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Preliminary Analysis
of Potential Sites for
New Boat Clubs
in Hong Kong

Prepared by:




                August 2010
Purposes of Study

We aim to:

• Identify potential locations for new boat clubs in
  Hong Kong
• Identify implementation strategies to enhance
  boat club development
Methodology

• Desk research
• Interviews with stakeholders (in order of interview date)
 •   Roger Tupper, Director of Marine
 •   Roger Eastham, Marine Services Manager at Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club
 •   Thomas Lee, Motor Boat and Tug Boat Association
 •   Jimmy Chow, Marine Operations Manager at Hebe Haven Yacht Club
 •   Andy Lam, Director at Saltwater Marine (HK) Limited
 •   Martin Leung, Marina Manager at Clearwater Bay Golf & Country Club
 •   Paul Cheung, Assistant Director (Leisure Services) at Leisure & Cultural Services Dept.
 •   Donald Choy, Assistant Director (Leisure Services), at Leisure & Cultural Services Dept.
 •   WT Yuen, Licensing Unit, Marine Department
 •   Warren Li, Licensing Unit, Marine Department

• Site visits
Definition of Boat Club
WET/DRY BERTHS (e.g. pontoons, anchors, racks) for
LEISURE CRAFTS (e.g. powerboats, yachts, sampans) with
LAND-BASED SUPPORT FACILITIES (e.g. car parking,
restaurants, changing rooms, lockers, security, hoist, repair yard, etc.)



                   Land-based support facilities
                                                       Leisure Crafts

                                         Berths
Types of Pleasure Vessels

Type                                                              No. Registered          Typical
                                                                  (2009)                  Length (m)
Unlicensed vessels such as dinghy, kayak, canoe                   N/A                     <10

Outboard Open Sampan                                              2,559                   <10
(*not classified by Marine Department as pleasure vessels)

Auxiliary Powered Yacht                                           561                     10-20

Cruiser                                                           1,950                   10-30

Open Cruiser                                                      3,962                   <10


                                                             Total: 9,032
                                                                        Source: Hong Kong Marine Department
Types of Pleasure Vessels
              Unlicensed Vessels
              (e.g. kayaks/canoes/dinghies)

              • Smaller in size
              • Usually NOT mechanically propelled
              • Usually stored in dry stacks
Types of Pleasure Vessels
                    Outboard Open Sampan

                    • <10m in length
                    • Fitted with a petrol
                      outboard engine of a
                      power <12 kilowatts
                    • May be used for fishing,
                      transport or leisure
                    • Do not require a permit in
                      order to moor
                    • Currently no berthing is
                      provided
Types of Pleasure Vessels




          Auxiliary Powered Yacht
Types of Pleasure Vessels




       Cruiser (vessels with continuous upper deck)
Types of Pleasure Vessels




Open Cruiser (vessels without continuous upper deck), e.g. speedboats
                               Source: 88DB.com
Definition of Boat Club
A boat club can be a marina, a yacht club, a water
sports centre, or simply an anchorage or boat rack
for leisure crafts together with land-based facilities
for the users.

A boat club might be operated by:
• a private club (e.g. Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club)
• a government institution
• a non-profit organization (e.g. Tai Po Boat Club)
Demand
    No. of Registered Pleasure Vessels




              Source: Marine Department
Demand




Only the no. of pleasure vessels is increasing; the numbers of
other types of vessels either decrease or remain constant.
Demand
Demand for Sheltered Space by Pleasure Vessels
                                                                                           ?



                                                                                               ?
                                                                                        Forecast from
                                                                                        Marine Department




       Source: Marine Department- Assessment of Typhoon Shelter Space Requirements 2009-2025
Current Supply

                                             • There is no new supply of
                                               sheltered space for pleasure
                                               vessels (none is planned at the
                                               moment).
                                             • The space available at Causeway
                                               Bay will decrease when
                                               construction of the Wan Chai
                                               bypass project takes place.




     Source: Marine Department- Assessment of Typhoon Shelter Space Requirements 2009-2025
Why More Boat Clubs

1) Demand is expected to exceed supply by 2015

 Forecast of Demand and Supply of Sheltered Space for Pleasure Vessels

                            Actual        Forecast
               210
                                                                                                       Demand
  (Hectares)




               200

               190
                                                                                                        Supply

               180

               170
                           2008             2010              2015              2020             2025
                     Source: Marine Department: Assessment of Typhoon Shelter Space Requirements 2009-2025
Why More Boat Clubs

2) Marinas are almost full with long waiting lists




                     Source: Hebe Haven Yacht Club
Why More Boat Clubs
Boat Club / Marina Club                         Capacity                      Status
Aberdeen Boat Club                              ~200 berths (16’ – 65’)       Full
(including Aberdeen, Middle Island)

Aberdeen Marina Club                            170 wet berths (29’ – 98’)    Full
                                                157 dry berths (14’ – 36’)
Clearwater Bay Golf & Country Club              300 wet berths (up to 100’)   A few berths (<45’) available
Marina                                          120 dry berths
Discovery Bay Marina Club                       220 berths (29’ – 115’)       Full
Club Marina Cove                                ~200 berths (19’ – 90’)       20 berths (<47’) available
Gold Coast Yacht & Country Club                 200 berths (up to 230’)       6 berths (55’ – 61’) available
Hebe Haven Yacht Club                           213 moorings (14’ – 60’)      Full
                                                53 berths (32’ – 60’)
                                                200 hardstanding spaces
Hong Kong Marina                                233 berths (16’ – 155’)       Full
Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club                      ~350 moorings (16’ – 92’)     Full
(including Causeway Bay, Shelter Cove, Middle   46 pontoons (16’ – 69’)
Island, Aberdeen)

Tai Po Boat Club                                ~20 moorings                  2 moorings (19’ – 26’) available
                                                ~30 dry berths (up to 19’)
Why More Boat Clubs

3) Private moorings are also almost full

• There are a total of 41 areas with 1,862 private
  moorings, which are managed by Marine
  Department
  (these moorings include those rented to private clubs)
• Only 2 areas have moorings available for use:
  Shuen Wan (87 left) and Tai Tam Harbour (15 left)
• Occupancy rate: ~95% (1,760 / 1,862)
Why More Boat Clubs
4A) Some small boats have nowhere to go
• Many sampan owners can
  only park their boats
  randomly (cannot afford
  high membership fees)

• People interested in having
  a small leisure boat is often
  discouraged to buy one
  (lack of appropriate and
  affordable storage spaces)
Why More Boat Clubs

4B) Across the whole range of sizes from speed
  boats to superyachts there is NOWHERE TO GO

• Medium-sized yachts (40’-80’) have almost no
  berths available
• Increasing demand for large yacht berths (80’-220’),
  but no berth is available
Why More Boat Clubs

5) Hugh potential market from Mainland China

• China’s growing elites begin turning to luxury
  sailing/boating
• Because of tax advantage in HK (10% luxury tax in
  Mainland), many mainlanders want to license and
  berth their yachts in HK
• With the lack of berths and lack of planning, HK is
  losing a huge opportunity
Why More Boat Clubs

• Currently 15 marinas throughout China (Xiamen,
  Shanghai, Qingdao, Sanya, etc.); many others
  planned
• Many Chinese cities are taking advantage of the
  growing marine market by building marinas and
  developing infrastructure. With government
  support, they will soon eclipse anything in HK
Why More Boat Clubs

“Considering the economic development potential
and disposable income increases, the recreational
boating industry will be the next booming Chinese
consumer industry, after housing and automobiles”

    Mr. Yang Xinfa, Deputy Secretary-General of the Chinese Ship Industry
Why More Boat Clubs

6) Marinas as tourism/economic strategy

• Can provide more job opportunities in MANY sectors,
  including suppliers, fuel, chandlery, yacht sales and
  services, marinas, repair yards, captains and crew,
  restaurants and bars, etc.
• To position Hong Kong as Asia’s yachting center (which
  it is currently)
• To compete with other Asian cities such as Singapore
  (“Monaco of the East”) and Sanya (now twinned with
  Cannes)
Why More Boat Clubs

• To be able to host international yacht races,
  powerboat races, etc.
• Currently all marinas are private so there is no venue
  for hosting Asia’s biggest International Boat Show. This
  is a lost opportunity for showcasing Hong Kong.
• To be able to host superyachts:
      • Add sophistication to HK Harbour (as in Sydney, Monaco,
        Auckland, London, New York City, etc)
      • Will bring considerable financial benefits and
        investments (During America’s Cup in Auckland, income
        from superyachts was 15 times more than cruise ships)
Why More Boat Clubs




   Sydney International Boat Show 2010 (Source: charterworld.com)
Why More Boat Clubs
The lack of marinas and boat clubs is killing a yacht
market potentially worth upwards of USD 250 Million
(turnover) per annum and costing many jobs (captains,
crew, repair yards, marina staff, suppliers, agents, service
companies, etc)
                                     Sanya Serenity Marina will
                                     be the only Chinese
                                     stopover in the prestigious
                                     Volvo Ocean Race set to
                                     take place in 2011/12.

                                     Source: http://www.timesofmalta.com/
Our Vision

• New boat clubs should cater for all types of vessels,
  from simple sampans to superyachts
• Moorings/berths should also be available to the
  general public (i.e. public marina), including people
  who cannot afford high membership fees
• We should build on HK’s maritime history and
  establish this global city as Asia’s Yachting Hub
• Plan now with urgency before Singapore, Hainan and
  many other Asian cities (which have full government
  backing) overtake Hong Kong and assume the title of
  Asia’s Yachting Hubs
Obstacles to Boat Club Development


• No policy support from Government
• Provision of land/sheltered water is complicated
• Environmental concerns
Obstacles to Boat Club Development

• Perception in some that marinas favour the rich BUT:
      • Yachts are well known to be holes in the ocean
        into which owners pour money
      • The average yacht owner spends 10% of the
        value of his yacht per annum in running costs)
      • Yachts provide a good way for High Net Worth
        and moderately wealthy yacht owners to put
        money back into economy
      • Yachts provide employment and economic
        benefits to local community (crews, boatyard
        personnel, catering, support companies, etc.)
UK Leisure Boating Industry
Economic benefits
• Total economic benefit amounts to 700 million pounds (per year)
• A yield of 230 million pounds per year in tax revenues
• Annual net exports estimated at 150 million pounds
• Around 30,000 jobs in more 5,000 businesses

Social benefits (also apply to anywhere)
• Enhance quality of life (enjoyment of customers, tourists and
   public at large)
• Anchor aesthetics of waterfront and immediate hinterland
• Educate people about marine environment, maritime heritage and
   even sailing skills
Implementation Strategies

1. Expansion from current marinas/boat clubs
2. Additional wet/dry berths in water sports centers
   (Note: current water sports centers are very full that there may
   not be not sufficient space for expansion; opportunities in
   planned water sports centers should be explored)
3. Brand new marina/boat club
      A. Individual boat club (e.g. Hong Kong Marina)
      B. Part of private development (e.g. Marina Cove)
      C. Part of country club (e.g. Clearwater Bay)
Possible Operation Models

