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STD : X
ENGLISH
UNIT-7
A Power Point Presentation on
OUR HERITAGE-A TIMELESS
MARVEL (PROSE)
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Ab...
Do you know these places?
Have you seen these sites ?
Can you name these marvellous
temples?
Common Features of these plac...
A TIMELESSA TIMELESS
MARVELMARVEL
OUR
HERITAGE
The Grand CholasThe Grand Cholas
Granary of Tamilnadu
(Thanjavur)
Gangai Konda Cholapuram
Grand Anicut (Kallanai)
Raja Raj...
• One of the UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites.One of the UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites.
• Called as Brihadeesvarar Temple.Cal...
About the Temple
 The topmost stone weighs 80 tons is lifted
without latest technology which baffles
engineers till this ...
About the TempleAbout the Temple
 The lifting of the top most stone
with the help of ramp was pulled
up by elephants.
 T...
Deities and StatuesDeities and Statues
 The huge Shiva Linga in the Sanctum Sanctorum (8.7The huge Shiva Linga in the San...
Inscriptions and CarvingsInscriptions and Carvings
• Talk about Raja Raja Chola’s gift to the temple.
• Display the Hercul...
The Thanjavur PalaceThe Thanjavur Palace
The statues of Vishnu, Ganesha,The statues of Vishnu, Ganesha,
Nataraja and Buddh...
Contributions of CholaContributions of Chola
Promoted traditional music.Promoted traditional music.
Patronised traditional...
SYNONYMS
magnanimous - generous
patronage - support
opulence - richness
intricate - fine
notching - cutting
valour - brave...
PREFIX
Prefixes are set of letters that are added to the beginning.
im
posing
provepress
mortal
inter
lock
net act
Prefix ...
SUFFIX
• Suffixes are set of letters that are added at the end.
ful
ship
power
delight
grace
wonder
friend
craftsman hard
...
Modals or Secondary AuxiliariesModals or Secondary Auxiliaries
 Used to express the mood of the speaker or writer or read...
Modals, Semi modals / Quasi modals
ModalS Usage Sentences
can Ability, request I can speak Hindi,
You can go now
could Per...
A Dialogue using modals
Daughter: Hi Mom! Could you please allow me for an educational tour?
Mom : Will you tell me the pl...
TensesTenses
Classroom Seminar
Topic: Is our cultural heritage under threat?
A seminar consists of
 A Chairperson.
A Coordinator - Wel...
AssessmentAssessment
 ExpandExpand :: UNESCOUNESCO
 SyllabifySyllabify :: monument, reverencemonument, reverence
 Prefi...
Assessment
How old is the Brihadeesvarar temple? Who built
it?
List out the specialties of Thanjavur.
Who built the pal...
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OUR HERITAGE A TIMELESS MARVEL

SAMACHEER - 10 STD - PROSE - OUR HERITAGE A TIMELESS MARVEL

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OUR HERITAGE A TIMELESS MARVEL

