Propp’s Narrative Structure
Narrative Structure
Preparation A community or family is in an ordered state of being
Complication The villain harms a mem...
Character Archetypes
The Hero
• The central protagonist who drives the
narrative forward, has a quest that must be
undertaken in order for a re...
The Villain
• Seeks riches, glory and or power. Wants to
stop the hero succeeding in their quest while
portraying themselv...
The Helper
• Accompanies the hero during part or the
majority of their adventure and offers help
but cannot complete the q...
The Mentor
• Gives the hero information or equipment to
assist tem during their quest; can be magical
and often represente...
The Prize
• The reward for the hero when they succeed in
their quest, stereotypically the princess but in
modern times can...
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Propp

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Propp

  1. 1. Propp’s Narrative Structure
  2. 2. Narrative Structure Preparation A community or family is in an ordered state of being Complication The villain harms a member of the hero’s family The hero plans action against the villain Transference The hero is given a magical gift The hero arrives at the place he can fulfill his quest Struggle There is a struggle between the hero and the villain Return The hero escapes A task is set for the hero The hero accomplishes the task Recognition The hero is rewarded
  3. 3. Character Archetypes
  4. 4. The Hero • The central protagonist who drives the narrative forward, has a quest that must be undertaken in order for a reward. • Eg. Eragon
  5. 5. The Villain • Seeks riches, glory and or power. Wants to stop the hero succeeding in their quest while portraying themselves as a threat to it. • Eg. King Galbatorix
  6. 6. The Helper • Accompanies the hero during part or the majority of their adventure and offers help but cannot complete the quest themselves. • Eg. Samwise Gamgee
  7. 7. The Mentor • Gives the hero information or equipment to assist tem during their quest; can be magical and often represented as wise. Cannot do the quest without the hero. • Eg. Obi Wan Kenobi
  8. 8. The Prize • The reward for the hero when they succeed in their quest, stereotypically the princess but in modern times can be a strong willed character. • Eg. Lois Lane

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