User Target
1. Public marina (open for everyone)
2. Private marina with both private and public berths
3. Private marina exclusively for club members

Ownership (Operator)
1. Government (Government department)
2. Government (Non-profit club)
3. Non-profit Organization (Non-profit club)
4. Private Investor (Private club)
Selection of Sites

Main Criteria
1. Hydrographic conditions
     (e.g. water depth, streams and wave actions)
2.   Technological necessities
3.   High accessibility
4.   Proximity to populations
5.   Low impact on natural environment
6.   Low impact on surrounding settlements
7.   Costs can be minimized
8.   Public interest
Selection of Sites

We have considered a total of 38 sites, which include:

•   Typhoon Shelters
•   Sheltered Anchorages
•   Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorages
•   Sites of Current Marinas/Boat Clubs
    (if not 1, 2 or 3)
•   Sites of Planned/Approved Marinas/Boat Clubs
•   Sites suggested by interviewees
List of Sites Considered
1. TYPHOON SHELTERS   2. SHELTERED   3. PLEASURE VESSEL
Aberdeen              ANCHORAGES     SHELTERED ANCHORAGES

Causeway Bay          Chai Wan       Middle Island

Cheung Chau           Kat O          Hebe Haven

Hei Ling Chau         Shau Tau Kok   Sai Kung

Kwun Tong             Tai O          St. Stephen’s Bay

New Yau Ma Tei        Tsuen Wan      Tai Mei Tuk

Rambler Channel                      Tai Tam Harbour

Sam Ka Tsuen                         Ting Kau

Shuen Wan                            Tsam Chuk Wan

To Kwa Wan
Tuen Mun
Yim Tin Tsai
List of Sites Considered
4. SITES OF CURRENT   5. SITES OF          6. OTHER SITES SUGGESTED
MARINAS/BOAT CLUBS    PLANNED/APPROVED     BY INTERVIEWEES
(IF NOT 1,2,3)        MARINAS/BOAT CLUBS   Junk Bay
Clear Water Bay       Cyberport            Lamma Island
Discovery Bay         Yau Tong Bay         Pak Shek Kok
Gold Coast                                 Stanley Bay
Marina Cove                                Tung Chung Bay
                                           Wan Chai
                                           Wu Kai Sha
Groups of Sites




                  Base Map: Google Map
VICTORIA HARBOUR &
     JUNK BAY
Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay


                        To Kwa Wan
  New Yau Ma Tei                     Kwun Tong (Kai Tak)

                                                                    Junk Bay
                                              Yau Tong Bay
                                                             Sam Ka Tsuen
                   Causeway Bay
                                              Shau Kei Wan
               Wan Chai
               (Former Cargo Handling Site)
                                                        Chai Wan




                                                                    Base Map: Google Map
Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay
Site with High Potentiality:
• Junk Bay
• Kwun Tong (Kai Tak)
• Yau Tong Bay
• Causeway Bay
• Wan Chai (Former Cargo Working Area)

Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II)
• Chai Wan
• Sam Ka Tsuen
• Shau Kei Wan
• To Kwa Wan
• New Yau Ma Tei

-
Junk Bay
Junk Bay




           Base Map: Centamap
Junk Bay



              Proposed location
              of new soccer
              training center

           Proposed location
           of new water sports
           center




                    Base Map: Town Planning Board
Junk Bay
Potentiality: High
Water type: 1 private mooring
Zoning type: Open Space / Recreation
Water depth: <2m along Eastern Channel;
              <6m in proposed site

Background:
• New water sports center and soccer
   training center planned
• New cycle track planned along the
   Eastern Channel
• Recreational activities (e.g. fishing /
   boating) already take place
• Sampans/small boats were also
   observed; but no facility (e.g.
   pier/pontoon) has been provided to
   connect land and vessels
Junk Bay




    Absence of connection between land and boats
Junk Bay
           Boat rental




                         Fishing
Junk Bay
    Zoning & Land-based Facilities

-    Development of a marina on
     the “recreation”-zoned land
     requires planning permission
     from the Town Planning Board
-    Certain facilities can be shared   Proposed location
                                        of new soccer
     with the nearby water sports       training center
     center, such as car parking
     spaces and lockers
-    If possible, there should be
     more dry stacks for storing
     small boats (e.g. speedboats,
     canoes, sampans) because of
     the strong demand for those


                                             Base Map: Town Planning Board
Junk Bay
Pros:
• Very high accessibility (Tsueng Kwan O MTR right near by)
• Proximity to populations
• Sheltered water
• No huge impact on natural environment
• No people relocation required

Concerns:
• Breakwater is required (higher cost)
• Water depth is shallow along Eastern Channel

Recommended Implementation Strategy:
• To cooperate with the future nearby water sports center or;
• To add mooring spaces to the planned water sports center
Kwun Tong (Kai Tak)
Kwun Tong (Kai Tak)




                      Base Map: Centamap
Kwun Tong (Kai Tak)




                      Base Map: Town Planning Board
Kwun Tong (Kai Tak)
Potentiality: High
Area: 33.8 hectares
Water type: Typhoon Shelter
Zoning type: Open Space
Water depth: <5m

Background:
• The current cargo working area is going to be replaced by public open space
• A water sports center has been planned in the district
• The cruise terminal is planned to be located on the west side of the old Kai
   Tak runway; so only the east side can be considered
• The typhoon shelter is still going to be in use even after the establishment of
   a boat club/water sports center, so special arrangements have to be made to
   ensure the typhoon shelter can still cater to the demand during typhoons
Kwun Tong (Kai Tak)

                                            Zoning
                                -   The area zoned “Open
                                    Space” (the proposed
                                    location of boat club) is
                                    under government
                                    ownership; marine
                                    related facilities are
                                    permitted in the area
                                -   For the waterfront area
                                    zoned “C(2)”, a 20m-wide
                                    promenade has been
                                    planned; development of
                                    marina will require
                                    approval from TPB

Base Map: Town Planning Board
Kwun Tong (Kai Tak)

                                    Land-based facilities

                                -   Turn part of area zoned
                                    “Open Space” to a boat
                                    club
                                -   Land-based facilities
                                    such as car parking and
                                    office are needed
                                -   Dry stacks for storing
                                    smaller boats (e.g.
                                    speedboats, canoes)
                                    should be provided
                                    because of potential
                                    demand for the nearby
                                    water sports centre
Base Map: Town Planning Board
Kwun Tong (Kai Tak)
Pros:
• Great location with high accessibility
• Proximity to populations
• No huge impact on natural environment (built already)
• No people have to relocate

Concerns:
• Water quality is relatively low
• Future rail-based transportation may hinder construction
• Far from natural attractions
• There are likely conflicts with the function of the typhoon shelter

Recommended Implementation Strategy:
• To resolve conflict with the occasional typhoon shelter users by identifying
   specific areas for both the new boat club and shelter; e.g. dolphin buoys can
   be used to separate the two zones and allow flexibility
Yau Tong Bay
Yau Tong Bay




               Base Map: Centamap
Yau Tong Bay




               Base Map: Town Planning Board
Yau Tong Bay
Potentiality: High
Water type: 2 private moorings
Zoning type: Commercial / Residential

Background:
• Henderson Land, which is leading the consortium to build a mixed-use
   project along the bay, is interested in having a marina; but the plan was
   turned down by the government because of reclamation under Protection of
   Harbour Ordinance (PHO).

Why reclamation should be justified:
• We should not only protect the existence value of Victoria Harbour, but also
  the use value
• The use for leisure & recreation is important to enliven Victoria Harbour
• PHO should not be misinterpreted in a way which would either prohibit the
  use and enjoyment of the harbour
Yau Tong Bay
Henderson Land’s future plan in Yau Tong Bay
Yau Tong Bay




               MTR
Yau Tong Bay
              Zoning
-   The land area is zoned
    “Comprehensive
    Development Area”, which is
    intended to phase out the
    existing industrial operations.
-   The private developer has
    been required to provide
    public landing facilities and
    develop a promenade along
    the bay.
-   Land-based facilities for a
    marina are possible, subject
    to the developer and the
    government’s discretion



                                      Base Map: Town Planning Board
Yau Tong Bay
     Land-based facilities

-   Turn the waterfront part of
    the bay to a marina
-   Land-based facilities
    should cater to both
    private club users and the
    general public
-   Offices, changing rooms,
    clubhouse facilities,
    pontoons, hoist and
    slipway should be provided.




                                  Base Map: Town Planning Board
Yau Tong Bay
Pros:
• Very high accessibility (Yau Tong MTR right near by)
• Proximity to populations
• Sheltered water
• No huge impact on natural environment (built already)
• Great view of Victoria Harbour

Concerns:
• Water quality is relatively low
• A bit far from natural attractions
• Possible public concern of reclamation

Recommended Implementation Strategy:
• Henderson Land should build the marina; but AT LEAST half of the spaces
   should be open to the public
Causeway Bay & Wan Chai




                          Base Map: Centamap
Causeway Bay & Wan Chai




                          Base Map: Town Planning Board
Causeway Bay & Wan Chai
Original Plan

-   Wan Chai Former Cargo
    Working Area was
    planned to be
    converted to a small
    marina
-   The existing
    breakwater was
    proposed to extend
    into a harbour park




                            Source: Harbour-front Enhancement Review
Causeway Bay & Wan Chai




                  Base Map: Civil Engineering & Development Department
Causeway Bay & Wan Chai
Wan Chai
Potentiality: High
Type: Former Cargo Handling Basin
Water depth: <5.2m

Background:
• The basin was once proposed to
   build a small marina there but
   this plan was not executed
• The site has been identified to
   be converted to a “vibrant
   marine facility”
• The site has occasionally been
   utilized to hold international
   events organized by companies
   like Louis Vuitton
                                    Map Source: Harbour-front Enhancement Committee
Causeway Bay & Wan Chai
Pros:
• World-class location with very high accessibility and scenic views
• Low impact on natural environment
• No people/building has to be relocated

Concerns:
• Wave actions are strong at times
• Currently no anchor point
• Wan Chai Bypass Project will hinder construction

Recommended Implementation Strategy:
• This is an ideal location for developing a world-class marina similar to
   Monaco or Cannes
• The basin could be converted to an event-based marina with land-based
   facilities such as small offices and washrooms
• Anchor points and moorings should be added to cater for visiting boats
Causeway Bay & Wan Chai
Causeway Bay
Potentiality: High
Area: 9.9 hectares
Type: Typhoon Shelter
Water depth: <4 m

