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City Speak XI - Is transport the solution or the enemy? Bruno Charade of HK Tramways

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Development and transport are closely related, but how do we connect the dots and guarantee a livable city for future generations?

Lifting the moratorium in Mid-levels, reducing the threshold for redevelopment and the constant pressure to increase density are all choking the older parts of Hong Kong with more traffic and roadside air pollution.

How do we deal with the increased traffic on new roads to the Mainland? How many more roads are we planning to build on our waterfront? Is there too much public transport clogging up our roads? Is replacing pedestrian crossings with subways and footbridges a good thing?

What plans are there for environmentally friendly transport and aesthetically more pleasing transport infrastructure in Hong Kong? Where are the hopes for making our city more pedestrian-friendly? Can new engine technology solve our problems? Could electronic road pricing help? Will the new rail lines be enough? Do we have a sustainable (transport) plan for our city?

Planners, engineers, academics and officials will discuss whether transport is our solution or our enemy.

Designing Hong Kong is a not-for-profit organisation focused on sustainable urban planning. See: www.designinghongkong.com

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City Speak XI - Is transport the solution or the enemy? Bruno Charade of HK Tramways

  1. 1. Impact on city planning of modern tramway systems implementation
  2. 2. I - Modern Tramway Systems <ul><li>Worldwide renewal of Tramways </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable development </li></ul><ul><li>City Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>Modern Tramway Systems
  3. 3. Worldwide renewal of Tramway Modern Tramway Systems <ul><li>Market situation : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive urbanisation and evolution of passengers needs and expectations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergence of pollution concerns and green concepts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor quality and capacity of bus systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Huge increase of fuel prices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to reshape city centers : traffic flow, pedestrianization… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>French case : 17 Tramway systems projects since 1985 . </li></ul>1985 – Current days : Tramway systems renewal <ul><li>Public transport infrastructure investment by municipalities linked to city planning investment : large architectural projects </li></ul><ul><li>Tramways projects complementary to Metro or buses depending on the capacity needs and city center layout </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sustainable Development Modern Tramway Systems <ul><ul><li>5,45 g CO2/ km / pass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15 g CO2/ km / pass </li></ul></ul>( 70 p ) ( 4 p ) ( 210 p ) TRAMWAY = Solution for climate change Challenge <ul><ul><li>45 g CO2/ km / pass </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Sustainable Development Modern Tramway Systems Tramways helps municipalities to be more energy efficient Energy consumption per passenger - kilometer Source: Australian Greenhouse Office, Factors & Methods Workbook, 2006
  6. 6. Sustainable Development Modern Tramway Systems <ul><li>Reduction of noise nuisance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of insulating materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvement of the wheel-rail contact with acoustic dampers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emission of 5 dBA less than automotive traffic </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Sustainable Development Modern Tramway Systems <ul><li>Recyclability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of reusable materials such as steel, aluminium and copper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>research into the use of biomaterials from renewable sources, such as wood and hemp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>minimum recyclability rate of 85% </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Sustainable Development Modern Tramway Systems <ul><li>Access to all </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tram vehicles are fully accessible to persons with reduced mobility </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. City Planning Modern Tramway Systems The Tramway is an opportunity to reshape the Urban Environment The Tramway is a landmark in the city (Orientation, identification) It gives a strong image It facilitates the city development (Transport, business activities, pedestrian friendly)
  10. 10. City Planning Modern Tramway Systems French Case: Lyon –Tramway T1 Before During works
  11. 11. City Planning Modern Tramway Systems Now… French Case: Lyon –Tramway T1
  12. 12. City Planning Modern Tramway Systems French Case: Lyon –Tramway T2 Before the tramway: 50,000 vehicles/day After the tramway: 26,000 vehicles/day
  13. 13. City Planning Modern Tramway Systems French Case: Lyon –Tramway T3
  14. 14. City Planning Modern Tramway Systems French Case: Clermont Ferrand
  15. 15. City Planning Modern Tramway Systems French Case: Paris –Tramway T3
  16. 16. City Planning Modern Tramway Systems Ridership increase : average +30% on the route achieved in 1 year (in 3 years for a BRT : positive image of rail systems) Positive evolution of whole public transport network following the implementation of a new modern Tramway system :
  17. 17. City Planning Modern Tramway Systems <ul><li>Opportunity to re-design public transport networks : </li></ul>Positive evolution of whole public transport network following the implementation of a new modern Tramway system : <ul><ul><li>Connection facilities : between several lines and with bus lines (easier and more efficient as surface transport : can be on same platform) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fare integration implementation </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. City Planning Modern Tramway Systems Opportunity to re-design public transport networks : Positive evolution of whole public transport network following the implementation of a new modern Tramway system : <ul><ul><li>Increase average commercial speed (right of way lanes and development of expertise in traffic integration : traffic light priority system…) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. City Planning Modern Tramway Systems Tramway : visual driving, easy to follow evolution of ridership by increasing frequency (no block system as for metro) Positive evolution of whole public transport network following the implementation of a new modern Tramway system :
  20. 20. City Planning Modern Tramway Systems Impact on city <ul><li>Increase real estate value along line (between 25 and 100% depending on location and features) </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial areas development along the line </li></ul><ul><li>Most difficult part of the project : to regain space against cars or buses once abandoned years ago… </li></ul>
  21. 21. City Planning : Paris Tramway Development Modern Tramway Systems T1 Noisy-le-Sec / Montreuil (Val de Fontenay) T3 Pte d’Ivry / Pte de la Chapelle T2 Issy-Val-de-Seine / Pte de Versailles T3 Pont du Garigliano / Pte d’Ivry T1 St Denis / Noisy-le-Sec T2 La Défense / Issy-Val-de-Seine <ul><li>Currently : </li></ul><ul><li>3 Lines </li></ul><ul><li>31,3 Kms </li></ul><ul><li>Within 3 years : </li></ul><ul><li>5 Extensions </li></ul><ul><li>33,4 Kms </li></ul><ul><li>4 New lines </li></ul><ul><li>30,1 Kms </li></ul>Total 2013: 94,8 Kms T2 La Défense / Pont de Bezons Tw Villejuif / Athis-Mons / Juvisy-sur-Orge Tw Châtillon / Viroflay Tw St Denis / Garges-Sarcelles Tw St Denis / Epinay / Villetaneuse T1 St Denis / AG Les Courtilles
  22. 22. Conclusions Modern Tramway Systems <ul><li>The new trend of Tramway systems renewal is worldwide following : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The return of people to city centers with more pedestrianization, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The evolution of transport, environmental and city planning policies . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To implement back a Tramway system in a city center (historical) is very difficult compared to implement it in new developed zones: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of space, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure investment and impact on city planning. </li></ul></ul>Why Hong Kong is not yet in the move? New development zones are opportunities to build up green, sustainable and modern image of the city. A green Tram in West Kowloon or Kai Tak?
  23. 23. Thank You

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