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Diana Neacsu Senior Thesis 2020

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University of Notre Dame Architecture Thesis

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Diana Neacsu Senior Thesis 2020

  1. 1. “IF WE ARE TO TEACH REAL PEACE IN THIS WORLD, AND IF WE ARE TO CARRY ON A REAL WAR AGAINST WAR, WE SHALL HAVE TO BEGIN WITH THE CHIL- DREN.” — MAHATMA GANDHI
  2. 2. HAND OF HELP CHILDREN HOUSING VILLAGE SUCEAVA ROMANIA DIANA NEACSU
  3. 3. “There can be no keener revelation of a soci- ety’s soul than the way in which it treats its children.” — Nelson Mandela
  4. 4. THESIS STATEMENT: THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT IS INSEPERABLE FROM THE QUALITY OF INDIVIDUAL FAMILY LIFE AND MUST BE CONSIDERED WHEN DESIGNING FOR CHILDREN. IT IS ONLY WHEN THE URBAN AND HOME ENVIRONMENT ARE COHESIVELY LINKED THAT A HARMONIOUS FAMILY LIFE CAN BE ACHIEVED
  5. 5. PROJECT DESCRIPTION THIS PROJECT IS A COUNTERPROPOSAL/ACCOMODATION FOR THE HAND OF HELP ORPHANAGE IN SUCEAVA, ROMANIA. DUE TO A RECENT MANDATE IN ROMANIA OUTLAWING INSTITUTIONALIZED CARE FOR ORPHANS, MANY ORPHANAGES ARE BEING FORCED TO CLOSE/ RENOVATE TO BE IN ACCOR- DANCE WITH THIS NEW LAW. THE CURRENT HAND OF HELP ORPHANAGE IN ROMANIA IS CURRENTLY UNDERGOING RENOVATIONS DUE TO THIS MANDATE. MY PROJECT IS A COUNTERPROPOSAL TO THIS RENOVATION IN THE FORM OF APARTMENT BUILDINGS IN THE CENTER OF TOWN IN SUCE- AVA, ROMANIA. IT IS A COMPREHENSIVE AND ENRICHING ENVIRONMENT WITHIN WALKING DISTANCE OF LOCAL PRIMARY SCHOOLS, MARKETS, AND PARKS, AND IS PROMOTING OF WALKABILITY AND TRADITIONAL CITY PLANNING. MY SPECIFIC PLOT OF LAND IS WITHIN A BLOCK OF THE CITY PARK AND TOWN SQUARE, AND INCLUDES 3 APARTMENT BUILDINGS, A CHILDREN’S LIBRARY, CHAPEL, LOCAL DAYCARE, AFTER-SCHOOL CARE SPAC- ES, MULTIPURPOSE CIVIC MEETING ROOMS, AND PUBLIC SQUARES. THE SPE- CIFIC URBAN CLUSTERING IS MEANT TO BRING THE COMMUNITY INTO THE RAISING OF THESE CHILDREN; IT REALLY DOES TAKE A VILLAGE TO RAISE A CHILD.
  6. 6. ORPHANAGE PROBLEM IN ROMANIA: THE COMMUNIST REGIME IN ROMANIA BROUGHT AN ECO- NOMIC DOWNTURN AND A HORRID INSTITUTIONALIZED CARE SYSTEM OF ORPHANAGES. BY 1989 OVER 100,000 CHIL- DREN WERE LIVING IN THESE INSTITUTIONS, WHICH HAD A TERRIBLE IMPACT ON THE HEALTH, MENTAL DEVELOPMENT, AND HAPPINESS OF THE CHILDREN IN THESE SYSTEMS. AL- MOST HALF OF THE CHILDREN IN THESE INSTITUTIONS GREW TO HAVE DISABILITIES, WHETHER PHYSICAL OR PSY- CHO-MOTOR. SOMETHING NEEDED TO CHANGE, SO IN 2012 A MANDATE WAS PASSED THAT BY 2020 ALL CARE WAS TO BE DECEN- TRALIZED. ALL CARE WAS TO BE TURNED INTO APARTMENT DWELLINGS, WITH PRIVATE DINING ROOMS, KITCHENS, BEDROOMS, ETC, AS TO EMULATE ACTUAL FAMILY HOMES.