Background:
• The typhoon shelter is now divided into 3 main areas:
         • Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club’s moorings
         • Private moorings managed by Marine Department
         • Public moorings
• According to the Harbourfront Enhancement Review, the area should
    “promote marine functions associated with the club as a public resource”
• Water quality is a huge problem- the maximum level of E. coli (cfu/100ml)
    in Causeway Bay Typhoon Shelter is 49,000, which is highest among all
    typhoon shelters in HK (Aberdeen South: 1,200; Yim Tin Tsai: 1)
Causeway Bay & Wan Chai
Pros:
• World-class location with breakwater
• Expansion results in no people relocation or building demolition

Concerns:
• Very poor water quality
• Further expansion likely to trigger public concern about reclamation and
   decreasing size of Victoria Harbour (construction of a new breakwater)
• Wan Chai Bypass Project is likely to hinder expansion

Recommended Implementation Strategy:
• Similar to Wan Chai, this site is an ideal location for developing a world-
   class marina
• The urgent steps are to (1) improve water quality and (2) provide/upgrade
   certain facilities such as sewage treatment and more landing steps
HONG KONG ISLAND
     SOUTH
Hong Kong Island South

Cyberport


            Aberdeen

                                               Tai Tam Harbour
                       Middle Island




                                       St. Stephen’s Bay




                                                                 Base Map: Google Map
Hong Kong Island South
Sites with High Potentiality:
• Cyberport
• Stanley Bay
• Tai Tam Harbour

Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II)
• Aberdeen
• Middle Island
• St. Stephen’s Bay
Cyberport




            Base Map: Centamap
Cyberport




            Base Map: Town Planning Board
Cyberport
Potentiality: High
Water type: N/A
Zoning type: Other Specified Uses

Background:
• According to the Final EIA Report carried out by the IT & Broadcasting Bureau
   in 1999, in the Cyberport Project:

       “A marina and piers may be constructed at the foreshore and these would be
       founded on piles so that no dredging work would be required. Also, mooring places at
       the marina would be limited to less than 30 and these would be used primarily for
       pleasure or recreation. A breakwater may be required and a separate, further study
       would be carried out at a later stage if this were considered necessary.”

• The marina proposal was once approved, but it was not complemented
  because of profitability concerns.
Cyberport
Cyberport’s Original Plan




                            Route 4 (now taken off the plan)

                                           Marina (planned)
Cyberport
Zoning & Land-based facilities

-   Utilize the foreshore of the
    “Other Specified Uses”-
    zoned land to build a boat
    club
-   Land-based facilities such
    as a clubhouse, offices and
    changing rooms should be
    provided
-   There should also be a
    public pier and moorings
-   Pontoons that are designed
    for larger boats should be
    provided to cater to the
    strong demand

                                   Base Map: Town Planning Board
Cyberport
Pros:
• Close to residential communities
• Proximity to transportation networks (e.g. future MTR station)
• No huge impact on natural environment
• No huge impact on surrounding settlements

Concerns:
• Exposed to wind; breakwater may be required (higher cost)
• Water quality is rather low

Recommended Implementation Strategy:
• To allow the private developer to build a marina with pontoons that are
   designed for larger boats, a public pier and some public moorings.
Stanley Bay
Stanley Bay




              Base Map: Centamap
Stanley Bay




              Base Map: Town Planning Board
Stanley Bay
Potentiality: High
Zoning type: Residential (Group A)

Background:
• Stanley is a tourist spot with street markets, shopping mall, restaurants and
   bus stops.
• Stanley Bay is a popular photo spot with Murray House in the back.
• Currently there is a promenade on the north side of the bay (i.e. not possible
   to establish land-based facilities)
• Many small boats and sampans are found in the bay
Stanley Bay
Stanley Bay
                  Zoning & Land-based Facilities

              -     Utilize the Residential (Group
                    A)-zoned land to build a
                    small public marina
              -     Land-based facilities such as
                    a small office, changing
                    rooms, lockers should be
                    provided
              -     Due to very limited land, dry
                    stacks and car parking spaces
                    are not recommended here
              -     Floatable pontoons can be
                    provided



                               Base Map: Town Planning Board
Stanley Bay
Pros:
• Close to residential communities
• Good accessibility with different transports and parking spaces
• No huge impact on natural environment
• No huge impact on surrounding settlements
• Great view of Stanley

Concerns:
• Breakwater may be required (higher cost)

Recommended Implementation Strategy:
• As Stanley is a popular tourist destination, the site can be developed to a
   public marina that not only stores small local boats, but also allows visiting
   yachts to temporarily stay
Tai Tam Harbour
Tai Tam Harbour




                  Base Map: Centamap
Tai Tam Harbour




                  Base Map: Town Planning Board
Tai Tam Harbour
Potentiality: High
Water type: Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorage (32 moorings)
Zoning type: SSSI / Coastal Protection / Government & Institution
Water depth: <3m

Background:
• Tai Tam is one of the two sites where the moorings are not fully occupied (32
   / 50)
• There is a Tai Tam Waterworks Heritage Trail with a declared monument
• Most areas are not developed, except:
         • A village with boat rental services, private berths, a few houses
         • A scout center, and a school
         • Some pieces of vacant land / run-down buildings
         • One public pier and a few private pontoons
Tai Tam Harbour
                              Tai Tam Waterworks
                              Heritage Trail




 Village with fishing boats
Tai Tam Harbour


                  Private berths /
                  floatable pontoons
Tai Tam Harbour



                  Public Pier
Tai Tam Harbour
                       Vacant land




   Run-down building
Tai Tam Harbour
                      Zoning & Land-based facilities

           -   Utilize the government/institution/community-
               zoned land to build a boat club (but it requires
               planning permission from TPB)
           -   While SSSI-zoned land should not be considered,
               certain coastal protection area (CPA)-zoned
               land may be evaluated to look at the
               potentiality of building a small boat club
           -   Due to very limited land space, a boat club with
               basic facilities is recommended
           -   Car parking spaces must be provided, although
               they do not have to be exactly located in the
               boat club, but in nearby areas



                                           Base Map: Town Planning Board
Tai Tam Harbour
Pros:
• Road access available
• Very beautiful scenery; pleasure vessels often come to Tai Tam
• Proximity to populations
• Sheltered water
• Recreational activities already take place
Tai Tam Harbour
Concerns:
• The north and east side of the harbour are natural areas (or some are SSSI)
   that should not be developed
• Built land is limited – if we are to build a large-scale marina, some
   trees/buildings may have to be removed/relocated
• No public transport directly to the harbour; currently only one narrow road

Recommended Implementation Strategy:
• This is an excellent site for a marina; investors/developers would be easy to
   find
• The boat club should provide many moorings and/or pontoons for all types of
   vessels. However, dry stacks are not recommended in Tai Tam due to limited
   land space.
• The Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station (1907) and Staff Quarters (1936),
   which are declared monument, may be considered to be revitalized by
   converting them to a boat club with offices, changing rooms, etc.
SAI KUNG &
CLEAR WATER BAY
Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay
                                  Tsam Chuk Wan
             Sai Kung

         Hebe Haven     Yim Tin Tsai



     Marina Cove




                              Clear Water Bay




                                                  Base Map: Centamap
Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay
Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II)
• Clear Water Bay
• Hebe Haven
• Marina Cove
• Sai Kung
• Tsam Chuk Wan
• Yim Tin Sai
LANTAU &
THE ISLANDS
Lantau & the Islands

                         Discovery Bay

                 Nim Shue Wan
Tung Chung Bay


                         Hei Ling Chau




                          Cheung Chau    Lamma Island


                                                   Base Map: Centamap
Lantau & the Islands
Site with High Potentiality:
• Nim Shue Wan
• Lamma Island

Site with Medium Potentiality:
• Cheung Chau Wan

Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II)
• Discovery Bay
• Hei Ling Chau
• Tung Chung Bay
Nim Shue Wan
Nim Shue Wan




               Base Map: Centamap
Nim Shue Wan




               Base Map: Town Planning Board
Nim Shue Wan
Potentiality: High
Water type: Sheltered Anchorage
Zoning type: Residential (Group D) / Other Specified Uses
Water depth: <2m

Overview of Northeast Lantau:
• According to the South West New Territories Development Strategy Review
  carried out in 2001, the Northeast Lantau would become a vibrant and
  festive node with complementary tourist and recreational facilities, with
  the potential to attract many international and local visitors.
• However, apart from the Disneyland Resorts and Inspirational Lake
  Recreational Centre, no other recreational facilities have been provided. In
  particular, public facilities for leisure boating is absent in the area.

Background:
• Nim Shue Wan is currently a beach that is not in use and full of trash.
Nim Shue Wan
                          Beach that is full of trash




Vendor behind the beach
Nim Shue Wan
                        Building behind the beach




 A pedestrian path is
built along the beach
Nim Shue Wan
                                     Zoning & Land-based Facilities

                                 -   Convert some of the Residential
                                     (Group D)-zoned land into a boat
                                     club while keeping the houses and
                                     the pedestrian path
                                 -   However, that area is primarily for
                                     “improvement and upgrading of
                                     existing temporary structures”.
                                     Change of land use will require
                                     application to TPB
                                 -   Land-based facilities such as
 Zoning: Residential (Group D)
                                     administrative office and floatable
                                     pontoons should be provided
                                 -   The site is suitable for smaller
                                     vessels because of shallow water

                                                      Base Map: Town Planning Board
Nim Shue Wan
Pros:
• Close to residential communities
• No huge impact on natural environment
• Can replace the currently underused beach with useful purposes
• Can cater to the excess demand for Discovery Bay Marina

Concerns:
• Not convenient for most people; accessibility is not ideal
• A few small settlements MAY have to be relocated
• Shallow water (can only accommodate boats that require <2m water depth)

Recommended Implementation Strategy:
• Because of limited space (both land and water), it is recommended to put a
   small boat club (preferably a public one) with moorings for smaller vessels
• The small scale allows a non-profit org./government department to run
• This small boat club provides an affordable alternative for Lantau Island
   residents as the nearby Discovery Bay Marina is exclusive for its members
Lamma Island




               Base Map: Centamap
Lamma Island – Picnic Bay




                            Base Map: Centamap
Lamma Island – Picnic Bay
Lamma Island (Picnic Bay)
Potentiality: High
Type: 9 private moorings
Zoning: Undetermined

Background:
• In 2009, a small private developer was seeking support from government to
   build a luxurious spy resort with a marina.
• The plan was not executed but newspapers reported that Lamma residents
   appeared to be either neutral or supportive to the proposal, as long as they
   would not be asked to leave their homes. As such, a new plan for a marina is
   likely to be welcomed by the neighborhood.
Lamma Island – Picnic Bay
                      Zoning & Land-based Facilities

                  -    To utilize the “undetermined”
                       land
                  -    Many land-based facilities
                       should be provided, including
                       a clubhouse, hoist, dry stacks,
                       slipways, repair yards, etc.
                  -    The site is suitable for a larger-
                       scale marina, hence longer
                       pontoons can be provided to
                       accommodate large-sized
                       yachts




