessmodelsforopen cultural data in a creative way adequate to
openGLAMsthe cultural sector an...
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publicssofar and weave theirnarrativesandmemorypractices intopublicmemorywork?
*To whichmemorypractices anddigital modes...
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Sharing is Caring - Hamburg Extension Closing Statement

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Edited by Gertraud Koch, Samantha Lutz and Antje Schmidt

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Sharing is Caring - Hamburg Extension Closing Statement

  1. 1. 1 21/04/2017 Closingstatement:Sharing is Caring – Hamburg Extension OpeningUp!BuildingConnectivitythrough Cultural Heritage The Hamburg extension itself isanexpressionof connectivity,builtbetweenthe museumand academia, indeed along-standingandwellestablishedconnectivity;Butalsothe connectivity betweenarchives,libraries,museumsandothercultural ormemoryinstitutions withacademia;it was takenuphere ina freshandparticularway for (critically) reflecting anddiscussingcultural heritage workunderchangingconditionsof the digital. Itmergesthe efforts,achievements and reflectionsof digitizationin cultural institutionsandrelatedfieldsof practice (e.g.,civilsociety organizations, creative/ITindustries,cultural politics,…) aswell asforusers withthe capacitiesfor theorizingandresearching cultureatuniversities. ShareCareX isstrongly committedtothe ideaof the free circulationof knowledge(s)andequal opportunitiesforeducation ascrucial elementsfor openand inclusivesocieties aswell as the recognitionof cultural diversity withitsrichvarietyof cultural expressions. Followingthisbroadunderstandingof sharingcultural knowledge andmaterials, we call for a reflective openingupwithrespecttotoday’sdiscussionson legal, technological, economic,social aswell asethical issuestoforge genuine connectivitythroughcultural heritage (ina sustainable way): Openingup! – Free cultural materials shouldstay free,alsoin the digital realm. Cultural materials thatare free of rights shouldstayfree whenbroughttothe digital realm.Here theyshould be easily accessible andusableforeverybody,consideringthe standardsof digital representationand accessibility. * Can culture be copyrighted (Brown,1998)?How can copyrightregimesbe reconnectedtothe practical understandingsof authorsandthe general public? * Howcan we change conditionsthatpeople inthe creative realm donothave to live precarious? How can the cultural sectorbenefit adequately fromthe addedvalues made inknowledge economiesincreasinglythrough creativeandcultural production inthe publicrealm? Openingup! – Enabling and encouragingthe circulation of cultural materialsthrough diverse forms of mediarepresentation not inthe self-interestofGLAMsbutto serve communitiesbest. Culture staysvital whencultural materialscancirculate freelyacrossanalogue anddigitalmediaand are available asmaterial forfurtheractionsandpracticesof reuse.The vitalityof cultural expressions isan importantelementinEuropeandemocraticsocietiesandanimportantsource of learning, socialization,identificationandlastbutnotleasta source for intercultural dialogue andenvisioning possible future developmentsof Europeansocieties. *How can cultural heritage workimprove the circulationof cultural materialsthroughawide range of media– fromthe analogue tothe digital andbackagain – in an openandinclusive way? *What is necessarythatpeople andgroupswithlittle affinitytomemoryinstitutionsgetincontact withtheircultural materialsandmake use of itfor theirindividual “creative”purposesor,tolookat it the otherwayaround,how can highculture materialsbecome partof popularculture?
  2. 2. 2 Openingup! – Developingbusinessmodelsforopen cultural data in a creative way adequate to openGLAMsthe cultural sector and its strength. An openpolicydoesn’tmeantoabandona businessmodel. Digitizationof cultural materialsisacost- intensivematter,reuse of cultural materialsbycreative industriesseemstopromise some returnsof investment,andthe symboliccapital of sharingcultural materialsturnsouttobe an importantasset. Moreover,ineconomiescreating addedvalue increasinglythroughknowledgeandcultural production,ascurrentlygiven,the questionisapparenthow the cultural sectormaybenefitfrom these gains. * What doessharingof opencultural datameanin economiccontexts? * What couldbe economicallygainedfromsharingcultural