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DHRITI GOVINDRAJ
II MSc, 3rd SEM.
STAGES IN THE LIFESPAN
(PRENATAL PERIOD – LATE
CHILDHOOD)
Prenatal Period
• Conception to birth
Infancy
• Birth to end of the second week
Babyhood
• End of the second week to end of the second year
Early Childhood
• Two to six years
Late Childhood
• Six to ten years
CHARACTERISTICS OF INFANCY
 Infancy is the shortest of all developmental periods.
 Infancy is a time of radical adjustments.
 Infancy is a plateau in development.
 Infancy is a preview of later development.
 Infancy is a hazardous period.
CHARACTERISTICS OF BABYHOOD
 Babyhood is a true foundation age.
 Babyhood is an age of rapid growth and change.
 Babyhood is an age of decreasing dependency.
 Babyhood is the age of increased individuality.
 Babyhood is the beginning of socialization.
 Babyhood is the beginning of sex-role typing.
 Babyhood is a appealing age.
 Babyhood is the beginning of creativity.
 Babyhood is a hazardous age.
GENERAL MENTAL
CHARACTERISTICS
Early Childhood Later Childhood
1. Egocentric
(self-centered)
1. Thinks of others
(Teamwork) increases
capacity for social
interchange which
shows a maturity mental
level but refrains
individuality
GENERAL MENTAL
CHARACTERISTICS
Early Childhood Later Childhood
2. Aware of limited number
of things and situations
3. Attends to a stimulus on
stimuli for a short
period of time
2. Expands awareness
3. Attends to stimulus for
longer period of time
GENERAL MENTAL
CHARACTERISTICS
Early Childhood Later Childhood
4. Shows somewhat
photographic memory
and very simple
meaning connotations
5. Remembers few
experiences for short
period of time
4. Increases ability to see
things and gives more
meanings to what he
perceives
5. Remembers more
experiences and details
for longer period of time
GENERAL MENTAL
CHARACTERISTICS
Early Childhood Later Childhood
6. Imagine simple details
7. Has limited
communication
symbols
6. Creates and invents
more complex things
and ideas. Recognizes
intricate component of
objects
7. Manipulates verbal and
written symbols
GENERAL MENTAL
CHARACTERISTICS
Early Childhood Later Childhood
8. Reasons directly and
straight forward more
often not thinking of
consequences
9. Deals with simple
concepts
8. Reasons and solves
objectivity (or giving
details) and with
reflective thinking.
Think of results
9. Deals with abstract
concepts
GENERAL MENTAL
CHARACTERISTICS
Early Childhood Later Childhood
10. Makes simple judgments in
terms of the external
characteristics of objects
11. Compares situations in a
simple manner
12. Does not hypothesize
13. May or may not evaluate
8. Weighs judgments and
includes interval or
intangible characteristics
11. Compares in a more detailed
manner
12. Hypothesizes. This he does
unknowingly
13. Evaluates
NAMES USED FOR
EARLY CHILDHOOD
Names used
by Parents
• Problem
age/Troubleso
me age.
• Less
appealing
age as
compared to
babyhood.
• Toy age.
Names used
by Educators
• Preschool age.
Names used
by
Psychologists
• Pre-gang age.
• Exploratory
age.
• Imitative/creat
ive age.
NAMES USED FOR
LATE CHILDHOOD
Names used by
Parents
• Most
problematic
age.
• Sloppy age.
• Quarrelsome
age.
Names used by
Educators
• Elementary
school age.
• Critical period
in the
achievement
drive.
Names used by
Psychologists
• Gang age.
• Age of
conformity.
• Creative age.
• Play age.

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CHARACTERISTICS OF INFANCY, BABYHOOD, EARLY and LATE CHILDHOOD IN LIFESPAN DEVELOPMENT

  • 2. STAGES IN THE LIFESPAN (PRENATAL PERIOD – LATE CHILDHOOD) Prenatal Period • Conception to birth Infancy • Birth to end of the second week Babyhood • End of the second week to end of the second year Early Childhood • Two to six years Late Childhood • Six to ten years
  • 3. CHARACTERISTICS OF INFANCY  Infancy is the shortest of all developmental periods.  Infancy is a time of radical adjustments.  Infancy is a plateau in development.  Infancy is a preview of later development.  Infancy is a hazardous period.
  • 4. CHARACTERISTICS OF BABYHOOD  Babyhood is a true foundation age.  Babyhood is an age of rapid growth and change.  Babyhood is an age of decreasing dependency.  Babyhood is the age of increased individuality.  Babyhood is the beginning of socialization.  Babyhood is the beginning of sex-role typing.  Babyhood is a appealing age.  Babyhood is the beginning of creativity.  Babyhood is a hazardous age.
  • 5. GENERAL MENTAL CHARACTERISTICS Early Childhood Later Childhood 1. Egocentric (self-centered) 1. Thinks of others (Teamwork) increases capacity for social interchange which shows a maturity mental level but refrains individuality
  • 6. GENERAL MENTAL CHARACTERISTICS Early Childhood Later Childhood 2. Aware of limited number of things and situations 3. Attends to a stimulus on stimuli for a short period of time 2. Expands awareness 3. Attends to stimulus for longer period of time
  • 7. GENERAL MENTAL CHARACTERISTICS Early Childhood Later Childhood 4. Shows somewhat photographic memory and very simple meaning connotations 5. Remembers few experiences for short period of time 4. Increases ability to see things and gives more meanings to what he perceives 5. Remembers more experiences and details for longer period of time
  • 8. GENERAL MENTAL CHARACTERISTICS Early Childhood Later Childhood 6. Imagine simple details 7. Has limited communication symbols 6. Creates and invents more complex things and ideas. Recognizes intricate component of objects 7. Manipulates verbal and written symbols
  • 9. GENERAL MENTAL CHARACTERISTICS Early Childhood Later Childhood 8. Reasons directly and straight forward more often not thinking of consequences 9. Deals with simple concepts 8. Reasons and solves objectivity (or giving details) and with reflective thinking. Think of results 9. Deals with abstract concepts
  • 10. GENERAL MENTAL CHARACTERISTICS Early Childhood Later Childhood 10. Makes simple judgments in terms of the external characteristics of objects 11. Compares situations in a simple manner 12. Does not hypothesize 13. May or may not evaluate 8. Weighs judgments and includes interval or intangible characteristics 11. Compares in a more detailed manner 12. Hypothesizes. This he does unknowingly 13. Evaluates
  • 11. NAMES USED FOR EARLY CHILDHOOD Names used by Parents • Problem age/Troubleso me age. • Less appealing age as compared to babyhood. • Toy age. Names used by Educators • Preschool age. Names used by Psychologists • Pre-gang age. • Exploratory age. • Imitative/creat ive age.
  • 12. NAMES USED FOR LATE CHILDHOOD Names used by Parents • Most problematic age. • Sloppy age. • Quarrelsome age. Names used by Educators • Elementary school age. • Critical period in the achievement drive. Names used by Psychologists • Gang age. • Age of conformity. • Creative age. • Play age.