                                    Base Map: Town Planning Board
Lamma Island – Picnic Bay
Pros:
• Excellent shelter with high water depth
• Despite an island, accessibility is good because Picnic Bay has easy access
   from Aberdeen/Central by boats and ferries
• The “undetermined” site can be utilized to build land-based facilities for the
   marina

Cons:
• Location is not ideal as it is an island

Recommended Implementation Strategy:
• To develop a large-scale private marina with more berths for larger yachts,
   especially superyachts
Cheung Chau Wan
Cheung Chau Wan




                  Base Map: Centamap.com
Cheung Chau Wan




                  Base Map: Centamap.com
Cheung Chau Wan




                  Base Map: Town Planning Board
Cheung Chau Wan
Cheung Chau Wan
Potentiality: Medium
Area: 50 hectares
Type: Typhoon Shelter

Pros:
• Good shelter with breakwater already built
• Low impact on natural environment

Cons:
• Accessibility is not ideal as it is an island
• Very limited land to provide land-based facilities

Recommended Implementation Strategy:
• To minimize the use of land and just provide simple land-based facilities
N.T. WEST
N.T. West


             Ting Kau

                        Tsuen Wan

Gold Coast



                        Rambler Channel




                          Base Map: Centamap
Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay
Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II)
• Gold Coast
• Rambler Channel
• Ting Kau
• Tsuen Wan
• Tuen Mun
TOLO HARBOUR /
  N.T. NORTH
Tolo Harbour / N.T. North


                 Shuen Wan




          Pak Shek Kok
                             Wu Kai Sha




                                          Base Map: Centamap
Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay
Sites with High Potentiality:
• Pak Shek Kok
• Shuen Wan
• Wu Kai Sha

Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II)
• Kat O
• Sha Tou Kok
Pak Shek Kok
Pak Shek Kok




               Base Map: Centamap
Pak Shek Kok




               Source: Town Planning Board
Pak Shek Kok
Potentiality: High
Water type: N/A
Zoning type: Mixed

Background:
• Currently along the coastline are the Hong Kong Science Park and a cycle
   track
• A mixed-use development project led by Sino Land is under construction
• Sino is interested in utilizing some of its GFA to provide marine facilities
• Currently no moorings in the area
• There is one public pier
Pak Shek Kok
                      Development project by
                      Sino Land




               Pier
Pak Shek Kok
                   Zoning & Land-Based Facilities

               -   The area zoned “recreation” is the
                   only uncommitted site which is
                   intended primarily for recreational
                   developments, which may include
                   land-based facilities of a marina,
                   which should include a clubhouse
                   with both wet and dry berths
               -   The area zoned “GIC” is a pier for
                   vessels for the Fire Services
                   Department, while the area zoned
                   “OU” is for a public pier.
               -   A breakwater is required to protect
                   boats


                                     Source: Town Planning Board
Pak Shek Kok
Pros:
• Good water depth
• Accessibility is good (Road access, University MTR)
• Proximity to residential areas
• Proximity to natural attractions in N.T. North
• Very low impact on natural environment (already a built area)

Concerns:
• Parts of the cycle track may have to be relocated
• A breakwater has to be constructed (higher cost)
• Only a small piece of land may be available

Recommended implementation Strategy:
• Private developers can build the marina/boat club, but at least half of which
   should be open for public
• Large-scale marina is preferred because of the potentially high costs
Shuen Wan
Shuen Wan




            Base Map: Centamap
Shuen Wan
Potentiality: Medium
Water type: Typhoon Shelter
Zoning type: N/A
Water depth: <4.3m

Background:
• Mainly residential uses, including a village
• There is a beach that is mostly used by villagers, with many of their small
   boats and sampans
• The beach (a potential site) is separated with the main road by some houses
   and village establishments
• One of the only two anchorages in HK that has moorings available (87) for
   the public
• Zoning of the area is not covered by any statutory plan, and there is no
   readily identifiable site that can accommodate marina-associated
   development. To change of the use of the typhoon shelter, MarDep and DAFC
   will have to be consulted.
Shuen Wan
Shuen Wan
Shuen Wan
Pros:
• Good water depth and good shelter
• Proximity to residential areas (can cater to the demand from N.T. North)
• Proximity to natural attractions in N.T. North
• Can fill up the available moorings

Concerns:
• Not too much land is available
• A little bit far for many people
• Not directly accessible from public transports
• Construction may cause disruption for the nearby village
• If a large-scale marina, some settlements have to be relocated

Recommended Implementation Strategy:
• To build a boat club with minimum land area and maximized mooring spaces
Shuen Wan
            Zoning & Land-based Facilities

            -   As the site is not close to
                main residential areas, car
                parking spaces must be
                provided
            -   A small office with some
                basic facilities such as
                changing rooms should be
                provided
            -   Due to limited land (with the
                aim to minimize disruptions
                to villagers), dry stacks are
                not preferred



                                Base Map: Centamap
Wu Kai Sha
Wu Kai Sha




             Base Map: Centamap
Wu Kai Sha




             Source: Town Planning Board
Wu Kai Sha
Potentiality: High
Water type: N/A
Zoning type: Open Space / Conservation Area
Water depth: <3.2m

Background:
• Currently a beach with fishing boats and sampans
• There is a village; its residents are the main users of the beach
• Construction sites (for a residential project by Henderson Land) near by
Wu Kai Sha
Potentiality: High
Water type: N/A
Zoning type: Open Space / Conservation Area

Background:
• Currently a beach with fishing boats
• There is a village; its residents are the main users of the beach
• Construction sites (for a residential project) near by

Pro:
• Close to residential communities
• No huge impact on natural environment

Con:
• Not convenient for most people; accessibility is not ideal
• Shallow water (can only accommodate boats that require <2m water depth)
Wu Kai Sha
                 Zoning & Land-based facilities

             -   The area zoned “Conservation Area”
                 (currently a village with an under-
                 utilized beach) is intended to
                 protect the existing natural
                 landscape; there is a general
                 presumption against development;
                 successful change of zoning will
                 require “overriding public interest”
             -   Land-based facilities such as car
                 parking, administrative office and
                 changing rooms should be
                 provided
             -   If possible, some land can be
                 delegated for the use of dry stacks

                                   Source: Town Planning Board
Wu Kai Sha
                 Zoning & Land-based facilities

             -   The waterfront part of the area
                 zoned “CDA” currently belongs to
                 the Whitehead Golf Club. As it is
                 hard to change the zoning of a land
                 zoned “CA”, cooperation with
                 Whitehead may be considered.
             -   We could utilize the CDA-land
                 owned by Whitehead to build the
                 land-based facilities of a marina, as
                 “CDA” is intended for
                 “comprehensive development for
                 recreational, residential and/or
                 commercial uses”.


                                    Source: Town Planning Board
Wu Kai Sha
Pros:
• Good shelter
• Accessibility is good (Wu Kai Sha MTR; road access)
• Proximity to residential areas (can cater to the demand from Sha Tin and Ma
   On Shan)
• Proximity to natural attractions in N.T. North

Concerns:
• Shallow water
• May affect residents of the village
• Some impact on the natural environment

Recommended Implementation Strategy:
• Potential collaboration with Whitehead Club, which is right nearby
• Ask if Henderson Land, which is currently building a residential project, is
   interested in having a marina in that site
Conclusion
SITES WITH HIGHEST POTENTIALITY:
Tai Tam Harbour
Junk Bay
Yau Tong Bay

SITES WITH HIGH POTENTIALITY:
Stanley Bay
Pak Shek Kok
Wu Kai Sha
Nim Shue Wan
Wan Chai
Causeway Bay
Shuen Wan
Lamma Island

SITES WITH MEDIUM POTENTIALITY:
Cheung Chau Bay
Thank you
APPENDIX I

  CASE STUDIES OF
MARINA DEVELOPMENT
Case Study of Marina Development

Xiamen, China

•Two huge marina projects
•Striving to be the biggest
marina center in China
•Wuyuan Bay Marina (right)
is a marine leisure complex
with 610 berths



                              Source: http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/
Case Study of Marina Development

Dubai, UAE

•1,500 jobs are to be created
•The city is said to be home to
20,000 berths in 5 years
•Strive to be an international
boating and marina hub
•Anchor Marina (right) is a
marine leisure complex with
610 berths

                                  Source: http://www.realestatechannel.com/
APPENDIX II

ANALYSIS OF SITES WITH
  LOW POTENTIALITY
Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay
Chai Wan
Potentiality: Low
Area: 11.2 hectares
Type: Sheltered Anchorage

• Industrial uses should remain
  there (the site is surrounded
  by industrial zones)




                                  Base Map: Town Planning Board
Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay
Sam Ka Tsuen
Potentiality: Low
Area: 1.9 hectares
Type: Typhoon Shelter

• Too small
• Fishing activities
  should be kept there




                          Base Map: Town Planning Board
Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay
Shau Kei Wan
Potentiality: Low
Area: 17.2 hectares
Type: Typhoon Shelter

• Ideal location and water depth but should be kept for fishing activities




                                                              Base Map: Town Planning Board
Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay
To Kwa Wan
Potentiality: Low
Area: 14.8 hectares
Type: Typhoon Shelter

• Too crowded
• Industrial/trading uses should remain there




                                                Base Map: Town Planning Board
Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay
New Yau Ma Tei
Potentiality: Low
Area: 64.6 hectares
Type: Typhoon Shelter

• Industrial uses should remain there




                                        Base Map: Town Planning Board
Hong Kong Island South
Aberdeen
Potentiality: Low
Area: 60.3 hectares
Type: Typhoon Shelter

• Fully occupied; no room for expansion




                                          Base Map: Town Planning Board
Hong Kong Island South
Middle Island
Potentiality: Low
Area: 6.9 hectares
Type: Pleasure Vessel
      Sheltered Anchorage

• Already expanded
• Further expansion may
  affect recreational
  activities/swimmers in
  Deep Water Bay
• Parking not available
  (remote island)




                            Base Map: Town Planning Board
Hong Kong Island South
St. Stephen’s Bay
Potentiality: Low
Area: 1.3 hectares
Type: Pleasure Vessel
       Sheltered Anchorage

• Not a naturally good
  shelter
• Recreational activities
  should be kept there




                             Base Map: Town Planning Board
Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay
                  Clear Water Bay
                  Potentiality: Low
                  Area: 7.4 hectares
                  Type: Marina

                  • No room for expansion
                  • Not a naturally good shelter;
                    currently rely on breakwater
                  • Clear Water Bay Golf & Country
                    Club currently has no plan or
                    interest to expand




                                   Base Map: Town Planning Board
Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay
Hebe Haven
Potentiality: Low
Area: 84 hectares
Type: Sheltered Anchorage

• Fully occupied
• Expansion requests have been
  turned down (no room for
  expansion)




                                 Base Map: Town Planning Board
Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay
                 Marina Cove
                 Potentiality: Low
                 Area: 10 hectares
                 Type: Marina

