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The Architecture of the Internet of Things
by Dialexa
https://by.dialexa.com/the-architecture-of-the-internet-of-things
Ge...
Dialexa
We are on a mission to make every
company a great technology company.
We work with organizations to define and
exe...
The internet of things is
not a new technology. So
you may ask the question,
so what? I have been
hearing about this for
y...
IoT is much more than a
fad. The top 25 companies
as of late 2016 have
nearly 1B invested in
them. The reason that so
many...
This investment is a virtuous cycle
that drives additional innovation in
transport technologies, platforms,
and new sensor...
The resonance of IoT with artificial
intelligence, big data and predictive analytics
cannot be understated either. These
t...
To read more you can find the full article at
https://by.dialexa.com/the-architecture-of-the-internet-of-
things
ARCHITECTURE OF THE INTERNET OF THINGS
Get the full write up of
this slideshare HERE
Get the full write up of
this slidesh...
THE FIRST LAYER OF THE
ARCHITECTURE is the actual
“device” you will be connecting.
Devices can mean many things
and new ty...
IN OUR HOUSES: Appliances like toasters, washing
machines, microwaves and robot vacuum cleaners.
Monitoring and adjustment...
IN OUR BUSINESS: On
manufacturing lines in
the equipment, conveyors
and other machinery. On
all fixed assets such as
expen...
WEARABLES: For people in the
form of watches, fitness and health
tracking, enhanced eyewear
(possibility here to put VR/AR...
TRANSPORTATION: Our cars have become
connected, but also railroads, semi-trucks,
airplanes and air traffic control systems...
PACKAGING: Food
packages, mail
packages, shipping
containers, rail cars,
eventually even
letters and
postcards.
Get the fu...
ROBOTICS: Anything
that is robotic in
nature can now have
a sensor or an
actuator. Robotic
guards, inventory
robots, lawn ...
SCIENCE & MEDICINE:
Connected scientific
equipment for reliable
recording of experiments.
Connected medical devices
for mo...
CITIES: So-named “smart cities” including
parking, roads, lighting, water and electrical
creation and distribution systems...
MILITARY & GOVERNMENT:
Weapons and armament,
wearables for soldiers.
Voting systems. National,
state and municipal service...
Because we are usually putting in small
electronics into these “things”, our
devices in practice create a few
constraints ...
How do we power the
device? This is usually the
number one constraint on
many of the above
applications. Battery
technolog...
How big can the
device
be? Miniaturization
is driving many of
the use cases. You
can’t fit a monitor
the size of an
apple ...
Material science around
how long does the
device have to last,
what environment will
it be used in (hot/cold,
acidic, wet/...
Connectivity
Get the full write up of
this slideshare HERE
The connectivity layer is
how we get signals to and
from the sensors/ actuators,
the people, and computers
or things on th...
There are a few ways from here for
the device to connect back to the
larger internet. First would be for the
devices to bu...
A second way is a hub and spoke
system, this is where devices talk
back to a centralized hub which
collects the low level ...
Learn how to incorporate the Internet of
Things into your business strategy and utilize
it for creating the ultimate user ...
Software Platform
Get the full write up of
this slideshare HERE
ALL OF THE CONNECTIONS IN WORLD WILL NOT HELP US if
we don’t have a way to apply these connections. Software is the
way hu...
The current exploding wave of Artificial Intelligence that is
adding speech and vision recognition, is creating new more
h...
Another part of the software is
the vast amounts of data that are
being collected and processed
due to the internet of thi...
Humans
Get the full write up of
this slideshare HERE
We are both at the beginning
of this chain and at it’s end.
Interacting with the devices
on one end and then using
and wor...
The Nest thermostat was
one of the first great
examples of this. It
watches for when you
are at home and starts to
learn y...
On the other side, our
things are starting to
give us answers they
have collected in a
human way. Ask Alexa
via the Amazon...
Our machines will become more
empathetic, like electricity at the
turn of the 20th century, they will
become so ubiquitous...
PROPERTY OF DIALEXA LLC ©2018 - CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY
Thank You
Doug Platts
VP of Marketing
marketing@dialexa.com
If ...
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The Architecture of the Internet of Things

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IoT is much more than a fad. The top 25 companies as of late 2016 have nearly 1B invested in them. The reason that so many companies and investors are strategically investing in the internet of things is that the technology window is finally opening due to smartphone adoption driving sensor prices down and capabilities up.

