FIVE YEAR PLANS OF INDIA in fisheries (8 TO 12) Naveen nischal.s.s
PLANNINDG COMMISSION OF INDIAThe PLANNING COMMISION is an institutionin the GOVT. of India, which formulates India’sFive year plan.Planning commission was set up on 15MARCH 1950, with prime ministerJAWAHARLAL NEHRU as the chairman.
8th FIVE YEAR PLAN (1992–1997)P.V. Narasimha Rao The 8th Five Year Plan was envisaged to focus on : Population control Employment generation Universalisation of elementary education Modernization of industries
Prioritize the specific which requires immediateinvestment.To generate full scale employment.Promote social welfare measures like improvedhealth care,sanitation,communication & provision forextensive education facilities at all level.To check the increasing population growth bycreating mass awareness programs.To encourage growth & diversification ofagriculture.To strengthen the infrastructural facilities.To place greater emphasis on role of privateinitiative in the development of the industrial sector.
ACHIEVEMENTSRise in the employment levelPoverty reductionSelf-reliance on domestic resources.Self-sufficiency in agricultural productionGDP Growth Per Annum 5.6
IN FISHERIES The share of the marine sector in the totalfisheries out lay of the state is considerablylow as compared to that of the inland sector. Share of the marine sector-15% Inland-76% In first year no; of mechanized boatincreased In this year fish production was high. Second year it became low.
9th FIVE YEAR PLAN (1997-2002)Objectives of Ninth Five Year Plan India: Target GDP Growth 6.5 Percentto prioritize agricultural sector and emphasize on the ruraldevelopmentto generate adequate employment opportunities and promotepoverty reductionto stabilize the prices in order to accelerate the growth rateof the economyto ensure food and nutritional securityto provide for the basic infrastructural facilities like educationfor all, safe drinking water, primary health care, transport,energy
to check the growing population increaseto encourage social issues like women empowerment,conservation of certain benefits for the Special Groupsof the societyto create a liberal market for increase in privateinvestments
ACHIEVEMENTSA combined effort of public, private& all levels ofgovernment.Ensure the growth of Indias economyService sector showed fast growth rate.
PROGRAMMES FOR FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE DEVELOP-MENT DURING THE NINTH FIVE-YEAR PLANDevelopment of Freshwater Aquaculture In order to boost inland fish production, assistance in the form of subsidy is given to fish farmers for construction of new ponds, reclamation/renovation of ponds and tanks, inputs (Fish seed, feed, fertilizers, manures etc.) for first year fish culture, running water fish culture, integrated fish farming, fish seed hatchery, fish feed mills etc.Integrated Coastal Aquaculture During the first four years of the Ninth plan, an area of about 5000 ha has been developed for shrimp culture in the country by the Agencies An expenditure of Rs. 5.84 crores has been incurred by the end of the fourth year of the Plan period.
Development Of Marine FisheriesMotorisation of traditional craft50% of the cost of engine is provided as subsidy (subject to amaximum of Rs. 10,000 for Out Board Motors -OBM and Rs. 12,000for In Board Motors – (IBM), which is equally shared by the centreand the states Rs. 6,000 is also provided as grant to fishermen for purchase of gear
Fishing Harbour Facilities at Major andMinor PortsThe objective of this scheme is to provide infrastructuralfacilities viz. jetty, dredging, reclamation, auctionhalls, slipway, workshop, and navigation facilities etc. for efficientoperation of mechanised fishing vessels including deep seafishing vessel and traditional craft at the fishing harbours.100% grant is provided to Port Trusts for construction of fishingharbours at major ports. In case of minor fishing harbours and fishlanding centres, the cost is shared on 50:50 basis by the centre andthe states.
Welfare Programmes forFishermenDevelopment of Fishermen Villages (DFV)Group Accident Insurance (GAI) Scheme for activefishermen Rs. 50,000 against death or permanent disability and Rs. 25,000 against partial disability.Saving-cum-Relief (SCR) for fishermen
10th FIVE YEAR PLAN (2002-2007) Target GDP growth – 8% per annumOBJECTIVES All children to be in school by 2003 and all children to complete 5 year of schooling by 2007 Reduction in poverty ratio from 26% to 21% Decadal population growth to reduce from 21.3% in 1991-2001 to 16.2% by 2001-11 Reducing gender gaps in literacy and wages rate by 50% INFANT MORTALITY RATE to be reduced from 4 per 1000 in 1999-2000 to 3 per 1000 in2007. Increase in FOREST/TREE cover from 19% in 1999- 2000 to 25% in 2007
Providing portable drinking water in all village.All main rivers should be cleaned up between 2007 and 2012.Growth in gainful employment to, at least keep pace with inaddition to the work force.