                 • No room for expansion




                                     Base Map: Town Planning Board
Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay
                    Sai Kung
                    Potentiality: Low
                    Area: 4.3 hectares
                    Type: Pleasure Vessel
                          Sheltered Anchorage

                    • Not a naturally good shelter
                    • Too small and fully occupied




                                Base Map: Town Planning Board
Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay
Tsam Chuk Wan
Potentiality: Low
Area: 7.5 hectares
Type: Pleasure Vessel
    Sheltered Anchorage

• Location too remote
• Water too shallow




                             Base Map: Centamap.com
Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay
Yim Tin Tsai
Potentiality: Low
Area: 9.2 hectares
Type: Typhoon Shelter

• Location too remote
• Water too shallow




                             Base Map: Centamap.com
Lantau & the Islands
Discovery Bay
Potentiality: Low
Area: 8.5 hectares
Type: Marina

• No room for expansion




                          Base Map: Town Planning Board
Lantau & the Islands
Hei Ling Chau
Potentiality: Low
Area: 76.6 hectares
Type: Typhoon Shelter

• Too isolated without good
  accessibility




                              Base Map: Centamap.com
Lantau & the Islands
Tung Chung Bay
Potentiality: Low

• Water is very
  polluted
• Not suitable for
  pleasure vessels




                       Base Map: Centamap.com
N.T. West
Gold Coast
Potentiality: Low
Area: 4.8 hectares
Type: Marina

• Low water quality with waves
• Already expanded




                                 Base Map: Town Planning Board
N.T. West
Rambler Channel
Potentiality: Low
Area: 12.9 hectares
Type: Typhoon Shelter

• Trading/industrial uses should
  remain there




                                   Base Map: Town Planning Board
N.T. West
Ting Kau
Potentiality: Low
Area: 0.7 hectares
Type: Pleasure Vessel
      Sheltered Anchorage

• Too small
• Water quality is low
• Too many industrial/commercial
  vessels in the district




                                   Base Map: Town Planning Board
N.T. West
Tsuen Wan
Potentiality: Low
Area: 3.7 hectares
Type: Sheltered Anchorage

• Trading/industrial uses should
  remain there




                                   Base Map: Town Planning Board
N.T. West
Tuen Mun
Potentiality: Low
Area: 56.8 hectares
Type: Typhoon Shelter

• Trading/industrial uses
  should remain there
• Water quality is low




                            Base Map: Town Planning Board
Tolo Harbour / N.T. North
Kat O
Potentiality: Low
Area: 1.6 hectares
Type: Sheltered Anchorage

• Very low accessibility
• Too remote




                            Base Map: Centamap.com
Tolo Harbour / N.T. North
Sha Tau Kok
Potentiality: Low
Area: 0.6 hectare
Type: Sheltered Anchorage

• Low accessibility
• Too remote




                            Base Map: Centamap.com
Tolo Harbour / N.T. North
Tai Mei Tuk
Potentiality: Low
Area: 12.3 hectares
Type: Pleasure Vessel
    Sheltered
      Anchorage

• Moorings fully occupied
• A little bit far




                            Base Map: Centamap.com

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Preliminary Analysis of Potential Sites for New Boat Clubs in Hong Kong

