Behavioral theoryandhci v4_for_slideshare

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This is a talk I gave at CHI'13 (chi2013.acm.org). In it, my co-authors and I delineate ways to interpret, use, and develop behavioral theory within an HCI context.

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Behavioral theoryandhci v4_for_slideshare

  1. 1. Mind the Theoretical Gap: Interpreting, Using, andDeveloping Behavioral Theory in HCI ResearchPredrag KlasnjaAssistant Prof, iSchoolU. of Michiganklasnja@umich.eduJon FroehlichAssistant Prof, CSU. of Marylandjonf@cs.umd.eduMatthew BumanAssistant Prof, Nutrition &Health PromotionArizona State Universitymbuman@asu.eduEric HeklerAssistant Prof, Nutrition &Health PromotionArizona State Universityehekler@asu.edu
  2. 2. 010203040NumberofPapersYearProminence of Behavior Change Research in the Last 10 Years of CHI Proceedings
  3. 3. BehavioralScienceHCI /DesignBehaviorChangeTechnologies
  4. 4. HCI/DesignThe design andcreation of usefuland usabletechnologies andinteractions.Behavioral ScienceThe systematic searchfor generalizable truthsabout behavior tocreate effectiveinterventions.Goalflickr Amyn Kassam
  5. 5. HCI Uses of Behavioral TheoryFlickr -djwtwo
  6. 6. Inform DesignFlickr_shapeshiftHCI USES OF BEHAVIORAL THEORY
  7. 7. Inform DesignSystem FeaturesDesign GuidelinesFlickr_shapeshiftHCI USES OF BEHAVIORAL THEORY
  8. 8. Guide EvaluationLee, M., Kiesler, S., and Forlizzi, J. (2011). CHI’11, 325-334.flickr_truthout.orgHCI USES OF BEHAVIORAL THEORY
  9. 9. HCI USES OF BEHAVIORAL THEORYDefine Usersflickr kenfagerdotcom
  10. 10. BehavioralMethodsFlickr Clyde Bentley
  11. 11. MOSTLinda Collins, methodology.psu.eduHCI USES OF BEHAVIORAL METHODS
  12. 12. methodology.psu.eduOOMOSTHCI USES OF BEHAVIORAL METHODS
  13. 13. Single Case Experimental DesignJ. Dallery et al. 2013 Journal of Medical Internet Research, 15(2):e22HCI USES OF BEHAVIORAL METHODS
  14. 14. Behavioral Theory is Not Sacrosanct!flickr_stuckincustoms
  15. 15. Most behavioral theories explainonly a small portion of varianceFlickr djwtwoSHORTCOMINGS OF BEHAVIORAL THEORY
  16. 16. Lack of FalsificationFlickr Kaptain KoboldSHORTCOMINGS OF BEHAVIORAL THEORY
  17. 17. Tower of Babel flickr jankieSHORTCOMINGS OF BEHAVIORAL THEORY
  18. 18. We need you!Flickr-KRO-J
  19. 19. …despite our best efforts, forums,message boards, and chat rooms arerarely used in Internet interventions.Bennett GG, Glasgow RE. Annu Rev Public Health 2009 Apr 29;30:273-292.“”
  20. 20. HCI ContributionsFlickr drain
  21. 21. Improving MeasuresFroehlich et al., HydroSense, UbiComp 2009HCI CONTRIBUTIONS TO BEHAVIORAL THEORY
  22. 22. Early-Stage Theoretical Fidelityflickr readerwalkerHCI CONTRIBUTIONS TO BEHAVIORAL THEORY
  23. 23. flickr readerwalkerEarly-Stage Theoretical FidelityHCI CONTRIBUTIONS TO BEHAVIORAL THEORY
  24. 24. Over the lifespanIndividualcharacteristicsBig Data & A/B TestingHCI CONTRIBUTIONS TO BEHAVIORAL THEORY
  25. 25. Moving ForwardPaper can be found at ACM Digital Library or designinghealth.orgTo find behavioral scientists, come to theSociety of Behavioral Medicine, www.sbm.organd join the behavioral informatics SIG!Two CHI people, Tim Bickmore and Eric Heklerare co-chairs; email Eric!
  26. 26. HCIThe design andcreation of usefuland usabletechnologies andinteractions.Behavioral ScienceThe systematic searchfor generalizable truthsabout behavior tocreate effectiveinterventions.Goalflickr Amyn Kassam
  27. 27. The design, creation, and evaluation ofuseful and usable technologies toeffectively promote behavior changefor positive societal change.Flickr ecstaticist
  28. 28. Predrag KlasnjaAssistant Prof, iSchoolU. of Michiganklasnja@umich.eduJon FroehlichAssistant Prof, CSU. of Marylandjonf@cs.umd.eduMatthew BumanAssistant Prof, Nutrition &Health PromotionArizona State Universitymbuman@asu.eduEric HeklerAssistant Prof, Nutrition &Health PromotionArizona State Universityehekler@asu.edu@eheklerThank you!Paper can be found at: designinghealth.org

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