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[DevDay2019] Internet of Things- By: Dr. Anand Nayyar at Duy Tan University

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In this lecture, he will start by elaborating the term “Internet of Things” along with current technological trends which has led to IoT, define the impact of IoT on Society making a strong base for Smart Cities, Industries- Transforming into Industry 4.0, Medical IoT as well as Future transformations in IoT.

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[DevDay2019] Internet of Things- By: Dr. Anand Nayyar at Duy Tan University

  1. 1. Internet of Things (IOT) - We Are At The Tip of An Iceberg -
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. 3 Working as Professor, Researcher and Scientist-Graduate School, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, Vietnam Ph.D Computer Science in area of Sensor Communications, Swarm Intelligence and Network Simulation 15 Years Teaching and Research Experience including Consultant in various Research Projects SPECIALIZED IN: WSN, MANETS, Swarm Intelligence, Machine Learning, Deep Learning, Cloud Computing, Big Data, IoT, Cyber Security, Intelligent Computing Published 300 Papers, 40+ Articles (Open Source), 22 Books, 3 Patent, 75+ Certifications from IT Organizations. 450+ Citations in Google Scholar Member of 50+ Research Organizations as Senior/Associate and Life Member Senior Member: IEEE and ACM, ACM DISTINGUISHED SPEAKER (1st In Vietnam) Associate Editor of IJISP, IJDST (IGI-Global)- SCOPUS Indexed Associated with more than 300 Conferences- National and International as Reviewer, Technical Advisory, Programme Committee and Many more.
  4. 4. IoT is Not All About Technology The Industry Wants the “Energy Pill”
  5. 5. 6.3 Billion 6.8 Billion 7.2 Billion 7.6 Billion 500 Million 12.5 Billion 25 Billion 50 Billion World Population Connected Devices Connected Devices Per Person 0.08 1.84 3.47 6.58 2003 2010 2015 2020 More connected devices than people [Source: Cisco IBSG, April 2019] More Connected Devices Than People
  6. 6. Internet of Things Wave © 2013 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved. Definition of IoT* : Intelligent interactivity between human and things to exchange information & knowledge for new value creation. *National IoT Blueprint (Draft) Expected Number of Connected Devices billion devices will be connected to the Internet by 2020.
  7. 7. favorio tThe 3 Tsunamis of Internet Fixed Internet Mobile Internet Internet of Things (IOT)
  8. 8. Diffusion of Innovation
  9. 9. Communication Technologies
  10. 10. Components of Internet Of Things (IoT) Things (Sensors & Actuators) Connectivity Data Analytics
  11. 11. Why IoT Is At An Inflection Point? Hardware is cheap Connectivity is pervasive Moore’s Law continues Metcalfe’s Law ”Network Effects” Development is easy
  12. 12. The Importance Of Getting Things Connected The need to connect assets
  13. 13. I need to maintain the quality of my goods. Who is the intruder? Can I reduce my electricity bill? Am I healthy? When is my next bus? Where can I park? What IF we can connect ALL these assets and get the answers to ALL thesequestions? The Need To Connect Assets Monitoring of Assets – Typical Everyday Questions
  14. 14. Who Benefits From Connected Assets? Operating environment Other products “things” Maker User s Connected Assets
  15. 15. Understanding IoT Maturity Phases
  16. 16. IOT Maturity Monitoring Autonomous Optimization & Data Analytics Control
  17. 17. How to Build Your Smart City Solutions Building Your First IoT Solution
  18. 18. Building 3 Types of Cities ROI-driven Carbon-driven Vanity-driven
  19. 19. favorio t Discover How-To: Build Smart Cities through the eyesof the
  20. 20. favorio t There’s a crime! No Parking Spaces! Flood is bad! No one is handling the garbage! Building is on Fire! Buses didn’t come on schedule! Pollution getting worse! Cities
  21. 21. favorio t Pipe leaking! There are fallen trees! Water is polluted! No lights in dorm! No projector! Someone is throwing rubbish! Vandalism! Campuses
  22. 22. Smart Hospitals
  23. 23. Ad Hoc , Chaotic, VIRAL SMS Whatsapp Facebook Twitter Radio TV Capacity To Hear And Respond PEOPL E Traditional channels (web portals, emails, phone calls etc) and methods unable to handle effectively AUTHORITIES “Black hole” issue Mobile App
  24. 24. Citizen-Centric •Building Trust Citizen-Centric Data-Driven Decision Smart Tools Responsive Cost Effective Accountable Transparent Collaborative
  25. 25. Vision - City Of The Future Open source and open data Make visible the invisible Sensing the city Provide tools for the citizens to interpret and change the workings of the city Technology may help mitigate the “black hole” problem.
