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Preliminary Analysis of Potential Sites for New Boat Clubs in Hong Kong

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Preliminary Analysis of Potential Sites for New Boat Clubs in Hong Kong

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On Friday 16 December 2011, the Town Planning Board rejected the development of a marina,
hotel and luxury housing on Lamma. This, despite the financial firepower from a listed company, and the employment of a senior member of the Town Planning Board and a well-known person in Hong Kong's sailing scene. (Planning Application Y/I-LI/1 - http://www.info.gov.hk/tpb/en/plan_application/Y_I-LI_1.html). (http://www.bol-hk.com/)

The proposal from the developer who owns a few village and agriculture lots on Lamma was too far-fetched, but the large-scale marina, water sports and sailing centre captured the imagination of many and was strongly supported by the Home Affairs Bureau and Tourism Commission.

With our 1,000 kilometres of spectacular coastline, more than 250 islands and beautiful seas, Hong Kong is desperately short of facilities that allow the public to enjoy Hong Kong's waters for leisure, recreation and sports.

People are forced to use crumbling steps to get on and off boats in hot spots such as Repulse Bay and Deep Water Bay. Our few water sports and sailing centres are full. No one can afford the private marinas and their waiting lists for boat moorings are very long.

Hong Kong desperately needs public clubs where people can store and maintain boating equipment. Buses and the MTR do not welcome passengers carrying surfboards. No one has a garden or shed, or apartments big enough to store sports equipment.

The Home Affairs Bureau, which happily endorsed the destruction of Lamma, should take charge.

It has so far failed to ensure that man-made waterfronts, where there is no threat to the environment, have facilities for water-based leisure, recreation and sports. Ma On Shan, Kai Tak, Tseung Kwan O and Aberdeen/Ap Lei Chau are ideal with their road and rail access and large local populations. The opportunity for water activities on Junk Bay was identified as early as 1982.

Rather than a world-class municipal marina and sailing facilities, all that is available today in Tseung Kwan O is a small unlicensed private operator, the Hoi Fan Fishing Club, where you have to climb over fences and rocks to get onto a small rented sampan with an outboard engine.

Unless the bureau starts to care, the planned cross-bay bridge will block sail boats from using Junk Bay. And we will be able to look at the water, but not get on it and use it.


On Friday 16 December 2011, the Town Planning Board rejected the development of a marina,
hotel and luxury housing on Lamma. This, despite the financial firepower from a listed company, and the employment of a senior member of the Town Planning Board and a well-known person in Hong Kong's sailing scene. (Planning Application Y/I-LI/1 - http://www.info.gov.hk/tpb/en/plan_application/Y_I-LI_1.html). (http://www.bol-hk.com/)

The proposal from the developer who owns a few village and agriculture lots on Lamma was too far-fetched, but the large-scale marina, water sports and sailing centre captured the imagination of many and was strongly supported by the Home Affairs Bureau and Tourism Commission.

With our 1,000 kilometres of spectacular coastline, more than 250 islands and beautiful seas, Hong Kong is desperately short of facilities that allow the public to enjoy Hong Kong's waters for leisure, recreation and sports.

People are forced to use crumbling steps to get on and off boats in hot spots such as Repulse Bay and Deep Water Bay. Our few water sports and sailing centres are full. No one can afford the private marinas and their waiting lists for boat moorings are very long.

Hong Kong desperately needs public clubs where people can store and maintain boating equipment. Buses and the MTR do not welcome passengers carrying surfboards. No one has a garden or shed, or apartments big enough to store sports equipment.

The Home Affairs Bureau, which happily endorsed the destruction of Lamma, should take charge.

It has so far failed to ensure that man-made waterfronts, where there is no threat to the environment, have facilities for water-based leisure, recreation and sports. Ma On Shan, Kai Tak, Tseung Kwan O and Aberdeen/Ap Lei Chau are ideal with their road and rail access and large local populations. The opportunity for water activities on Junk Bay was identified as early as 1982.

Rather than a world-class municipal marina and sailing facilities, all that is available today in Tseung Kwan O is a small unlicensed private operator, the Hoi Fan Fishing Club, where you have to climb over fences and rocks to get onto a small rented sampan with an outboard engine.

Unless the bureau starts to care, the planned cross-bay bridge will block sail boats from using Junk Bay. And we will be able to look at the water, but not get on it and use it.

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Preliminary Analysis of Potential Sites for New Boat Clubs in Hong Kong

