MANAGEMENTORGANISATIONS. Presented by, Reshmi Soman. S 4th sem IF
Management institutions are the vitalorganisations which carry out the severalfunctions of management for fulfilling variousobjectives of management. The nationalorganisations are largely the creation of nationallegislative bodies or fisheries of the countryconcerned.
Indian Council of Ministry of Ministry of Ministry of Council of State AgriculturalAgricultural Agriculture Commerce Food Processing scientific and UniversitiesResearch (ICAR) Industries Industrial (SAU’s) ResearchCentral Marine CIFNET, Kochi MPEDAFisheries Institute(CMFRI)Central Inland IFP ExportCapture Fisheries inspectionResearch Institute agency (EIA)Central Institute FSI, Kochiof Fresh waterAquaculture(CIFA)Central Institute Central Instituteof Fisheries of CoastalTechnology Engineering for(CIFT) FisheriesCentral Institute Nationalof Fisheries FisheriesEducation Development Board (NFDB)National ResearchCentre onColdwater
International organisations. International organisations are entities established byformal political agreements between their members that havethe status of international treaties; their existence is recognizedby law in their member countries; they are not treated asresident institutional units of the countries in which they arelocated. From the principle of state sovereignty to United Nationsbureaucracies, international relations are organized by a varietyof norms and institutions.
After tracing the history of international organization (IO), as well as the intellectual development of its study, in 1990 Alexander Thompson and Duncan Snidal, University of Chicago conceptualize IO in terms three levels of formality..,IO as formal organization.IO as regime.IO as ordering principle.
FAO and its role in the management ofworld fisheries. The role of Fao is to promote the state of world food supply and improvement of agriculture including fisheries. The initial efforts of Fao was directed to supply and improvement of agriculture including fisheries. The initial effort of Fao were directed to study the condition of fisheries in the developed countries of Europe and then to extend these studies to the common wealth countries.
The Fao began to specialise in propagating the message ofdeveloping artisanal (small scale) fisheries by third worldcountries. The role of Fao in the management of world fisheries ormore appropriately third world fisheries, became explicit withthe growing extension of coastal state jurisdiction to the EEZand the eventually passing of the Law of the Sea in 1982.
National organisations. Most leading fishing nations have a plethora of nationalorganisations engaged in the promotion and regulation offisheries. In the majority of such countries, there are ministriesconcerned with the management of fisheries exercising bothpromotional and regulatory functions. Notable among suchagencies are the Sea Fish Industry Authority in the UK, FederalFisheries Management in Council in the United States, fisheriescouncil in Canada and Central Board of Fisheries in India. Thesebodies act as the central agencies for advising the nationalgovernments for managing the fishing industry.
Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi (CMFRI)The main institute is in Kochi. It has a regional research centres atMumbai, veravel, Chennai, Mangalore, Kakinada andLakshadweep, in addition,28 field station collect the requisite fishlanding data. The institute manages the FORV Sagar Sambada(OAL: 71.5 m), which is funded by Dept: of ocean development incoordination with other institutes.Its main objectives are.., To conduct research for assessing and monitoring the exploitedmarine fisheries resources leading to their rational exploitation andconservation. To assess the underexploited and unexploited marine fisheriesresources of EEZ. To study coastal ecology in related to artisanal fishing…etc
Central Institute of Fisheries Technology.(CIFT), Kochi.The main institute in kochi, with subcentres at veravel, Mumbai, Kakinada.Its objectives are.., To develop technologies for handling, processing, preservation, product development, quality control of fish and fishery products. To conduct research for improvement of indigenous craft & gear. To develop suitable design for craft & gear for operation in the Inland, inshore and offshore waters…etc
MPEDA The Marine Products Export Development Authority(MPEDA) was constituted in 1972 under the Marine ProductsExport Development Authority Act 1972 (No.13 of 1972). Itsaims to covers fisheries of all kinds, increasing exports,specifying standards, processing, marketing, extension andtraining in various aspects of the industry. MPEDA functionsunder the Ministry of Commerce, Government of India andacts as a coordinating agency with different Central and StateGovernment establishments engaged in fishery productionand allied activities.
