To gain an understanding of the writing process
Understanding Subject, Audience and Purpose
Addressing “The Big Six”
Steps to writing include prewriting, writing, rewriting
The Parts of Speech
The parts of speech allow you to analyze your writing
and improve your grammar. The parts of speech are as
Nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, conjunctions,
prepositions, and interjections.
Ex: He needed some blue wallpaper-Wallpaper is a noun: person,
place, thing or idea.
Ex: He will wallpaper his hall-Wallpaper is a verb, will is a helping
verb. A verb describes an action in the sentence.
Ex: He went to a wallpaper store. Wallpaper is an adjective. An
adjective modifies a noun or pronoun.
Ex: I wallpapered yesterday. Yesterday is an adverb because it describes
when I wallpapered.
Parts of Speech
Pronouns are words that substitute for a noun or another pronoun.
Ex: After the campers discovered the cave, they mapped it for the next
group. It is a pronoun for cave. There are eight kinds of pronouns, but
more on that later.
Conjunctions connect words, phases, and clauses. There are three kinds
Coordinating: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. These are known as the
Correlative c0njuctions link and relate parts of a sentence such as either
or neither, both/and, but, not only, but also. They are always used in
Subordinating conjunctions connect dependent or subordinate clauses to
independent clauses. Ex: Because it rained, the class was cancelled.
Because, although, if since, until, when, where, and while are some
Parts of Speech
A preposition links and relates its object (noun or pronoun) to
the rest of the sentence. Prepositions often show relationships
of time, place, direction, and manner.
Ex: She called during our meeting. During links the word
meeting to the sentence.
Interjections are words that express emotions or surprise. They
are followed by and exclamation point, comma, or period .
Ex: Well, I’d better be going. Wow! What an announcement!
More will be discussed about the parts of speech in another
Before your write…Prewrite!
Brainstorming possible subjects
Big Six Questions
Actual writing begins with the first draft of your essay.
The Process of Writing includes the format of the essay:
2. Body of the essay
3. And a conclusion to the paper
Revision, Editing &
Revision means “seeing with new eyes”.
Evaluate your writing after the first draft:
Do not judge your work
Keep the big picture in mind-The Main Idea of the paper
Ask: Are my ideas clear to the reader?
Revision also means:
You can add, cut, replace or reorganize the material and
structure of your writing
When you edit, look for refining your ideas, sentences
Check to make sure each paragraph has a topic
sentence or main idea
Check for a logical flow of ideas where one sentence
relates to another
When proofreading your paper, check for spelling,
grammar, and punctuation.
Ask yourself: Did I look up words for their correct
meaning? Ex: which and witch
Are the words spelled correctly? Ex: there and their
Check for comma splices, run-on and fragment
The Topic Sentence
What is a topic sentence?
The topic sentence
conveys the main idea
of the paragraph
Where is the topic
The topic sentence can
come at the beginning or
the end of the paragraph
and must support the
thesis or theme of your
Identifying a thesis
Like the topic sentence, a thesis or theme is the main
idea of the essay. The theme can be placed at the
beginning or the end of the paragraph.
Example: “Many students at ITU struggle with English
composition because English is their second language”
Here, the thesis is students struggling with English
composition. The cause is that it’s their second language.
Unity, development & coherence
In the body of the paragraph there are three
Unity is the way words and sentences support the
thesis of the paper
Development is the RENNS used to support your
theme or thesis
Coherence is the way the words and sentences hang
together to make a logical explanation of your writing