ACHIEVEMENTSNSTFDC – NATIONAL SCHEDULED TRIBESFINANCIAL AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, hasbeen set up.Overall growth rate of GDP -7 %
thrust to the following areas during theTenth five YearPlan:Integrated development of riverine fisheries Habitat restoration and fisheries development ofupland waters Development of reservoir fisheries Vertical and horizontal development of aquacultureproductivity Management of coastal fisheries Deep-sea fisheries with equity participation Infrastructure development and improved post-harvest management
Management and policy intervention including monitoring, control and surveillance Implementation of the code of conduct forresponsible fisheries Gender programmes Strengthening of database and informationnetworking
PROGRAMMES FOR TENTH FIVE-YEAR PLANEnhancing the production of fish and the productivityof fishermen,fisherwomen, fish farmers and the fishing community;♦ Generating employment and higher income in fisheriessector;♦ Improving the socio-economic conditions oftraditional fishers and ensuringtheir welfare;♦ Augmenting the export of marine, brackish andfreshwater fin and shellfishesand other aquatic species
Increasing the per capita availability andconsumption of fish to about11 kg per annum;♦ Adopting an integrated approach to marine andinland fisheries andaquaculture taking into account the needs forresponsible and sustainablefisheries and aquaculture;♦ Conservation of aquatic resources and geneticdiversity; and♦ Strengthening of Post-harvest Infrastructureand Marketing.
Establishment of hatchery for shrimps in coastalstates♦ P. monodon: Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, WestBengal♦ P. Indicus: Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa♦ P. merguiensis : Gujarat and MaharashtraCulture of tiger shrimp in saline soils
Culture of- edible oyster* : (Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka,Kerala, Maharashtra,Orissa and Tamil Nadu).- pearl oyster* : (Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu andAndaman andNicobar Islands).- Mussel* : (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala,Maharashtra, Orissa, TamilNadu).- Clam* : (Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala andMaharashtra) etc.
Central Assistance to Fisheries Institutes Fishery Survey of India Central Institute of Fisheries, Nautical andEngineering Training Central Institute of Coastal Engineering forFishery Integrated Fisheries Project
Financial achievements of different schemes during X Plan Expenditu Anticipat Outlay re ed Total %Sl in till 2005 expenditu expen utilisati SchemeNo. X Plan 06 re diture on 2006-071 Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture 135.00 67.94 9.0 76.94 56.992. Development of Marine Fisheries 125.00 74.34 14.0 88.34 70.673. Marine Infrastructure and Post Harvest Operations 125.00 60.16 31.0 91.16 72.934. Strengthening of Database and IT Scheme 45.00 11.62 5.0 16.62 36.935. Welfare of Fishermen and Training & Extension 135.00 99.09 22.0 121.09 89.706. Fisheries institutes 175.00 138.15 45.0 183.15 104.667. NFDB 31.00 - 31.00 31.00 100.008. Total 771.00 451.30 1 57.00 608.30 78.90
11th five year plan (2007-2012)This plan is titled with “TOWARDS FASTER AND MOREINCLUSIVE GROWTH”.OBJECTIVESGDP Growth rate to be increased to 10% by the end ofplan.Farm sector growth to be increased to 4%.Creation of SEVEN CRORE JOB opportunities.Reduced educated unemployment youth to below 5%INFANT MORTALITY RATES to be reduced to 28 per1000 lives.MATERNAL DEATH RATES to be reduced to 1 per 1000births.CLEAN DRINKING WATER to all by 2009
Improve SEX RATIO to 935 by 2011-12.ROAD TO ALL VILLAGES that have a populationof 1000 and more by 2009.Increase Forest and Tree cover by 5%.Achieve the WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATIONstandard Air quality in major ciries by 2011-12 toCLEAN RIVER WATERS.Increase AGRICULTURE GDP growth to 4 percentper annum.Connect every village by TELEPHONE by 2007 andBROADBAND connectivity to all village by 2012.
