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drone technology

  2. INTRODUCTON • Drones are formally known as unmanned aerial vehicle which is essentially a flying robot. • It can be controlled by either pilot from the ground or it can be autonomous. • The drones which are used for agriculture purpose are called as agriculture drone. • In current scenario it is also being used for surveillance, traffic monitoring, Weather monitoring etc.
  3. SENSORS USED IN AGRICULTURAL DRONES VISUAL SENSOR- Aerial Mapping Plant counting. Surveying. THERMAL SENSOR- Heat signature detection Live stock detection Water source detection. Emergency response.
  4. LIDAR SENSOR- Useful in 3D digital surface modelling. Surface variation detection. Flood Mapping. MULTISPECTRAL SENSOR- Plant health measurement. Water quality assessment. Vegetation Index. Plant Counting. HYPERSPECTRAL SENSOR- Plant health measurement. Water quality assessment. Vegetation index calculation.
  5. HOW ARE DRONES BEING USED IN FARM MONITORING MONITORING FIELD CONDITION:  Drones provide accurate field mapping.  Having information on field elevation is useful in determining drainage patterns and wet/dry spots which allow for more efficient watering techniques.
  6. MONITORING PLANT HEALTH • Drones equipped with special imaging equipment called NDVI. • Software analysis can be used to change values in order to reflect the specific crop type and even in which stage of life a specific crop is in. • We are able to measure plant health using drone imagery because plants reflect light differently than unhealthy plants.
  7. PLANTING AND SEEDING • Automated drone seeders are mostly being used in forestry industries. • Planting with drones means very hard to reach areas can be replanted without endangering workers.
  8. SPRAY APPLICATON • Crop spraying drones can carry large liquid storage reservoirs, can be operated more safely. • It can be operated and maintained at a fraction of the cost compared to crop dusters.
  9. DRONE POLINATION • Researchers in the Netherlands and Japan are developing small drones that are capable of pollinating plants without damaging them. • The next step is to create autonomous pollinating drones that will work and monitor crop health without constant instruction from operators.
  10. DRONE IRRIGATION • Using microwave sensing drones are able to capture very accurate soil health information. • Water can be distributed in a field in the most efficient way in an effort to conserve resources.
  12. CONCLUSION • Drones have already vastly altered the agricultural industry and will continue to grow in the coming years. • Agriculture drones can be used to anything from precision agriculture, to efficiently dispersing weed control or fertilizers, to optimizing field management.