What is TOWAGE…..????
Employment of one vessel to expedite the voyage of
Service provided by one vessel to another for fixed
Performed by a “TUG”
Vessel which needs assistance to be maneuvered is
called “TOW” & “TUGS” provides assistance and
THE NEED OF A TUG… WHY IS IT
a. Craft without its own motive power, e.g. “DUMB
BARGE”, a TUG is needed to push it.
The TUG enables large vessel to berth gently.
Assistance for newly constructed Ship.
Man oeuvre big ships in narrow and restricted
waters for crossing smoothly.
Towage of drilling Rigs from one position to
Needed when Ship Breakdowns.
To pull out vessel which has gone aground.
Contract contains exclusions and indemnities.
The Tug operator will be an independent operator or
In case of accident the Tow & the Tug can be liable.
Basic responsibilities of the tug owner towards
Some “Implied Terms” By The Court
A. Duty of a ship-owner to disclose information as per
what services is expected from him from the TUG
B. The tug must be fit to carryout the assigned towage
these warranty of contract extends to the tug, its
crew, tackle and equipment's.
SPECIAL TOWAGE CONTRACTS
1. UKSTC- UK STANDARD CONDITION FOR TOWING
AND OTHER SERVICES.
UKSTC- UK STANDARD CONDITION
FOR TOWING AND OTHER SERVICES.
• Contains details of tug and tow such as:
AND PLACE OF REGISTRY.
• Lump sum towage agreement.
• Payable in Installments.
• Deals with allocation of risk of delays.