GHG Emission Calculator Intro


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The presentation provides a brief about the GHG Emission Calculation Tool for the Indian Apparel Sector. It contains the needs which led to the formation of the tool, project objectives, methodology and a brief about the tool itself. Please feel free to comment / suggest / add your valuable inputs. Thanks!

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  • UK’s Earthpositive apparel has come up with a carbon label shwing C emitted for producing 1 tee MnS has come up wid Plan A to b d most sustainable retail brand by 2015 Walmart has already strtd greenwashing its customers GAP GHG em redn of 20% by 2015 Carrefour stopped use of free plastic, etc. NIKE has designed an Environment Scoring Tool IKEA is speeding up investments in renewable energy
  • GHG Emission Calculator Intro

    1. 1. GHG Emission Calculation Tool forIndian Apparel Sector
    2. 2. Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    3. 3. THE TREND [1] Lean manufacturing, ISO driven quality 1990s practices 2000s Ethical sourcing and labour practices Sustainability and optimally using natural 2010s resources [1] - cKinetics (2010). Exporting Textiles: March to SustainabilityApparel Tool. Version 1.0
    4. 4. What the WEST is doing?Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    5. 5. Indian Scenario• Trends travel east…• Sustainability practices: mandatory!• No quantitative approach to measure work done in this direction. “You can’t manage what you don’t measure!”Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    6. 6. ObjectivePrimary:•To adapt a GHG Emission calculation tool for the IndianApparel Sector.Secondary:• To study the work processes of apparel industry with focuson energy sources.• To design an Excel based tool and its user manual.• To road-test the tool.Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    7. 7. Research Process Flow • Ratification of the tool by TERI • Road-test the tool. Find out the problems faced by the user. Amend changes.Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    8. 8. Research MethodologyNature of Research QuantitativeCoverage Macro StudyUtility Applied ResearchMode of data generation Documentary Research, Field StudiesMethod of Research Experimental and HistoricalTime Frame Single Time PeriodType of Study Analytical, Evaluation, ExploratorySampling RandomApparel Tool. Version 1.0
    9. 9. Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    10. 10. Types of Emissions [4] [4] - (2004). GHG Protocol - A Corporate Accounting and Reporting StandardApparel Tool. Version 1.0
    11. 11. Concept of Scope [5] Scope 1: Direct Scope 2: Energy Scope 3: Other Indirect Indirect Fuels Combustion Purchased materials and fuels(e.g. boilers, furnaces or turbines) (e.g. extraction, processing and production) Owned Transport (e.g. trucks, trains, ships, Transport-related activities airplanes, cars) Consumption of (e.g. commuting, business purchased travel, distribution) Process Emissions electricity, heat, Waste disposal (e.g. cement,aluminium, waste steam and cooling (e.g. waste, recycling) processing) Fugitive Emissions Leased assets, franchising and (e.g. air conditioning & outsourcing refrigeration leaks, methane Sold Goods and Services (e.g. leaks from pipelines) Use of goods and services) Focus of [5] – (September 2009). Guidance on how to measure and report your research greenhouse gas emissions. DEFRA Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    12. 12. Study Of Processes With A Focus On Energy Fabric Spreading Washing Store & Cutting Fusing Finishing Ironing SewingPacking ShipmentApparel Tool. Version 1.0
    13. 13. Greenhouse Gases• The Kyoto Protocol refers to the following gases: Gas Global Warming Potential* [6] CO2 1 CH4 21 N2O 310 SF6 23900 11700 Hydro flourocarbons (HFCs) -- [7] Per flourocarbons (PFCs) [6] - [7] - 10-2.html [Accessed on 19:34, 18/03/2012]Apparel Tool. Version 1.0 * GWP over 100 years
