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Building capacity in rights-based disability
policy in South East Asia
AusAID funded ALAF Program Feb-Mar 2013

CENTRE FOR...
Aim and purpose of program
› Aim
- To increase capacity in rights-based disability policy in 8 South East Asian
countries
...
Context

› 15% of world’s population live with disability – 630 million live in SE Asia
(WHO, 2011)
› International shift ...
Foundations of the program
› Driven by:
- A need for developing capacity in disability rights based policy identified by
A...
Features of the program
› Participants included representatives from:
- 8 countries – Cambodia, Lao
PDR, Vietnam, Philippi...
Features of the program
• Content
– Organised around 6 key areas:
1.

International and national legislative and regulator...
Case study 1 – Aim
Title: Enhancing the implementation of Quota System to Provide More
Employment to PWDs as required by G...
Case study 1 – Progress so far
› Survey conducted in 89 villages
within 11 sub-districts
› 1856 people with disabilities
s...
Case study 1 – Progress
› Education level

› Employment

- Low education level of job seekers
with disabilities
- Minimum ...
Case study 2 – Aim
› Lao PDR
•

Lao PDR ratified the UNCRPD in 2009

•

The Decree on Protection and promotion of the
Righ...
Case study 2 – Progress

› The first workshop on finalization of
Disability Decree took place on the
21st - 22nd May 2013
...
Outcomes of the ALAF program
› Cross-sectoral collaboration
- “I would say that the best aspect of the Fellowship is the o...
Ongoing activities
› Our team supporting implementation of case studies (e.g. advocacy for
funding)
› Working with AusAID ...
References

› Tsaputra, A. (2013) Report of case study: Enhancing the implementation of Quota System to Provide More
Emplo...
Centre for Disability Research and Policy
www.sydney.edu.au/health_sciences/cdrp/
Email: disabilitypolicy.centre@sydney.ed...
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Gwynnyth Llewellyn Building capacity in rights-based disability

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Gwynnyth Llewellyn Building capacity in rights-based disability