materialsunderpublicdomain? * What couldbusinessmodelsforopen GLAMslooklike?Are there anybestpractices? Openingup! – Developinganotherunderstanding of successof openGLAMsthat focus on impact as a value and that is at the same time self-reflexiveaboutthe role ofGLAMs in society Highlightingthe particularqualityof culture, value inthe realmof culture hasmanydimensions. Opencultural datacannot be measuredbyclicksor returnsof invest,buthasotherdimensions,such as utility,prestige,education,cohesionetc. The lensmattersthroughwhichevaluationsof open cultural data are done. *How can we acknowledge the variousvaluesof culture adequatelyinevaluationsof openGLAMs? *How can we broadenthe publicperceptionof GLAMsinthis respectandbe self-reflective atthe same time? *What is the social impactof IT-infrastructuresandsocial media,how cantheybe reflectively shaped for facilitatingopencultural data? Openingup! – Towards cultural citizenshipandcitizenscience:recognizingand representingthe variety of today’s societies Culture is botha mirror to reflectsocietyatlarge andan importantdrivingforce todevelop open democraticandpluralisticsocieties inEurope. Memory institutionsplayakeyrole increating, representing,andsharingthe cultural heritage of variouspeopleandgroups inEurope.Conceptslike cultural citizenship demonstrate thatpoliciesof mutual recognitionof cultural diversityare fundamental forforginggenuine connectivityintermsof integrationandsocial participation. Current opendata approacheshave beendevelopedbasedonexistingcollectionsinmemoryinstitutionsand are hence translatingcollectionsintothe digital,reproducing these patternsof collectingand authoritywhere some groupsare onlymarginallyrepresented. * Whohas beenrepresentedbyopencultural datasofar? How can opencultural databe more inclusive andreconnecttothe diverse realitiesof individuals’everydaylife? *How can we use digital mediatoinclude people andgroupswho are underrepresented inthe
  3. 3. 3 publicssofar and weave theirnarrativesandmemorypractices intopublicmemorywork? *To whichmemorypractices anddigital modesof communication of people andgroups could openGLAMsconnectwiththeirmemory work? Openingup! – Findingand facilitatingnew ways for coping with difficultheritages The historyof Europe andinternationally hasbeenaffectedbyrepeatedsituationsof crises,conflicts, and wars. These disruptive forcesof culture,socalled difficultheritage,needtobe acknowledged as part of our cultural legacyinEurope andadequatelyrepresentedinthe contextof Europeanopen GLAMs too.The colonial andpost-colonialheritages,forexample,raise manyquestions concerning “sharingiscaring” and the sustainable developmentof open GLAMs. * What ishighlighted,whatishiddeninopendataapproaches? *What additional cultural datadowe needforacknowledging diverse narrativesand heritagesthat are notyet includedinthe publicmemory,forexample inthe contextof post-colonial memorywork? *Basedon sharingpractices on social media,whatcanwe learnfrom these modesof everyday communicationandsocial interaction withrespecttocultural citizenship forremainingcultural heritage vital? Openingup! – Exploring what sustainabilitycan mean in the realm of culture? Sustainabilityinthe contextof culture isarathernew discussionencouragedbyUNESCO’s frameworkof sustainabledevelopmentthatintroducesculture asanindependentfourthpillarof sustainable developmentinparallel toecological,economic,andsocial sustainability.The questionof sustainabilityalsoraisesmanyquestionswithrespecttosharingcultural materialsandhow indetail thiscontributestothe sustainable/future developmentof open GLAMsand a participatorydesignof memorywork. * What doessustainability meanwithrespecttosafeguardingourcultural legacyandsharingculture whichischaracterizedbya traditionof change (ratherthan throughthe abilitytoreproduce stability like inthe case of ecosystemsinface of anthropogenicornatural disturbances)? * To whatextentdocontemporarysafeguardingapproachesreflectthe realitiesof individualsand groupsand reconnecttotheirdailylife? * Do we needtodigitize everything?(questionsof digitizationparadigmsandof recollection)?How do we deal withborn-digital “heritage”? These are some of the pressingquestions thatwere debatedinthe course of the conference in Hamburg.What else dowe have to keepinmindto forge connectivitythroughculturalheritage in digital times?

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