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will vs be going to

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will vs be going to

  1. 1. I will and I´m going to Difference between will and be going to
  2. 2. Future actions  Sue is talking to Helen: That´s a great idea. We´ll invite lots of people Let´s have a party Will: We use will when we decide to do something at the time of speaking. The speaker has not decided before. The party is a new idea.
  3. 3.  Later that day, Helen meets Dave: Sue and I have decided to have a party. We are going to invite lots of people. Going to: We use (be) going to when we have already decided to do something. Helen had already decided to invite lots of people before she spoke to Dave.
  4. 4. Compare:  “John phoned while you were out” - “ Ok, I´ll phone him back”  “John phoned while you were out” - “Yes, I know. I´m going to phone him back”  “Ann is in hospital” - “Oh really? I didn´t know. I´ll go and visit her”  “Ann is in hospital” - “Yes, I know. I´m going to visit her tomorrow”
  5. 5. Future happenings and situations (predicting the future) Sometimes there is no much difference between will and going to. You can say: I think the weather will be nice later. (It is a prediction) I think the weather is going to be nice later. ( I can see it in the sky. There is an evidence))
  6. 6.  When we say “something is going to happen”, we know this because of the situation now. For example: - Look at those black clouds. It´s going to rain. (not “it will rain”- we can see the clouds now) - I feel terrible. I think I´m going to be sick. (not “I think I will be sick”- I feel terrible now, it is a fact)
  7. 7. We often use will with:  I´ll probably be home late this evening.  I haven´t seen Carol today. I expect she´ll phone this evening.  Don´t worry about the exam. I´m sure you´ll pass.  I think Sarah will like the present we bought for her.  I don´t think the exam will be very difficult.  I wonder what will happen.

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