  7. 7. HAND OF HELP MINISTRIES FROM THE WEBSITE: “HAND OF HELP IS A NONDENOMINATIONAL EVAN- GELICAL CHRISTIAN ORGANIZATION PROVIDING SPIRITUAL AND PHYS- ICAL AID TO THE FORSAKEN OF SOCIETY THROUGHOUT EASTERN EU- ROPE, BUT MAINLY ROMANIA. SINCE 1984 HAND OF HELP HAS HELPED COUNTLESS ORPHANS, WIDOWS, AND FAMILIES, AS WELL AS MINISTER TO SPIRITUAL NEEDS THROUGH BIBLICALLY BASED TEACHING ARTICLES, RADIO PROGRAMS, TELEVISION PROGRAMS AND PROPHETIC WORDS. WE EXIST TO SERVE THE BODY OF CHRIST AND PROMOTE THE GOSPEL OF THE LORD JESUS CHRIST WHEREVER AND WHENEVER WE ARE ABLE.” HANDOFHELP.COM THE MINISTRY WAS STARTED IN 1986 BY DUMITRU DUDUMAN. THE MAIN ORPHANAGE IS LOCATED IN BOTOSANI, SUCEAVA, ROMANIA. IT IS A SMALL EMPOVIRISHED TOWN WITH 90% UNEMPLOYMENT. DUE TO THIS, MANY FAMILIES ARE SIMPLY UNABLE TO CARE FOR THEIR KIDS. OVER HALF OF THE CHILDREN AT THE ORPHANAGE ARE THERE SIMPLY BECAUSE THEIR FAMILY DOES NOT HAVE THE MEANS TO TAKE CARE OF THEM. 90 CHILDREN CURRENTLY RESIDE AT THE ORPHANAGE.
  8. 8. OFFICIAL NAME: ROMÂNIA TOTAL AREA: 238,397 KM^2 POPULATION: 19,401,658 (2019 ESTI- MATE) RELIGION: 81% ROMANIAN ORTHO- DOX LIFE EXPECTANCY: 76 YEARS GDP PER CAPITA: $10,763 (UN 2017) PROJECT LOCATION
  9. 9. SUCEAVA, ROMANIA SUCEAVA IS THE LARGEST CITY AND THE COUNTY SEAT OF SUCEAVA, IN NORTHEASTERN ROMANIA. FROM 1388 TO 1564 IT WAS THE CAPITAL OF MOLDAVIA, AND A MAIN TOURIST ATTRACTION IS THE CASTLE OF STEPHEN THE GREAT IN THE REGION. FROM 1775 TO THE UNIFICATION OF ROMANIA IN 1918, IT WAS UNDER AUSTRIAN RULE, WHICH IS EVIDENT IN THE ARCHITECTURAL STYLES OF THE REGION. THE CITY NOW HAS A POPULATION OF 124,181 WITH THE METRO AREA HAVING 176,016 1/15/20, 7 50 PM Suceava city • map2web 100 m 500 ft
  10. 10. PROJECT METHODOLOGY
  11. 11. I AM PROPOSING A MASTERPLAN INCORPORATING THE HAND OF HELP PROGRAM, ON A CURRENT- LY EMPTY PLOT OF LAND IN THE CENTER OF THE URBAN CORE. THIS MASTERPLAN WILL INCLUDE 3 SEPERATE APARTMENT BUILDINGS THAT WILL HAVE 20 APARTMENTS HOUSING FAMILIES OF 5-6 EACH, AND THIRTY-SIX 2-BEDROOM APARTMENTS FOR EITHER SMALLER FAMILIES OR TO ACCOMODATE CHIL- DREN WHO HAVE RECENTLY AGED OUT OF THE FOSTER-CASE SYSTEM IN ORDER TO TEMPORARILY HELP THEM GET ON THEIR FEET. IN ADDITION TO THE HOMES, I HAVE DESIGNED A CHILDREN’S LIBRARY TO SERVE AS A CIVIC SPACE TO BRING THE COMMUNITY IN; WITH A COMPUTER LAB, READING ROOMS, AND EVENT SPACE. DUE TO ROMANIA BEING AN ORTHODOX COUNTRY, AND SINCE THE HAND OF HELP MINISTRY IS CHRISTIAN, I HAVE ALSO INCLUDED A SMALL CHAPEL IN THE STYLE OF THE PAINTED BUCOVINAN