  1. 1. Preliminary Analysis of Potential Sites for New Boat Clubs in Hong Kong Prepared by: August 2010
  2. 2. Purposes of Study We aim to: • Identify potential locations for new boat clubs in Hong Kong • Identify implementation strategies to enhance boat club development
  3. 3. Methodology • Desk research • Interviews with stakeholders (in order of interview date) • Roger Tupper, Director of Marine • Roger Eastham, Marine Services Manager at Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club • Thomas Lee, Motor Boat and Tug Boat Association • Jimmy Chow, Marine Operations Manager at Hebe Haven Yacht Club • Andy Lam, Director at Saltwater Marine (HK) Limited • Martin Leung, Marina Manager at Clearwater Bay Golf & Country Club • Paul Cheung, Assistant Director (Leisure Services) at Leisure & Cultural Services Dept. • Donald Choy, Assistant Director (Leisure Services), at Leisure & Cultural Services Dept. • WT Yuen, Licensing Unit, Marine Department • Warren Li, Licensing Unit, Marine Department • Site visits
  4. 4. Definition of Boat Club WET/DRY BERTHS (e.g. pontoons, anchors, racks) for LEISURE CRAFTS (e.g. powerboats, yachts, sampans) with LAND-BASED SUPPORT FACILITIES (e.g. car parking, restaurants, changing rooms, lockers, security, hoist, repair yard, etc.) Land-based support facilities Leisure Crafts Berths
  5. 5. Types of Pleasure Vessels Type No. Registered Typical (2009) Length (m) Unlicensed vessels such as dinghy, kayak, canoe N/A <10 Outboard Open Sampan 2,559 <10 (*not classified by Marine Department as pleasure vessels) Auxiliary Powered Yacht 561 10-20 Cruiser 1,950 10-30 Open Cruiser 3,962 <10 Total: 9,032 Source: Hong Kong Marine Department
  6. 6. Types of Pleasure Vessels Unlicensed Vessels (e.g. kayaks/canoes/dinghies) • Smaller in size • Usually NOT mechanically propelled • Usually stored in dry stacks
  7. 7. Types of Pleasure Vessels Outboard Open Sampan • <10m in length • Fitted with a petrol outboard engine of a power <12 kilowatts • May be used for fishing, transport or leisure • Do not require a permit in order to moor • Currently no berthing is provided
  8. 8. Types of Pleasure Vessels Auxiliary Powered Yacht
  9. 9. Types of Pleasure Vessels Cruiser (vessels with continuous upper deck)
  10. 10. Types of Pleasure Vessels Open Cruiser (vessels without continuous upper deck), e.g. speedboats Source: 88DB.com
  11. 11. Definition of Boat Club A boat club can be a marina, a yacht club, a water sports centre, or simply an anchorage or boat rack for leisure crafts together with land-based facilities for the users. A boat club might be operated by: • a private club (e.g. Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club) • a government institution • a non-profit organization (e.g. Tai Po Boat Club)
  12. 12. Demand No. of Registered Pleasure Vessels Source: Marine Department
  13. 13. Demand Only the no. of pleasure vessels is increasing; the numbers of other types of vessels either decrease or remain constant.
  14. 14. Demand Demand for Sheltered Space by Pleasure Vessels ? ? Forecast from Marine Department Source: Marine Department- Assessment of Typhoon Shelter Space Requirements 2009-2025
  15. 15. Current Supply • There is no new supply of sheltered space for pleasure vessels (none is planned at the moment). • The space available at Causeway Bay will decrease when construction of the Wan Chai bypass project takes place. Source: Marine Department- Assessment of Typhoon Shelter Space Requirements 2009-2025
  16. 16. Why More Boat Clubs 1) Demand is expected to exceed supply by 2015 Forecast of Demand and Supply of Sheltered Space for Pleasure Vessels Actual Forecast 210 Demand (Hectares) 200 190 Supply 180 170 2008 2010 2015 2020 2025 Source: Marine Department: Assessment of Typhoon Shelter Space Requirements 2009-2025
  17. 17. Why More Boat Clubs 2) Marinas are almost full with long waiting lists Source: Hebe Haven Yacht Club
  18. 18. Why More Boat Clubs Boat Club / Marina Club Capacity Status Aberdeen Boat Club ~200 berths (16’ – 65’) Full (including Aberdeen, Middle Island) Aberdeen Marina Club 170 wet berths (29’ – 98’) Full 157 dry berths (14’ – 36’) Clearwater Bay Golf & Country Club 300 wet berths (up to 100’) A few berths (<45’) available Marina 120 dry berths Discovery Bay Marina Club 220 berths (29’ – 115’) Full Club Marina Cove ~200 berths (19’ – 90’) 20 berths (<47’) available Gold Coast Yacht & Country Club 200 berths (up to 230’) 6 berths (55’ – 61’) available Hebe Haven Yacht Club 213 moorings (14’ – 60’) Full 53 berths (32’ – 60’) 200 hardstanding spaces Hong Kong Marina 233 berths (16’ – 155’) Full Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club ~350 moorings (16’ – 92’) Full (including Causeway Bay, Shelter Cove, Middle 46 pontoons (16’ – 69’) Island, Aberdeen) Tai Po Boat Club ~20 moorings 2 moorings (19’ – 26’) available ~30 dry berths (up to 19’)
  19. 19. Why More Boat Clubs 3) Private moorings are also almost full • There are a total of 41 areas with 1,862 private moorings, which are managed by Marine Department (these moorings include those rented to private clubs) • Only 2 areas have moorings available for use: Shuen Wan (87 left) and Tai Tam Harbour (15 left) • Occupancy rate: ~95% (1,760 / 1,862)
  20. 20. Why More Boat Clubs 4A) Some small boats have nowhere to go • Many sampan owners can only park their boats randomly (cannot afford high membership fees) • People interested in having a small leisure boat is often discouraged to buy one (lack of appropriate and affordable storage spaces)
  21. 21. Why More Boat Clubs 4B) Across the whole range of sizes from speed boats to superyachts there is NOWHERE TO GO • Medium-sized yachts (40’-80’) have almost no berths available • Increasing demand for large yacht berths (80’-220’), but no berth is available
  22. 22. Why More Boat Clubs 5) Hugh potential market from Mainland China • China’s growing elites begin turning to luxury sailing/boating • Because of tax advantage in HK (10% luxury tax in Mainland), many mainlanders want to license and berth their yachts in HK • With the lack of berths and lack of planning, HK is losing a huge opportunity
  23. 23. Why More Boat Clubs • Currently 15 marinas throughout China (Xiamen, Shanghai, Qingdao, Sanya, etc.); many others planned • Many Chinese cities are taking advantage of the growing marine market by building marinas and developing infrastructure. With government support, they will soon eclipse anything in HK