  26. 26. favorio t Sense the Cities
  27. 27. CROWDSENSING Get public and private parties to send reports via their smartphones and preferred messaging channels RANK&DECIDE Authorities decide and justify their next plan of action BUILDNEXT SMART APPLICATIONS LeverageinnovativeIOT solutions to solve the pain points of public or privateorganizations. INSIGHTS Big Data Analytics are performed to get more useful insights ESCALATE&SOLVE Issues are assigned to proper field force, measure their effectiveness and notify the “reporters” using their preferred messagingchannels BUILDING THE NEXT SMART CITY APPLICATIONS We Build Cities Based on People-CentricApproach IDENTIIFY Collect incident reporting, identify locations of issues and assignaccordingly favoriot favoriot favoriotfavoriot
  28. 28. How to Build Your First IoT Solution Understanding The Value Pyramid
  29. 29. Wisdom Knowledge Information Data Evaluated understanding Appreciation of Answers to questions. Symbols Understanding Answers to questions WHO WHY HOW WHAT WHERE WHEN Value is Created by Making Sense of Data
  30. 30. Wisdom Knowledge Information Data Understanding Example: Smart Parking N/A Why my parking utilization is low? How to implement a tiered charging? How to find “overstayed” vehicles? Who park at this lot? What kind of vehicle? Where is the empty parking lot? When is the peak period? Empty (0), Full (1)
  31. 31. Smart Parking Smart Parking With Sensors Location of Parking Availability Parking Utilization Tiered Pricing Parking
  32. 32. Wisdom Knowledge Information Data Understanding Example: Smart Waste Management N/A Why the garbage truck not picking the garbage? Why a particular area is full of garbage? How to plan the route of the trucks? How many days till the next collection? Who is collecting the garbage? What is the status of the garbage bin? When was the garbage collected? Where is the location of the full bin? Empty (0), Full (1)
  33. 33. Smart Waste Management TIMELY SCHEDULE ALER T “I’M FULL” UNATTENDE D RIGHT ROUTES
  34. 34. Home Health Transport OfficeWaste favoriot IOT Platforms - From Vertical To Horizontal Blending Data - Creating New Compound Applications
  35. 35. Building IOT Solutions Real World Solutions
  36. 36. Gateway 3G/Ethernet/Wi-Fi IOT Devices IOT Devices 3G/Ethernet/Wi-Fi HTTPS Push/Pull Service Social Media Integration DEVICE CONNECTIVITY (REST, MQTT, CoAP) DATA MANAGEMENT DATA STORE NOTIFICATIO N ENGINE APPLICATIO N INTEGRATIO N REST API Custom Reporting SECURIT Y BIG DATA TOOLS Application Development BUSINE SS LOGIC AUTHENTICATI O N Data Analytics
  37. 37. Examples of IoT Solutions
  38. 38. Smart Watch • Wearable device to monitor the elderly people vital signs such as heart rate, steps, Blood Pressure*, ECG, location*, fall cases and others • Offered with Favorwatch mobile application to monitor the elderly • Based on annual subscription • Optional features* will include but not limited to: • Health professionals* • Pharmacy* • Care givers* • Elderly care centers* • Hospitals*
  39. 39. We Need the New Generation-IoT
  40. 40. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 2 Growth & Productivity Opportunities User Experience & Expectations New Business Models Globalization Security & Regulatory Compliance New Breed ofAppsMobility / Video Cloud Internet ofThings Big Data &Analytics
  41. 41. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 3 “Fixed” Computing Mobility 200M Internet of Things 10B Internet of Everything 50B 1995 20202000 2011
  42. 42. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 4 Intelligent Connections Process DataThings People Intelligent Network
  43. 43. Cisco Confidential 5© 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Source: Cisco IBSG, 2013 The Internet of Everything has the potential to grow global corporate profits by 21% in aggregate by 2022. What Fuels Internet of Everything Value At Stake? Supply Chain/Logistics InnovationCustomer Experience Employee Productivity Asset Utilization
  44. 44. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 6 Top 7 IoT Verticals Manufacturing Public Sector Energy/Utilities Healthcare Finance/Insurance1 Transportation Filters and insertion points For prioritizing verticals* A IoT Opportunity size D Ecosystem characteristics Value ($B, 2016) Wholesale/Distribution SP delivery IT enablers2 *1 Includes POS payments and Remote Expert for retail bank branches 2 IT enablers include Remote Expert, BYOD, and Collab IoT market readiness Fit with Cisco’s existing capabilities B C