MONASTRIES OF THE AREA AS AN ADDITIONAL CIVIC SPACE. NEXT TO THE PLAYGROUND, I ALSO PROPOSE A SMALL DAY- CARE TO ACCOMODATE BOTH THE WORKING FOSTER FAMILIES, AND THE FAMILIES OF THE SURROUND- ING EXISTING HOUSING IN THE CITY. I ALSO HAVE INCORPORATED VARIOUS OUTDOOR SPACES FOR THE COMMUNITY; A GARDEN BY THE CHAPEL, A PLAYGROUND NEXT TO THE DAYCARE, A SMALL PUBLIC AREA IN FRONT OF THE LIBRARY, AND A COURTYARD/PLACE SPACE IN THE MAIN APRTMENT BUILDING. THE MAIN APARTMENT BUILD- ING ALSO ACCOMODATES PUBLIC RECEPTIONS AND MEETING AREAS ON THE GROUND FLOOR. THE OTHER SIDE OF THE GROUND FLOOR HAS AFTERSCHOOL ENRICHMENT SPACE FOR CHILDREN, WITH A HOMEWORK AREA, A MUSIC ROOM INCLUDING INSTRUMENTS THEY CAM RENT OUT, AND AN ACTIVI- TY GAME ROOM. I AM ALSO INCLUDING A FOOD PANTRY/SOUP KITCHEN OFFERING FOOD DONATIONS FOR LOCAL FAMILIES IN NEED. LIKE MOST MIXED USE BUILDINGS, THE NEXT TWO FLOORS HOST THE APARTMENTS FOR THE FAMILIES.
  12. 12. URBAN CONTEXT 47.6635° N, 26.2732° E
  13. 13. SITE EXISTING CONDITIONS
  14. 14. FIGURE GROUND OF EXISTING CONDI- TIONS: PURPLE: CIVIC ORANGE: MIXED USE PINK: RESIDENTIAL GREEN: COMMERCIAL
  15. 15. TRADITIONAL RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURAL STYLES
  16. 16. PUBLIC/COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS HOTEL BUCO- VINA CATHOLIC CHURCH CITY HALL BUCOVINA MUSEUM CULTURAL CENTER
  17. 17. BRUTALISM STYLE
  18. 18. SITE PHOTOS
  19. 19. ELEVATION PRECEDENT
  20. 20. SITE PRECEDENT
  21. 21. URBAN SCHEME DEVELOPMENT
  22. 22. FINAL DESIGN
  23. 23. SITE PLAN
  24. 24. SITE SECTION
  25. 25. AERIAL PERSPECTIVE
  26. 26. AERIAL PERSPECTIVE
  27. 27. BUILDING ELEVATIONS SOUTHERN FACADE
  28. 28. B. NORTHERN FACADE A. WESTERN/EASTERN FACADE
  29. 29. BUILDING PLANS: GROUND FLOOR HOMEWORK ROOM MUSIC ROOM GAME ROOM KITCHEN OFFICE MAIL ROOM MULTIPURPOSE MEETING SPACE MECHANICAL
  30. 30. BUILDING PLANS: SECOND AND THIRD FLOORS
  31. 31. TYPICAL APARTMENT BEDROOM LIVING ROOM KITCHEN BEDROOM RR BEDROOM DINING
  32. 32. BUILDING SECTIONS
  33. 33. YOUNG ADULT APARTMENT FACADE
  34. 34. BUILDING PLANS: TYPICAL FLOOR
  35. 35. TYPICAL APARTMENT PLANS LIVING KITCHEN BEDROOM BEDROOM RR VESTIBULE
  36. 36. VIGNETTES OF INTERIOR OF APARTMENT
  37. 37. VIGNETTES OF MUSIC/ GAME ROOM
  38. 38. CHILDREN’S LIBRARY DESIGN GROUND FOOR SECOND FLOOR
  39. 39. CHILDREN’S LIBRARY DESIGN COMPUTER LAB READING ROOM MEETING ROOM STUDY SPACE STACKS/READING STUDY SPACE STACKS/READING STACKS/READING MEETING SPACE
  40. 40. LIBRARY PERSPECTIVES
  41. 41. CHAPEL DESIGN

University of Notre Dame Architecture Thesis

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