Joel Negin Integrated community-based approaches to food security


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Joel Negin Integrated community-based approaches to food security

  1. 1. Integrated community-based approaches to food security ACFID Universities Conference | November 2013 SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH JOEL NEGIN SENIOR LECTURER IN INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH
  2. 2. Interconnectedness of Development We need to do more to understand and act on the synergies between action in various sectors education water agricultural productivity health environmental management infrastructure gender equality
  3. 3. Agriculturalists focus on this Nutritionists Who focuses on this? Negin et al. Food Security 2009. Health workers
  4. 4. Development Synergies Across Sectors Agricultural Intervention Receive Seeds and Fertilizer Higher Crop Yield Education Intervention School Lunch Program Better School Results, More Focused Students Health Intervention Health Education; Deworming
  5. 5. Increase in Food Production Crops Inside Millennium Village 5.0 tons/ha Crops Outside Millennium Village 1.9 tons/ha Source: Millennium Villages Project, Sauri, Kenya
  6. 6. Grain Yields in Millennium Village Sites Increases in Grain Yields Pre-Project and After First Growing Season in Selected Millennium Village Sites 7.0 Pre Project First Growing Season 6.0 5.0 Grain Yields tons / hectare 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0 Kenya Ethiopia Source: Millennium Villages Project Rwanda Malawi Country Uganda Nigeria 1 Nigeria 2
  7. 7. Proportion of Households Who Report Not Having Enough Food to Eat During At least One Month in the Past 12 Months
  8. 8. MDG 1: Prevalence of Stunting (Chronic malnutrition) – Under-2’s
  9. 9. Gross Attendance Ratio in Primary Education
  10. 10. Contraceptive Prevalence Rate – Modern Methods
  11. 11. Diversification
  12. 12. Diversification in practice
  13. 13. Food Aid Delivered $670/ton Local Purchase Fertilizer, Hybrid Seed $240/ton $77 to produce an extra ton of food
  14. 14. How to Bring this to Scale? Give a man a fish, feed him for a day; teach a man to fish, feed him for a lifetime › This proverb has been overused, underimplemented and misunderstood › In the poorest countries in the world, this needs to be revised: Give a woman a fish, feed her for a day, teach a woman to fish, and support her with the low levels of financing needed to buy a fishing rod, some worms, and an ice box, feed her household for a lifetime.
  15. 15. Question for discussion What cross-sectoral synergies are you missing in your work that could improve well-being and development? 16