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Sit up straight!

Talk given at CHIFOO in Portland, Oregon in September 2012. Talk is an overview of wearable tech in healthcare both retail products and prototypes.

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SIT UP STRAIGHT!
        HOW WEARABLE TECHNOLOGY CAN
        SUPPORT HEALTHY LIVING

        Janna C. Kimel




10/15/2012               Sit Up Straight!   1
Outline
     • My background
     • Motivation, healthcare and why should I care?
     • Wearable tech 101
     • Product Landscape
        • On the market
        • Research projects
     • Sample projects-show and tell




10/15/2012                    Sit Up Straight!         2
10/15/2012   Sit Up Straight!   3
MOTIVATION, HEALTHCARE
         AND WHY SHOULD I CARE?


10/15/2012        Sit Up Straight!   4
Why health?
              Personal/Philosophical                            Clinical

     • The body is with us                           • Skyrocketing cost of
      always                                           healthcare
     • Merleau-Ponty, Husserl                        • Quality of life
             – Internal and external work            • Longitudinal access to
               in unison                               health information
             – Body as mediator
             – Interactions make world
               more meaningful

      We inhabit our bodies and they in turn inhabit the world with seamless
      connections back and forth. - Dourish, 2001

10/15/2012                             Sit Up Straight!                         5
Personal-What motivates us?
     •There are very powerful forces that motivate us to
     do things (for better and for worse) that seem almost
     transparent to us

     •As designers, by being aware of these forces, you can
     use them to design products, services and experiences
     that have a positive impact on people’s lives

     •Assist with creating internal motivation – create the
     desire for people to “do the right thing”



10/15/2012                     Sit Up Straight!               6

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Sit up straight!

  • 1. SIT UP STRAIGHT! HOW WEARABLE TECHNOLOGY CAN SUPPORT HEALTHY LIVING Janna C. Kimel 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 1
  • 2. Outline • My background • Motivation, healthcare and why should I care? • Wearable tech 101 • Product Landscape • On the market • Research projects • Sample projects-show and tell 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 2
  • 3. 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 3
  • 4. MOTIVATION, HEALTHCARE AND WHY SHOULD I CARE? 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 4
  • 5. Why health? Personal/Philosophical Clinical • The body is with us • Skyrocketing cost of always healthcare • Merleau-Ponty, Husserl • Quality of life – Internal and external work • Longitudinal access to in unison health information – Body as mediator – Interactions make world more meaningful We inhabit our bodies and they in turn inhabit the world with seamless connections back and forth. - Dourish, 2001 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 5
  • 6. Personal-What motivates us? •There are very powerful forces that motivate us to do things (for better and for worse) that seem almost transparent to us •As designers, by being aware of these forces, you can use them to design products, services and experiences that have a positive impact on people’s lives •Assist with creating internal motivation – create the desire for people to “do the right thing” 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 6
  • 7. Psychology of motivation Survival Belonging Fun Freedom Power 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 7
  • 8. Quantified self • When? • Where? • What? • How many • Am I better than…. • How does this week compare to last? • How do I get to my goal? 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 8
  • 9. Clinical-What insights can we gain? •Holter monitor being used since the 1960s •Unobtrusive access to an individual’s daily life •Wearable products that are constantly present eliminate excuses •Prompt responses to emergency situations Drmiri.com A new generation of wearable sensors and systems has recently become available thus providing clinical personnel with a window of observation in the home and community settings.– Bonato, 2011 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 9
  • 10. Why wearable? •Become more and more integrated with technology and life •Ready to hand - where did I put that phone? (Heidigger) •Flexibility and potential ease-of-use It is desirable to weave the necessary sensors into forms with which people are naturally in contact. - Picard, 1997 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 10
  • 11. WEARABLE TECH 101 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 11
  • 12. The basics • Arduino • Conductive thread • Sewable LEDs, sensors, EL strips, etc. • Hand sewing or sewing machine • Plot it out! • Electronic ink Popsci.com Arduino.cc Adafruit.com Kitronik.co.uk 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 12
  • 13. An ever-changing landscape • Flexible batteries • Electronics that can withstand extreme strain • Electronics that can bend, wrap and stretch into new form factors • Embedding electronics into paper, fabric, latex • Increased durability and wash-ability 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 13
  • 14. PRODUCT LANDSCAPE 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 14
  • 15. This…not that shanesalta.com 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 15
  • 16. Wearable, wireless revenue to surpass $6B by 2016 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 16
  • 17. What’s the hold up? • Disparate manufacturing processes – electronics and apparel • Durability • Power 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 17
  • 18. Geek to Chic Percom.org 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 18
  • 19. The future is here…sort of amazon.com Stridelite.com Shop.cutecircuit.com engadget.com thinkgeek.com 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 19
  • 20. Health applications • Track and transmit vital signs • Glucose monitors • Wellness • Sleep sensors • Activity monitors (think FitBit, Fuelband, miCoach) • Heart rate monitors • Adaptive technology (deaf, blind, neuromuscular) 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 20
  • 21. Born to run Pocket-lint.com designbuzz.com Bodymedia.com designbuzz.com News.cnet.com designbuzz.com 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 21
  • 22. Data hungry Diabeteshealth.com Gizmowatch.com 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 22
  • 23. Gold-medal performance psfk.com 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 23
  • 24. Blind leading the blind Gizmag.com 2011 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 24
  • 25. Communication assist Enabletalk.com © Halley Profita, Nicholas Farrow, Nikolaus Correll/CU Boulder 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 25
  • 26. Biometrics Kickstarter.com electricfoxy.com Telegraph.co.uk 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 26
  • 27. Stretching into technology Todayhealth.today.msnbc.msn.com 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 27
  • 28. Sit up straight Lucy Dunne Pcworld.com 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 28
  • 29. I second that emotion Johnfenzel.typepad.com electricfoxy.com 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 29
  • 30. Wearable tech should be… Electricfoxy.com 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 30
  • 31. SHOW AND TELL 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 31
  • 32. Competitive landscape Digital goniometer Knee brace with electrorheological fluid www.adinstruments.com www.robots.neu.edu 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 32
  • 33. 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 33
  • 34. 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 34
  • 35. Turn signal jacket http://web.media.mit.edu/~leah/LilyPad/build/ turn_signal_jacket.html 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 35
  • 36. Putting it together 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 36
  • 37. I want to get started! • Buy stuff • Sparkfun.com • Arduino.cc • Learn stuff • Lbruning.com • Instructables.com • Make magazine • Get Inspired • Electricfoxy.com • Talk2myshirt.com • Talk to real people • Dorkbotpdx.org • Meetup.com/PDX-Quantified-Self • Maker faire – NYC and San Francisco • Now in PDX! Sept 15-16 at OMSI 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 37
  • 38. Thanks! 10/15/2012 Sit Up Straight! 38

