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  1. 1. ENGLISH  4  /  VANTAGE  1           VOCABULARY  AND  FUNCTIONS       WORK       Work     EVU  15       Read  out  the  even  sentences  and  fill  in  the  missing  words.     A   Jobs  in  a  workplace   1   2   a  director  (=  member  of  the  board  of  a  company),  an  executive  (=  important  person  who  makes  big  decisions)   an  ad_____  (=  person  who  runs  the  office  day-­‐to-­‐day),  a  sk_____  worker  (=  trained  to  do  specific  tasks,  e.g.   building  a  computer)   an    unskilled  worker  (=  doing  a  job  that  needs  no  training),  a  receptionist  (=  visitors  must  check  in  with  them)     a   p_____   r_____  o_____  (=  important  person  who  makes  big  decisions),  a  u_____  r_____  (=  looks  after  the   staff’s  interests)   a   researcher   (=   investigates   and   develops   new   products),   a  supervisor  (=   makes   sure   workers   are   doing  their   job  properly)   3   4   5     B   B1   1   2   3   B2   1   2   Trades  and  professions   Professions   a  civil  servant  (=  person  who  works  for  a  government  department  putting  policies  into  action),  a  scientist  (=   an   expert   who   studies   or   works   in   one   of   the   sciences),   a   physiotherapist   (=   person   who   treats   muscle   injury   by  rubbing  and  moving  injured  areas)   a  d_____  (=  person  who  imagines  how  something  could  be  made  and  draws  plans  for  it),  a  j_____  (=  person   who  takes  decisions  in  legal  cases),  a  l__________  (=  university  teacher)   an  ambassador  (=  chief  diplomat  or  person  representing  his/her  government  abroad),  a  banker  (=  someone   with  an  important  position  in  a  bank),  an  economist  (=  expert  in  financial  matters)     Trades   a  firefighter  (=  person  who  extinguishes  a  fire),  an  electrician  (=  person  who  deals  with  electricity)   a  c__________  (=  person  skilled  at  making  things  with  wood),  a  p_________  (=  person  who  works  with  the   supply   and   connection   of   water   pipes),   a   ch_________   (=   person   looking   after   others’children   in   her   own   home  while  their  parents  are  at  work)     C   Collocations  of  words  connected  with  work   C1   General   1   2   3   4   5   C2   1   2   3                 John  :  What  d’you  do  for  a  living?  (=  What’s  your  job  ?)     Kate  :  I  ………………..  banking.   John  :   I’ve   been   offered   a   temp   job   and   I   accepted.   However,   the   interview   I   had   today   is   a   permanent   position.  What  should  I  do?  I  would  find  it  difficult  to  make  a  living  doing  temp  work/jobs.   Kate  :  Call  the  temp  service  (or  temp  agency)  and  tell  them  "A  family  thing  has  come  up,  I'll  get  back  ASAP”.   Why  don’t  you  f_________/g_________  a  _____  in  Barcelona.  This  may  be  easier  than  in  other  parts  of  Spain.   John  :  How  do  I  get  a  work  visa  if  I’ve  been  offered  work  in  Spain?  Moreover,  I’m  not  prepared  to  take  on   work  abroad  (=  accept).   Hours  of  work   I  do  shiftwork/I  do  shifts  (=  nights  one  week,  days  the  next  week).   I’m  on  f_____  (=  flexible  working  hours).   I  work  nine-­‐to-­‐five  (=  regular  day  work).  
  2. 2. ENGLISH  4  /  VANTAGE  1           VOCABULARY  AND  FUNCTIONS       WORK       Work     EVU  15       C3   1   2   3   4   5   C4   1 2 3 Not  working   Mark  :  I’m  on  strike  and  my  sister  is  going    on  strike  too  (=  there  is  an  industrial  dispute).   John  :  I  g_____  the  s_____  (=  more  informal)/I  was  f_____  (=  more  formal)/I  was  made  r_____/I  was  l_____   o_____  (=  more  informal)  last  week.   Kate  :   I’m   on   maternity   leave.   Chris  :   My   brother   has   taken   paternity   leave   (=   before/after   the   birth   of   a   baby).   My  colleage  is  on  s_____  l_____  (=  illness).   It’s  been  two  years  since  I  took   early   retirement.  Here’s  what  I’ve  learned,  usually  the  hard  way  …  Don’t  work   on  projects  together  etc.  (=  retire  at  55).   Other  useful  expressions   The  Financial  Times  reports  today  that  Workaholics  Anonymous  groups  are  taking  off.  Over  the  summer  Bank   of  America  faced  intense  criticism  after  an  intern  died.   I've  just  been  p_____    and  I'm  supervising  people  I've  worked  with.   Tim  :  Why  are  you  applying  for  this  job?   Jonathan  :  I  don't  feel  that  my  full  abilities  are  being  utilized  in  my  current  position.