Suzanne pharr homophobia; a weapon of sexism-

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  • Information gathered from in class readings and http://suzannepharr.org/
  • Suzanne pharr homophobia; a weapon of sexism-

    1. 1. “ How can we make it possible for everyone to live as a whole person, to have self determination, to be treated with dignity and respect, and to have access to material necessities as well as joy?” – Suzanne Pharr Dennis H Fulgham Jr. MWNS 201-V13 Professor Canfield
    2. 2. “ Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism” “ My work is focused on building a broad-based, multi-racial, multi-issued movement for social and economic justice in the united states.” – Suzanne Pharr
    3. 3. Brief Bio <ul><li>Suzanne Pharr founded the Women's Project in Arkansas in 1981 </li></ul><ul><li>Co-founder of Southerners on New Ground in 1984 </li></ul><ul><li>The Director of the Highlander Center (199-2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Author of “Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism.” and “In the Time of the Right: Reflections on Liberation” </li></ul>
    4. 4. “ Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism” <ul><li>1 st definition of Homophobia : the irrational fear and hatred of those who love and sexually desire those of the same sex. </li></ul><ul><li>Pharr claims ignorance to the meaning of homophobia until the 1970’s, in which she was appalled by the amount of hatred that was attached with it. </li></ul><ul><li>Pharr shares what she believes are experiences that are negative externalities that occur as a byproduct of homophobia, such as: loss of civil liberties/freedoms, verbal and/or physical violence, and in some cases death. </li></ul>
    5. 5. “ Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism” Class Question In what ways can homophobia effect a gay or lesbian individual?
    6. 6. Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism
    7. 7. “ Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism” Claim One : The continued existence of heterosexism (AKA Sexism) as the normative behavior in society, provides for an ideal environment to harbor homophobic prejudices. Basis to claim: Homosexuals and the Women’s liberation movements both threaten the conservative believed critical society establishment….. Which is ? Hint* Two way that this institution is believe to be in danger is by the continued tolerance of homosexuality (Homophobia) and abortions (Sexism.)
    8. 8. <ul><li>This model family structure model consist of a mother, a father, and their children. </li></ul>
    9. 9. “ Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism” Claim Two : It is at the onset of puberty where sexual awareness and forces to conform to heterosexuality – male dominance and control occurs. Therefore, being deemed a homosexual contradicts the meaning of a “man” or a “woman” defined by heterosexual men and is seen as negative. It is relevant to sexism in the sense that misogyny against women begins by: Pressure to adhere to societal norms Distraction leads to poor academic performance Coerced into dependency upon a man for economic survival. It is relevant to Homophobia in the sense that by being a homosexual you are threatening the established understanding as to what a “man” stands for.
    10. 10. “ Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism” Class Question What do you think some of the reasons that drive homophobic thoughts?
    11. 11. “ Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism” <ul><li>Seen Breaking Ranks </li></ul><ul><li>Damaging to male solidarity, thus damaging male superiority by division </li></ul><ul><li>Traitors </li></ul><ul><li>Not “Real Men” – (Thus being women, the “weaker” gender) </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd Definition of Homophobia: Is when misogyny gets transferred to gay/lesbian men and women with a vengeance and is increased by fear that their sexual identity and behavior will bring down the entire system of male dominance and compulsory heterosexuality. </li></ul>
    12. 12. “ Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism” What are the two places where it is seen as acceptable for men to be affectionate publicly? Hint**
    13. 13. “ Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism” Competitive sports & In crisis of war Pharr says these environment provide a “Safe Haven” for heterosexuals males that is not inherently thought of as homosexual.
    14. 14. “ Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism” Pharr also makes note of weight behind being called “gay” of “lesbian,” and defines this as ( in the case of women) lesbian baiting, or the act of calling someone a lesbian with the intent to discredit or demean there character of cause. 3 rd Definition of Homophobia : The societal disease that places such negative messages, condemnations, a arid violence on gay and lesbians that have to struggle throughout their lives for self-esteem. In part, she states this is largely difficult and damaging to an individual because of the inability to disprove the accusation of being gay. For there is no clear definition of someone that identifies as homosexual, as well as there is still not certainty how homosexuality occurs. What are some of the theories behind homosexuality?
    15. 15. “ Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism” Genetic Makeup Hormones Socialization Environment
    16. 16. “ Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism” However, Pharr concludes by stating what we do know about homosexuality: Sexual identity can be flexible Yet, it means more than just as gender of people whom they are interested in. FEMINIST = MAN HATER = LESBIAN
    17. 17. “ Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism” <ul><li> Final Question </li></ul><ul><li>Which definition of Homophobia do you feel best reflects its true meaning and weight? </li></ul><ul><li>The irrational fear and hatred of those who love and sexually desire those of the same sex. </li></ul><ul><li>Is when misogyny gets transferred to gay/lesbian men and women with a vengeance and is increased by fear that their sexual identity and behavior will bring down the entire system of male dominance and compulsory heterosexuality. </li></ul><ul><li>The societal disease that places such negative messages, condemnations, a arid violence on gay and lesbians that have to struggle throughout their lives for self-esteem. </li></ul>
    18. 18. “ Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism” <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zhl9MLno424 </li></ul><ul><li>This link depicts differences in how gay v. lesbian families are treated. </li></ul><ul><li>http://news.advocate.com/post/13324191023/possibly-the-most-beautiful-ad-for-marriage-equality </li></ul><ul><li>This link highlights the </li></ul><ul><li>http://suzannepharr.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2008/01/homophobiaaweaponofsexismcondensed.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Link to PDF copy of full text </li></ul>

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