  24. 24. Why More Boat Clubs “Considering the economic development potential and disposable income increases, the recreational boating industry will be the next booming Chinese consumer industry, after housing and automobiles” Mr. Yang Xinfa, Deputy Secretary-General of the Chinese Ship Industry
  25. 25. Why More Boat Clubs 6) Marinas as tourism/economic strategy • Can provide more job opportunities in MANY sectors, including suppliers, fuel, chandlery, yacht sales and services, marinas, repair yards, captains and crew, restaurants and bars, etc. • To position Hong Kong as Asia’s yachting center (which it is currently) • To compete with other Asian cities such as Singapore (“Monaco of the East”) and Sanya (now twinned with Cannes)
  26. 26. Why More Boat Clubs • To be able to host international yacht races, powerboat races, etc. • Currently all marinas are private so there is no venue for hosting Asia’s biggest International Boat Show. This is a lost opportunity for showcasing Hong Kong. • To be able to host superyachts: • Add sophistication to HK Harbour (as in Sydney, Monaco, Auckland, London, New York City, etc) • Will bring considerable financial benefits and investments (During America’s Cup in Auckland, income from superyachts was 15 times more than cruise ships)
  27. 27. Why More Boat Clubs Sydney International Boat Show 2010 (Source: charterworld.com)
  28. 28. Why More Boat Clubs The lack of marinas and boat clubs is killing a yacht market potentially worth upwards of USD 250 Million (turnover) per annum and costing many jobs (captains, crew, repair yards, marina staff, suppliers, agents, service companies, etc) Sanya Serenity Marina will be the only Chinese stopover in the prestigious Volvo Ocean Race set to take place in 2011/12. Source: http://www.timesofmalta.com/
  29. 29. Our Vision • New boat clubs should cater for all types of vessels, from simple sampans to superyachts • Moorings/berths should also be available to the general public (i.e. public marina), including people who cannot afford high membership fees • We should build on HK’s maritime history and establish this global city as Asia’s Yachting Hub • Plan now with urgency before Singapore, Hainan and many other Asian cities (which have full government backing) overtake Hong Kong and assume the title of Asia’s Yachting Hubs
  30. 30. Obstacles to Boat Club Development • No policy support from Government • Provision of land/sheltered water is complicated • Environmental concerns
  31. 31. Obstacles to Boat Club Development • Perception in some that marinas favour the rich BUT: • Yachts are well known to be holes in the ocean into which owners pour money • The average yacht owner spends 10% of the value of his yacht per annum in running costs) • Yachts provide a good way for High Net Worth and moderately wealthy yacht owners to put money back into economy • Yachts provide employment and economic benefits to local community (crews, boatyard personnel, catering, support companies, etc.)
  32. 32. UK Leisure Boating Industry Economic benefits • Total economic benefit amounts to 700 million pounds (per year) • A yield of 230 million pounds per year in tax revenues • Annual net exports estimated at 150 million pounds • Around 30,000 jobs in more 5,000 businesses Social benefits (also apply to anywhere) • Enhance quality of life (enjoyment of customers, tourists and public at large) • Anchor aesthetics of waterfront and immediate hinterland • Educate people about marine environment, maritime heritage and even sailing skills
  33. 33. Implementation Strategies 1. Expansion from current marinas/boat clubs 2. Additional wet/dry berths in water sports centers (Note: current water sports centers are very full that there may not be not sufficient space for expansion; opportunities in planned water sports centers should be explored) 3. Brand new marina/boat club A. Individual boat club (e.g. Hong Kong Marina) B. Part of private development (e.g. Marina Cove) C. Part of country club (e.g. Clearwater Bay)
  34. 34. Possible Operation Models User Target 1. Public marina (open for everyone) 2. Private marina with both private and public berths 3. Private marina exclusively for club members Ownership (Operator) 1. Government (Government department) 2. Government (Non-profit club) 3. Non-profit Organization (Non-profit club) 4. Private Investor (Private club)
  35. 35. Selection of Sites Main Criteria 1. Hydrographic conditions (e.g. water depth, streams and wave actions) 2. Technological necessities 3. High accessibility 4. Proximity to populations 5. Low impact on natural environment 6. Low impact on surrounding settlements 7. Costs can be minimized 8. Public interest
  36. 36. Selection of Sites We have considered a total of 38 sites, which include: • Typhoon Shelters • Sheltered Anchorages • Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorages • Sites of Current Marinas/Boat Clubs (if not 1, 2 or 3) • Sites of Planned/Approved Marinas/Boat Clubs • Sites suggested by interviewees
  37. 37. List of Sites Considered 1. TYPHOON SHELTERS 2. SHELTERED 3. PLEASURE VESSEL Aberdeen ANCHORAGES SHELTERED ANCHORAGES Causeway Bay Chai Wan Middle Island Cheung Chau Kat O Hebe Haven Hei Ling Chau Shau Tau Kok Sai Kung Kwun Tong Tai O St. Stephen’s Bay New Yau Ma Tei Tsuen Wan Tai Mei Tuk Rambler Channel Tai Tam Harbour Sam Ka Tsuen Ting Kau Shuen Wan Tsam Chuk Wan To Kwa Wan Tuen Mun Yim Tin Tsai
  38. 38. List of Sites Considered 4. SITES OF CURRENT 5. SITES OF 6. OTHER SITES SUGGESTED MARINAS/BOAT CLUBS PLANNED/APPROVED BY INTERVIEWEES (IF NOT 1,2,3) MARINAS/BOAT CLUBS Junk Bay Clear Water Bay Cyberport Lamma Island Discovery Bay Yau Tong Bay Pak Shek Kok Gold Coast Stanley Bay Marina Cove Tung Chung Bay Wan Chai Wu Kai Sha
  39. 39. Groups of Sites Base Map: Google Map
  40. 40. VICTORIA HARBOUR & JUNK BAY
  41. 41. Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay To Kwa Wan New Yau Ma Tei Kwun Tong (Kai Tak) Junk Bay Yau Tong Bay Sam Ka Tsuen Causeway Bay Shau Kei Wan Wan Chai (Former Cargo Handling Site) Chai Wan Base Map: Google Map
  42. 42. Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay Site with High Potentiality: • Junk Bay • Kwun Tong (Kai Tak) • Yau Tong Bay • Causeway Bay • Wan Chai (Former Cargo Working Area) Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II) • Chai Wan • Sam Ka Tsuen • Shau Kei Wan • To Kwa Wan • New Yau Ma Tei -
  43. 43. Junk Bay
  44. 44. Junk Bay Base Map: Centamap
  45. 45. Junk Bay Proposed location of new soccer training center Proposed location of new water sports center Base Map: Town Planning Board
