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City Speak XI - Is transport the solution or the enemy? Simon Ng of HKUST

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Development and transport are closely related, but how do we connect the dots and guarantee a livable city for future generations?

Lifting the moratorium in Mid-levels, reducing the threshold for redevelopment and the constant pressure to increase density are all choking the older parts of Hong Kong with more traffic and roadside air pollution.

How do we deal with the increased traffic on new roads to the Mainland? How many more roads are we planning to build on our waterfront? Is there too much public transport clogging up our roads? Is replacing pedestrian crossings with subways and footbridges a good thing?

What plans are there for environmentally friendly transport and aesthetically more pleasing transport infrastructure in Hong Kong? Where are the hopes for making our city more pedestrian-friendly? Can new engine technology solve our problems? Could electronic road pricing help? Will the new rail lines be enough? Do we have a sustainable (transport) plan for our city?

Planners, engineers, academics and officials will discuss whether transport is our solution or our enemy.

Designing Hong Kong is a not-for-profit organisation focused on sustainable urban planning. See: www.designinghongkong.com

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City Speak XI - Is transport the solution or the enemy? Simon Ng of HKUST

  1. 1. Is Transport the Solution or the Enemy? Designing Hong Kong City Speak XI 24 April 2010, Hong Kong Simon K W Ng Institute for the Environment, HKUST
  2. 2. Transport in Hong Kong <ul><li>11.5 million daily public transport journeys </li></ul><ul><li>~90% of journeys made by public transport </li></ul><ul><li>54.8 private cars per 1,000 population </li></ul><ul><li>~4 million passengers each day on rail </li></ul><ul><li>~5,800 buses and 600+ bus routes </li></ul><ul><li>4,350 minibuses </li></ul><ul><li>~18,000 taxis </li></ul><ul><li>Trams and ferries </li></ul><ul><li>A comprehensive network </li></ul><ul><li>Over 2,000 km of public road </li></ul>
  3. 3. External Costs of Transport <ul><li>Traffic congestion </li></ul><ul><li>Air and noise pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Land consumption </li></ul>Source: HKSARG
  4. 4. Source: HKEPD Roadside Stations
  5. 5. Roadside NO 2 Concentration s   Sources: HKSARG, HKEPD & WHO Roadside Average Hong Kong Air Quality Objective WHO Air Quality Guidelines
  6. 6. Roadside PM 10 Concentration s Sources: HKSARG, HKEPD & WHO Roadside Average Hong Kong Air Quality Objective WHO Air Quality Guidelines
  7. 7. <ul><li>Making each vehicle cleaner and more energy efficient is good, but … </li></ul><ul><li>It will do little to change our travelling habits, ie. it doesn’t necessarily make us drive or travel less </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits we gain from reducing emission per vehicle will be offset by growing vehicle ownership and vehicle use </li></ul>Technical Fix
  8. 8. Land Sterilization Traffic Congestion Roadside Emissions How we want our city to be like? Increase Use of Mechanised Transport Higher Demand for Mobility Economic Growth and Higher Income Quality of Life Liveable City Accessibility Sustainable Transport Source: Ng
  9. 10. Source: Jean-Paul Rodrigue Compact versus Dispersed Spatial Form
  10. 11. A City for Cars? Source: Alex MacLean
  11. 12. Source: Alex MacLean
  12. 13. Source: HKSARG
  13. 14. Tung Chung A City for the Community?
  14. 15. Shatin
  15. 16. A City that Deprives People of Urban Space? Source: Bill Barron
  16. 17. A City where People Take the Centre Stage? Source: http://www.transitorienteddevelopment.org/
  17. 18. End of presentation Thank you

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