STD : X
A Power Point Presentation on
OUR HERITAGE-A TIMELESS
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
Do you know these places?
Have you seen these sites ?
Can you name these marvellous
Common Features of these places
• Places of worship ▪ Built several years ago
• Heritage Buildings ▪ Priceless work of art
• Tall Construction ▪ Religious Places
The Grand CholasThe Grand Cholas
Granary of Tamilnadu
Gangai Konda Cholapuram
Grand Anicut (Kallanai)
Raja Raja Chola Airavatesvara Temple,
The Chola Empire
• One of the UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites.One of the UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites.
• Called as Brihadeesvarar Temple.Called as Brihadeesvarar Temple.
• Built by Raja Raja Chola in 1010 A.D.Built by Raja Raja Chola in 1010 A.D.
• Thanjavur - Ancient capital of Chola Kings.Thanjavur - Ancient capital of Chola Kings.
The Big TempleThe Big Temple
About the Temple
The topmost stone weighs 80 tons is lifted
without latest technology which baffles
engineers till this day.
The 58 m tall and 13 storeyed Vimanam
is built up with stones with bonding and
notching without mortar.
The temple’s area is about 750 feet by
400 feet in a fort surrounded by a moat.
About the TempleAbout the Temple
The lifting of the top most stone
with the help of ramp was pulled
up by elephants.
The granite stones are interlocked.
The rocks are perfectly fitted at a
height of 10 m which is unnerved
by the rains, winds and heat.
A thousand year old temple stands
tall ,with copper pot (kalasam)
anointed with holy water from all
the sacred rivers.
Deities and StatuesDeities and Statues
The huge Shiva Linga in the Sanctum Sanctorum (8.7The huge Shiva Linga in the Sanctum Sanctorum (8.7
metres tall) reflects the reverence of the king Rajametres tall) reflects the reverence of the king Raja
Raja to Lord Shiva.Raja to Lord Shiva.
•The huge monolithic Nandhi statue in the temple
reflects the munificence of Cholas and it is an important
•Cholas are well known for their unique
bronze monolithic statues.
•The monolithic statues evince energy, life and
they take everyone to a different era.
Inscriptions and CarvingsInscriptions and Carvings
• Talk about Raja Raja Chola’s gift to the temple.
• Display the Herculean effort in construction.
•Portray the glorious past of the Chola Dynasty.
•Make the temple a delight for a historian’s senses.
•The script used in the inscriptions resembles Tamil,
Thai and some of the South East Asian languages.
•Talk about the temple’s cleaners, sweepers and
carriers of flags.
The Thanjavur PalaceThe Thanjavur Palace
The statues of Vishnu, Ganesha,The statues of Vishnu, Ganesha,
Nataraja and Buddha are the proof ofNataraja and Buddha are the proof of
the craftsmanship and effort.the craftsmanship and effort.
Built by the Nayaks in 16th
later renovated by the Marathas.
The Royal Museum has drums, urns,
perfume bottles, wooden boxes,
manuscripts, jewellery and weapons.
The Durbar Hall has the painting of a
The Art Gallery displays granite and
bronze monolithic statues with excavation
details and the country of origin.
Contributions of CholaContributions of Chola
Promoted traditional music.Promoted traditional music.
Patronised traditional dancePatronised traditional dance
forms like Bharathanatya.forms like Bharathanatya.
Traditional handicrafts like artTraditional handicrafts like art
plate making, bronze statue,plate making, bronze statue,
monolithic statues flourished.monolithic statues flourished.
Many Chola kings built ShivaMany Chola kings built Shiva
temples on the banks of the rivertemples on the banks of the river
magnanimous - generous
patronage - support
opulence - richness
intricate - fine
notching - cutting
valour - bravery
reverence - great respect
impressive x unimpressive
reverence x irreverence
patronised x discouraged
ascended x dethroned
Prefixes are set of letters that are added to the beginning.
Prefix + root + suffix
Un + avail + able
Un + beat + able
Un + quench + able
Un + account + able
• Suffixes are set of letters that are added at the end.
Prefix + root + suffix
Un + achieve + ment
Un + announce + ment
Un + employ + ment
En + courage + ment
En + force + ment
Modals or Secondary AuxiliariesModals or Secondary Auxiliaries
Used to express the mood of the speaker or writer or reader.
Used to Shall
Modals, Semi modals / Quasi modals
ModalS Usage Sentences
can Ability, request I can speak Hindi,
You can go now
Could you help me?
He could jump the steps
It may rain. May I come?,
I may pass in this exam
You might learn this course.
You must follow the rules,
We must do the work
I will come tomorrow,
we will win the match
would Wish preference I would get up early,
I wish you would tell me
Shall we start the play?
You shall have a gift.
You should obey your
You should come early
Ought to Duty,
You ought to help him.
Used to Past habits I used to go for walking
in college days.
How dare you go there?
I don’t dare to try this
Do I need to go?
I need to go there
A Dialogue using modals
Daughter: Hi Mom! Could you please allow me for an educational tour?
Mom : Will you tell me the places in your trip?
Daughter: We’ll visit Mamallapuram and we may visit theme park near by .
Mom : O.k. you shall go. But you should be very careful in your trip.
Daughter: Sure ma. I will. I need Rs.1000 for this trip and can you give me
Mom : O.k. I will give you only Rs. 500 extra and you need not spend on
Daughter: I must have extra money with me because I will be away from
home, you ought to give me.
Mom : O.k. Would you like to carry some food with you?
Daughter: Sure ma.
Mom : You used to make friendship with strangers but, be safe this time.
Daughter: Don’t worry ma… I am dare enough to handle any situations there.
Mom : When will you come back?
Daughter: We might come on Thursday.
Topic: Is our cultural heritage under threat?
A seminar consists of
A Coordinator - Welcome address.
4 or 5 Speakers.
Focuses on a particular aspect of the topic :
1. Importance of a country’s heritage.
2. The need to protect and preserve the heritage in a
3. National Heritage – Important slides.
4. Tourists attitude towards our national heritage.
5. Coordinator sumps up the points.
ExpandExpand :: UNESCOUNESCO
SyllabifySyllabify :: monument, reverencemonument, reverence
Prefix/suffixPrefix/suffix :: _____lock , bright_________lock , bright____
Identify theIdentify the
right spellingright spelling :: monolitic /monalithic /monolitic /monalithic /
Make a sentenceMake a sentence
of your ownof your own :: popular/popularly/popular/popularly/
How old is the Brihadeesvarar temple? Who built
List out the specialties of Thanjavur.
Who built the palace? Who renovated it?
What did the author see at the Royal Museum?
What is the specialty of the Vimanam?
Answer in a paragraph:
What makes the Brihadeesvarar temple unique
What were the contributions of the Cholas to art