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Structure and Metadata: Shortening the On-Ramp to Linked Data

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Information Architects codify information’s purpose and context – that is vital for effective use and management. This talk summarizes our approach to understanding dynamic, multi-dimensional information models and the practical tools that help us create them.

Acquisition of heterogeneous content and data sets is growing exponentially; in many cases outstripping an organization’s ability to digest it, share it, and apply it. IAs are the ones to bring structure to all types of data, as we creatively balance descriptive integrity, simplicity, and agreement/disagreement. IAs need to be actively involved defining the logic underpinning information, to help link data externally with the semantic web. Technology tools are often sold as “magic” – claiming algorithms will automagically catalog information and surface meaning. Or content owners assume anyone (in the organization or the public) can easily apply structure to information.The skills that IAs use to help people understand content and data also help computers make connections between the data as well.

We encourage IAs to commit to models, semantic patterns and metadata. In our “Modern IA Manifesto,” we encourage you to grasp the key techniques and tools in the IA’s arsenal to provide more sustainable structure and thus provide more flexibility to information.

Published in: Design

Structure and Metadata: Shortening the On-Ramp to Linked Data

  1. 1. Duane  Degler    @ddegler    duane@designforcontext.com   Dalia  R.  Levine    @daliawithnoh    daliawithnoh@gmail.com   Structure  and  Metadata:     Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data   IA  Summit   25  April  2015                        designforcontext.com/publicaDons  
  2. 2. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   How  do  we  shorten  the  on-­‐ramp  ?  
  3. 3. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   About  it:   Author   Dates   Format   .  .  .   About  the   world   About  its   rela;onships   to  other   informa;on  
  4. 4. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   “About-­‐ness”  is  more  than  a  pile  of  keywords   Subject   (a  noun)   Object   (a  noun)   Predicate   (a  verb)   “  Think  about  structure  in  a   more  disciplined  way.  ”     Jorge  Arango,  IA  Summit  keynote,  2015  
  5. 5. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Business  ontology   Person  ontology   EducaFon  ontology   More  disciplined  structures   Person  Organiza;on   Post-­‐Grad   Degree   University   Qualifica;on   Line  of   business   Business  area   Products   Hobbies   Manager   Works   as  Has  job   role   Has   degree   Confers   Controls   Operates   in   Knows   Makes   Valid  type  of   Prac;ces   Requires  
  6. 6. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Framing   •  The  web  of  content,  and  data,  conDnues  to  grow  rapidly   •  Search  engines  are  no  longer  sufficient   •  Algorithms  alone  are  not  the  answer  
  7. 7. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Human  interpreta;on  <  >  machine  interpreta;on  
  8. 8. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   It’s  “automagic”  .  .  .  ?   •  Machine-­‐enhancement   •  Text  mining,  concept  extracDon,  automated  semanDc   enrichment   •  Metadata  and  linked  data  –  baked  in  to  our  tools   •  VisualizaDon   •  More  possible  than  ever  to  do  useful  things  
  9. 9. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Linked  Data  is  a  “Next  Gen”  data  standard   card   catalog   •  LCSH   •  Dewey  Decimal   Collections RDb RDb   •  MARC,  CIMI   •  RDA,  Z39.50   XML   •  Schemas  (e.g.,  LIDO,   Dublin  Core,  EAD)   RDF   •  Ontologies  (e.g.,   CIDOC,  BIBFRAME)   OrganizaFon   Structure,  math   Independence   Expressiveness  
  10. 10. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015  Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Informa(on  Architects  not  only  need   to  use  emerging  data  models,  tools,   and  technologies. We  need  to  own  their  effec.ve  use     to  increase  the  value  of  informa(on     in  our  care.
  11. 11. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015  Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   IA  MANIFESTO   Build  on  what  exists  
  12. 12. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Standing  on  the  shoulders  of  others   •  Don’t  start  from  scratch   •  Explore   •  Standards  exist   •  Domain-­‐specific  structures  and  terms  exist   •  Examples  and  model  pa]erns  exist  
  13. 13. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015  Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Linked  open   vocabularies   Open  Knowledge  FoundaDon   lov.okfn.org  
  14. 14. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015  Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Different  types  of  ontologies   Upper-­‐level   Common,  available  vocabularies   General   Domain   Local   Bridging   ontologies   Bridging   ontologies   Bridging   ontologies   Local   vocabularies  
  15. 15. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Common  language  and  structure  brings  added  value   If  you  invent  your  own  ontologies  and  vocabularies  –     SHARE  THEM   Local   ontologies   Local   vocabularies  
  16. 16. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015  Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Increase  the  value     of  informa;on   •  Build  on  what  exists   IA  MANIFESTO  
  17. 17. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   “About-­‐ness”  is  more  than  a  pile  of  keywords   Subject   (a  noun)   Object   (a  noun)   Predicate   (a  verb)  