  • 1. Preliminary Analysis of Potential Sites for New Boat Clubs in Hong Kong Prepared by: August 2010
  • 2. Purposes of Study We aim to: • Identify potential locations for new boat clubs in Hong Kong • Identify implementation strategies to enhance boat club development
  • 3. Methodology • Desk research • Interviews with stakeholders (in order of interview date) • Roger Tupper, Director of Marine • Roger Eastham, Marine Services Manager at Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club • Thomas Lee, Motor Boat and Tug Boat Association • Jimmy Chow, Marine Operations Manager at Hebe Haven Yacht Club • Andy Lam, Director at Saltwater Marine (HK) Limited • Martin Leung, Marina Manager at Clearwater Bay Golf & Country Club • Paul Cheung, Assistant Director (Leisure Services) at Leisure & Cultural Services Dept. • Donald Choy, Assistant Director (Leisure Services), at Leisure & Cultural Services Dept. • WT Yuen, Licensing Unit, Marine Department • Warren Li, Licensing Unit, Marine Department • Site visits
  • 4. Definition of Boat Club WET/DRY BERTHS (e.g. pontoons, anchors, racks) for LEISURE CRAFTS (e.g. powerboats, yachts, sampans) with LAND-BASED SUPPORT FACILITIES (e.g. car parking, restaurants, changing rooms, lockers, security, hoist, repair yard, etc.) Land-based support facilities Leisure Crafts Berths
  • 5. Types of Pleasure Vessels Type No. Registered Typical (2009) Length (m) Unlicensed vessels such as dinghy, kayak, canoe N/A <10 Outboard Open Sampan 2,559 <10 (*not classified by Marine Department as pleasure vessels) Auxiliary Powered Yacht 561 10-20 Cruiser 1,950 10-30 Open Cruiser 3,962 <10 Total: 9,032 Source: Hong Kong Marine Department
  • 6. Types of Pleasure Vessels Unlicensed Vessels (e.g. kayaks/canoes/dinghies) • Smaller in size • Usually NOT mechanically propelled • Usually stored in dry stacks
  • 7. Types of Pleasure Vessels Outboard Open Sampan • <10m in length • Fitted with a petrol outboard engine of a power <12 kilowatts • May be used for fishing, transport or leisure • Do not require a permit in order to moor • Currently no berthing is provided
  • 8. Types of Pleasure Vessels Auxiliary Powered Yacht
  • 9. Types of Pleasure Vessels Cruiser (vessels with continuous upper deck)
  • 10. Types of Pleasure Vessels Open Cruiser (vessels without continuous upper deck), e.g. speedboats Source: 88DB.com
  • 11. Definition of Boat Club A boat club can be a marina, a yacht club, a water sports centre, or simply an anchorage or boat rack for leisure crafts together with land-based facilities for the users. A boat club might be operated by: • a private club (e.g. Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club) • a government institution • a non-profit organization (e.g. Tai Po Boat Club)
  • 12. Demand No. of Registered Pleasure Vessels Source: Marine Department
  • 13. Demand Only the no. of pleasure vessels is increasing; the numbers of other types of vessels either decrease or remain constant.
  • 14. Demand Demand for Sheltered Space by Pleasure Vessels ? ? Forecast from Marine Department Source: Marine Department- Assessment of Typhoon Shelter Space Requirements 2009-2025
  • 15. Current Supply • There is no new supply of sheltered space for pleasure vessels (none is planned at the moment). • The space available at Causeway Bay will decrease when construction of the Wan Chai bypass project takes place. Source: Marine Department- Assessment of Typhoon Shelter Space Requirements 2009-2025
  • 16. Why More Boat Clubs 1) Demand is expected to exceed supply by 2015 Forecast of Demand and Supply of Sheltered Space for Pleasure Vessels Actual Forecast 210 Demand (Hectares) 200 190 Supply 180 170 2008 2010 2015 2020 2025 Source: Marine Department: Assessment of Typhoon Shelter Space Requirements 2009-2025
  • 17. Why More Boat Clubs 2) Marinas are almost full with long waiting lists Source: Hebe Haven Yacht Club
  • 18. Why More Boat Clubs Boat Club / Marina Club Capacity Status Aberdeen Boat Club ~200 berths (16’ – 65’) Full (including Aberdeen, Middle Island) Aberdeen Marina Club 170 wet berths (29’ – 98’) Full 157 dry berths (14’ – 36’) Clearwater Bay Golf & Country Club 300 wet berths (up to 100’) A few berths (<45’) available Marina 120 dry berths Discovery Bay Marina Club 220 berths (29’ – 115’) Full Club Marina Cove ~200 berths (19’ – 90’) 20 berths (<47’) available Gold Coast Yacht & Country Club 200 berths (up to 230’) 6 berths (55’ – 61’) available Hebe Haven Yacht Club 213 moorings (14’ – 60’) Full 53 berths (32’ – 60’) 200 hardstanding spaces Hong Kong Marina 233 berths (16’ – 155’) Full Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club ~350 moorings (16’ – 92’) Full (including Causeway Bay, Shelter Cove, Middle 46 pontoons (16’ – 69’) Island, Aberdeen) Tai Po Boat Club ~20 moorings 2 moorings (19’ – 26’) available ~30 dry berths (up to 19’)
  • 19. Why More Boat Clubs 3) Private moorings are also almost full • There are a total of 41 areas with 1,862 private moorings, which are managed by Marine Department (these moorings include those rented to private clubs) • Only 2 areas have moorings available for use: Shuen Wan (87 left) and Tai Tam Harbour (15 left) • Occupancy rate: ~95% (1,760 / 1,862)
  • 20. Why More Boat Clubs 4A) Some small boats have nowhere to go • Many sampan owners can only park their boats randomly (cannot afford high membership fees) • People interested in having a small leisure boat is often discouraged to buy one (lack of appropriate and affordable storage spaces)
  • 21. Why More Boat Clubs 4B) Across the whole range of sizes from speed boats to superyachts there is NOWHERE TO GO • Medium-sized yachts (40’-80’) have almost no berths available • Increasing demand for large yacht berths (80’-220’), but no berth is available
  • 22. Why More Boat Clubs 5) Hugh potential market from Mainland China • China’s growing elites begin turning to luxury sailing/boating • Because of tax advantage in HK (10% luxury tax in Mainland), many mainlanders want to license and berth their yachts in HK • With the lack of berths and lack of planning, HK is losing a huge opportunity
  • 23. Why More Boat Clubs • Currently 15 marinas throughout China (Xiamen, Shanghai, Qingdao, Sanya, etc.); many others planned • Many Chinese cities are taking advantage of the growing marine market by building marinas and developing infrastructure. With government support, they will soon eclipse anything in HK
  • 24. Why More Boat Clubs “Considering the economic development potential and disposable income increases, the recreational boating industry will be the next booming Chinese consumer industry, after housing and automobiles” Mr. Yang Xinfa, Deputy Secretary-General of the Chinese Ship Industry
  • 25. Why More Boat Clubs 6) Marinas as tourism/economic strategy • Can provide more job opportunities in MANY sectors, including suppliers, fuel, chandlery, yacht sales and services, marinas, repair yards, captains and crew, restaurants and bars, etc. • To position Hong Kong as Asia’s yachting center (which it is currently) • To compete with other Asian cities such as Singapore (“Monaco of the East”) and Sanya (now twinned with Cannes)
  • 26. Why More Boat Clubs • To be able to host international yacht races, powerboat races, etc. • Currently all marinas are private so there is no venue for hosting Asia’s biggest International Boat Show. This is a lost opportunity for showcasing Hong Kong. • To be able to host superyachts: • Add sophistication to HK Harbour (as in Sydney, Monaco, Auckland, London, New York City, etc) • Will bring considerable financial benefits and investments (During America’s Cup in Auckland, income from superyachts was 15 times more than cruise ships)
  • 27. Why More Boat Clubs Sydney International Boat Show 2010 (Source: charterworld.com)
  • 28. Why More Boat Clubs The lack of marinas and boat clubs is killing a yacht market potentially worth upwards of USD 250 Million (turnover) per annum and costing many jobs (captains, crew, repair yards, marina staff, suppliers, agents, service companies, etc) Sanya Serenity Marina will be the only Chinese stopover in the prestigious Volvo Ocean Race set to take place in 2011/12. Source: http://www.timesofmalta.com/
  • 29. Our Vision • New boat clubs should cater for all types of vessels, from simple sampans to superyachts • Moorings/berths should also be available to the general public (i.e. public marina), including people who cannot afford high membership fees • We should build on HK’s maritime history and establish this global city as Asia’s Yachting Hub • Plan now with urgency before Singapore, Hainan and many other Asian cities (which have full government backing) overtake Hong Kong and assume the title of Asia’s Yachting Hubs
  • 30. Obstacles to Boat Club Development • No policy support from Government • Provision of land/sheltered water is complicated • Environmental concerns
  • 31. Obstacles to Boat Club Development • Perception in some that marinas favour the rich BUT: • Yachts are well known to be holes in the ocean into which owners pour money • The average yacht owner spends 10% of the value of his yacht per annum in running costs) • Yachts provide a good way for High Net Worth and moderately wealthy yacht owners to put money back into economy • Yachts provide employment and economic benefits to local community (crews, boatyard personnel, catering, support companies, etc.)
  • 32. UK Leisure Boating Industry Economic benefits • Total economic benefit amounts to 700 million pounds (per year) • A yield of 230 million pounds per year in tax revenues • Annual net exports estimated at 150 million pounds • Around 30,000 jobs in more 5,000 businesses Social benefits (also apply to anywhere) • Enhance quality of life (enjoyment of customers, tourists and public at large) • Anchor aesthetics of waterfront and immediate hinterland • Educate people about marine environment, maritime heritage and even sailing skills
  • 33. Implementation Strategies 1. Expansion from current marinas/boat clubs 2. Additional wet/dry berths in water sports centers (Note: current water sports centers are very full that there may not be not sufficient space for expansion; opportunities in planned water sports centers should be explored) 3. Brand new marina/boat club A. Individual boat club (e.g. Hong Kong Marina) B. Part of private development (e.g. Marina Cove) C. Part of country club (e.g. Clearwater Bay)
  • 34. Possible Operation Models User Target 1. Public marina (open for everyone) 2. Private marina with both private and public berths 3. Private marina exclusively for club members Ownership (Operator) 1. Government (Government department) 2. Government (Non-profit club) 3. Non-profit Organization (Non-profit club) 4. Private Investor (Private club)
  • 35. Selection of Sites Main Criteria 1. Hydrographic conditions (e.g. water depth, streams and wave actions) 2. Technological necessities 3. High accessibility 4. Proximity to populations 5. Low impact on natural environment 6. Low impact on surrounding settlements 7. Costs can be minimized 8. Public interest
  • 36. Selection of Sites We have considered a total of 38 sites, which include: • Typhoon Shelters • Sheltered Anchorages • Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorages • Sites of Current Marinas/Boat Clubs (if not 1, 2 or 3) • Sites of Planned/Approved Marinas/Boat Clubs • Sites suggested by interviewees
  • 37. List of Sites Considered 1. TYPHOON SHELTERS 2. SHELTERED 3. PLEASURE VESSEL Aberdeen ANCHORAGES SHELTERED ANCHORAGES Causeway Bay Chai Wan Middle Island Cheung Chau Kat O Hebe Haven Hei Ling Chau Shau Tau Kok Sai Kung Kwun Tong Tai O St. Stephen’s Bay New Yau Ma Tei Tsuen Wan Tai Mei Tuk Rambler Channel Tai Tam Harbour Sam Ka Tsuen Ting Kau Shuen Wan Tsam Chuk Wan To Kwa Wan Tuen Mun Yim Tin Tsai
  • 38. List of Sites Considered 4. SITES OF CURRENT 5. SITES OF 6. OTHER SITES SUGGESTED MARINAS/BOAT CLUBS PLANNED/APPROVED BY INTERVIEWEES (IF NOT 1,2,3) MARINAS/BOAT CLUBS Junk Bay Clear Water Bay Cyberport Lamma Island Discovery Bay Yau Tong Bay Pak Shek Kok Gold Coast Stanley Bay Marina Cove Tung Chung Bay Wan Chai Wu Kai Sha
  • 39. Groups of Sites Base Map: Google Map
  • 40. VICTORIA HARBOUR & JUNK BAY
  • 41. Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay To Kwa Wan New Yau Ma Tei Kwun Tong (Kai Tak) Junk Bay Yau Tong Bay Sam Ka Tsuen Causeway Bay Shau Kei Wan Wan Chai (Former Cargo Handling Site) Chai Wan Base Map: Google Map
  • 42. Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay Site with High Potentiality: • Junk Bay • Kwun Tong (Kai Tak) • Yau Tong Bay • Causeway Bay • Wan Chai (Former Cargo Working Area) Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II) • Chai Wan • Sam Ka Tsuen • Shau Kei Wan • To Kwa Wan • New Yau Ma Tei -
  • 44. Junk Bay Base Map: Centamap
  • 45. Junk Bay Proposed location of new soccer training center Proposed location of new water sports center Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 46. Junk Bay Potentiality: High Water type: 1 private mooring Zoning type: Open Space / Recreation Water depth: <2m along Eastern Channel; <6m in proposed site Background: • New water sports center and soccer training center planned • New cycle track planned along the Eastern Channel • Recreational activities (e.g. fishing / boating) already take place • Sampans/small boats were also observed; but no facility (e.g. pier/pontoon) has been provided to connect land and vessels
  • 47. Junk Bay Absence of connection between land and boats
  • 48. Junk Bay Boat rental Fishing
  • 49. Junk Bay Zoning & Land-based Facilities - Development of a marina on the “recreation”-zoned land requires planning permission from the Town Planning Board - Certain facilities can be shared Proposed location of new soccer with the nearby water sports training center center, such as car parking spaces and lockers - If possible, there should be more dry stacks for storing small boats (e.g. speedboats, canoes, sampans) because of the strong demand for those Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 50. Junk Bay Pros: • Very high accessibility (Tsueng Kwan O MTR right near by) • Proximity to populations • Sheltered water • No huge impact on natural environment • No people relocation required Concerns: • Breakwater is required (higher cost) • Water depth is shallow along Eastern Channel Recommended Implementation Strategy: • To cooperate with the future nearby water sports center or; • To add mooring spaces to the planned water sports center
  • 52. Kwun Tong (Kai Tak) Base Map: Centamap
  • 53. Kwun Tong (Kai Tak) Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 54. Kwun Tong (Kai Tak) Potentiality: High Area: 33.8 hectares Water type: Typhoon Shelter Zoning type: Open Space Water depth: <5m Background: • The current cargo working area is going to be replaced by public open space • A water sports center has been planned in the district • The cruise terminal is planned to be located on the west side of the old Kai Tak runway; so only the east side can be considered • The typhoon shelter is still going to be in use even after the establishment of a boat club/water sports center, so special arrangements have to be made to ensure the typhoon shelter can still cater to the demand during typhoons
