Mastering the writing process 1 6-14


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Mastering the writing process 1 6-14

  1. 1. Objectives  To gain an understanding of the writing process  Understanding Subject, Audience and Purpose  Addressing “The Big Six”  Steps to writing include prewriting, writing, rewriting and proofreading.
  2. 2. The Parts of Speech  The parts of speech allow you to analyze your writing and improve your grammar. The parts of speech are as follows:  Nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections.  Ex: He needed some blue wallpaper-Wallpaper is a noun: person, place, thing or idea.  Ex: He will wallpaper his hall-Wallpaper is a verb, will is a helping verb. A verb describes an action in the sentence.  Ex: He went to a wallpaper store. Wallpaper is an adjective. An adjective modifies a noun or pronoun.  Ex: I wallpapered yesterday. Yesterday is an adverb because it describes when I wallpapered.
  3. 3. Parts of Speech  Pronouns are words that substitute for a noun or another pronoun.  Ex: After the campers discovered the cave, they mapped it for the next  1. 2. 3. group. It is a pronoun for cave. There are eight kinds of pronouns, but more on that later. Conjunctions connect words, phases, and clauses. There are three kinds of conjunctions: Coordinating: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. These are known as the FANBOYS. Correlative c0njuctions link and relate parts of a sentence such as either or neither, both/and, but, not only, but also. They are always used in pairs. Subordinating conjunctions connect dependent or subordinate clauses to independent clauses. Ex: Because it rained, the class was cancelled. Because, although, if since, until, when, where, and while are some subordinate conjunctions
  4. 4. Parts of Speech  A preposition links and relates its object (noun or pronoun) to the rest of the sentence. Prepositions often show relationships of time, place, direction, and manner.  Ex: She called during our meeting. During links the word meeting to the sentence.  Interjections are words that express emotions or surprise. They are followed by and exclamation point, comma, or period .  Ex: Well, I’d better be going. Wow! What an announcement!  More will be discussed about the parts of speech in another lesson.
  5. 5. Before your write…Prewrite!  Prewriting includes: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Brainstorming possible subjects Big Six Questions Clustering Narrowing…N/3 Prioritizing Freewriting
  6. 6. Writing Actual writing begins with the first draft of your essay. The Process of Writing includes the format of the essay: Introduction 2. Body of the essay 3. And a conclusion to the paper 1.
  7. 7. Revision, Editing & Proofreading  Revision means “seeing with new eyes”.  Evaluate your writing after the first draft:  Do not judge your work  Keep the big picture in mind-The Main Idea of the paper  Ask: Are my ideas clear to the reader?  Revision also means: You can add, cut, replace or reorganize the material and structure of your writing
  8. 8. Editing  When you edit, look for refining your ideas, sentences and paragraphs.  Check to make sure each paragraph has a topic sentence or main idea  Check for a logical flow of ideas where one sentence relates to another
  9. 9. Proofreading  When proofreading your paper, check for spelling, grammar, and punctuation.  Ask yourself: Did I look up words for their correct meaning? Ex: which and witch  Are the words spelled correctly? Ex: there and their  Check for comma splices, run-on and fragment sentences
  10. 10. The Topic Sentence What is a topic sentence?  The topic sentence conveys the main idea of the paragraph Where is the topic sentence placed?  The topic sentence can come at the beginning or the end of the paragraph and must support the thesis or theme of your paper.
  11. 11. Identifying a thesis  Like the topic sentence, a thesis or theme is the main idea of the essay. The theme can be placed at the beginning or the end of the paragraph.  Example: “Many students at ITU struggle with English composition because English is their second language”  Here, the thesis is students struggling with English composition. The cause is that it’s their second language.
  12. 12. Supporting your thesis R  Reasons E  Examples N  Names N  Numbers or Statistics S  Senses
  13. 13. Unity, development & coherence  In the body of the paragraph there are three components.  Unity is the way words and sentences support the thesis of the paper  Development is the RENNS used to support your theme or thesis  Coherence is the way the words and sentences hang together to make a logical explanation of your writing