G.W.P stands for Global Warming Potential and is a measure of how much a given mass of greenhouse gas is estimated to contribute to global warming.
WE MUST STOP!
What is Global Warming? Global
Warming is the increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s near-surface air and oceans since the mid-twentieth century and its projected continuation.
What is the Greenhouse Effect?
The Greenhouse Effect is the heating of the surface of a planet or moon due to the presence of an atmosphere containing gases that absorb and emit infrared radiation . Greenhouse gases which include water vapor,CO2 and CH4 are almost transparent to solar radiation but strongly absorb and emit infrared radiation.
The Main Causes This “Earth-Harming”
Phenomenon is mostly caused by: Carbon Dioxide Emittion from Cars,Buildings,Airplanes and Power Plants Nitrous-Oxide Methane Permafrost And many more gases that we will see further…
140% 120% Carbon 100% Dioxide(CO2)
Carbon Dioxide commonly known as 80% CO2 is one of the most harming gases for the atmosphere of our 60% planet.This “eugene gas” is emitted from car exhausts,building chimneys,airplanes and power 40% plants.The U.S is the central air pollution core,as its CO2 emittion represents 60% of the global CO2 20% emittion. To the right,is presented a chart that shows the global CO2 0% emittion and the GWP from 2002 until today.
400% 350% Methane(CH4) 300% 250%
Methane is a chemical compound with the molecular formula CH4.It is the 200% Air simplest alkane, and the principal Pollution component of natural gas. Methane was discovered and isolated by 150% G.W.P Alessandro Volta between 1776 and 1778 when studying marsh gas from Lake Maggiore.It is a greenhouse gas 100% with a high GWP of 72(over 20 yrs.) or 25(over 100 yrs.)Methane in the 50% atmosphere is eventually oxidized, producing CO2 and water(H20). 0% 2004 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2008
14% 12% Nitrous Oxide(N2O) 10%
N2O, commonly known as happy or laughing gas, is a chemical 8% Air compound with the chemical formula N2O. At room Pollution 6% temperature, it is a cordless non- GWP flammable gas,with a pleasant ,slightly sweet and odour taste.It is 4% used in surgery ans dentistry.N2O reacts with the ozone and is the main naturally occuring regulator of 2% stratospheric ozone.It is also a major greenhouse gas.It has 298 0% times more impact per unit weight 2003 2002 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 than carbon dioxide.
Deforestation Deforestation is not logging
or burning of trees in the forested area. There are several reasons for doing so: trees or derived charcoal can be sold as a commodity and used by humans, while cleared land can be sold as pasture, plantations of commodities and human settlement.The removal of trees without sufficient forestation has resulted in damage to habitat, biodiversity loss and aridity. Deforested regions often degrade into wasteland. The major problems deforestation can cause are: Atmospheric Hydrological Ecological Soil
Permafrost Permafrost is a solid
structure of frozen soil, extending to depths of 2.200 metres in some areas of the arctic and subarctic regions containing grasses, roots, sticks, much of it dating back to 30.000 years.About 25% of the areas of the Northern Hemisphere hold permafrost, which is defined as soil whose temperature has been 32 degrees Fahrenheit(0 degrees Celsius)for a period of at least 2 years. Permafrostis under 85% of Alaska land surface and much of Canada, Scandinavia and Siberia and holds about 14% of the world’s carbon. The hard permafrost on which is built homes and other buildings,can,with rising temperatures turn into a soft material causing subsidence and damage to buildings.Ground instability would cause erosion,affect terrain,roads,slopes,foundations and more.
Tundra A name very suited
to environs of the arctic and subarctic,tundra means “treeless plain” in Finnish.The tundra is a major segment of a particular region having distinctive vegetation,animals and microorganisms adapted to a unique climate(biome) home to about 1700 kinds of plants including shrubs,mosses,grasses,lichens and 400 kinds of flowers.About 50 billions tons of carbon are estimated to be hels in the frozen state of tundra,and now the tundra is beginning to become to a source of carbon dioxide.
Natural Remedies Restrict car
and power plant CO2 emittion. Develop varied technologies for use of alternative energy. Restrict Carbon Dioxide and other greenhouse gases emittion. Address energy conservations nearourarea. Reduce our energy bills with use of fluorescent lights and environmentally friendly refrigerators.