  46. 46. Junk Bay Potentiality: High Water type: 1 private mooring Zoning type: Open Space / Recreation Water depth: <2m along Eastern Channel; <6m in proposed site Background: • New water sports center and soccer training center planned • New cycle track planned along the Eastern Channel • Recreational activities (e.g. fishing / boating) already take place • Sampans/small boats were also observed; but no facility (e.g. pier/pontoon) has been provided to connect land and vessels
  47. 47. Junk Bay Absence of connection between land and boats
  48. 48. Junk Bay Boat rental Fishing
  49. 49. Junk Bay Zoning & Land-based Facilities - Development of a marina on the “recreation”-zoned land requires planning permission from the Town Planning Board - Certain facilities can be shared Proposed location of new soccer with the nearby water sports training center center, such as car parking spaces and lockers - If possible, there should be more dry stacks for storing small boats (e.g. speedboats, canoes, sampans) because of the strong demand for those Base Map: Town Planning Board
  50. 50. Junk Bay Pros: • Very high accessibility (Tsueng Kwan O MTR right near by) • Proximity to populations • Sheltered water • No huge impact on natural environment • No people relocation required Concerns: • Breakwater is required (higher cost) • Water depth is shallow along Eastern Channel Recommended Implementation Strategy: • To cooperate with the future nearby water sports center or; • To add mooring spaces to the planned water sports center
  51. 51. Kwun Tong (Kai Tak)
  52. 52. Kwun Tong (Kai Tak) Base Map: Centamap
  53. 53. Kwun Tong (Kai Tak) Base Map: Town Planning Board
  54. 54. Kwun Tong (Kai Tak) Potentiality: High Area: 33.8 hectares Water type: Typhoon Shelter Zoning type: Open Space Water depth: <5m Background: • The current cargo working area is going to be replaced by public open space • A water sports center has been planned in the district • The cruise terminal is planned to be located on the west side of the old Kai Tak runway; so only the east side can be considered • The typhoon shelter is still going to be in use even after the establishment of a boat club/water sports center, so special arrangements have to be made to ensure the typhoon shelter can still cater to the demand during typhoons
  55. 55. Kwun Tong (Kai Tak) Zoning - The area zoned “Open Space” (the proposed location of boat club) is under government ownership; marine related facilities are permitted in the area - For the waterfront area zoned “C(2)”, a 20m-wide promenade has been planned; development of marina will require approval from TPB Base Map: Town Planning Board
  56. 56. Kwun Tong (Kai Tak) Land-based facilities - Turn part of area zoned “Open Space” to a boat club - Land-based facilities such as car parking and office are needed - Dry stacks for storing smaller boats (e.g. speedboats, canoes) should be provided because of potential demand for the nearby water sports centre Base Map: Town Planning Board
  57. 57. Kwun Tong (Kai Tak) Pros: • Great location with high accessibility • Proximity to populations • No huge impact on natural environment (built already) • No people have to relocate Concerns: • Water quality is relatively low • Future rail-based transportation may hinder construction • Far from natural attractions • There are likely conflicts with the function of the typhoon shelter Recommended Implementation Strategy: • To resolve conflict with the occasional typhoon shelter users by identifying specific areas for both the new boat club and shelter; e.g. dolphin buoys can be used to separate the two zones and allow flexibility
  58. 58. Yau Tong Bay
  59. 59. Yau Tong Bay Base Map: Centamap
  60. 60. Yau Tong Bay Base Map: Town Planning Board
  61. 61. Yau Tong Bay Potentiality: High Water type: 2 private moorings Zoning type: Commercial / Residential Background: • Henderson Land, which is leading the consortium to build a mixed-use project along the bay, is interested in having a marina; but the plan was turned down by the government because of reclamation under Protection of Harbour Ordinance (PHO). Why reclamation should be justified: • We should not only protect the existence value of Victoria Harbour, but also the use value • The use for leisure & recreation is important to enliven Victoria Harbour • PHO should not be misinterpreted in a way which would either prohibit the use and enjoyment of the harbour
  62. 62. Yau Tong Bay Henderson Land’s future plan in Yau Tong Bay
  63. 63. Yau Tong Bay MTR
  64. 64. Yau Tong Bay Zoning - The land area is zoned “Comprehensive Development Area”, which is intended to phase out the existing industrial operations. - The private developer has been required to provide public landing facilities and develop a promenade along the bay. - Land-based facilities for a marina are possible, subject to the developer and the government’s discretion Base Map: Town Planning Board
  65. 65. Yau Tong Bay Land-based facilities - Turn the waterfront part of the bay to a marina - Land-based facilities should cater to both private club users and the general public - Offices, changing rooms, clubhouse facilities, pontoons, hoist and slipway should be provided. Base Map: Town Planning Board
  66. 66. Yau Tong Bay Pros: • Very high accessibility (Yau Tong MTR right near by) • Proximity to populations • Sheltered water • No huge impact on natural environment (built already) • Great view of Victoria Harbour Concerns: • Water quality is relatively low • A bit far from natural attractions • Possible public concern of reclamation Recommended Implementation Strategy: • Henderson Land should build the marina; but AT LEAST half of the spaces should be open to the public
  67. 67. Causeway Bay & Wan Chai Base Map: Centamap
  68. 68. Causeway Bay & Wan Chai Base Map: Town Planning Board
  69. 69. Causeway Bay & Wan Chai Original Plan - Wan Chai Former Cargo Working Area was planned to be converted to a small marina - The existing breakwater was proposed to extend into a harbour park Source: Harbour-front Enhancement Review
  70. 70. Causeway Bay & Wan Chai Base Map: Civil Engineering & Development Department
  71. 71. Causeway Bay & Wan Chai Wan Chai Potentiality: High Type: Former Cargo Handling Basin Water depth: <5.2m Background: • The basin was once proposed to build a small marina there but this plan was not executed • The site has been identified to be converted to a “vibrant marine facility” • The site has occasionally been utilized to hold international events organized by companies like Louis Vuitton Map Source: Harbour-front Enhancement Committee