  1. 1. STD : X ENGLISH UNIT-7 A Power Point Presentation on OUR HERITAGE-A TIMELESS MARVEL (PROSE) Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) THANJAVUR DISTRICT
  2. 2. Do you know these places? Have you seen these sites ? Can you name these marvellous temples? Common Features of these places • Places of worship ▪ Built several years ago • Heritage Buildings ▪ Priceless work of art • Tall Construction ▪ Religious Places
  3. 3. A TIMELESSA TIMELESS MARVELMARVEL OUR HERITAGE
  4. 4. The Grand CholasThe Grand Cholas Granary of Tamilnadu (Thanjavur) Gangai Konda Cholapuram Grand Anicut (Kallanai) Raja Raja Chola Airavatesvara Temple, Darasuram The Chola Empire
  5. 5. • One of the UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites.One of the UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites. • Called as Brihadeesvarar Temple.Called as Brihadeesvarar Temple. • Built by Raja Raja Chola in 1010 A.D.Built by Raja Raja Chola in 1010 A.D. • Thanjavur - Ancient capital of Chola Kings.Thanjavur - Ancient capital of Chola Kings. The Big TempleThe Big Temple
  6. 6. About the Temple  The topmost stone weighs 80 tons is lifted without latest technology which baffles engineers till this day. The 58 m tall and 13 storeyed Vimanam is built up with stones with bonding and notching without mortar. The temple’s area is about 750 feet by 400 feet in a fort surrounded by a moat.
  7. 7. About the TempleAbout the Temple  The lifting of the top most stone with the help of ramp was pulled up by elephants.  The granite stones are interlocked.  The rocks are perfectly fitted at a height of 10 m which is unnerved by the rains, winds and heat.  A thousand year old temple stands tall ,with copper pot (kalasam) anointed with holy water from all the sacred rivers.
  8. 8. Deities and StatuesDeities and Statues  The huge Shiva Linga in the Sanctum Sanctorum (8.7The huge Shiva Linga in the Sanctum Sanctorum (8.7 metres tall) reflects the reverence of the king Rajametres tall) reflects the reverence of the king Raja Raja to Lord Shiva.Raja to Lord Shiva. •The huge monolithic Nandhi statue in the temple reflects the munificence of Cholas and it is an important tourist attraction. •Cholas are well known for their unique bronze monolithic statues. •The monolithic statues evince energy, life and they take everyone to a different era.
  9. 9. Inscriptions and CarvingsInscriptions and Carvings • Talk about Raja Raja Chola’s gift to the temple. • Display the Herculean effort in construction. •Portray the glorious past of the Chola Dynasty. •Make the temple a delight for a historian’s senses. •The script used in the inscriptions resembles Tamil, Thai and some of the South East Asian languages. •Talk about the temple’s cleaners, sweepers and carriers of flags.
  10. 10. The Thanjavur PalaceThe Thanjavur Palace The statues of Vishnu, Ganesha,The statues of Vishnu, Ganesha, Nataraja and Buddha are the proof ofNataraja and Buddha are the proof of the craftsmanship and effort.the craftsmanship and effort. Built by the Nayaks in 16th century and later renovated by the Marathas. The Royal Museum has drums, urns, perfume bottles, wooden boxes, manuscripts, jewellery and weapons. The Durbar Hall has the painting of a Maratha king. The Art Gallery displays granite and bronze monolithic statues with excavation details and the country of origin.
  11. 11. Contributions of CholaContributions of Chola Promoted traditional music.Promoted traditional music. Patronised traditional dancePatronised traditional dance forms like Bharathanatya.forms like Bharathanatya. Traditional handicrafts like artTraditional handicrafts like art plate making, bronze statue,plate making, bronze statue, monolithic statues flourished.monolithic statues flourished. Many Chola kings built ShivaMany Chola kings built Shiva temples on the banks of the rivertemples on the banks of the river Kavery.Kavery.
  12. 12. SYNONYMS magnanimous - generous patronage - support opulence - richness intricate - fine notching - cutting valour - bravery reverence - great respect ANTONYMS impressive x unimpressive reverence x irreverence patronised x discouraged ascended x dethroned
  13. 13. PREFIX Prefixes are set of letters that are added to the beginning. im posing provepress mortal inter lock net act Prefix + root + suffix Un + avail + able Un + beat + able Un + quench + able Un + account + able
  14. 14. SUFFIX • Suffixes are set of letters that are added at the end. ful ship power delight grace wonder friend craftsman hard Prefix + root + suffix Un + achieve + ment Un + announce + ment Un + employ + ment En + courage + ment En + force + ment
  15. 15. Modals or Secondary AuxiliariesModals or Secondary Auxiliaries  Used to express the mood of the speaker or writer or reader. Used to Shall Should Dare Ought to Would Must Need Will May Might Can Could Modals
  16. 16. Modals, Semi modals / Quasi modals ModalS Usage Sentences can Ability, request I can speak Hindi, You can go now could Permission, formal request Could you help me? He could jump the steps may Permission, wish, purpose It may rain. May I come?, I may pass in this exam might Possibility, suggestion You might learn this course. must Duty, prohibition, necessity You must follow the rules, We must do the work will Request, promise I will come tomorrow, we will win the match would Wish preference I would get up early, I wish you would tell me shall Intention, threat, suggestion Shall we start the play? You shall have a gift. should Obligation, necessity You should obey your parents, You should come early Semi modals Usage Sentences Ought to Duty, necessity, advice You ought to help him. Used to Past habits I used to go for walking in college days. dare Boldness, challenge How dare you go there? I don’t dare to try this need Necessity, obligation Do I need to go? I need to go there
  17. 17. A Dialogue using modals Daughter: Hi Mom! Could you please allow me for an educational tour? Mom : Will you tell me the places in your trip? Daughter: We’ll visit Mamallapuram and we may visit theme park near by . Mom : O.k. you shall go. But you should be very careful in your trip. Daughter: Sure ma. I will. I need Rs.1000 for this trip and can you give me more money? Mom : O.k. I will give you only Rs. 500 extra and you need not spend on unnecessary things. Daughter: I must have extra money with me because I will be away from home, you ought to give me. Mom : O.k. Would you like to carry some food with you? Daughter: Sure ma. Mom : You used to make friendship with strangers but, be safe this time. Daughter: Don’t worry ma… I am dare enough to handle any situations there. Mom : When will you come back? Daughter: We might come on Thursday.
  18. 18. TensesTenses
  19. 19. Classroom Seminar Topic: Is our cultural heritage under threat? A seminar consists of  A Chairperson. A Coordinator - Welcome address. 4 or 5 Speakers. Focuses on a particular aspect of the topic : 1. Importance of a country’s heritage. 2. The need to protect and preserve the heritage in a changing world. 3. National Heritage – Important slides. 4. Tourists attitude towards our national heritage. 5. Coordinator sumps up the points.
  20. 20. AssessmentAssessment  ExpandExpand :: UNESCOUNESCO  SyllabifySyllabify :: monument, reverencemonument, reverence  Prefix/suffixPrefix/suffix :: _____lock , bright_________lock , bright____  Identify theIdentify the right spellingright spelling :: monolitic /monalithic /monolitic /monalithic / monolithicmonolithic  Make a sentenceMake a sentence of your ownof your own :: popular/popularly/popular/popularly/ popularitypopularity
  21. 21. Assessment How old is the Brihadeesvarar temple? Who built it? List out the specialties of Thanjavur. Who built the palace? Who renovated it? What did the author see at the Royal Museum? What is the specialty of the Vimanam? Answer in a paragraph: What makes the Brihadeesvarar temple unique and outstanding? What were the contributions of the Cholas to art and culture?

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