  • 55. Kwun Tong (Kai Tak) Zoning - The area zoned “Open Space” (the proposed location of boat club) is under government ownership; marine related facilities are permitted in the area - For the waterfront area zoned “C(2)”, a 20m-wide promenade has been planned; development of marina will require approval from TPB Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 56. Kwun Tong (Kai Tak) Land-based facilities - Turn part of area zoned “Open Space” to a boat club - Land-based facilities such as car parking and office are needed - Dry stacks for storing smaller boats (e.g. speedboats, canoes) should be provided because of potential demand for the nearby water sports centre Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 57. Kwun Tong (Kai Tak) Pros: • Great location with high accessibility • Proximity to populations • No huge impact on natural environment (built already) • No people have to relocate Concerns: • Water quality is relatively low • Future rail-based transportation may hinder construction • Far from natural attractions • There are likely conflicts with the function of the typhoon shelter Recommended Implementation Strategy: • To resolve conflict with the occasional typhoon shelter users by identifying specific areas for both the new boat club and shelter; e.g. dolphin buoys can be used to separate the two zones and allow flexibility
  • 59. Yau Tong Bay Base Map: Centamap
  • 60. Yau Tong Bay Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 61. Yau Tong Bay Potentiality: High Water type: 2 private moorings Zoning type: Commercial / Residential Background: • Henderson Land, which is leading the consortium to build a mixed-use project along the bay, is interested in having a marina; but the plan was turned down by the government because of reclamation under Protection of Harbour Ordinance (PHO). Why reclamation should be justified: • We should not only protect the existence value of Victoria Harbour, but also the use value • The use for leisure & recreation is important to enliven Victoria Harbour • PHO should not be misinterpreted in a way which would either prohibit the use and enjoyment of the harbour
  • 62. Yau Tong Bay Henderson Land’s future plan in Yau Tong Bay
  • 64. Yau Tong Bay Zoning - The land area is zoned “Comprehensive Development Area”, which is intended to phase out the existing industrial operations. - The private developer has been required to provide public landing facilities and develop a promenade along the bay. - Land-based facilities for a marina are possible, subject to the developer and the government’s discretion Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 65. Yau Tong Bay Land-based facilities - Turn the waterfront part of the bay to a marina - Land-based facilities should cater to both private club users and the general public - Offices, changing rooms, clubhouse facilities, pontoons, hoist and slipway should be provided. Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 66. Yau Tong Bay Pros: • Very high accessibility (Yau Tong MTR right near by) • Proximity to populations • Sheltered water • No huge impact on natural environment (built already) • Great view of Victoria Harbour Concerns: • Water quality is relatively low • A bit far from natural attractions • Possible public concern of reclamation Recommended Implementation Strategy: • Henderson Land should build the marina; but AT LEAST half of the spaces should be open to the public
  • 67. Causeway Bay & Wan Chai Base Map: Centamap
  • 68. Causeway Bay & Wan Chai Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 69. Causeway Bay & Wan Chai Original Plan - Wan Chai Former Cargo Working Area was planned to be converted to a small marina - The existing breakwater was proposed to extend into a harbour park Source: Harbour-front Enhancement Review
  • 70. Causeway Bay & Wan Chai Base Map: Civil Engineering & Development Department
  • 71. Causeway Bay & Wan Chai Wan Chai Potentiality: High Type: Former Cargo Handling Basin Water depth: <5.2m Background: • The basin was once proposed to build a small marina there but this plan was not executed • The site has been identified to be converted to a “vibrant marine facility” • The site has occasionally been utilized to hold international events organized by companies like Louis Vuitton Map Source: Harbour-front Enhancement Committee
  • 72. Causeway Bay & Wan Chai Pros: • World-class location with very high accessibility and scenic views • Low impact on natural environment • No people/building has to be relocated Concerns: • Wave actions are strong at times • Currently no anchor point • Wan Chai Bypass Project will hinder construction Recommended Implementation Strategy: • This is an ideal location for developing a world-class marina similar to Monaco or Cannes • The basin could be converted to an event-based marina with land-based facilities such as small offices and washrooms • Anchor points and moorings should be added to cater for visiting boats
  • 73. Causeway Bay & Wan Chai Causeway Bay Potentiality: High Area: 9.9 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter Water depth: <4 m Background: • The typhoon shelter is now divided into 3 main areas: • Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club’s moorings • Private moorings managed by Marine Department • Public moorings • According to the Harbourfront Enhancement Review, the area should “promote marine functions associated with the club as a public resource” • Water quality is a huge problem- the maximum level of E. coli (cfu/100ml) in Causeway Bay Typhoon Shelter is 49,000, which is highest among all typhoon shelters in HK (Aberdeen South: 1,200; Yim Tin Tsai: 1)
  • 74. Causeway Bay & Wan Chai Pros: • World-class location with breakwater • Expansion results in no people relocation or building demolition Concerns: • Very poor water quality • Further expansion likely to trigger public concern about reclamation and decreasing size of Victoria Harbour (construction of a new breakwater) • Wan Chai Bypass Project is likely to hinder expansion Recommended Implementation Strategy: • Similar to Wan Chai, this site is an ideal location for developing a world- class marina • The urgent steps are to (1) improve water quality and (2) provide/upgrade certain facilities such as sewage treatment and more landing steps
  • 76. Hong Kong Island South Cyberport Aberdeen Tai Tam Harbour Middle Island St. Stephen’s Bay Base Map: Google Map
  • 77. Hong Kong Island South Sites with High Potentiality: • Cyberport • Stanley Bay • Tai Tam Harbour Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II) • Aberdeen • Middle Island • St. Stephen’s Bay
  • 78. Cyberport Base Map: Centamap
  • 79. Cyberport Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 80. Cyberport Potentiality: High Water type: N/A Zoning type: Other Specified Uses Background: • According to the Final EIA Report carried out by the IT & Broadcasting Bureau in 1999, in the Cyberport Project: “A marina and piers may be constructed at the foreshore and these would be founded on piles so that no dredging work would be required. Also, mooring places at the marina would be limited to less than 30 and these would be used primarily for pleasure or recreation. A breakwater may be required and a separate, further study would be carried out at a later stage if this were considered necessary.” • The marina proposal was once approved, but it was not complemented because of profitability concerns.
  • 81. Cyberport Cyberport’s Original Plan Route 4 (now taken off the plan) Marina (planned)
  • 82. Cyberport Zoning & Land-based facilities - Utilize the foreshore of the “Other Specified Uses”- zoned land to build a boat club - Land-based facilities such as a clubhouse, offices and changing rooms should be provided - There should also be a public pier and moorings - Pontoons that are designed for larger boats should be provided to cater to the strong demand Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 83. Cyberport Pros: • Close to residential communities • Proximity to transportation networks (e.g. future MTR station) • No huge impact on natural environment • No huge impact on surrounding settlements Concerns: • Exposed to wind; breakwater may be required (higher cost) • Water quality is rather low Recommended Implementation Strategy: • To allow the private developer to build a marina with pontoons that are designed for larger boats, a public pier and some public moorings.
  • 85. Stanley Bay Base Map: Centamap
  • 86. Stanley Bay Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 87. Stanley Bay Potentiality: High Zoning type: Residential (Group A) Background: • Stanley is a tourist spot with street markets, shopping mall, restaurants and bus stops. • Stanley Bay is a popular photo spot with Murray House in the back. • Currently there is a promenade on the north side of the bay (i.e. not possible to establish land-based facilities) • Many small boats and sampans are found in the bay
  • 89. Stanley Bay Zoning & Land-based Facilities - Utilize the Residential (Group A)-zoned land to build a small public marina - Land-based facilities such as a small office, changing rooms, lockers should be provided - Due to very limited land, dry stacks and car parking spaces are not recommended here - Floatable pontoons can be provided Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 90. Stanley Bay Pros: • Close to residential communities • Good accessibility with different transports and parking spaces • No huge impact on natural environment • No huge impact on surrounding settlements • Great view of Stanley Concerns: • Breakwater may be required (higher cost) Recommended Implementation Strategy: • As Stanley is a popular tourist destination, the site can be developed to a public marina that not only stores small local boats, but also allows visiting yachts to temporarily stay
  • 92. Tai Tam Harbour Base Map: Centamap
  • 93. Tai Tam Harbour Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 94. Tai Tam Harbour Potentiality: High Water type: Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorage (32 moorings) Zoning type: SSSI / Coastal Protection / Government & Institution Water depth: <3m Background: • Tai Tam is one of the two sites where the moorings are not fully occupied (32 / 50) • There is a Tai Tam Waterworks Heritage Trail with a declared monument • Most areas are not developed, except: • A village with boat rental services, private berths, a few houses • A scout center, and a school • Some pieces of vacant land / run-down buildings • One public pier and a few private pontoons
  • 95. Tai Tam Harbour Tai Tam Waterworks Heritage Trail Village with fishing boats
  • 96. Tai Tam Harbour Private berths / floatable pontoons
  • 97. Tai Tam Harbour Public Pier
  • 98. Tai Tam Harbour Vacant land Run-down building
  • 99. Tai Tam Harbour Zoning & Land-based facilities - Utilize the government/institution/community- zoned land to build a boat club (but it requires planning permission from TPB) - While SSSI-zoned land should not be considered, certain coastal protection area (CPA)-zoned land may be evaluated to look at the potentiality of building a small boat club - Due to very limited land space, a boat club with basic facilities is recommended - Car parking spaces must be provided, although they do not have to be exactly located in the boat club, but in nearby areas Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 100. Tai Tam Harbour Pros: • Road access available • Very beautiful scenery; pleasure vessels often come to Tai Tam • Proximity to populations • Sheltered water • Recreational activities already take place
  • 101. Tai Tam Harbour Concerns: • The north and east side of the harbour are natural areas (or some are SSSI) that should not be developed • Built land is limited – if we are to build a large-scale marina, some trees/buildings may have to be removed/relocated • No public transport directly to the harbour; currently only one narrow road Recommended Implementation Strategy: • This is an excellent site for a marina; investors/developers would be easy to find • The boat club should provide many moorings and/or pontoons for all types of vessels. However, dry stacks are not recommended in Tai Tam due to limited land space. • The Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station (1907) and Staff Quarters (1936), which are declared monument, may be considered to be revitalized by converting them to a boat club with offices, changing rooms, etc.
  • 102. SAI KUNG & CLEAR WATER BAY
  • 103. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Tsam Chuk Wan Sai Kung Hebe Haven Yim Tin Tsai Marina Cove Clear Water Bay Base Map: Centamap
  • 104. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II) • Clear Water Bay • Hebe Haven • Marina Cove • Sai Kung • Tsam Chuk Wan • Yim Tin Sai
  • 106. Lantau & the Islands Discovery Bay Nim Shue Wan Tung Chung Bay Hei Ling Chau Cheung Chau Lamma Island Base Map: Centamap
  • 107. Lantau & the Islands Site with High Potentiality: • Nim Shue Wan • Lamma Island Site with Medium Potentiality: • Cheung Chau Wan Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II) • Discovery Bay • Hei Ling Chau • Tung Chung Bay
  • 109. Nim Shue Wan Base Map: Centamap
  • 110. Nim Shue Wan Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 111. Nim Shue Wan Potentiality: High Water type: Sheltered Anchorage Zoning type: Residential (Group D) / Other Specified Uses Water depth: <2m Overview of Northeast Lantau: • According to the South West New Territories Development Strategy Review carried out in 2001, the Northeast Lantau would become a vibrant and festive node with complementary tourist and recreational facilities, with the potential to attract many international and local visitors. • However, apart from the Disneyland Resorts and Inspirational Lake Recreational Centre, no other recreational facilities have been provided. In particular, public facilities for leisure boating is absent in the area. Background: • Nim Shue Wan is currently a beach that is not in use and full of trash.
  • 112. Nim Shue Wan Beach that is full of trash Vendor behind the beach
  • 113. Nim Shue Wan Building behind the beach A pedestrian path is built along the beach
  • 114. Nim Shue Wan Zoning & Land-based Facilities - Convert some of the Residential (Group D)-zoned land into a boat club while keeping the houses and the pedestrian path - However, that area is primarily for “improvement and upgrading of existing temporary structures”. Change of land use will require application to TPB - Land-based facilities such as Zoning: Residential (Group D) administrative office and floatable pontoons should be provided - The site is suitable for smaller vessels because of shallow water Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 115. Nim Shue Wan Pros: • Close to residential communities • No huge impact on natural environment • Can replace the currently underused beach with useful purposes • Can cater to the excess demand for Discovery Bay Marina Concerns: • Not convenient for most people; accessibility is not ideal • A few small settlements MAY have to be relocated • Shallow water (can only accommodate boats that require <2m water depth) Recommended Implementation Strategy: • Because of limited space (both land and water), it is recommended to put a small boat club (preferably a public one) with moorings for smaller vessels • The small scale allows a non-profit org./government department to run • This small boat club provides an affordable alternative for Lantau Island residents as the nearby Discovery Bay Marina is exclusive for its members