  45. 45. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 8 Experience Differential Data Differential People → People to Machine → Machine Smarter Business Processes Velocity Differential Application Anywhere, Anytime New Breed of Apps and Platforms Massive Scalability Rising User Expectations with BYOD and Mobile Lifestyle Shift in IT Budgets to LoB
  46. 46. Internet der Dienste © DFKI GmbH Plattform Smart Products Smart Material Plattform Semantic PLM-, SCM-, CRM-, QMS- and ERP-Services Smart Fact ory App Plattform Cyber-Physical Production System Internet of Things The Internet of Things and Services as a Basis for the Smart Factories in the Industry 4.0 Internet of Services
  47. 47. Pipelines of Smart Factories for Industry 4.0 based on Secure Networks of Clouds … Machine 1 Secure Cloud Networks Smart Products Smart Materials Smart Factory 2…N Smart Factory 1 M2M- Comunication Smart … Smart Machine N Application Plattform for Machines Cyber-Physical Production Systems CPPS
  48. 48. Supply Chain Distribution Center Customer Business Systems, ERP SMLCPriority: Situational Awareness performance tools acrossthe enterprise to manage dynamic production,use,and storage of essential resources (energy, water, air) an interconnected world… voice, data, mobile, etc. Smart Grid Smart Factory Modern, smart factories will be interconnected with supply chain, distribution and business systems
  49. 49. Internet of Medical Things
  50. 50. IoT and HealthCare • With an ever-increasing population and expectant longevity of life, optimum management of patients and healthcare resources is a must. • Today’s lifestyle has brought with a spate of diseases, both common and life-threatening, and blending technology with healthcare services has managed to take the burden off physicians and organizations, enabling them to manage their activities efficiently.
  51. 51. Real Time Health Monitoring Systems
  52. 52. TeleHealth • Telehealth is a very popular application of IoT in healthcare. • It enables physicians and caregivers to cater to patients remotely. This also helps patients receive timely help in the comfort of their homes. • Patients can talk to their physicians or caregivers through video conferencing or calling, and immediately receive the assistance they need. • This has been a tremendous contribution to healthcare because it reduces inconvenience to patients who find it difficult to get around,
  53. 53. Motion Trackers
  54. 54. Smart Pills
  55. 55. Wireless Body Area Networks
  56. 56. 22 22 2017 © Dr. Alaa Khamis Trends in IoT
  57. 57. BioSenHealth 1.0—Internet of Medical Things https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-981-13-2324-9_16
  58. 58. Internet of Robotic Things— Proposed Architecture World’s First Research Paper on IoRT— Activated Architecture https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/a bstract/document/8611051/
  59. 59. https://link.springer.com/chapter /10.1007/978-3-030-05873-9_16
  60. 60. InterBot 1.0: IoT based Smart Environment Monitoring Robot (Accuracy=95.4%) https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-981-10-7512-4_23
  61. 61. Smart Agri IoT: IoT based Smart Agriculture Monitoring Kit (Accuracy=97.6%) https://books.google.com.vn/books?id=Rfw6DwAAQBAJ&pg=RA1-PA2553&lpg=RA1- PA2553&dq=Smart+farming:+anand+nayyar&source=bl&ots=YH04JIGgDF&sig=ACfU3U3DGQsOKXHTOB5YB2wflV_7QMD8CQ &hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjRlKr69bDhAhVMv48KHVYxC- kQ6AEwDnoECAgQAQ#v=onepage&q=Smart%20farming%3A%20anand%20nayyar&f=false
  62. 62. Data Glove: World’s Cheapest Smart Wearable Device (Accuracy=91.2%) (Cost of Development== $6.50) http://www.journalreposi tory.org/media/journals/ BJMCS_6/2016/Apr/Puri1 552016BJMCS24854.pdf
  63. 63. IoT Based Smart Home Automation System (Accuracy=100) https://ieeexplore.ieee .org/abstract/documen t/7724513/
  64. 64. Terminologies Proposed http://article.sapub.org/10.5923.j.nn.20170701.02.html https://www.igi-global.com/chapter/green-internet-of- things-g-iot/224280
  65. 65. Upcoming in 2019--Soon https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783030145439
  66. 66. Live Demonstration: • Smart Sensors • WSN Kit • Bolt IoT Kit

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