  1. 1. Building capacity in rights-based disability policy in South East Asia AusAID funded ALAF Program Feb-Mar 2013 CENTRE FOR DISABILITY RESEARCH AND POLICY Prof. Gwynnyth Llewellyn Dr. Rebecca Barton Ms. Alexandra Lewis Gargett FACULTY OF HEALTH SCIENCES 1
  2. 2. Aim and purpose of program › Aim - To increase capacity in rights-based disability policy in 8 South East Asian countries › Purpose - For Fellows to learn from the Australian experience in developing rights based disability policy.
  3. 3. Context › 15% of world’s population live with disability – 630 million live in SE Asia (WHO, 2011) › International shift from charity-based to rights-based approach to disability driven by United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2008) › Regional focus on disability in Asia and the Pacific through Biwako Millennium Strategy and Biwako plus 5 (2003-2012)
  4. 4. Foundations of the program › Driven by: - A need for developing capacity in disability rights based policy identified by AusAID’s experience in the region - Specific learning goals of participants as determined prior to commencement › Framed by: - United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) (2008) - Incheon Strategy to “Make the Right Real” for Persons with Disabilities in Asia and the Pacific 2013-2022 (2012)
  5. 5. Features of the program › Participants included representatives from: - 8 countries – Cambodia, Lao PDR, Vietnam, Philippines, Myanmar, Thailand, Timor Leste, Indonesia - Government departments responsible for disability portfolio, National Statistics Offices, Disabled People’s Organisations (DPO’s) and Non-Government Organisations (NGO’s).
  6. 6. Features of the program • Content – Organised around 6 key areas: 1. International and national legislative and regulatory frameworks and reporting 2. Structure of disability program in Australia and implementation through decentralised government 3. DPOs and participation of people with disabilities in policy, programming and evaluation in Australia 4. National Disability Strategy and National Disability Research Agenda 5. National Disability Insurance Scheme 6. National Statistics Collection – Delivered by experts/key stakeholders in Australia – Supported development of case-study
  7. 7. Case study 1 – Aim Title: Enhancing the implementation of Quota System to Provide More Employment to PWDs as required by Government Regulation Number 43 Year 1998: A Case Study in Padang City West Sumatera Province Indonesia. • Challenges with implementing the existing quota system for employing people with disabilities • The aim of the case study is to:  develop database of skills and interests and labour needs  facilitate worker/ employer matching days
  8. 8. Case study 1 – Progress so far › Survey conducted in 89 villages within 11 sub-districts › 1856 people with disabilities surveyed › Of those surveyed 135 (7%) stated they want to work Reasons for not showing interest in work Have no skills to work 19% 52% 29% Low or no education level Live on full financial support and care from family 8
  9. 9. Case study 1 – Progress › Education level › Employment - Low education level of job seekers with disabilities - Minimum qualification standard of most employers is bachelor degree Level of education of job seekers with disabilities 4% 22% 19% 10% Never attended school Special Schools 20% 25% Inclusive Elementary School Inclusive - Junior High School Inclusive - Senior High School Baccalaureate and above - 61% preferred the idea of working for themselves versus 39% who would like to work for others Reasons for choosing not to work for others 23% 47% Problems with accessibility Decreased self confidence 30% Fear of discrimination 9
  10. 10. Case study 2 – Aim › Lao PDR • Lao PDR ratified the UNCRPD in 2009 • The Decree on Protection and promotion of the Rights and Interests of Persons with Disabilities was first drafted in 2008 and presented to government in February 2011. • Feedback included 12 specific recommendations. • National Committee for Disabled People are responsible for revising the document, in collaboration with relevant ministries. › Aim of case study: • To review the draft Decree based on recommendations; • To submit to Ministry for Justice, Department of Law by August 2013 • To be submitted for government meeting agenda within 2013
  11. 11. Case study 2 – Progress › The first workshop on finalization of Disability Decree took place on the 21st - 22nd May 2013 - National Committee for Disabled People members appointed by the Minister of Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare › The first draft (finalized in this workshop) was submitted to the Ministry of Justice for additional recommendations. › A second workshop will be organized for final revision (based on recommendations from Ministry of Justice) before submission to the government meeting. 11
  12. 12. Outcomes of the ALAF program › Cross-sectoral collaboration - “I would say that the best aspect of the Fellowship is the opportunity to work on a case study together with your Fellows who are in government. It is very important for Fellows from DPOs to have an opportunity to build good relationships with…those working in the government.” (Fellow from the Philippines) › Development and strengthening of regional relationships (facebook, mailing list) › Increase capacity - “Seminars and discussions have given me a new perspective on understanding Disability and its policy's framework. Also, the importance of comparable standardized data on disability and research findings.” (Fellow from Myanmar) › Implementation of case studies - Two Fellows pursuing higher degree by research in Australia developing the case study work into doctoral level and masters level research studies - Lao PDR
  13. 13. Ongoing activities › Our team supporting implementation of case studies (e.g. advocacy for funding) › Working with AusAID to develop future programs that build on the lessons learned: - Building on the premium advantage of the cross-sectoral approach within country including government agencies, DPO’s and NGO’s - Broadening the range of agencies to include non-disability focus for example human rights agencies, gender agencies - Locating timing in relation to UNCRPD reporting for maximum advantage - Building on potential opportunities for on-going country-to-country and regional collaborations/ networks - Continue to build on involvement of people with disabilities and DPOs
  14. 14. References › Tsaputra, A. (2013) Report of case study: Enhancing the implementation of Quota System to Provide More Employment to PWDs as required by Government Regulation Number 43 Year 1998: A Case Study in Padang City West Sumatera Province Indonesia. (Made available through personal communication with author) › United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. (2006). Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Retrieved from http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/CRPD/Pages/ConventionRightsPersonsWithDisabilities.aspx. › United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. (2012). Incheon Strategy to “Make the Right Real” for Persons with Disabilities in Asia and the Pacific. Retrieved from http://www.unescap.org/publications/detail.asp?id=1523 › United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. (2007). Biwako plus five: further efforts towards an inclusive, barrier-free and rights-based society for persons with disabilities in Asia and the Pacific. Retrieved from http://www.hreoc.gov.au/disability_rights/convention/biwako5.htm › World Health Organization. (2011). World report on disability: World Health Organization. Geneva 14
  15. 15. Centre for Disability Research and Policy www.sydney.edu.au/health_sciences/cdrp/ Email: disabilitypolicy.centre@sydney.edu.au Phone: 61 2 9351 9721

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