Full write-up: https://by.dialexa.com/the-architecture-of-the-internet-of-things

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The Architecture of the Internet of Things

  1. 1. The Architecture of the Internet of Things by Dialexa https://by.dialexa.com/the-architecture-of-the-internet-of-things Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  2. 2. Dialexa We are on a mission to make every company a great technology company. We work with organizations to define and execute digital transformation strategies to improve business operations and customer experiences. Our services include: • Multi-Year Technology Roadmap • Platform Engineering • User Experience Design • Custom Software Development • Hardware Prototyping /IoT
  3. 3. The internet of things is not a new technology. So you may ask the question, so what? I have been hearing about this for years... why should I invest and chase the newest technology fad? Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  4. 4. IoT is much more than a fad. The top 25 companies as of late 2016 have nearly 1B invested in them. The reason that so many companies and investors are strategically investing in the internet of things is that the technology window is finally opening due to smartphone adoption driving sensor prices down and capabilities up. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  5. 5. This investment is a virtuous cycle that drives additional innovation in transport technologies, platforms, and new sensors. Thus driving the cost down further. This explosion is also being fueled by big companies like Google and Amazon investing in new IoT technology. A great testament: the acquisition of Nest by Google and its entry into the smart home market. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  6. 6. The resonance of IoT with artificial intelligence, big data and predictive analytics cannot be understated either. These technologies help to drive more robust use cases and payback across many new IoT markets. Where maybe a direct business model would not work, now an indirect advertising/data driven model would. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  7. 7. To read more you can find the full article at https://by.dialexa.com/the-architecture-of-the-internet-of- things
  8. 8. ARCHITECTURE OF THE INTERNET OF THINGS Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  9. 9. THE FIRST LAYER OF THE ARCHITECTURE is the actual “device” you will be connecting. Devices can mean many things and new types of devices are getting connected to the internet of things every day. Here are a few examples: Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  10. 10. IN OUR HOUSES: Appliances like toasters, washing machines, microwaves and robot vacuum cleaners. Monitoring and adjustment devices like doorbells, thermostats and cameras. Consumer electronics like speakers and TV’s. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  11. 11. IN OUR BUSINESS: On manufacturing lines in the equipment, conveyors and other machinery. On all fixed assets such as expensive test equipment in hospitals. In monitoring and adjustment devices like building maintenance, security cameras and lighting. In displays and warehouses for retail. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  12. 12. WEARABLES: For people in the form of watches, fitness and health tracking, enhanced eyewear (possibility here to put VR/AR in the future when it converges). Pets with connected collars and embedded chips. Livestock with in- ear and embedded devices. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  13. 13. TRANSPORTATION: Our cars have become connected, but also railroads, semi-trucks, airplanes and air traffic control systems, subways, and all other transportation. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  14. 14. PACKAGING: Food packages, mail packages, shipping containers, rail cars, eventually even letters and postcards. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  15. 15. ROBOTICS: Anything that is robotic in nature can now have a sensor or an actuator. Robotic guards, inventory robots, lawn mowing robots, drones, manufacturing robots. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  16. 16. SCIENCE & MEDICINE: Connected scientific equipment for reliable recording of experiments. Connected medical devices for monitoring patients or distributing medication during hospital stays and during outpatient care. Pharmacy distribution and at home medicines. Medical equipment such as x-ray machines and MRIs. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  17. 17. CITIES: So-named “smart cities” including parking, roads, lighting, water and electrical creation and distribution systems, security systems, communication systems. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  18. 18. MILITARY & GOVERNMENT: Weapons and armament, wearables for soldiers. Voting systems. National, state and municipal services. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  19. 19. Because we are usually putting in small electronics into these “things”, our devices in practice create a few constraints for us: Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  20. 20. How do we power the device? This is usually the number one constraint on many of the above applications. Battery technology has one of the slower development cycles and cannot be easily seen to be advancing on any type of Moore’s Law pattern. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  21. 21. How big can the device be? Miniaturization is driving many of the use cases. You can’t fit a monitor the size of an apple into a pig’s ear! (that may be a new Texas saying in the IoT era!) Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  22. 22. Material science around how long does the device have to last, what environment will it be used in (hot/cold, acidic, wet/dry), what type of pressures will be exerted on it, etc. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  23. 23. Connectivity Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  24. 24. The connectivity layer is how we get signals to and from the sensors/ actuators, the people, and computers or things on the other end. To simplify, let’s just discuss sensors. Connectivity starts at the sensor where there must be some low level protocol connecting the thing and its sensor to the rest of the world. This is usually a specialized chip. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  25. 25. There are a few ways from here for the device to connect back to the larger internet. First would be for the devices to build a peer to peer network where each device talks to the other and eventually one device is close enough to the larger network to “tap in”. This would be good for things that are disperse, move around and are close to each other. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  26. 26. A second way is a hub and spoke system, this is where devices talk back to a centralized hub which collects the low level protocol messages, aggregates them and forwards them to the internet via wi-fi or LTE or a direct connection. An example of this is your bluetooth fitness band that connects to the internet using your phone as the hub. Finally, devices can be connected directly to the internet via wi-fi or LTE or a direct connection (especially on big stationary things like a thermostat or a factory machine). We sometimes forget that not everything is stationary and many of the connected things will not need “over the air” connections. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  27. 27. Learn how to incorporate the Internet of Things into your business strategy and utilize it for creating the ultimate user experience. Download or free eBook: Real World Internet of Things
  28. 28. Software Platform Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  29. 29. ALL OF THE CONNECTIONS IN WORLD WILL NOT HELP US if we don’t have a way to apply these connections. Software is the way humans interact with machines and the IoT is requiring new software architecture and platforms. Some of these are acting as connecting hubs for smart homes, smart cities and smart businesses. Some are more personal assistants such as Amazon Echo or Apple’s Siri that will tie together all the things in your life. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  30. 30. The current exploding wave of Artificial Intelligence that is adding speech and vision recognition, is creating new more human ways for our machines to interact with us. These software platforms will continue to evolve with augmented reality and more cognitive power from the machines. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  31. 31. Another part of the software is the vast amounts of data that are being collected and processed due to the internet of things. One of the biggest sources of big data is IoT. For many systems, it becomes impossible to keep all the data, and periodic readings, exceptions or summarizations must be kept for each sensor. Predictive analytics and AI models can then be used on this data to again drive decisions and business value such as predicting when a retail store will run out of items based on consumption of items on the shelves. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  32. 32. Humans Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  33. 33. We are both at the beginning of this chain and at it’s end. Interacting with the devices on one end and then using and working with the outputs of devices on the other end. On both sides of the architecture our devices are getting more like us and less like computers or machines. We wear a watch, we turn on the TV or use our dishwasher, we don’t need to think about them being connected- they just “understand” us. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  34. 34. The Nest thermostat was one of the first great examples of this. It watches for when you are at home and starts to learn your patterns and adjust the temperature accordingly thus automatically saving you money. It thinks and acts like a human helper doing the same task I would. This is what is meant by a “smart device”. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  35. 35. On the other side, our things are starting to give us answers they have collected in a human way. Ask Alexa via the Amazon Echo what the temperature is, and she will talk to your Nest via the internet and in plain english tell you the temperature. In the same way, you can ask her to make it hotter or colder Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  36. 36. Our machines will become more empathetic, like electricity at the turn of the 20th century, they will become so ubiquitous that it will fade into the fabric of our lives. Get the full write up of this slideshare HERE
  37. 37. PROPERTY OF DIALEXA LLC ©2018 - CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY Thank You Doug Platts VP of Marketing marketing@dialexa.com If you are looking to undertake a digital transformation initiative, contact Dialexa today and see how we can help make your company a great technology company. Get the full write up of this slideshare here!

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