Lisboa, Novembro de 2011
What are you talking about?
About ten years ago, I was looking to invest
in Enron. Their prospectus was so thick
that I looked at it for about five minutes
and I threw it in the garbage can. I wasn’t
patient enough to read it and I wasn’t
being paid to read it. I did wind up
investing, though, and about six months
later the company collapsed.
Jim Kaplan, CEO Integrity, GMI Blog, May 03, 2011
It's not impossible to uncover what a company is hiding with clever
accounting tricks--but it's pretty darn tough.
Often, balance sheet shenanigans that would send investors for the exits
are discovered only after a company's already facing serious consequences
in the guise of regulatory problems, class action litigation, a plunging stock
price or outright bankruptcy.
Forbes, The Risk List Revisited 06.10.2010.
We find that answers of deceptive executives have more references to
general knowledge, fewer non-extreme positive emotions, and fewer
references to shareholders value and value creation. In addition, deceptive
CEOs use significantly fewer self-references, more third person plural and
impersonal pronouns, more extreme positive emotions, fewer extreme
negative emotions, and fewer certainty and hesitation words.
Detecting Deceptive Discussions in Conference Calls
David F. Larckery Anastasia A. Zakolyukinaz
July 29, 2010
CFOs are involved in material accounting manipulations because they
succumb to pressure from CEOs, rather than because they seek immediate
personal financial benefit from their equity incentives.
Why do CFOs Become Involved in Material Accounting Manipulations?
Letter addressed to Berkshire Hathaway Inc’s shareholders by Warren Buffet:
From the questions submitted, each journalist will choose the dozen or so he or she decides are
the most interesting and important. The journalists have told me your question has the best
chance of being selected if you keep it concise, avoid sending it in at the last moment, make it
Berkshire-related and include no more than two questions in any email you send them.
Neither Charlie nor I will get so much as a clue about the questions to be asked. We know the
journalists will pick some tough ones, and that’s the way we like it.
Our goal, which we pursue both through these annual letters and by our meeting discussions, is
to give you a better understanding of the business that you own.”
Link: Berkshire Hathaway, inc
“This consultation paper proposes a new, simpler framework for narrative
reporting that will reduce burdens on companies that are currently
producing large, complex reports that lie unread by investors. We will
remove outdated disclosure requirements that are of no use to investors or
other stakeholders, and we will give companies the clarity that they need to
produce clear, useful reports for investors.”
Department for Business and Inovation Skills, Sep 2010
Shareholder’s right to information in
Portuguese Companie’s Code:
Shareholder’s right to information on Portuguese Companie’s Code:
Market’s right to information on Portuguese Securities Code
Quality of information
1. Information relating to financial instruments, organized forms of
trading, financial intermediation activities, clearing and settling of
transactions, public offers of securities and issuers, should be
comprehensive, true, current, clear, objective and lawful.
Market’s right to information in Portuguese Securities Code
Market’s right to information on Portuguese Securities Code
1. Annual financial information contained in the accounts or prospectuses must be the subject of a
report prepared by an auditor registered with the CMVM, where such accounts or prospectuses:
a) Should be submitted to the CMVM;
b) Should be published in relation to a request for admission to trade on a regulated market; or
c) Complies with collective investment undertakings.
2. If the documents referred to in the preceding number include business plans or forecasts on the
economic and financial situation of the respective entity, the report of the auditor should clearly refer to
the respective assumptions, criteria and consistency.
3. In the event of interim information or any quarterly or half-yearly financial information having been
submitted to an audit or limited review, the audit or review report should be included, failing which same
should be stated.
Consultation Paper No. 1/2011
The CMVM (Comissão do Mercado de Valores Mobiliários) has placed a
paper on the Draft Understanding that aims to improve the quality of
disclosure by issuers as regards summary financial information pursuant
to Article 7 of the Securities Code.
‘O modelo escolhido para as privatizações é completamente discricionário. Não implica
concursos, consultas abertas ao mercado, nada que possa ser escrutinado pelos concorrentes e
pelos portugueses. O governo vai decidir por si, por razões que só ele define e avalia, e não tem
contas a prestar a ninguém. Considerações como os “interesses estratégicos” são outra maneira
de acentuar a discricionariedade com grandes palavras, cuja vacuidade pode servir para tudo.
Isto é um absurdo, está diante dos nossos olhos, e passa incólume pela indiferença geral. Pior
ainda, o primeiro-ministro revela preferências em público, no caso da EDP, pelos brasileiros,
ainda nem sequer está definida uma qualquer short list de concorrentes às privatizações. Acresce
que a privatização da EDP parece ser uma das mais apetecíveis e que mais concorrência suscita
entre grandes grupos estrangeiros.’
José Pacheco Pereira, Revista Sábado
“O PS vai apresentar propostas na especialidade para introduzir maior transparência nos
processos de privatização definidos pela ‘troika' e pelo Governo e contesta a forma como está a
decorrer a venda dos 20% do capital que o Estado detém na EDP. Este é o único processo que já
está em curso.
O Diário Económico sabe que a falta de informação por parte do Governo sobre o processo de
privatização da eléctrica nacional está a causar indignação no Largo do Rato e Seguro já fez saber
aos seus mais próximos colaboradores que o País e o maior partido da oposição deviam ter
conhecimento da forma como estão a decorrer as negociações com os candidatos. Não só em
relação ao projecto industrial da EDP e ‘governance' da empresa, mas também outro tipo de
contrapartidas que estejam a ser equacionadas para a economia nacional.”
Diário Económico, 8 Novembro 2011