The purpose of this study is toascertain the training needs ofjournalists who were sensitized underthe Journalism Developm...
The data were collected within threemonths (July –September 2012) atdifferent times in the locations. Out ofthe total numb...
A total of 116 media practitioners were surveyed, out ofwhich 33 are female and 83 are male. 17 journalists fromAbuja part...
GENDER State   Female            Male    TOTALAbuja      6                11       17Row %     35.3             64.7    10...
GENDER     Category          Female            Male    TOTAL  Unknown Media          0                 1       1     Row %...
   62.1% of the participants work in private media    organisations while 34.5% work in government-owned media    organis...
Category     Missing   Government   Joint   Private   TOTAL Missing        0          0          0       1         1 Row %...
Table 3.1: shows that 73.3% of theparticipants report general beat while 20.7%report education. Because most of thepartici...
Hence the need to recruit journalists at statelevel most of who report the general beat.Training of this set of journalist...
Regular Beat   Frequency   Percent   Cum Percent  Missing          6        5.2%        5.2% Education        24       20....
The experience of the majority of participants rangefrom 1 to 15 yrs. The highest range is between 5-10yrs 32.8%, followed...
Experience in                        Frequency     Percent      Cum Percent   Journalism     Missing                1     ...
When asked how long the participants havebeen reporting education, 74.1% havereported education at one point in time.66.3%...
Given these figures, only 26.7% of the totalparticipants have been trained while 69.8% havenever been trained. 15 out of 2...
Frequency   Percent   Cum Percent  Yes        31       26.7%       26.7%  No         81       69.8%       96.6%Unknown    ...
Unknown         Education     general Beat    Health         TOTAL     Yes               0             8             23   ...
HAVE YOU EVER BEEN TRAINED ON EDUCATION REPORTING? State           Yes           No          Unknown        TOTALAbuja    ...
HAVE YOU EVER BEEN TRAINED ON EDUCATION REPORTING?Experience in                        Yes              No            Unkn...
   Lack of training opportunities   Not Invited   Failure on the media houses to train their    reporters   The nature...
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Given these figures, only 26.7% of the total participants have been trained while 69.8% have never been trained. 15 out of 24 (62.5%) who report education beat have never been trained on education reporting. 70.6 of those who report general beat have never been trained on education reporting. Thus, the relevance of JDP in equipping journalists with information cannot be over emphasized.

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  1. 1. The purpose of this study is toascertain the training needs ofjournalists who were sensitized underthe Journalism Development Programto help in the design of interventionsduring the State and National capacitybuilding.
  2. 2. The data were collected within threemonths (July –September 2012) atdifferent times in the locations. Out ofthe total number sensitized, 134 arejournalists while the other 33participants are from CSOs. However,116 out of the 134 journalists submittedthe assessment forms analysed asfollows:
  3. 3. A total of 116 media practitioners were surveyed, out ofwhich 33 are female and 83 are male. 17 journalists fromAbuja participated in the study, out of which 35.3% arefemale and 64.7% are male. In Enugu, 80% are male and theother 20% are females. The figure from Jigawa indicate that90.9% are Male and only 9.1% are female. It is only in Kanowhere the number of female equals that of male thoughLagos gender distribution is almost balance as 47.1% werefemale and 52.9 are male. The distribution in Kwara andKaduna are not too different from what obtains in Enugu,Abuja and Jigawa.
