FISHERIES PROVIDE large employment opportunities high protein food at low cost earns foreign exchangeOut of 5.2% contribution of agriculturein GDP 2.6% is from fisheries.Present fish availability – 6 million ton.Actual capacity – 9.4 million ton,
Due to increasingprospect of fisheries govt. decided to increase the export from 6000-14000 crore in the coming year as a part of .
VALUE ADDITION“The idea behind value added products is nothing but to increase the marketfor products by adding some extra stuff to it. There by earn extra penny”
.Export of fish and shrimp – 70% of Indian sea food Export of shrimp alone – 71.5% Only small share from value added productUnit value of IQF product – Rs.475/- per kg Unit value of fresh fish – rs.194/- per kgso there is a considerable boost of marine products through value addition.
. Value added products breaded and buttered fish productsFish burgersSea food mixFish fillets fish souce fish silage
.during the last 40 years there is an increased demand for value added products in the domestic market. it is due to .. increase in the living standards of middle incomegroups specially in cities effect of advertisement.. industries are disposing a partof fresh catch for value addition… in orderto satisfy the increase in domestic demand
Industry utilizes only < 20% capacity due to . raw material shortage inability to meet market demand safety related regulations of importingcountriescured products and fish meals are notpreferred due to hygiene as well as threat byhalo bacteria . good infrastructure is needed lost resource in the form of by catch is aboutone third of total catch… it is mainly due toinefficiency in gear.
MAJOR FISHING BASES Kerala Tamil nadu Karnataka Maharashtra Processing plants are located in Kerala , Gujarat Andhra Pradesh Tamil nadu
FUTURE PLANSREGARDING FISH Processing . INDUSTRY.
designing market development of ready . to eat fish products . developing ready to eat fish productsusing non conventional fishery resources. assessment of potential for processing units based on • market demand availability of raw materials • financial viability
assessment of infrastructural requirement towards up gradation of industry and investment needs. development of proper technology survey of Indian sea for assessing carrying capacity Innovative drugs from coral reef organism the national bank hass come up with a series oftechno economic project involving few value added products like fish surumi IQF products chitosan ..ect
. some of the food parks could be located near themajor sea food export zones in the country. govt. should redefine its role as a facilitator insteadof as a regulator. Norwegian assistance in survey of Indian costal line to diversify the raw material and introduce newtechnology in processing sector. additional assistance from MPEDA and NABARD increase the domestic sales to 25- 30 % Introduction of resource specific vessels andtapping of high prized tuna species with theparticipation of MPEDA
changing policy towards the Andamans tuna exportmany drugs has developed from coral reef organism HIV Ulcers Leukemia Skin Cancer Bone Grafting Cardio Vascular Disease
. A national policy have to be formulated inorder to protect on the lines of Great Barrier Reef and Hawaiian reef conserve our national treasure.
. NABARD provide 40%of the investment credits which has flown into marine fishing and sea foodprocessing industry. IDA sponsored mechanization of marine fishing is routed by NABARD. NABARD provide direct finance to state govt. andcorporations under rural infrastructure development fund [RIDF] for infrastructural projects in the sector. Sanctioned 2 projects in west Bengal. 13going on NABARD also funds for R and D PROJECTS.
. The blue print for promotion of value added products in the sea food industry according tonational bank is designed to address the twin issues of1) increase of unit value2) diversification and widening of raw material bases
. formulation of ready to eat products for domesticmarkets. set a target to increase the IQF product 10% overthe next 5 years. similarly IQF squid and cuttlefish to 5%. Attempt made to increase the unit value of frozenfish. new product development by food researchinstitutes. increase in brand image employing biotechnology .
Diversification and widening of raw materials .
. By the effective exploitation of oceanic and deep sea resources On shore and offshore Mari culture brackish water aqua culture aqua culture of high prized species in inland And the raw materials are brought for processing Up gradation of small scale crafts in to tuna long linersPurse seiners squid jiggersPole and long line fishing vessels
The state govt. should develop some investmentplans in respect of introduction of resource specific vessels. Foreign collaboration and equally participation from state owned corporations and EMPEDA. Financial assistance is from NABARD.
Value Addition And Product Diversification Are The Two Sides Of Same Coin. And We Diversify Our Exports By Addition Of New Species ThroughAquaculture And Mari culture. Development Of AboveSectors Involve The Infusion Of Advanced Technology For Offshore Cage Farming As Well As For Inshore . Mussel/ Oyster Farming. Infusion Of HeavyInvestment Is An Another Pre Requisite Which Can BeMet By The Financial Institutions,. A Time Bound Well Defined Investment Programme Backed By The Appropriate Policy Frame Work And Technology Infusion Programme, Is Needed To Be Implemented During The Five Year Plan Period