ACHIEVEMENTSIncrease in national income.Increase in per Capital Income.Increase in the rate of capital formation.Development of agriculture.Industrial DevelopmentInfrastructure DevelopmentGeneration of employmentDevelopment of social services Life Expectancy Death Rate Education HealthSelf-RelianceStructural and institutional changes
development programmes in fisheries and aquaculture Enhancing the production of fish from Indian waters, bothmarine and inland, on an environmentally sustainable andsocially equitable basis; Address the unexplored potentials of Indian fisheriessuch as island fisheries and non-food fisheries; Conservation of aquatic resources and genetic diversity, asalso preservation of health of ecosystems; Increasing profitability of fishers and aqua-farmersthrough an integrated approach from production toconsumption;
Promoting fish as health food and meeting the changingrequirements of both domestic and export markets to make thesector globally competitive; Strengthening of Infrastructure in harvest, post-harvest,value addition and marketing; Upliftment of fisher and aqua-farmer communities withgainful employment opportunities and capacity strengthening.
Projected Budgetary requirements for Fisheries in theXI Plan Sl. No Schemes Budget (Rs crores) 1 Marine Fisheries and Mariculture 550.00 2 Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture 1035.00 3 Infrastructure 1242.50 4 Welfare programmes, Governance, 497.00 Transfer of technology and Capacity building 5 Strengthening of Database and 78.00 Information networking 6 Central Institutes 610.54 Total 4013.04
Approach Marine capture fisheries; Regulated fishing and capacity reduction in mechanized sector, Conservation, sea ranching, FADs, Diversified fishing in Deep sea & Oceanic resources.(2006-2.958 mt to 2012-3.10mt)Mariculture Identification of suitable sites along the coastline, Hatcheries and grow-out systems for high value fish, crustaceans, molluscs, sea cucumber, ornamental fishes, Cage culture in open seas & island ecosystems(0.007mt t0 0.5) Enhanced Inland fisheries Culture-based fisheries in Reservoirs with stocking of advanced fish fingerlings, Pen & Cage culture in large water bodies and Canal fishery development, Resource-specific harvesting techniques, Implementing code of conduct of responsible fisheries.(0.68 mt to 1.12mt)
Coldwater fisheries Seed production of trout and mahseer, Hill aquaculture, Ranching of streams, Sport fisheries (0.0003mt to 0.001mt)Coastal aquaculture Increasing water area under aquaculture, from existing 13% of potential area, Diversification of species, from existing shrimp to Seabass & pearl spot, Inland saline aquaculture as an added component (0.113mt to 0.25mt)Freshwater aquaculture Increase in the coverage of areas of ponds and tanks for fish culture, Reclamation of weed chocked waters, Diversification of species and Intensification of culture practices, Integrated fish farming and wastewater aquaculture to optimize water productivity (2.6145mt to 5.088mt)
ACHIEVEMENTSA. Development of Marine Fisheries (i) Motorization of traditional craft, (ii) Safety of fishermen at sea, (iii) Fishermen development rebate on HSD Oil, (iv) Introduction of intermediate craft of improved design includingprototype study of new intermediate vessel design, (v) Establishment and operation of Vessel Monitoring System, (vi) Promotion of fuel efficient and environment-friendly fishingpractices, (vii) Management of marine fisheries.B. Development of Infrastructure and Post Harvest Operations (i) Establishment of fishing harbours and fish landing centres, (ii) Strengthening of post-harvest infrastructure, (iii) Assistance for maintenance dredging of fishing harbours and fish landing centres.