  18. 18. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   “Springfield”  in  GeoNames   You  get  more  than   lat:long.  You  get   data  about  a  place.   geonames.org
  19. 19. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Bal;more   Rembrandt   Peale   R.  Peale   Museum   Has   museum   Founded  by   Displays   Roman   Daughter   Smithsonian   Displays   D.C.   Has   museum   1814   Bakle  Flag   Displayed   Ft.  McHenry   Flew   Has  site   Painted   Rubens  P.   w/Geranium   Displays   NGA   Has   museum  
  20. 20. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Bal;more   R.  Peale   Museum   Has   museum   Ar;llery   memorabilia   Displayed   Pakerson   Park   Has  site   Site  of   Volunteer   Arch.  Dig   Bal;more   Heritage   Organizes   Has   event   April   25th   On  date   Find  
  21. 21. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Business  ontology   Person  ontology   EducaFon  ontology   More  disciplined  structures   Person  Organiza;on   Post-­‐Grad   Degree   University   Qualifica;on   Line  of   business   Business  area   Products   Hobbies   Manager   Works   as  Has  job   role   Has   degree   Confers   Controls   Operates   in   Knows   Makes   Valid  type  of   Prac;ces   Requires  
  22. 22. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015  Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Encourage  understanding   and  knowledge-­‐building   •  Build  on  what  exists   •  Increase  the  value  of  informaDon   IA  MANIFESTO  
  23. 23. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Knowledge-­‐building   •  Interconnected  informaDon   •  ConnecDng  disparate  concepts  and  re-­‐forming  them  in  new  ways   •  Insights  emerge  over  Dme  –  longitudinal  
  24. 24. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Domain-­‐specific:  Bri;sh  Museum   Biographic   Bibliographic   Produc;on   Title   Subject   Collec;on   &  Rights  Inscrip;on   Material  Event   Acquisi;on   Dimension   Visual   Representa;on   Modifica;on   Object   CIDOC-­‐CRM  ontology
  25. 25. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Understanding   •  Foster  new  insights   •  Synthesize  informaDon   •  Surface  pa]erns   •  Clear  idenDty  of  a  thing  allows  relaDonships  to  be  drawn   from  mulDple  perspecDves   •  Shared  understanding   •  World  view  
  26. 26. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015  Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Respond  to  context   •  Build  on  what  exists   •  Increase  the  value  of  informaDon   •  Encourage  understanding  and  knowledge-­‐building   IA  MANIFESTO  
  27. 27. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015  Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Relevance  is   informed  by   the  user’s   situaFon  and   intenFons   I  am…   •  In  a  place   •  Focused  on  a  Dme  period   •  With  certain  people   •  Among  devices   •  Engaged  in  events   •  Responding  to  expectaDons   •  Bound  by  policies  /  rules   I  need…     now!   I’m     planning     for…   Dynamic  IA:  Flexible  Design  for  Linked  [Open]  Data  and  Emerging  Technologies,  IA  Summit          23  April  2015 27  
  28. 28. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   I know what I want to find I know my direct window on the web Profile & Context model
  29. 29. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Model  what   you  know  in   a  consistent   way   SITUATION  SIGNALS   SITUATION  SIGNALS   LocaDon   Co-­‐occurring  events   Date  /  Dme   CondiDons   Devices  /  connecDvity   SITUATION  SIGNALS   USER  SIGNALS   Usage  pa]erns   Experience   Interests  /  profile   History   Community   CONTENT  SIGNALS   Link  relaDonships   Text  pa]erns   Categories  /  keywords   Metadata   TASK  SIGNALS   Outcomes  /  goals   Rules  /  requirements   CriDcality   Sequence  /  status   Frequency  for  user   From:  “SupporDng  Relevance  for  Users”,  D.Degler,  SemTechBiz  6.2013   h]p://www.designforcontext.com/publicaDons/supporDng-­‐relevance-­‐for-­‐users  
  30. 30. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015  Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Be  serious  about  the  data   in  your  care   •  Build  on  what  exists   •  Increase  the  value  of  informaDon   •  Encourage  understanding  and  knowledge-­‐building   •  Respond  to  context   IA  MANIFESTO  
  31. 31. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Balance  the  human  and  the  machine   •  Humans  describe  stuff,  both  formally  and  informally…  can  help   •  Metadata  capture  by  all  systems  in  an  ecosystem…  can  help   •  Technology  idenDfies  descripDve  aspects…  can  help   YOU  create  an  environment     for  synthesis  and  meaning-­‐making  
  32. 32. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Responsibility   •  To  people   •  To  informaDon  integrity   •  To  meaning   •  To  the  future  
  33. 33. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015  Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   Architecture mind-set   Information discipline   Dynamic design sense  
  34. 34. Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015  Structure  and  Metadata:  Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data      @daliawithnoh    @ddegler   #IAS15          25  April  2015   •  Build  on  what  exists   •  Increase  the  value  of  informaDon   •  Encourage  understanding  and     knowledge-­‐building   •  Respond  to  context   •  Be  serious  about  the  data  in  your  care   IA  MANIFESTO  
  35. 35. Duane  Degler    @ddegler    duane@designforcontext.com   Dalia  R.  Levine    @daliawithnoh    daliawithnoh@gmail.com   Structure  and  Metadata:     Shortening  the  On-­‐Ramp  to  Linked  Data   IA  Summit   25  April  2015                        designforcontext.com/publicaDons  

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