Editor's Notes

  1. Glasser, Deci/Ryan, Goleman, Maslow
  2. Belonging and fun + information (power)
  3. Arduino is a programmablemicrocontoller open-source electronics prototyping platform based on flexible, easy-to-use hardware and software. It's intended for artists, designers, hobbyists, and anyone interested in creating interactive objects or environments.L to R – GSR, bend sensor, EL strip, Led
  4. From computerworld.com articleWhat is the total healthcare %?
  5. User Experience!
  6. Wearable tech used to be the domain of academics, science fiction writers and future geeks. Now the likes of Apple Google and nike are filing wearalbe tech patents. 2003 and 2012The Google Glass will allow the user to view and send emails, display alerts and messages, use Google maps for directions, take photos and video record while still being able to perform normal tasks i.e. walking, making coffee. Not only would this technology make life easy, it would revolutionize the way we do things normally.AR Technology is definitely exciting but is this all too much?
  7. Verb for shoe $700Jacket $179$150 peregrine wearable interface gloveompatible with all genres of PC games, and optimized for real-time strategy (RTS) and massively multiplayer online (MMO) titles, The Peregrine gaming glove has 18 Touch Points and 3 Activator Pads, which give you more than 30 instantly-accessible actions. Simply tap your fingers or palm to maneuver, strike or cast spells. Control your gaming experience with the touch of a finger. Flex sensors, washableThink geek shirt $40Cute circuit dress – worn by katyperry in 2010 at MET gala, 1500 UK pounds K Dress has a small snap-in controller that recharges via USB. Just plug it into your computer USB port and charge it up! 
  8. Continuous blood glucose monitorsThe direction your glucose levels are goingEarly notification of oncoming lows and highsAlerts for lows or highs while you are sleepingInsights into how food, physical activity, medication, and illness impact your diabetesDeveloped by the Chilean based company, the Vital Jacket is a T-shirt implanted with microelectronics, which monitors the vitals – heart rate and electrocardiogram waves of the wearer. Available in two versions, the HWM100 and HWM200, both the Vital Jackets have varying functionalities. The former stores data on a SD card for long term viewing and analysis, while the latter (HWM200) allows signals to be sent directly to a PDA or cellphone.Tested successfully on 300 patients, the Vital Jacket is bound to provide patients and sporting enthusiasts, freedom of movement and independence yet, continuously monitoring their heart rate and related vitals, for perfect diagnosis and information.
  9. Lolo Jones, an American hurdler, is also using motion-detecting sensors to optimize her form Lolo tracks every second of her performance using a 40 Vicon T40S motion-capture cameras that record 2,000 frames per second. The cameras capture the 39 reflective motion detection sensors Lolo wears on her body, allowing her and her team to analyze her every movement down to millimeters.”British gymnast Mimi Cesar has perfected her rhythmic floor routine using MotivePro, a vibrating suit that uses a modular system of sensors on her body to track and record her movements. The sensors give her real-time feedback as to where her body is in space, and vibrate when her arms, legs, head, chest, or feet go outside a desired range of motion. Because the feedback is instantaneous, Mimi can correct and refine her position while doing her routine. The suit can also give her audio cues as to when she’s out of alignment, and after she’s finished her routine, she can play back her performance to see visual cues to help make it perfect. According to MotivePro:British gymnast Mimi Caesar uses a vibrating suit for her rhythmic floor routine. A system of sensors tracks and records her movements giving real-time feedback with vibrations. Instantaneous feedback allows her to correct and refine in the middle of the routine. Audio cues are used when she’s out of alignment and after the perfect form and she can play it back to see visual cues helping to make it perfect.