  4. 4. GENDER State Female Male TOTALAbuja 6 11 17Row % 35.3 64.7 100.0Col % 18.2 13.3 14.7Enugu 4 16 20Row % 20.0 80.0 100.0Col % 12.1 19.3 17.2Jigawa 1 10 11Row % 9.1 90.9 100.0 Col % 3.0 12.0 9.5Kaduna 3 13 16Row % 18.8 81.3 100.0 Col % 9.1 15.7 13.8Kano 6 6 12Row % 50.0 50.0 100.0Col % 18.2 7.2 10.3Kwara 5 18 23Row % 21.7 78.3 100.0Col % 15.2 21.7 19.8Lagos 8 9 17Row % 47.1 52.9 100.0Col % 24.2 10.8 14.7TOTAL 33 83 116Row % 28.4 71.6 100.0 Col % 100.0 100.0 100.0
  5. 5. GENDER Category Female Male TOTAL Unknown Media 0 1 1 Row % 0.0 100.0 100.0 Col % 0.0 1.2 0.9 Print 13 62 75 Row % 17.3 82.7 100.0 Col % 39.4 74.7 64.7 Radio 13 16 29 Row % 44.8 55.2 100.0 Col % 39.4 19.3 25.0Radio and Television 0 1 1 Row % 0.0 100.0 100.0 Col % 0.0 1.2 0.9 Television 7 3 10 Row % 70.0 30.0 100.0 Col % 21.2 3.6 8.6 TOTAL 33 83 116 Row % 28.4 71.6 100.0 Col % 100.0 100.0 100.0
  6. 6.  62.1% of the participants work in private media organisations while 34.5% work in government-owned media organisations. Table 2.1 reveals that majority 80% of the participants who work for television in this study do so for government medium. The same applies to radio as 62.1% who report for radio do so in government establishment. Hence, the need to seek alternative means of disseminating rejected/critical stories. The reverse is the case in the case of print where 78.7% of the participants work in private publishing houses though 18.7% report for government-owned newspapers.
  7. 7. Category Missing Government Joint Private TOTAL Missing 0 0 0 1 1 Row % 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 Col % 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.9 Print 1 14 1 59 75 Row % 1.3 18.7 1.3 78.7 100.0 Col % 33.3 35.0 100.0 81.9 64.7 Radio 2 18 0 9 29 Row % 6.9 62.1 0.0 31.0 100.0 Col % 66.7 45.0 0.0 12.5 25.0Radio and 0 0 0 1 1Television 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 Row % 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.9 Col %Television 0 8 0 2 10 Row % 0.0 80.0 0.0 20.0 100.0 Col % 0.0 20.0 0.0 2.8 8.6 TOTAL 3 40 1 72 116 Row % 2.6 34.5 0.9 62.1 100.0 Col % 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
  8. 8. Table 3.1: shows that 73.3% of theparticipants report general beat while 20.7%report education. Because most of theparticipants are correspondents, it may beassumed that this number cannot cover allthe education issues in the community
  9. 9. Hence the need to recruit journalists at statelevel most of who report the general beat.Training of this set of journalists isimperative by providing them withinformation about the education sector so asto have more journalists reporting theeducation sector.
  10. 10. Regular Beat Frequency Percent Cum Percent Missing 6 5.2% 5.2% Education 24 20.7% 25.9%general Beat 85 73.3% 99.1% Health 1 0.9% 100.0% Total 116 100.0% 100.0%
  11. 11. The experience of the majority of participants rangefrom 1 to 15 yrs. The highest range is between 5-10yrs 32.8%, followed by 1-5yrs (27.6%) and 11-15yrs(25%). Yet, the highest number of participants havebeen on their current beat in the last 5yrs followedby 31% who have been on their current beat withinthe last 10yrs. Very few people have maintainedtheir beat in the last 15yrs. This shows that thereare likelihood of participants changing beats but notrapid.
  12. 12. Experience in Frequency Percent Cum Percent Journalism Missing 1 0.9% 0.9% 11-15yrs 29 25.0% 25.9% 1-5yrs 32 27.6% 53.4% 20 above 14 12.1% 65.5% 5-10yrs 38 32.8% 98.3% less than 1yrs 2 1.7% 100.0% Total 116 100.0% 100.0%Experience on current Frequency Percent Cum Percent beat Missing 30 25.9% 25.9% 11-15yrs 4 3.4% 29.3% 1-5yrs 42 36.2% 65.5% 20 above 4 3.4% 69.0% 5-10yrs 36 31.0% 100.0% Total 116 100.0% 100.0%
  13. 13. When asked how long the participants havebeen reporting education, 74.1% havereported education at one point in time.66.3% have reported education within thelast 10years while 46.5% have reportededucation within the last 5years.
