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Pol of Ahmedabad , pol housing, traditional housing, vernacular architecture of Ahmadabad, Gujarat

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Pol of Ahmedabad , pol housing, traditional housing, vernacular architecture of Ahmadabad, Gujarat

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analysis of pols of Ahmadabad..
diagrams and drawings showings all the elements of pols..
passive design strategies of pols
chabutaras, ottas, balconies, interaction spaces, tanks, carvings, wooden members shows in pictures..
TYPOLOGY of houses like linear houses, internal courtyard houses are there..
main chowk space with sitting area , parking ..
all streets are developed as they are always get shaded...
CHABUTARAS are identity of any pol as per its color, carving, style etc.
each pol have its gateway and even 1 unique identity like carved gate or TEMPLE or CHOWK or KHADAKI
JAIN TEMPLES01NKI and old HAVELY are also have big part on pol housespols of india
olest pol in ahemadabad
historical places in ahmedabad

analysis of pols of Ahmadabad..
diagrams and drawings showings all the elements of pols..
passive design strategies of pols
chabutaras, ottas, balconies, interaction spaces, tanks, carvings, wooden members shows in pictures..
TYPOLOGY of houses like linear houses, internal courtyard houses are there..
main chowk space with sitting area , parking ..
all streets are developed as they are always get shaded...
CHABUTARAS are identity of any pol as per its color, carving, style etc.
each pol have its gateway and even 1 unique identity like carved gate or TEMPLE or CHOWK or KHADAKI
JAIN TEMPLES01NKI and old HAVELY are also have big part on pol housespols of india
olest pol in ahemadabad
historical places in ahmedabad

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Pol of Ahmedabad , pol housing, traditional housing, vernacular architecture of Ahmadabad, Gujarat

  1. 1. POL OF AHMEDABAD HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE-1 RAGHVANI DHVANI P. DIV. :B ROLL NO.:6 L.J.SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE L.J.UNIVERSITY, AHMEDABAD
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION: The historic city of Ahmadabad is characterized by an urban pattern, consist of three scales of community based settlement: the neighborhood ‘Pur’, the sub neighborhood 'Pol' and a house.  Pol houses is considered as a primary housing typology built for more than 300 years in the city of Ahmadabad. The pol settlement pattern has a rural origin prevalent in the villages of North Gujarat. communal riots of 1714 and the civil disorder of the 18th century, the houses built in the city were organized in dense clusters consisting of a set of dead end streets entered through a single gateway. Ahmadabad has a rich heritage of settlement patterns in its historic old town
  3. 3. POL: The residents of each cluster tended to belong to not only the same religion but also the same caste, or occupation group. The gate into each cluster could be closed. These clusters are called 'Pol’. The nominated property covers 535.7 hectares.  The length of the east-west axis is about 2km the length of the north-south axis is about 2.5 km. The city walls are 10.97 km in length and include 12 original gates, two closed gates from the Sultanate period,
  4. 4. ARCHITECTURAL HISTORY OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS:: the fusion of Islamic elements, local Jain and Hindu building traditions, manifested in the Bhadra Fort,  the city walls and gates, the Jama Masjid, the mausoleums of the royal family, and other mosques and minarets. important Jain and Hindu temples from the Maratha and British periods, such as the Ajitnath Jain Temple and the Swaminarayan Temple. City gates Bhadra fort Jama masjid City wall
  5. 5. TEMPLES: • Jain and Hindu temples are too old • Identity of particular pols • Sometimes pols gathering in temple open spaces o Jain temples: • Main material: AARAS stone(white color) • Heavy carving in stone • Also use of wood and other stones o Hindu temples: • Colorful buildings • Much variation in sizes • Main material wood and stone • More carvings in wooden
  6. 6. JAIN HAVELI: • Example of wooden carvings • Historical building • Carved brackets • Always shaded streets
  7. 7. STREETS:• Internal streets • Way to go in one to another pol • Junctions at public spaces, like: • Chowk, shops, old memorial houses • Intersects by khadakis • Use as: • Interaction spaces • Parking • Offsets for wash areas or storage • Always shaded by houses around • Variations in widths
  8. 8. Drawing showing connection between house and And house profile • Life of streets • Streets intersecting at chowk with chabutara
  9. 9. CHABUTARAS: • Main identity of real pols of Ahmedabad • Bird feeders also use as gatherings areas • Sometimes have sitting also • Sometimes parking • Located at center of junctions • Mainly at starting of particular pol • Size, area, shape, style differs from community to community or cast by cast
  10. 10. HOUSES: • Taken during heritage walk • Otta spaces are must • Balconies, narrow streets, ottas for gatherings • Some are well maintained houses with carvings • Some very old are renovated by locals • Decorated , carved railings • Wooden structural members
  11. 11. OTLA:  LEANDING FROM THE STREET INTO THE HOUSE,  ACTUAL ENTRANCE OF THE HOUSE OPENING ONTO THE STREET
  12. 12. COURTYARD: • Allow natural light • Ventilate row houses • Allow Interaction in between 1 house • Private open space with siting • Also use as a water storage
  13. 13. VASTU PURUSH with dwarpals 5 Shivalinga: • Mentality for making house PAVITRA SHREEYANTRA: • BELIEVE FOR PEACE IN HOUSE
  14. 14. KHADAKIS: • Another gateway for peta cast or different occupation • Having upper floor in use • Decorated and carved to identify community • Wooden structural members
  15. 15. MAIN GATES OF POL: • Gateways for particular cast or community’s pol • Includes name of pol • Shape and styles varies
  16. 16. DHAL NI POL
  17. 17. • Drawing showing circulation in streets • Connection of streets with houses • Houses variance • Streets life of interaction spaces Thank you

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