Its main objectives are.., Registration of infrastructure facilities for Seafood Export trade Collection and dissemination of trade information Projection of Indian marine products in overseas markets by participation in overseas fairs and organizing international seafood fairs in India Implementation of development measures vital to the industry like distribution of insulated fish boxes, putting up fish landing platforms, improvement of peeling sheds, modernization of industry such as upgrading of plate freezers, installation of IQF machinery, generator sets, ice making machineries, quality control laboratory etc. Promotion of brackish water aquaculture for production of prawn for export. Promotion of deep sea fishing projects through test fishing, joint venture and equity participation
Central Inland Capture Fishery ResearchInstitute, Barrackpore, WBCIFRIS the oldest premier research institute in the field of inland fisheries research in India.Its main objectives are.., Evolve management systems for optimizing fish production from inland water bodies. Study the impact of river valley projects on the fisheries of the basins concerned & evolve strategy for their management. Act as a national data centre on inland fisheries.
Central Institute of Brackish waterAquaculture(CIBA), Chennai.Central Institute of Brackish water Aquaculture (CIBA) was established in 1982. Aquaculture is now considering as the fastest food producing sector in the country.Its main objective are.., Act as a nodal agency research and provide technological support to the brackish water sector of the country. To assess brackish water aquaculture potential taking into account the requirement of maintaining ecological balance & environmental health.
Role of Fisheries Cooperative Association (FCA) Assignment /acknowledgement of fishing rights Marketing, processing, and other support (supplies, transport, training, financing, etc.) Dispute resolution Implement and enforce national and prefecture legislation
MATSYAFED Matsyafed, the Kerala State Co-operative Federation for Fisheries Development Ltd., is the Apex Federation of 654 Primary Fisherman Co- operative Societies spread over 10 districts of Kerala.Activities Welfare activities Employment generation activities Commercial activities Women oriented activities Extension activities Aquaculture activities Housing and basic sanitation.
MATSYA BOARDShort name of the Kerala State Fishermens Welfare Fund Board (KSFWFB).Matsya Board implements various welfare schemes for the fisher folk by operating a contributory fund viz. fishermens Welfare Fund envisaged as per the Kerala Fishermens Welfare Fund Act-1980.15 Welfare Schemes are being implemented by the Matsya Board.
ADAKShort Name of the Agency for Development of Aquaculture, Kerala (ADAK).The headquarters of ADAK is at Trivandrum.This is a state level agency constituted by the Government of Kerala for implementing various projects on development of aquaculture in the state.
FFDA Short name of the Fish Farmers Development Agency (FFDA).This is a district level agency constituted by the Government of Kerala.There are 14 such FFDAs in the state, one each in every district.FFDA is a Government of India Scheme implemented by the State Government intended for developing freshwater fish culture in its jurisdiction.
KERALA STATE COASTAL AREA DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION To accelerate the pace of development of the coastal areas. To improve the socio-economic condition of fisher folk. Main objective:- To plan, formulate and implement various sustainable development projects and programs.
Institution directly underministry of Agriculture. Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training(CIFNET), Kochi Central Institute of Coastal Engineering for Fisheries, Bangalore. Integrated Fisheries Project (IFP), Kochi. Fishery Survey of India (FSI), Mumbai
Ministry of Commerce Marine Product Development Authority (MPEDA). Export Inspection Agency. Ministry of Food Processing Industry. State Agriculture Universities (SAUs). Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKS).
Role of BMU (Beach Management Unit) Participation in regulation & policy development implementation Protection of breeding grounds Cleanliness of beach Search & rescue operations Beach sanitation and development Welfare issues and training
NGOs Train BMU & local staff Provide rural development services Advocacy for fisheries stakeholders rights Assist in development of alternative income generation activities within fishing communities Provide credit facilities HIV/AIDS advocacy and sensitization
Role of development partnersInternational agencies such as world bank, FAO, UNDP, EU, etc : Advice on long-term development strategies Partner with Govt & NGOs to build capacity of BMUs through fisheries research & management Financial and technical assistance for implementation of management plans and programmes
ReferenceIndian fisheries and aquaculture in a globalizing economy, part-1 S.P Malhotra, V.R.P. SinhaInternational organisations,IO.pdf Alexander Thompson and Duncan Snidal University of ChicagoEconomics o fisheries management, Ramakrishna Korakkandy