  72. 72. Causeway Bay & Wan Chai Pros: • World-class location with very high accessibility and scenic views • Low impact on natural environment • No people/building has to be relocated Concerns: • Wave actions are strong at times • Currently no anchor point • Wan Chai Bypass Project will hinder construction Recommended Implementation Strategy: • This is an ideal location for developing a world-class marina similar to Monaco or Cannes • The basin could be converted to an event-based marina with land-based facilities such as small offices and washrooms • Anchor points and moorings should be added to cater for visiting boats
  73. 73. Causeway Bay & Wan Chai Causeway Bay Potentiality: High Area: 9.9 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter Water depth: <4 m Background: • The typhoon shelter is now divided into 3 main areas: • Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club’s moorings • Private moorings managed by Marine Department • Public moorings • According to the Harbourfront Enhancement Review, the area should “promote marine functions associated with the club as a public resource” • Water quality is a huge problem- the maximum level of E. coli (cfu/100ml) in Causeway Bay Typhoon Shelter is 49,000, which is highest among all typhoon shelters in HK (Aberdeen South: 1,200; Yim Tin Tsai: 1)
  74. 74. Causeway Bay & Wan Chai Pros: • World-class location with breakwater • Expansion results in no people relocation or building demolition Concerns: • Very poor water quality • Further expansion likely to trigger public concern about reclamation and decreasing size of Victoria Harbour (construction of a new breakwater) • Wan Chai Bypass Project is likely to hinder expansion Recommended Implementation Strategy: • Similar to Wan Chai, this site is an ideal location for developing a world- class marina • The urgent steps are to (1) improve water quality and (2) provide/upgrade certain facilities such as sewage treatment and more landing steps
  75. 75. HONG KONG ISLAND SOUTH
  76. 76. Hong Kong Island South Cyberport Aberdeen Tai Tam Harbour Middle Island St. Stephen’s Bay Base Map: Google Map
  77. 77. Hong Kong Island South Sites with High Potentiality: • Cyberport • Stanley Bay • Tai Tam Harbour Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II) • Aberdeen • Middle Island • St. Stephen’s Bay
  78. 78. Cyberport Base Map: Centamap
  79. 79. Cyberport Base Map: Town Planning Board
  80. 80. Cyberport Potentiality: High Water type: N/A Zoning type: Other Specified Uses Background: • According to the Final EIA Report carried out by the IT & Broadcasting Bureau in 1999, in the Cyberport Project: “A marina and piers may be constructed at the foreshore and these would be founded on piles so that no dredging work would be required. Also, mooring places at the marina would be limited to less than 30 and these would be used primarily for pleasure or recreation. A breakwater may be required and a separate, further study would be carried out at a later stage if this were considered necessary.” • The marina proposal was once approved, but it was not complemented because of profitability concerns.
  81. 81. Cyberport Cyberport’s Original Plan Route 4 (now taken off the plan) Marina (planned)
  82. 82. Cyberport Zoning & Land-based facilities - Utilize the foreshore of the “Other Specified Uses”- zoned land to build a boat club - Land-based facilities such as a clubhouse, offices and changing rooms should be provided - There should also be a public pier and moorings - Pontoons that are designed for larger boats should be provided to cater to the strong demand Base Map: Town Planning Board
  83. 83. Cyberport Pros: • Close to residential communities • Proximity to transportation networks (e.g. future MTR station) • No huge impact on natural environment • No huge impact on surrounding settlements Concerns: • Exposed to wind; breakwater may be required (higher cost) • Water quality is rather low Recommended Implementation Strategy: • To allow the private developer to build a marina with pontoons that are designed for larger boats, a public pier and some public moorings.
  84. 84. Stanley Bay
  85. 85. Stanley Bay Base Map: Centamap
  86. 86. Stanley Bay Base Map: Town Planning Board
  87. 87. Stanley Bay Potentiality: High Zoning type: Residential (Group A) Background: • Stanley is a tourist spot with street markets, shopping mall, restaurants and bus stops. • Stanley Bay is a popular photo spot with Murray House in the back. • Currently there is a promenade on the north side of the bay (i.e. not possible to establish land-based facilities) • Many small boats and sampans are found in the bay
  88. 88. Stanley Bay
  89. 89. Stanley Bay Zoning & Land-based Facilities - Utilize the Residential (Group A)-zoned land to build a small public marina - Land-based facilities such as a small office, changing rooms, lockers should be provided - Due to very limited land, dry stacks and car parking spaces are not recommended here - Floatable pontoons can be provided Base Map: Town Planning Board
  90. 90. Stanley Bay Pros: • Close to residential communities • Good accessibility with different transports and parking spaces • No huge impact on natural environment • No huge impact on surrounding settlements • Great view of Stanley Concerns: • Breakwater may be required (higher cost) Recommended Implementation Strategy: • As Stanley is a popular tourist destination, the site can be developed to a public marina that not only stores small local boats, but also allows visiting yachts to temporarily stay
  91. 91. Tai Tam Harbour
  92. 92. Tai Tam Harbour Base Map: Centamap
  93. 93. Tai Tam Harbour Base Map: Town Planning Board
  94. 94. Tai Tam Harbour Potentiality: High Water type: Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorage (32 moorings) Zoning type: SSSI / Coastal Protection / Government & Institution Water depth: <3m Background: • Tai Tam is one of the two sites where the moorings are not fully occupied (32 / 50) • There is a Tai Tam Waterworks Heritage Trail with a declared monument • Most areas are not developed, except: • A village with boat rental services, private berths, a few houses • A scout center, and a school • Some pieces of vacant land / run-down buildings • One public pier and a few private pontoons
  95. 95. Tai Tam Harbour Tai Tam Waterworks Heritage Trail Village with fishing boats
  96. 96. Tai Tam Harbour Private berths / floatable pontoons
  97. 97. Tai Tam Harbour Public Pier
  98. 98. Tai Tam Harbour Vacant land Run-down building