  14. 14. Given these figures, only 26.7% of the totalparticipants have been trained while 69.8% havenever been trained. 15 out of 24 (62.5%) whoreport education beat have never been trainedon education reporting. 70.6 of those who reportgeneral beat have never been trained oneducation reporting. Thus, the relevance of JDPin equipping journalists with information cannotbe over emphasized.
  15. 15. Frequency Percent Cum Percent Yes 31 26.7% 26.7% No 81 69.8% 96.6%Unknown 4 3.4% 100.0% Total 116 100.0% 100.0%
  16. 16. Unknown Education general Beat Health TOTAL Yes 0 8 23 0 31 Row % 0.0 25.8 74.2 0.0 100.0 Col % 0.0 33.3 27.1 0.0 26.7 No 5 15 60 1 81 Row % 6.2 18.5 74.1 1.2 100.0 Col % 83.3 62.5 70.6 100.0 69.8Unknown 1 1 2 0 4 Row % 25.0 25.0 50.0 0.0 100.0 Col % 16.7 4.2 2.4 0.0 3.4 TOTAL 6 24 85 1 116 Row % 5.2 20.7 73.3 0.9 100.0 Col % 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
  17. 17. HAVE YOU EVER BEEN TRAINED ON EDUCATION REPORTING? State Yes No Unknown TOTALAbuja 4 12 1 17Row % 23.5 70.6 5.9 100.0Col % 12.9 14.8 25.0 14.7Enugu 4 14 2 20Row % 20.0 70.0 10.0 100.0Col % 12.9 17.3 50.0 17.2Jigawa 5 6 0 11Row % 45.5 54.5 0.0 100.0 Col % 16.1 7.4 0.0 9.5Kaduna 0 16 0 16Row % 0.0 100.0 0.0 100.0 Col % 0.0 19.8 0.0 13.8Kano 5 6 1 12Row % 41.7 50.0 8.3 100.0Col % 16.1 7.4 25.0 10.3Kwara 9 14 0 23Row % 39.1 60.9 0.0 100.0Col % 29.0 17.3 0.0 19.8Lagos 4 13 0 17Row % 23.5 76.5 0.0 100.0Col % 12.9 16.0 0.0 14.7TOTAL 31 81 4 116Row % 26.7 69.8 3.4 100.0 Col % 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
  18. 18. HAVE YOU EVER BEEN TRAINED ON EDUCATION REPORTING?Experience in Yes No Unknown TOTAL Journalism Unknown 0 0 1 1 Row % 0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 Col % 0.0 0.0 25.0 0.9 11-15yrs 9 20 0 29 Row % 31.0 69.0 0.0 100.0 Col % 29.0 24.7 0.0 25.0 1-5yrs 7 25 0 32 Row % 21.9 78.1 0.0 100.0 Col % 22.6 30.9 0.0 27.6 20 above 4 9 1 14 Row % 28.6 64.3 7.1 100.0 Col % 12.9 11.1 25.0 12.1 5-10yrs 11 25 2 38 Row % 28.9 65.8 5.3 100.0 Col % 35.5 30.9 50.0 32.8less than 1yrs 0 2 0 2 Row % 0.0 100.0 0.0 100.0 Col % 0.0 2.5 0.0 1.7 TOTAL 31 81 4 116 Row % 26.7 69.8 3.4 100.0 Col % 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
  19. 19.  Lack of training opportunities Not Invited Failure on the media houses to train their reporters The nature of the work does not give several opportunities for training Because they are not assigned to the education beat

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