HOT SPOTS OF BIODIVERSITY

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HOT SPOTS OF BIODIVERSITY

  1. 1. HOT SPOTS OF BIODIVERSITY ..
  2. 2. BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOT – IT IS A BIOGEOGRAPHIC REGION WITH ASIGNIFICANT RESERVOIR OF BIODIVERSITY . THAT IS UNDER THREAT FROM HUMANS. CONCEPT WAS FIRST INTRODUSED BY NORMAN MYER 25 HOTSPOTS HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED ALL OVER THE WORLD
  3. 3. 3 CRITERIA FOR A HOT SPOT 1. THE NO OF SPECIES PRESENT 2. THE NO OF THOSE SPECIES THAT . EXIST EXCLUSIVELY IN THE GIVEN ECOSYSTEM3. AND THE DEGREE OF THREAT THEY FACE
  4. 4.  OF ALL THE HOT SPOTS IN THE WORLD , MOST OF THEM ARE LOCATED IN TROPICAL AREAS 2 OUT OF 25 HOT SPOTS ARE LOCATED IN INDIA [WESTERN GHATS AND HILLY REGIONS OF NORTH EAST HIMALAYA UP . MYANMAR EAST] TO THESE HOT SPOTS ARE RICH IN ENDEMIC SPECIES OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS SUCH ASREPTILES, AMPHIBIANS, INSECTS AND MAMMALS. ONLY A SMALL PERCENTAGE OF THE TOTAL LAND AREA WITHIN BIODIVERSITY HOT SPOTS IS NOW PROTECTED
  5. 5. THE INTERNTIONAL ORGANISATIONS TO CONSERVE BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS1. CRITICAL ECOSYSTEM PARTNERSHIP FUND [ CEPF] 2. CONCERVATION INTERNATIONAL [CI] . 3. GLOBAL 200 ECOREGIONS ( WWF) 4. BIRD LIFE INTERNATIONAL [ENDEMIC BIRD AREAS( EBAs)] 5. PLANT LIFE INTERNATIONAL 6. ALLIANCE FOR ZERO EXTINCTION
  6. 6. .
  7. 7. BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS NORTH AND CENTRAL AMERICA • CALIFORNIA FLORISTIC PROVINCE • CARIBEAN ISLANDS •MADREAN PINE OAK WOODLANDS . • MESOAMERICA SOUTH AMERICA • ATLANTIC FOREST •CERRADO•CHILEAN WINTER RAINFALL VALDIAN FORESTS • TUMBES CHOCO MAGDALENA • TROPICAL ANDES
  8. 8. EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA • CAUCASUS •IRANO-ANTOLIAN • MEDITERRANEAN BASIN • MOUNTAINS OF CENTRAL ASIA AFRICA • CAPE FLORISTIC REGION . •COASTAL FORESTS OF EASTERN AFRICA •EASTERN AFROMONTANE •GUINEAN FORESTS OF WEST AFRICA •HORN OF AFRICA•MADAGASCAR AND THE INDIAN OCEAN ISLANDS • MAPUTALAND PONDOLAND ALBANY • SUCCULENT KAROO
  9. 9. ASIA-PACIFIC • EAST MELANESIAN ISLANDS •EASTERN HIMALAYA • INDO-BURMA •JAPAN . • MOUNTAINS OF SOUTH WEST CHINA • NEW CALEDONIA •NEW ZEALAND •PHILIPPINES • POLYNESIA- MICRONESIA • SOUTHWEST AUSTRALIA • SUNDALAND• WALLACEA , WESTRN GHATS AND SRI LANKA
  10. 10. Western Ghats and SRILANKA
  11. 11. map
  12. 12. INVERTEBRATES ANEURETUS SIMONI
  13. 13. . CYPHOMIRMEX PARANEURETUS .
  14. 14. FRESH WATER FISHES .
  15. 15. AMPHIBIANS PURPLE FROGNASIKABATRACHUS SAHADRENSIS
  16. 16. REPTILESAGAMIDAE
  17. 17. GEKKONIDAE .
  18. 18. UROPELTIDAE .
  19. 19. AVESGREEN BILLED COUCAL WHISTLING THRUSH
  20. 20. LAUGHING THRUSH SPOT B PELICAN LESSER ADJUTANT
  21. 21. KASHMIR FLY CATCHER FROG MOTH
  22. 22. MAMMALSLATIDENS SALIMALII
  23. 23. LONG CLAWED SHREW
  24. 24. OHIYA RAT• /
  25. 25. LION TAILED MACAQUE NILGIRI TAHR
  26. 26. MALABAR CIVET ASIAN ELEPHANT
  27. 27. HIMALAYA ,
  28. 28. FRESH WATER FISHES
  29. 29. MAHASEER
  30. 30. AMPHIBIANS
  31. 31. REPTILES .
  32. 32. AVES HIMALAYAN QUILLWESTERN TRAGOPAN
  33. 33. CHEST NUT BREASTED PARTRIDGE ORANGE BULLFINCH RUST TROATED WRENBABBLER
  34. 34. WHITE WINGED DUCK BENGAL FLORICAN
  35. 35. WHITE BELLIED HERON
  36. 36. MAMMALS
  37. 37. GOLDEN LANGUR HIMALAYAN TAHR PYGMY HOG
  38. 38. NAMADAPHA FLYING SQUIRREL SLOTH BEAR
  39. 39. ASIATIC WILD DOG
  40. 40. MUNTJAC AND SAMBAR
  41. 41. FRESH WATER GANGETIC DOLPHIN
  42. 42. WATER BUFFALO
  43. 43. SWAMP DEER
  44. 44. SNOW LEOPARD
  45. 45. THANKS

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