  99. 99. Tai Tam Harbour Zoning & Land-based facilities - Utilize the government/institution/community- zoned land to build a boat club (but it requires planning permission from TPB) - While SSSI-zoned land should not be considered, certain coastal protection area (CPA)-zoned land may be evaluated to look at the potentiality of building a small boat club - Due to very limited land space, a boat club with basic facilities is recommended - Car parking spaces must be provided, although they do not have to be exactly located in the boat club, but in nearby areas Base Map: Town Planning Board
  100. 100. Tai Tam Harbour Pros: • Road access available • Very beautiful scenery; pleasure vessels often come to Tai Tam • Proximity to populations • Sheltered water • Recreational activities already take place
  101. 101. Tai Tam Harbour Concerns: • The north and east side of the harbour are natural areas (or some are SSSI) that should not be developed • Built land is limited – if we are to build a large-scale marina, some trees/buildings may have to be removed/relocated • No public transport directly to the harbour; currently only one narrow road Recommended Implementation Strategy: • This is an excellent site for a marina; investors/developers would be easy to find • The boat club should provide many moorings and/or pontoons for all types of vessels. However, dry stacks are not recommended in Tai Tam due to limited land space. • The Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station (1907) and Staff Quarters (1936), which are declared monument, may be considered to be revitalized by converting them to a boat club with offices, changing rooms, etc.
  102. 102. SAI KUNG & CLEAR WATER BAY
  103. 103. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Tsam Chuk Wan Sai Kung Hebe Haven Yim Tin Tsai Marina Cove Clear Water Bay Base Map: Centamap
  104. 104. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II) • Clear Water Bay • Hebe Haven • Marina Cove • Sai Kung • Tsam Chuk Wan • Yim Tin Sai
  105. 105. LANTAU & THE ISLANDS
  106. 106. Lantau & the Islands Discovery Bay Nim Shue Wan Tung Chung Bay Hei Ling Chau Cheung Chau Lamma Island Base Map: Centamap
  107. 107. Lantau & the Islands Site with High Potentiality: • Nim Shue Wan • Lamma Island Site with Medium Potentiality: • Cheung Chau Wan Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II) • Discovery Bay • Hei Ling Chau • Tung Chung Bay
  108. 108. Nim Shue Wan
  109. 109. Nim Shue Wan Base Map: Centamap
  110. 110. Nim Shue Wan Base Map: Town Planning Board
  111. 111. Nim Shue Wan Potentiality: High Water type: Sheltered Anchorage Zoning type: Residential (Group D) / Other Specified Uses Water depth: <2m Overview of Northeast Lantau: • According to the South West New Territories Development Strategy Review carried out in 2001, the Northeast Lantau would become a vibrant and festive node with complementary tourist and recreational facilities, with the potential to attract many international and local visitors. • However, apart from the Disneyland Resorts and Inspirational Lake Recreational Centre, no other recreational facilities have been provided. In particular, public facilities for leisure boating is absent in the area. Background: • Nim Shue Wan is currently a beach that is not in use and full of trash.
  112. 112. Nim Shue Wan Beach that is full of trash Vendor behind the beach
  113. 113. Nim Shue Wan Building behind the beach A pedestrian path is built along the beach
  114. 114. Nim Shue Wan Zoning & Land-based Facilities - Convert some of the Residential (Group D)-zoned land into a boat club while keeping the houses and the pedestrian path - However, that area is primarily for “improvement and upgrading of existing temporary structures”. Change of land use will require application to TPB - Land-based facilities such as Zoning: Residential (Group D) administrative office and floatable pontoons should be provided - The site is suitable for smaller vessels because of shallow water Base Map: Town Planning Board
  115. 115. Nim Shue Wan Pros: • Close to residential communities • No huge impact on natural environment • Can replace the currently underused beach with useful purposes • Can cater to the excess demand for Discovery Bay Marina Concerns: • Not convenient for most people; accessibility is not ideal • A few small settlements MAY have to be relocated • Shallow water (can only accommodate boats that require <2m water depth) Recommended Implementation Strategy: • Because of limited space (both land and water), it is recommended to put a small boat club (preferably a public one) with moorings for smaller vessels • The small scale allows a non-profit org./government department to run • This small boat club provides an affordable alternative for Lantau Island residents as the nearby Discovery Bay Marina is exclusive for its members
  116. 116. Lamma Island Base Map: Centamap
  117. 117. Lamma Island – Picnic Bay Base Map: Centamap
  118. 118. Lamma Island – Picnic Bay Lamma Island (Picnic Bay) Potentiality: High Type: 9 private moorings Zoning: Undetermined Background: • In 2009, a small private developer was seeking support from government to build a luxurious spy resort with a marina. • The plan was not executed but newspapers reported that Lamma residents appeared to be either neutral or supportive to the proposal, as long as they would not be asked to leave their homes. As such, a new plan for a marina is likely to be welcomed by the neighborhood.
  119. 119. Lamma Island – Picnic Bay Zoning & Land-based Facilities - To utilize the “undetermined” land - Many land-based facilities should be provided, including a clubhouse, hoist, dry stacks, slipways, repair yards, etc. - The site is suitable for a larger- scale marina, hence longer pontoons can be provided to accommodate large-sized yachts Base Map: Town Planning Board
  120. 120. Lamma Island – Picnic Bay Pros: • Excellent shelter with high water depth • Despite an island, accessibility is good because Picnic Bay has easy access from Aberdeen/Central by boats and ferries • The “undetermined” site can be utilized to build land-based facilities for the marina Cons: • Location is not ideal as it is an island Recommended Implementation Strategy: • To develop a large-scale private marina with more berths for larger yachts, especially superyachts
  121. 121. Cheung Chau Wan
  122. 122. Cheung Chau Wan Base Map: Centamap.com
  123. 123. Cheung Chau Wan Base Map: Centamap.com
  124. 124. Cheung Chau Wan Base Map: Town Planning Board
  125. 125. Cheung Chau Wan Cheung Chau Wan Potentiality: Medium Area: 50 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter Pros: • Good shelter with breakwater already built • Low impact on natural environment Cons: • Accessibility is not ideal as it is an island • Very limited land to provide land-based facilities Recommended Implementation Strategy: • To minimize the use of land and just provide simple land-based facilities