  • 116. Lamma Island Base Map: Centamap
  • 117. Lamma Island – Picnic Bay Base Map: Centamap
  • 118. Lamma Island – Picnic Bay Lamma Island (Picnic Bay) Potentiality: High Type: 9 private moorings Zoning: Undetermined Background: • In 2009, a small private developer was seeking support from government to build a luxurious spy resort with a marina. • The plan was not executed but newspapers reported that Lamma residents appeared to be either neutral or supportive to the proposal, as long as they would not be asked to leave their homes. As such, a new plan for a marina is likely to be welcomed by the neighborhood.
  • 119. Lamma Island – Picnic Bay Zoning & Land-based Facilities - To utilize the “undetermined” land - Many land-based facilities should be provided, including a clubhouse, hoist, dry stacks, slipways, repair yards, etc. - The site is suitable for a larger- scale marina, hence longer pontoons can be provided to accommodate large-sized yachts Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 120. Lamma Island – Picnic Bay Pros: • Excellent shelter with high water depth • Despite an island, accessibility is good because Picnic Bay has easy access from Aberdeen/Central by boats and ferries • The “undetermined” site can be utilized to build land-based facilities for the marina Cons: • Location is not ideal as it is an island Recommended Implementation Strategy: • To develop a large-scale private marina with more berths for larger yachts, especially superyachts
  • 122. Cheung Chau Wan Base Map: Centamap.com
  • 123. Cheung Chau Wan Base Map: Centamap.com
  • 124. Cheung Chau Wan Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 125. Cheung Chau Wan Cheung Chau Wan Potentiality: Medium Area: 50 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter Pros: • Good shelter with breakwater already built • Low impact on natural environment Cons: • Accessibility is not ideal as it is an island • Very limited land to provide land-based facilities Recommended Implementation Strategy: • To minimize the use of land and just provide simple land-based facilities
  • 127. N.T. West Ting Kau Tsuen Wan Gold Coast Rambler Channel Base Map: Centamap
  • 128. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II) • Gold Coast • Rambler Channel • Ting Kau • Tsuen Wan • Tuen Mun
  • 129. TOLO HARBOUR / N.T. NORTH
  • 130. Tolo Harbour / N.T. North Shuen Wan Pak Shek Kok Wu Kai Sha Base Map: Centamap
  • 131. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Sites with High Potentiality: • Pak Shek Kok • Shuen Wan • Wu Kai Sha Sites with Low Potentiality: (See Appendix II) • Kat O • Sha Tou Kok
  • 133. Pak Shek Kok Base Map: Centamap
  • 134. Pak Shek Kok Source: Town Planning Board
  • 135. Pak Shek Kok Potentiality: High Water type: N/A Zoning type: Mixed Background: • Currently along the coastline are the Hong Kong Science Park and a cycle track • A mixed-use development project led by Sino Land is under construction • Sino is interested in utilizing some of its GFA to provide marine facilities • Currently no moorings in the area • There is one public pier
  • 136. Pak Shek Kok Development project by Sino Land Pier
  • 137. Pak Shek Kok Zoning & Land-Based Facilities - The area zoned “recreation” is the only uncommitted site which is intended primarily for recreational developments, which may include land-based facilities of a marina, which should include a clubhouse with both wet and dry berths - The area zoned “GIC” is a pier for vessels for the Fire Services Department, while the area zoned “OU” is for a public pier. - A breakwater is required to protect boats Source: Town Planning Board
  • 138. Pak Shek Kok Pros: • Good water depth • Accessibility is good (Road access, University MTR) • Proximity to residential areas • Proximity to natural attractions in N.T. North • Very low impact on natural environment (already a built area) Concerns: • Parts of the cycle track may have to be relocated • A breakwater has to be constructed (higher cost) • Only a small piece of land may be available Recommended implementation Strategy: • Private developers can build the marina/boat club, but at least half of which should be open for public • Large-scale marina is preferred because of the potentially high costs
  • 140. Shuen Wan Base Map: Centamap
  • 141. Shuen Wan Potentiality: Medium Water type: Typhoon Shelter Zoning type: N/A Water depth: <4.3m Background: • Mainly residential uses, including a village • There is a beach that is mostly used by villagers, with many of their small boats and sampans • The beach (a potential site) is separated with the main road by some houses and village establishments • One of the only two anchorages in HK that has moorings available (87) for the public • Zoning of the area is not covered by any statutory plan, and there is no readily identifiable site that can accommodate marina-associated development. To change of the use of the typhoon shelter, MarDep and DAFC will have to be consulted.
  • 144. Shuen Wan Pros: • Good water depth and good shelter • Proximity to residential areas (can cater to the demand from N.T. North) • Proximity to natural attractions in N.T. North • Can fill up the available moorings Concerns: • Not too much land is available • A little bit far for many people • Not directly accessible from public transports • Construction may cause disruption for the nearby village • If a large-scale marina, some settlements have to be relocated Recommended Implementation Strategy: • To build a boat club with minimum land area and maximized mooring spaces
  • 145. Shuen Wan Zoning & Land-based Facilities - As the site is not close to main residential areas, car parking spaces must be provided - A small office with some basic facilities such as changing rooms should be provided - Due to limited land (with the aim to minimize disruptions to villagers), dry stacks are not preferred Base Map: Centamap
  • 147. Wu Kai Sha Base Map: Centamap
  • 148. Wu Kai Sha Source: Town Planning Board
  • 149. Wu Kai Sha Potentiality: High Water type: N/A Zoning type: Open Space / Conservation Area Water depth: <3.2m Background: • Currently a beach with fishing boats and sampans • There is a village; its residents are the main users of the beach • Construction sites (for a residential project by Henderson Land) near by
  • 150. Wu Kai Sha Potentiality: High Water type: N/A Zoning type: Open Space / Conservation Area Background: • Currently a beach with fishing boats • There is a village; its residents are the main users of the beach • Construction sites (for a residential project) near by Pro: • Close to residential communities • No huge impact on natural environment Con: • Not convenient for most people; accessibility is not ideal • Shallow water (can only accommodate boats that require <2m water depth)
  • 151. Wu Kai Sha Zoning & Land-based facilities - The area zoned “Conservation Area” (currently a village with an under- utilized beach) is intended to protect the existing natural landscape; there is a general presumption against development; successful change of zoning will require “overriding public interest” - Land-based facilities such as car parking, administrative office and changing rooms should be provided - If possible, some land can be delegated for the use of dry stacks Source: Town Planning Board
  • 152. Wu Kai Sha Zoning & Land-based facilities - The waterfront part of the area zoned “CDA” currently belongs to the Whitehead Golf Club. As it is hard to change the zoning of a land zoned “CA”, cooperation with Whitehead may be considered. - We could utilize the CDA-land owned by Whitehead to build the land-based facilities of a marina, as “CDA” is intended for “comprehensive development for recreational, residential and/or commercial uses”. Source: Town Planning Board
  • 153. Wu Kai Sha Pros: • Good shelter • Accessibility is good (Wu Kai Sha MTR; road access) • Proximity to residential areas (can cater to the demand from Sha Tin and Ma On Shan) • Proximity to natural attractions in N.T. North Concerns: • Shallow water • May affect residents of the village • Some impact on the natural environment Recommended Implementation Strategy: • Potential collaboration with Whitehead Club, which is right nearby • Ask if Henderson Land, which is currently building a residential project, is interested in having a marina in that site
  • 154. Conclusion SITES WITH HIGHEST POTENTIALITY: Tai Tam Harbour Junk Bay Yau Tong Bay SITES WITH HIGH POTENTIALITY: Stanley Bay Pak Shek Kok Wu Kai Sha Nim Shue Wan Wan Chai Causeway Bay Shuen Wan Lamma Island SITES WITH MEDIUM POTENTIALITY: Cheung Chau Bay
  • 156. APPENDIX I CASE STUDIES OF MARINA DEVELOPMENT
  • 157. Case Study of Marina Development Xiamen, China •Two huge marina projects •Striving to be the biggest marina center in China •Wuyuan Bay Marina (right) is a marine leisure complex with 610 berths Source: http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/
  • 158. Case Study of Marina Development Dubai, UAE •1,500 jobs are to be created •The city is said to be home to 20,000 berths in 5 years •Strive to be an international boating and marina hub •Anchor Marina (right) is a marine leisure complex with 610 berths Source: http://www.realestatechannel.com/
  • 159. APPENDIX II ANALYSIS OF SITES WITH LOW POTENTIALITY
  • 160. Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay Chai Wan Potentiality: Low Area: 11.2 hectares Type: Sheltered Anchorage • Industrial uses should remain there (the site is surrounded by industrial zones) Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 161. Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay Sam Ka Tsuen Potentiality: Low Area: 1.9 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Too small • Fishing activities should be kept there Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 162. Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay Shau Kei Wan Potentiality: Low Area: 17.2 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Ideal location and water depth but should be kept for fishing activities Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 163. Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay To Kwa Wan Potentiality: Low Area: 14.8 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Too crowded • Industrial/trading uses should remain there Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 164. Victoria Harbour & Junk Bay New Yau Ma Tei Potentiality: Low Area: 64.6 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Industrial uses should remain there Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 165. Hong Kong Island South Aberdeen Potentiality: Low Area: 60.3 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Fully occupied; no room for expansion Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 166. Hong Kong Island South Middle Island Potentiality: Low Area: 6.9 hectares Type: Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorage • Already expanded • Further expansion may affect recreational activities/swimmers in Deep Water Bay • Parking not available (remote island) Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 167. Hong Kong Island South St. Stephen’s Bay Potentiality: Low Area: 1.3 hectares Type: Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorage • Not a naturally good shelter • Recreational activities should be kept there Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 168. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Clear Water Bay Potentiality: Low Area: 7.4 hectares Type: Marina • No room for expansion • Not a naturally good shelter; currently rely on breakwater • Clear Water Bay Golf & Country Club currently has no plan or interest to expand Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 169. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Hebe Haven Potentiality: Low Area: 84 hectares Type: Sheltered Anchorage • Fully occupied • Expansion requests have been turned down (no room for expansion) Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 170. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Marina Cove Potentiality: Low Area: 10 hectares Type: Marina • No room for expansion Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 171. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Sai Kung Potentiality: Low Area: 4.3 hectares Type: Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorage • Not a naturally good shelter • Too small and fully occupied Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 172. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Tsam Chuk Wan Potentiality: Low Area: 7.5 hectares Type: Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorage • Location too remote • Water too shallow Base Map: Centamap.com
  • 173. Sai Kung & Clear Water Bay Yim Tin Tsai Potentiality: Low Area: 9.2 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Location too remote • Water too shallow Base Map: Centamap.com
  • 174. Lantau & the Islands Discovery Bay Potentiality: Low Area: 8.5 hectares Type: Marina • No room for expansion Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 175. Lantau & the Islands Hei Ling Chau Potentiality: Low Area: 76.6 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Too isolated without good accessibility Base Map: Centamap.com
  • 176. Lantau & the Islands Tung Chung Bay Potentiality: Low • Water is very polluted • Not suitable for pleasure vessels Base Map: Centamap.com
  • 177. N.T. West Gold Coast Potentiality: Low Area: 4.8 hectares Type: Marina • Low water quality with waves • Already expanded Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 178. N.T. West Rambler Channel Potentiality: Low Area: 12.9 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Trading/industrial uses should remain there Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 179. N.T. West Ting Kau Potentiality: Low Area: 0.7 hectares Type: Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorage • Too small • Water quality is low • Too many industrial/commercial vessels in the district Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 180. N.T. West Tsuen Wan Potentiality: Low Area: 3.7 hectares Type: Sheltered Anchorage • Trading/industrial uses should remain there Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 181. N.T. West Tuen Mun Potentiality: Low Area: 56.8 hectares Type: Typhoon Shelter • Trading/industrial uses should remain there • Water quality is low Base Map: Town Planning Board
  • 182. Tolo Harbour / N.T. North Kat O Potentiality: Low Area: 1.6 hectares Type: Sheltered Anchorage • Very low accessibility • Too remote Base Map: Centamap.com
  • 183. Tolo Harbour / N.T. North Sha Tau Kok Potentiality: Low Area: 0.6 hectare Type: Sheltered Anchorage • Low accessibility • Too remote Base Map: Centamap.com
  • 184. Tolo Harbour / N.T. North Tai Mei Tuk Potentiality: Low Area: 12.3 hectares Type: Pleasure Vessel Sheltered Anchorage • Moorings fully occupied • A little bit far Base Map: Centamap.com