    14. 14. Greenhouse Gases• Departments where gases are emitted:Gas Emission areas in apparel mfg unitCO2 All departments consuming electricity, transport of fabric, garments, boilers, gensetsCH4 Boilers, gensets Boilers, gensetsN2O Circuit breakersSF6 Air conditioners, refrigeration, heating equipmentHydro flourocarbons(HFCs)Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    15. 15. RESEARCH GAP• Sufficient of work done in other sectors such as Cement industry, Power sector, Aviation and Telecom• Absence of standard, reliable, accurate way of calculating the GHG emissions from Apparel Sector• Lack of bottom-up GHG inventory building approach for the T&A sector.• The more that our industry works toward a common goal, the more likely we are to develop scalable, viable environmental solutions.Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    16. 16. Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    17. 17. • The tool calculates the carbon footprint of an apparel manufacturing unit.• Apart from carbon dioxide it takes into account, – CH4 – N2O – HFC – SF6Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    18. 18. Worksheets: 5/14 Introductory Sheets User Introducti- Flowchart General Plant My Fuels Agreement on Information FacilitateInformatio plant leveln about the About the About the information To estimatecopyright, tool, pre- plant, of fuels/fuels GHG notacknowled requisites, contact emissions mentioned ingments, etc. details, etc.disclaimer the drop down menu. Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    19. 19. Worksheets:10/14 Calculation SheetsStationary Mobile HFC SF6 PurchasedCombustion Combustion Emissions Emissions Electricity Fugitive Emissions Emissions emissions fromEmissions Fugitive from from AC, electricityfrom emissions vehicles refrigerato purchasedboilers, from circuit from State owned by rs ownedgensets, etc breakers Electricity company by the Board. company. Scope 1 Scope 2 Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    20. 20. Worksheets:14/14 Summary Sheets Information SheetsSummary Summary Defaults Conversionfor the for the NCVs factorsfacility company Fugitive Emissions emissionsEmissions Fugitive from from AC,from emissions vehicles refrigeratoboilers, from circuit owned by rs ownedgensets, etc breakers company by the company. Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    21. 21. Data Required Before Starting• Desired Reporting time (Annual/Half/Quarter)• Quantity of fuel used in boilers, gensets, (litres/kg/metric tonne)• Company owned vehicles: • Quantity of fuel used //OR// • Distance travelled by each vehicle (kms)• Refrigerators, ACs heating equipments present in the plant • Number of ACs, refrigerators • Type of refrigerant used in them • Refrigerant charge (kg)Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    22. 22. Data Required Before Starting• Inventory, Sales and Purchase of SF6 used in circuit breakers• Amount of electricity consumed from the grid in kWh NOTE: All these data have to be gathered for the reporting period only.Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    23. 23. List of Formulae UsedCO2, CH4, N2O (stationary and mobile) emissions= ∑ fuel consumed X Net Calorific Value X Gas Emission Factor (kg) (TJ) (kg/TJ)CO2 Mobile emissions (Vehicle Km travelled method)= Emissions = ∑ [Distance travelled X EF] (km) (g/km)HFC Emissions No. of units × Refrigerant charge × Annual leakage factor Equivalent CO 2 emissions of HFC = × GWP (1= 10 5Purchased Electricity= Emissions = ∑ [ Power Consumption X EF ] (kWh) (Grid Specific)Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    24. 24. List of Formulae UsedConverting other gases into CO2 equivalent:t CO2 e of gas a = (Gasa emissions in tonne) x GWPaApparel Tool. Version 1.0
    25. 25. Road test: Findings• Road test was carried out in 3 export houses based in NCR.• Findings: – Explanation of each sheet needed in more detail. – Inclusion of air and rail travel emissions calculated. – Need to know the next steps to reduce their emissions.Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    26. 26. BENEFITS OF USING THE TOOL• Establish baseline emissions.• To participate in voluntary or mandatory emission reduction programmes.• Create GHG inventories through a bottom-up approach• Can be used during LCA of apparel products.Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    27. 27. FUTURE SCOPE OF WORK• The same tool can be applied to the textile industry after research into any other greenhouse gases emitted during finishing, dyeing, printing process.• Methods to quantify emissions from rail, air and ocean transport may be explored.• Explore the possibilities of storing the data generated from each factory in a centrally located server online to form a comprehensive GHG inventory.• More features can be added to move up in the hierarchies of a sustainability measurement tool.Apparel Tool. Version 1.0
    28. 28. Apparel Sector Tool User ManualFor more info, - +919650595637 Thank you… Dhawal Mane MFTech IV NIFT, New DelhiApparel Tool. Version 1.0