  126. 126. N.T. WEST
  127. 127. N.T. West Ting Kau Tsuen Wan Gold Coast Rambler Channel Base Map: Centamap
  128. 128. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II) • Gold Coast • Rambler Channel • Ting Kau • Tsuen Wan • Tuen Mun
  129. 129. TOLO HARBOUR / N.T. NORTH
  130. 130. Tolo Harbour / N.T. North Shuen Wan Pak Shek Kok Wu Kai Sha Base Map: Centamap
  131. 131. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Sites with High Potentiality: • Pak Shek Kok • Shuen Wan • Wu Kai Sha Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II) • Kat O • Sha Tou Kok
  132. 132. Pak Shek Kok
  133. 133. Pak Shek Kok Base Map: Centamap
  134. 134. Pak Shek Kok Source: Town Planning Board
  135. 135. Pak Shek Kok Potentiality: High Water type: N/A Zoning type: Mixed Background: • Currently along the coastline are the Hong Kong Science Park and a cycle track • A mixed-use development project led by Sino Land is under construction • Sino is interested in utilizing some of its GFA to provide marine facilities • Currently no moorings in the area • There is one public pier
  136. 136. Pak Shek Kok Development project by Sino Land Pier
  137. 137. Pak Shek Kok Zoning & Land-Based Facilities - The area zoned “recreation” is the only uncommitted site which is intended primarily for recreational developments, which may include land-based facilities of a marina, which should include a clubhouse with both wet and dry berths - The area zoned “GIC” is a pier for vessels for the Fire Services Department, while the area zoned “OU” is for a public pier. - A breakwater is required to protect boats Source: Town Planning Board
  138. 138. Pak Shek Kok Pros: • Good water depth • Accessibility is good (Road access, University MTR) • Proximity to residential areas • Proximity to natural attractions in N.T. North • Very low impact on natural environment (already a built area) Concerns: • Parts of the cycle track may have to be relocated • A breakwater has to be constructed (higher cost) • Only a small piece of land may be available Recommended implementation Strategy: • Private developers can build the marina/boat club, but at least half of which should be open for public • Large-scale marina is preferred because of the potentially high costs
  139. 139. Shuen Wan
  140. 140. Shuen Wan Base Map: Centamap
  141. 141. Shuen Wan Potentiality: Medium Water type: Typhoon Shelter Zoning type: N/A Water depth: <4.3m Background: • Mainly residential uses, including a village • There is a beach that is mostly used by villagers, with many of their small boats and sampans • The beach (a potential site) is separated with the main road by some houses and village establishments • One of the only two anchorages in HK that has moorings available (87) for the public • Zoning of the area is not covered by any statutory plan, and there is no readily identifiable site that can accommodate marina-associated development. To change of the use of the typhoon shelter, MarDep and DAFC will have to be consulted.
  142. 142. Shuen Wan
  143. 143. Shuen Wan
  144. 144. Shuen Wan Pros: • Good water depth and good shelter • Proximity to residential areas (can cater to the demand from N.T. North) • Proximity to natural attractions in N.T. North • Can fill up the available moorings Concerns: • Not too much land is available • A little bit far for many people • Not directly accessible from public transports • Construction may cause disruption for the nearby village • If a large-scale marina, some settlements have to be relocated Recommended Implementation Strategy: • To build a boat club with minimum land area and maximized mooring spaces
  145. 145. Shuen Wan Zoning & Land-based Facilities - As the site is not close to main residential areas, car parking spaces must be provided - A small office with some basic facilities such as changing rooms should be provided - Due to limited land (with the aim to minimize disruptions to villagers), dry stacks are not preferred Base Map: Centamap
  146. 146. Wu Kai Sha
  147. 147. Wu Kai Sha Base Map: Centamap
  148. 148. Wu Kai Sha Source: Town Planning Board
  149. 149. Wu Kai Sha Potentiality: High Water type: N/A Zoning type: Open Space / Conservation Area Water depth: <3.2m Background: • Currently a beach with fishing boats and sampans • There is a village; its residents are the main users of the beach • Construction sites (for a residential project by Henderson Land) near by
  150. 150. Wu Kai Sha Potentiality: High Water type: N/A Zoning type: Open Space / Conservation Area Background: • Currently a beach with fishing boats • There is a village; its residents are the main users of the beach • Construction sites (for a residential project) near by Pro: • Close to residential communities • No huge impact on natural environment Con: • Not convenient for most people; accessibility is not ideal • Shallow water (can only accommodate boats that require <2m water depth)
  151. 151. Wu Kai Sha Zoning & Land-based facilities - The area zoned “Conservation Area” (currently a village with an under- utilized beach) is intended to protect the existing natural landscape; there is a general presumption against development; successful change of zoning will require “overriding public interest” - Land-based facilities such as car parking, administrative office and changing rooms should be provided - If possible, some land can be delegated for the use of dry stacks Source: Town Planning Board
  152. 152. Wu Kai Sha Zoning & Land-based facilities - The waterfront part of the area zoned “CDA” currently belongs to the Whitehead Golf Club. As it is hard to change the zoning of a land zoned “CA”, cooperation with Whitehead may be considered. - We could utilize the CDA-land owned by Whitehead to build the land-based facilities of a marina, as “CDA” is intended for “comprehensive development for recreational, residential and/or commercial uses”. Source: Town Planning Board
  153. 153. Wu Kai Sha Pros: • Good shelter • Accessibility is good (Wu Kai Sha MTR; road access) • Proximity to residential areas (can cater to the demand from Sha Tin and Ma On Shan) • Proximity to natural attractions in N.T. North Concerns: • Shallow water • May affect residents of the village • Some impact on the natural environment Recommended Implementation Strategy: • Potential collaboration with Whitehead Club, which is right nearby • Ask if Henderson Land, which is currently building a residential project, is interested in having a marina in that site
