THe Kalahari


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THe Kalahari

  1. 1. THE KALAHARI By Charlie Planek
  2. 2. About the Kalahari <ul><li>Located in Southwest Africa and stretches for 900,000 square km </li></ul><ul><li>The word Kalahari is derived from the Tswana word Kgalagadi mean “the great thirst” </li></ul><ul><li>Only 0-10 inches of rainfall per year in the Kalahari </li></ul>
  3. 3. Environmental Conditions <ul><li>Record High in temperature is 136 degrees Fahrenheit </li></ul><ul><li>Deadly Sandstorms occur frequently </li></ul><ul><li>Is Considered one of Africa’s last wildlife paradise </li></ul><ul><li>Most dangerous part of the Kalahari is the excessive amount of radiant light </li></ul><ul><li>Many riverbeds that are dry out due to the heat </li></ul>
  4. 4. Life in the Kalahari <ul><li>Many tribes still successfully live in the Kalahari including: The Basawra, San, and Bantu people </li></ul><ul><li>Were given the nickname bushmen by European Settlers </li></ul><ul><li>The Bushmen’s language includes clicking sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Europeans first settle in 1879. 250 of these settlers and 9,000 cattle died within the first three months due to the brutal conditions </li></ul><ul><li>The Kalahari is still populated by Europeans due to the great source of diamonds </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Natives <ul><li>The Bushmen who live on the land use their knowledge of the land to survive </li></ul><ul><li>Due to the lack of sanitary water, Water from plant roots is the main source of water </li></ul><ul><li>The Bushmen houses are huts made out of branches and tall grass </li></ul><ul><li>The Bushmen’s tribes are primarily nomadic </li></ul><ul><li>Their way of life is now available to the public through certain tourist packages </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Human body <ul><li>Major body systems effected by the Kalahari </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiovascular </li></ul><ul><li>Integumentary </li></ul><ul><li>Immune </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiovascular system is effected by the extreme heat, humidity, and air pressure all put stress on heart for people who are not accommodated to these conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Integumentary system is effected by the sun’s radiant light, wind, and sand particles which are all harmful to the skin </li></ul><ul><li>Immune system is effected because if this system does not become immune to the dangerous diseases and terrible sanitation it is very hard to survive in the desert </li></ul>
  7. 7. Safety Precautions <ul><li>Supplies needed </li></ul><ul><li>Bottled Water (enough to accommodate for 9 quarts per day </li></ul><ul><li>Lip Balm </li></ul><ul><li>Compass </li></ul><ul><li>Web belt with cateens </li></ul><ul><li>Sleeping bag </li></ul><ul><li>Necessary Clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Long Sleeves (protecting skin from sand storms and sun) </li></ul><ul><li>Warm clothing (for cold Kalahari nights) </li></ul><ul><li>Goggles and Sunglasses ( for protection from dust particles and radiant light) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Human Adaptations <ul><li>Two adaptations of the Human body while in the Kalahari occur in these body systems </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiovascular </li></ul><ul><li>Immune </li></ul><ul><li>In most natives there is a fatty deposit surrounding vital organs such as the heart in order to keep warm at night </li></ul><ul><li>Natives have become immune to most airborne diseases which are in the Kalahari </li></ul>