12th FIVE YEAR PLAN (2012-2017) The GDP growth rate to 9.56%Objectives Faster, Sustainable and More Inclusive Growth The government intends to reduce poverty by 10 per cent Energy ,Transport Sustainable Management of Natural Resources , Rural Transformation Farm Sector ,Manufacturing Sector ,Health Education & Skill Development ,Social and Regional Equity Challenge of Urbanisation ,Science and Technology Services: Tourism, Hospitality & Construction
Objectives The total fish production is targeted at 11.58 mmt by the end of theTwelfth Plan Period (2016-17). To achieve this growth, it is estimatedthat the sector would require Rs. 6 000 crores for the Twelfth Planperiod. Enhancing production of fish on an environmentally sustainable andsocially equitable basis; Ensuring optimum exploitation of fisheries resources in the IndianExclusive Economic Zone in a manner consistent with the principles ofecologically sustainable development; Conserving aquatic resources and genetic diversity and preservationof health of ecosystems while ensuring bio-security; Maximizing net economic returns to the fishers and fish farmersthrough technological support and implementing efficient and cost –effective aquaculture and fisheries management practices;
Strengthening infrastructure in harvest, post-harvest, value-addition and marketing; Increasing the per capita availability and consumption of fish to about 11 kg/capita/annum; Augmenting export of fish and fish products; Securing and increasing employment opportunities in the sector; Improving safety and labour conditions in fisheries and aquaculture; Uplifting the social and economic conditions of fishers and fish farmers and ensuring their welfare; and Improving overall governance and management of fisheries sector in the country through institutional strengthening and human resource development.
Development of marine fisheries, infrastructure and postharvest operationsDevelopment of marine fisheries Motorization of traditional craft Fishermen development rebate on HSD oil Use of sail in motorized boats Conversion of trawlers to resource specific fishing vessels Safety of fishermen at sea Development of Monitoring Control and Surveillance system for marine fisheries Management of marine fisheries Production enhancement through mariculture
Development of infrastructure Construction and expansion of Minor Fishing Harbours (FHs) and Fish Landing Centres (FLCs) Modernization of FHs and FLCs Strengthening of postharvest infrastructure Developing fish preservation and storage infrastructure Assistance for maintenance dredging of FHs and FLCs.Development of domestic fish marketing Modernization of wholesale fish markets Modernization of retail markets Construction of new retail market with 10-20 stall capacity Cold chain development and preparation of value added products. Establishment of ice plant. Campaign for promotion of fish products and increased consumption of fish and fish products
Development of inland fisheries and aquaculture Identification of riverine stretches for conservation as sanctuaries, primarily for maintaining brood stock populations and genetic biodiversity; Replenishment of depleted stocks through river ranching in selected stretches; Conservation/protection of breeding grounds of commercially important fish species; Habitat improvements in floodplain lakes and wetlands and supplementary stocking in identified water bodies for stock enhancement; and Community mobilization for increased participation of local communities in implementation of conservation and habitat improvement programmes.
National scheme for welfare of fishermen and fisherwomen Development of Model Fishermen Villages Group Accident Insurance for Active Fishers Saving-cum-ReliefInstitutional strengthening including capacity building, policyand legislative support Treating fisheries and aquaculture at par with agriculture; Leasing of inland natural and manmade waters such as rivers, reservoirs, floodplain lakes, etc for fisheries and aquaculture purposes; Conservation and habitat restoration of inland water bodies, Introduction of exotic aquatic species; Insurance for aquaculture and capture fisheries’ assets such as boats, nets, etc;
Reducing pollution load in inland water bodies; Deep sea fishing; Leasing of coastal waters for mariculture purpose; Occupational safety and health aspects of fishers; Strengthening of fisheries cooperative societies; Human resource development in fisheries sector;The legislative front the sector may need several inputs to plugthe legal void for strengthening of the sector. Some of theimportant requirements in this area are listed below: Revision of the Marine Fishing Regulation Acts (MFRAs) through a Model Bill that takes care of the topical requirements of the sector from both national and international perspectives; Renewed emphasis on the Model Bill prepared for Inland fisheries and aquaculture; and New legislation to regulate fishing by wholly Indian owned fishing vessels in the Exclusive Economic Zone.
referencesFaster, Sustainable and More Inclusive Growth An Approach to the Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-17) Government of India October, 2011 www.planningcommission.nic.in Planning Commission APPROACH TONINTH FIVE YEAR PLAN GOVERNMENT OF RAJASTHAN1997-2002 PLANNING DEPARTMENTREPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON FISHERIESFOR THE ELEVENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN(2007-2012) Government of India October, 2011 www.planningcommission.nic.in Planning CommissionREPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON GOVERNMENT OF INDIAFISHERIES FOR THE TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN PLANNING COMMISSION JUNE - 2001