Mr Dumas Autonomy & ICT


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Mr Dumas Autonomy & ICT

  1. 1. On the semiotic appropriation of ICT tools for people in loss of autonomy + + * + *N. Pignier , D. Tsala-Effa , L. Billonnet , A. Geslin-Beyaert and J.M. Dumas University of Limoges + Centre de Recherches Sémiotiques (CeReS) Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines * Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de Limoges (ENSIL)
  2. 2. OutlineI. Introduction and contextII. Deployment of home automation and ICT packsIII. Major resultsIV. Learning from experimentation…V. What about semiotics?VI. MethodologyVII. To a human-machine semiotic interface
  3. 3. I. Introduction and context Creuse is one of the oldest population in Europe « How Europe will stand within the next 20 years… »The district of Guéret  19 towns  29000 inhabitants
  4. 4. II. Deployment of home automation and ICT packsHome automation and ICT healthcare solutions for:  Motor disability  Security  Social link  Actor’s coordination as a function of patient troubles and housingEquipments packs :  Pack A : Comfort & Communication  Pack B : Security  Pack C : A + B  Pack D : Enhanced B  Pack E : A + D
  5. 5. III. Major resultsAppropriation and interest at home:  The major part of families wish to maintain the equipment and imagine a system of coverage mutualized for a better financing.  The equipments of home automation are better accepted than the “communicating equipments” (which did not work well).Appropriation and interest in medical institution:  Persons with a single room take better benefit of the equipments.  The professionals show a better image of themselves.  Decline of the stress for people in charge of disoriented persons.
  6. 6. IV. Learning from experimentation… Only 8 % of the calls come from a situation of loss of autonomy. ICT: a wish but still an unsuitable system; feeling of disappointment. Poor consideration of human being, user friendliness, personalization, dignity and respect. Feeling of intrusion and stigmatization. Training and information needed for a better appropriation of equipments.1. Need for an ethical dimension.2. Appropriation of ICT tools is a condition of success. … to the semiotic approach
  7. 7. V. What about semiotics ?1. Definition  Saussure (1916) : “The life of signs within the social life”.  Today semiotics is a human science which analyzes systems of signification, whatever the language which expresses them: texts, utterances, pictures, spaces, etc.2. Semiotics of the ICT includes two main directions: i.the multimedia, multimodal and hypertextual contents; ii.the graphic and material interfaces.In both cases, the semiotician questions the conditions of perceptionof a text or an object on a digital support.
  8. 8. V. What about semiotics ?3. Semiotics of the ICT in the field of health is interested in the way the user, with his current skills and the gestural, cultural experiences which he developed in the course of the practices of the everyday life perceives such or such digital object intended to help him. As a consequence, the ICT object is acceptable only insofar as it interacts with the person through his experiences (ex : failure of the light path that does not tell the story of the person).Finally, the semiotician thinks out the coherence between design of adigital device and the perception the user can have of the interactionwith this device.
  9. 9. VI. Methodology Importance of the gestural interactionThe specificity of the material interface is not only connected to theshape, the size, the color but it also includes the mode of gesturalinteraction.  Gesture = any physical movement required by the digital interfaces of the objects to activate an actionGestures required by the material and graphic device to interact withthe digital object constitute a modality that is a set of specific rules,based on a singular value system.  Example of gestures : press on a button in the keyboard, pinch fingers on a touch- sensitive screen to shrink an image, spread them to enlarge it, ...
  10. 10. VI. Methodology Our hypothesis: the pleasure of the interaction1. The pleasure bound to the use of a digital object can be of diverse nature.  It can be bound to the aesthetics, andor to the performance, andor to the features…  but also to the gestural relation.2. The pleasure bound to the interaction with the object can appear from various modes of interaction, each based on a particular system value.
  11. 11. VI. Methodology The 3 modes of interaction Learning Simulation SS SS Specific keyboard Orange Gestures 2011Proximity effectbetween the body « Le plaisir de l’interactionand the digital object entre l’usager et les objets TIC numériques » Auteure : Nicole Pignier Habit Revue : Interfaces numériques SS AF & SNCF terminals Editeur : Hermès-Lavoisier Parution : Janvier 2012 Effect of similarity between gesture for action on the digital object
  12. 12. VII. To the human-machine semiotic interface (HMSI) Necessary conditionsTo generate sense for the user  the designer has to think of the graphic and material interface of the digital object according to the specificity of the user (his gestural memory, lifestyle, biography).Under an HMSI situation, the relationship is unbalanced.  The biographical elements taken into account are only those of the user, not of the machine even for a humanoid.
  13. 13. VII. To the human-machine semiotic interface (HMSI) Necessary conditionsThe interaction user/digital object : only a quest of result or also an art tomake, a process?To generate sense for the user, the designer has to think the interaction not onlyas result, efficiency, because this point of view supposes that the body of theuser is only an instrument which serves to activate commands but also asprocess, art to make.In this case, the designer supposes also that the body of the user find, during therelation with the object, a dynamics, a cooperation on which bases itself thepleasure of the interaction.
  14. 14. VII. To the human-machine semiotic interface (HMSI) Intuitive interfaces for a natural gestureSeveral mono or multimodal interfaces techniques  dematerialized interfaces  vocal interfaces (analysis and synthesis)  virtual interfaces using gesture recognition  augmented reality and virtual assistive information  haptic, visual or auditive augmentation as a an assistance  haptic, visual or auditive augmentation as a validation  intuitive tactile sensitive processes  as a projection of an intuitive gesture
  15. 15. On the semiotic appropriation of the ICT tools for people in loss of autonomy + + * + *N. Pignier , D. Tsala-Effa , L. Billonnet , A. Geslin-Beyaert and J.M. Dumas University of Limoges + Centre de Recherches Sémiotiques (CeReS) Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines •Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de Limoges (ENSIL)