  154. 154. Conclusion SITES WITH HIGHEST POTENTIALITY: Tai Tam Harbour Junk Bay Yau Tong Bay SITES WITH HIGH POTENTIALITY: Stanley Bay Pak Shek Kok Wu Kai Sha Nim Shue Wan Wan Chai Causeway Bay Shuen Wan Lamma Island SITES WITH MEDIUM POTENTIALITY: Cheung Chau Bay
  155. 155. Thank you
  156. 156. APPENDIX I CASE STUDIES OF MARINA DEVELOPMENT
  157. 157. Case Study of Marina Development Xiamen, China •Two huge marina projects •Striving to be the biggest marina center in China •Wuyuan Bay Marina (right) is a marine leisure complex with 610 berths Source: http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/
  158. 158. Case Study of Marina Development Dubai, UAE •1,500 jobs are to be created •The city is said to be home to 20,000 berths in 5 years •Strive to be an international boating and marina hub •Anchor Marina (right) is a marine leisure complex with 610 berths Source: http://www.realestatechannel.com/
  159. 159. APPENDIX II ANALYSIS OF SITES WITH LOW POTENTIALITY
  160. 160. Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay Chai Wan Potentiality: Low Area: 11.2 hectares Type: Sheltered Anchorage • Industrial uses should remain there (the site is surrounded by industrial zones) Base Map: Town Planning Board
  161. 161. Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay Sam Ka Tsuen Potentiality: Low Area: 1.9 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Too small • Fishing activities should be kept there Base Map: Town Planning Board
  162. 162. Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay Shau Kei Wan Potentiality: Low Area: 17.2 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Ideal location and water depth but should be kept for fishing activities Base Map: Town Planning Board
  163. 163. Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay To Kwa Wan Potentiality: Low Area: 14.8 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Too crowded • Industrial/trading uses should remain there Base Map: Town Planning Board
  164. 164. Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay New Yau Ma Tei Potentiality: Low Area: 64.6 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Industrial uses should remain there Base Map: Town Planning Board
  165. 165. Hong Kong Island South Aberdeen Potentiality: Low Area: 60.3 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Fully occupied; no room for expansion Base Map: Town Planning Board
  166. 166. Hong Kong Island South Middle Island Potentiality: Low Area: 6.9 hectares Type: Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorage • Already expanded • Further expansion may affect recreational activities/swimmers in Deep Water Bay • Parking not available (remote island) Base Map: Town Planning Board
  167. 167. Hong Kong Island South St. Stephen’s Bay Potentiality: Low Area: 1.3 hectares Type: Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorage • Not a naturally good shelter • Recreational activities should be kept there Base Map: Town Planning Board
  168. 168. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Clear Water Bay Potentiality: Low Area: 7.4 hectares Type: Marina • No room for expansion • Not a naturally good shelter; currently rely on breakwater • Clear Water Bay Golf & Country Club currently has no plan or interest to expand Base Map: Town Planning Board
  169. 169. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Hebe Haven Potentiality: Low Area: 84 hectares Type: Sheltered Anchorage • Fully occupied • Expansion requests have been turned down (no room for expansion) Base Map: Town Planning Board
  170. 170. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Marina Cove Potentiality: Low Area: 10 hectares Type: Marina • No room for expansion Base Map: Town Planning Board
  171. 171. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Sai Kung Potentiality: Low Area: 4.3 hectares Type: Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorage • Not a naturally good shelter • Too small and fully occupied Base Map: Town Planning Board
  172. 172. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Tsam Chuk Wan Potentiality: Low Area: 7.5 hectares Type: Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorage • Location too remote • Water too shallow Base Map: Centamap.com
  173. 173. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Yim Tin Tsai Potentiality: Low Area: 9.2 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Location too remote • Water too shallow Base Map: Centamap.com
  174. 174. Lantau & the Islands Discovery Bay Potentiality: Low Area: 8.5 hectares Type: Marina • No room for expansion Base Map: Town Planning Board
  175. 175. Lantau & the Islands Hei Ling Chau Potentiality: Low Area: 76.6 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Too isolated without good accessibility Base Map: Centamap.com
  176. 176. Lantau & the Islands Tung Chung Bay Potentiality: Low • Water is very polluted • Not suitable for pleasure vessels Base Map: Centamap.com
  177. 177. N.T. West Gold Coast Potentiality: Low Area: 4.8 hectares Type: Marina • Low water quality with waves • Already expanded Base Map: Town Planning Board
  178. 178. N.T. West Rambler Channel Potentiality: Low Area: 12.9 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Trading/industrial uses should remain there Base Map: Town Planning Board
  179. 179. N.T. West Ting Kau Potentiality: Low Area: 0.7 hectares Type: Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorage • Too small • Water quality is low • Too many industrial/commercial vessels in the district Base Map: Town Planning Board
  180. 180. N.T. West Tsuen Wan Potentiality: Low Area: 3.7 hectares Type: Sheltered Anchorage • Trading/industrial uses should remain there Base Map: Town Planning Board
  181. 181. N.T. West Tuen Mun Potentiality: Low Area: 56.8 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Trading/industrial uses should remain there • Water quality is low Base Map: Town Planning Board
  182. 182. Tolo Harbour / N.T. North Kat O Potentiality: Low Area: 1.6 hectares Type: Sheltered Anchorage • Very low accessibility • Too remote Base Map: Centamap.com
  183. 183. Tolo Harbour / N.T. North Sha Tau Kok Potentiality: Low Area: 0.6 hectare Type: Sheltered Anchorage • Low accessibility • Too remote Base Map: Centamap.com
  184. 184. Tolo Harbour / N.T. North Tai Mei Tuk Potentiality: Low Area: 12.3 hectares Type: Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorage • Moorings fully occupied • A little bit far Base Map: Centamap.com

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