Common anxieties for care of the little angel… •WHAT we need to know for his/her development? •WHAT is the exact role of parenting in his/her development? •HOW can we provide maximum possibilities for the growth of child? •HOW MUCH can parents contribute in growth of the child?
I need protection. I know only one language…of CRY. And Mom, do you know…I am different than all others…
Let us understand some basic scientific views aboutCHILD DEVELOPMENT
•Child development that occurs from birth toadulthood was largely ignored throughout much ofhistory. Children were often viewed simply as smallversions of adults and little attention was paid to themany advances in cognitive abilities, language usage,and physical growth.•But it reveals now very opposite of this.•The following are just a few of the many childdevelopment theories that have been proposed bytheorists and researchers.•More recent theories outline the developmentalstages of children and identify the typical ages atwhich these growth milestones occur.
Sigmund Freud - the father of modern psychiatry The theories proposed by Sigmund Freudstressed the importance of childhood events and experiences, but almost exclusively focus onmental disorders rather that normal functioning. According to Freud, child development isdescribed as a series of psychosexual stages. In "Three Essays on Sexuality" (1915), Freud outlined these stages as oral, anal, phallic,latency period, and genital. Each stage involves the satisfaction of a libidinal desire and can later play a role in adult personality. For more reference- Freud’s stages of psychosexual development.
Erik EriksonTheorist Erik Erikson also proposed a stage theory of development, but his theory encompassed development throughout the human lifespan. Erikson believed that each stage of development is focused on overcoming aconflict. Success or failure in dealing with conflicts can impact overall functioning. For more reference- Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development.
Cognitive Child Development Theories Theorist Jean Piaget suggested thatchildren think differently than adults and proposed a stage theory of cognitive development. He was the first to note that children play anactive role in gaining knowledge of the world.For more reference on Piaget’s stages of cognitive development.
Behavioral Child Development Theories Behavioral theories of child development focus on how environmental interaction influences behavior and are based upon the theories oftheorists such as Watson, Pavlov, and Skinner. These theories deal only with observablebehaviors. Development is considered a reaction to rewards, punishments, stimuli, and reinforcement. For more reference about these behavioral theories on classical conditioning and operant conditioning.
Social Child Development TheoriesThere is a great deal of research on the social development of children. John Bowbly proposed one of the earliest theories of social development. Bowlby believed that early relationships with caregivers play a major role in child development and continue to influence social relationships throughout life.For more reference attachment theory.
NATURE means MENURTURE means YOU THE PARENTSAND FAMILY
Nature and Nurture• Both the factors plays key role in development of child. – Inherited factors & – Parental or Environmental factors
As an Example of rubber… The amount of stretchshown by rubber band actually will depend upon both 1. its capacity of stretchability (child’s own inborn capacities) and2. the amount of pressure or pull exerted by environment (the parents).
…Its now clear that…Its probably the TOUGHEST job to be good parents
Not only your care Not only his capacitiesBut both together only will create the infinite possibilities to GROW LIKE ANYTHING…!
He, who blessed us forparenthood,AlsoProvide us… THE PATIENCE THE FORCE THE CARE THE LOVE…to create the mostcaring & lovingnurturing.
• To know more about new born care… http://www.indiaparenting.com/newb orn/index.shtml#massaging• To study more about various theories of child development log on to… http://psychology.about.com/od/developm entalpsychology/a/childdevtheory.htm