Defining homosexuality within International politics
By: Dennis H FulghamDEFINING SEXUALITY WITHININTERNATIONAL POLITICS
United StatesBrief History “New World, Old ideals” Procreation 40’s and 50’s = Were seen as a Weakness to Communist Influences 50’s and 60’s = Bad Parenting/ Moral Panic 70’s = Immoral/misguided/ ill Current??
United States Definingsexuality With the rise of capitalism, people began to lead live outside of their familial relationships It wasn’t really until the 19th century when “experts” began to speak of the “homosexual” as someone whose erotic desire reflects an unusual mental or physiological condition By the 1930’s – groups began to identify as “homosexual” versus “heterosexual” b/c of their desire. Did so in unregulated areas i.e. clubs.
United States definingSexuality DOMA: Defense Of Marriage Act: 1) gave states the ability to decide whether or not to recognized same-sex marriages 2) Defined at the federal level “marriage,” and “Spouse,” as between a man and a women.
Iran Brief History Sharia Law: Islamic Law that is governed by the interpretation of religious leaders. Forbids outside relations and punishment is harsher for non-Muslim Homosexuality is not tolerated, and is punishable by death. Heterosexual promiscuity prior to marriage is also prohibited. Both are treated the same as adulators In 2002, Iran felt massive international backlash for executing two young men on accusation of being homosexuals.
International Relations:Between US and Iran No Formal diplomatic ties: Only communication is indirectly through international organization/ institutions i.e. United Nations etc. US claims to offer asylum to those who are oppressed on the bases of sexual orientation, however Iranians are often met with rejection