  10. Tacit is a sonar-enabled wrist-mounted device that helps the blind to detect when objects are nearby.http://www.gizmag.com/tacit-wrist-mounted-sonar/19580/combine sonar and haptic or audio feedback to let the visually impaired "see" their surroundings through the senses of touch or hearing. Tacit is a similar device that also uses sonar to measure the distance to objects and provide users with a 'view" of their surroundings through haptic feedback. Placing the device on the hand also lets the wearer easily point it in any direction. gloves were rejected in favor of a design that uses a loop that slips over the wearer's middle finger and a Velcro wrist strapAdaptive fashioning technology for the visually impaired that is handcrafted from a ready made jacket, SparkfunLilypad, vibration boards, Maxbotixultrasonic range finders in front and LessEMF conductive thread. This fashionable wearable computer assists the blind in freely navigating the build and natural environments. Don’t need to be seen as disadvantaged – blend in and be fashionable.The range finder can be set to locate a solid object X distance in front of the user and turn the vibeboard on alerting the user to stop before walking into a solid object.
  11. Sign language glove from Ukraine that lets you sign and turns signs into language through the smart phone. the Flutter dress gives vibrotactile feedback in the direction of a loud sound or alarm to help those with hearing loss respond more intuitively to their external environment. The team also says that development of this wearable technology would also cut down on e-waste created by discarded hearing devices.
  12. Pulse is a wearable accessory and mobile phone experience that monitors your heart rate and helps keep you in your most optimal fitness zone. If you’re in your zone, it pulses white. If you’re below it, it turns blue indicating that you’re too cold. If you’re above it, it turns red indicating that you’re working out too intensely. Discreet, beautifulPlug n play opticalheart rate sensor forarduinosTattoo – april 2012 The patches, encased in water-soluble plastic, are transferred to the skin just like a temporary tattoo-transfer, with a backing that peels off. Their wearers can’t feel them because they cling on to the skin by feeble electric forces between moleculeset they can contain electronic circuits needed to monitor health status along with wireless capabilities that can be used to transmit data to the patient’s mobile phone and on to the doctor’s surgery.The clever part was taking the brittle silicon used to build electronics and fashioning it into wires just a few billionths of a metre thick. These can give the electronics a flexibility that matches that of skin and can stretch and bend as people go about their business.
  13. Asked to move in ways you are not accustomed to. PT, trainer, how far to goThis yoga shirt magnifies the controversy over healthcare and technology and people versus technology. Yoga, a traditionally calming and personal activity is being “enhanced” with the shirt that nudges you into the right position. Teachers are concerned that students will overstretch themselves and that the personal touch will be taken out of it. As with so many pieces of technology, humans always managed to insert themselves. We use our phones to talk with people all over the world and connect in ways we never thought possible.
  14. t works using a single fiber-optic bend sensor that goes from about C7 to about L4. In the vest, the sensor hardware, bluetooth connection, and battery are housed behind the little foam "tag" at the upper back. (The skin-tight version was hard-wired to an external data processing unit). The garment feeds sensor values over bluetooth to the user's PC (the design assumes the user is sitting at a computer for long periods of time), which indicates via a subtle system-tray icon the goodness of the current posture (red-yellow-green). If the posture is "red" for too long, it pops up a little system warning balloon reminding them to sit up. Clicking the icon brings up a re-calibration window with a posture history graph tab. Lumboback $129 available in November – vibrates when you slouch. Connects to phone to track over time
  15. Vibe – Philips electronics-probe research combines conductive ink and textile sensors reading multiple biometric signals of the wearer and communicate them to other devices and other wearers-opens up a world of physical and emotional gaming, mind and stress controlKevin and Irena WarwickEmbedded in the shirt there are sensors that feel the strength of the touch, the skin warmth and the heartbeat rate of the sender and actuators that recreate the sensation of touch, warmth and emotion of the hug to the shirt of the distant loved one.The Hug Shirt™ has been awarded as one of the Best Inventions of the Year by Time Magazine.he shirt has “hugging output actuators” over each of these points, which are able to duplicate the warmth, pressure, duration, and even heartbeat of the hugger on the huggee. All you need is two Hug Shirts and a Java and Bluetooth enabled cell phone, and whenever you hug yourself, the exact characteristics of your hug will be measured by your Hug Shirt and sent via SMS to the second Hug Shirt.