Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
First	
  Name	
  Last	
  Name	
  	
  

Title  can  go  here

email@designforcontext.com

@design4context
Jayne	
  Dutra	
 ...
2	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
Presenters	
  
TAXONOMY	
  AND	
  
...
3	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
Scoping	
  Out	
  a	
  New	
  Taxon...
4	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
The	
  Challenge	
  
●  The	
  amou...
5	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
Vocabularies	
  and	
  Knowledge	
 ...
6	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
Vocabularies	
  and	
  Knowledge	
 ...
7	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
Crea6ng	
  Linked	
  Data	
  Rela6o...
8	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
Person	
  ontology	
  Business	
  o...
9	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
Understanding	
  the	
  Rela6onship...
10	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
Avoiding	
  Duplica6on,	
  Adding	...
11	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
Person	
  ontology	
  Business	
  ...
12	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
How	
  Do	
  a	
  Taxonomy	
  and	...
13	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
Types	
  of	
  	
  
Knowledge	
  M...
14	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
Local	
  Vocabularies	
  -­‐	
  Wh...
15	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
Domain	
  Vocabularies	
  -­‐	
  	...
16	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
General	
  Vocabularies	
  
●  Con...
17	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
Linked	
  Data…	
  The	
  Core	
  ...
18	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
Linked	
  Data	
  
Resources	
  
E...
19	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
●  Sponsored	
  and	
  developed	
...
20	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
●  Be	
  found	
  -­‐	
  Linked	
 ...
21	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
●  Types	
  of	
  Organiza6ons	
  ...
22	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
Crea6ng	
  Bridges,	
  in	
  Prac6...
23	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
Take-­‐Aways	
  
●  Using	
  Linke...
24	
  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015
@design4context
Summary:	
  Vocabularies	
  and	
 ...
First	
  Name	
  Last	
  Name	
  	
  

Title  can  go  here

email@designforcontext.com

@design4context
Jayne	
  Dutra	
 ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Building Bridges with Taxonomy: Enabling Semantic Integration

926 views

Published on

Taxonomies should be designed with enough flexibility and transition points to be a bridge to other taxonomies and datasets. Enabling your taxonomy to fit into the larger universe of partner companies, industry standards, federal requirements and complementary term sets gives it a solid foundation for future growth. We explore which vocabulary sets are available for reuse by the enterprise information architect and demonstrate how thinking about semantic integration from the beginning of the design process helps build a taxonomy that endures.

Published in: Internet
  • Be the first to comment

Building Bridges with Taxonomy: Enabling Semantic Integration

  1. 1. First  Name  Last  Name     Title  can  go  here email@designforcontext.com @design4context Jayne  Dutra   jaynedutra100@gmail.com @JayneDutra Duane  Degler   duane@designforcontext.com @ddegler Building  Bridges  with  Taxonomy     Enabling    Seman6c    Integra6on     Taxonomy  Boot  Camp     2  November,  2015  
  2. 2. 2  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context Presenters   TAXONOMY  AND   METADATA  DESIGN   Design  metadata  models  and   taxonomy  sets  that  help   users  intuiCvely  understand   their  content. Jayne  Dutra   Photo  of  addi6onal   presenter  here  (in   grayscale)   INFORMATION   ARCHITECTURE  /  DESIGN   Understand  the  models  that   make  informaCon  Cck,  and   help  people  get  things  done. Duane  Degler  
  3. 3. 3  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context Scoping  Out  a  New  Taxonomy  Project   ●  What’s  needed?  Iden6fy  the  priority  informa6on  goals   ●  Search,  data  clean  up,  data  integra6on  across  systems,  work  flows     ●  What's  broken?  Iden6fy  pain  points  in  your  organiza6on   ●  Inefficiencies  due  to  poor  search  func6onality,  data   fragmenta6on,  inconsistent  data  maintenance  processes,  non-­‐ compliance  issues     ●  What  is  in  my  domain?   ●  What  informa6on  is  generated  inside  your  company  and  specific   to  your  use  cases?   ●  What  is  external?   ●  What  informa6on  is  available  outside  your  company  that  is   needed  to  resolve  or  complete  internal  requirements?  
  4. 4. 4  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context The  Challenge   ●  The  amount  of  informa6on  inside  the  company  is  exploding   ●  The  amount  of  informa6on  outside  the  company  is  exploding     ●  You  want  your  informa6on  to  have  strategic  value   ●  How  can  a  taxonomist  take  advantage  of  vocabularies,   knowledge  models,  and  informa6on  rela6onships  to  give   richness  and  organiza6onal  context?    
  5. 5. 5  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context Vocabularies  and  Knowledge  Models   …Need  to  Describe…   Content   Concepts   in  content   Synthesis  across  content   Tasks  and   collabora6ons   in  context   Retrieve   Valuable   Informa6on  
  6. 6. 6  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context Vocabularies  and  Knowledge  Models   General  and     domain-­‐shared     terms  &  models   Your     organizaLon’s     unique     terms  &  models   ConnecLng   relaLonships   “Linked  Data”  as  the  bridge…   Using  ontologies  and  common  vocabularies  
  7. 7. 7  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context Crea6ng  Linked  Data  Rela6onship  Statements   Subject   (a  noun)   Object   (a  noun)  Predicate   (a  verb)   A  “triple”   Focused  on  expressing  meaning  of  a  statement   (beyond  “broader  than”  or  “related  to”)  
  8. 8. 8  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context Person  ontology  Business  ontology   Educa3on  ontology   Person  OrganizaLon   Post-­‐Grad   Degree   University   QualificaLon   Line  of   business   Business  area   Products   Hobbies   Manager   Works   as  Has  job   role   Has   degree   Confers   Controls   Operates   in   Knows   Makes   Valid  type  of   PracLces   Requires   More  Disciplined  Structures  
  9. 9. 9  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context Understanding  the  Rela6onships   Business   Product   Buys   Business   Product   Sells   Has   customer  
  10. 10. 10  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context Avoiding  Duplica6on,  Adding  Richness   Business   Business   Product   Sells   Has   customer   Buys  
  11. 11. 11  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context Person  ontology  Business  ontology   Educa3on  ontology   Person  OrganizaLon   Post-­‐Grad   Degree   University   QualificaLon   Line  of   business   Business  area   Products   Hobbies   Manager   Works   as  Has  job   role   Has   degree   Confers   Controls   Operates   in   Knows   Makes   Valid  type  of   PracLces   Requires   But  where  are  the  Taxonomies???  
  12. 12. 12  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context How  Do  a  Taxonomy  and  an  Ontology  Fit  Together?   Taxonomy   A  controlled  (hierarchical)   classifica6on  structure,  usually   with  thesaurus  rela6onships   Ontology   A  model  that  describes  concept   and  en6ty  rela6onships,  with   formal  classes  and  proper6es   Organization Company 1 External Other Internal Company 2 Can use to populate For example, use the taxonomy to manage controlled vocabularies that populate instances and properties lists
  13. 13. 13  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context Types  of     Knowledge  Models      (ontologies)   and  Vocabularies   Upper  Level   Local   Domain   General   Bridging     Ontologies   Local     Vocabularies   Common,  Available  Vocabularies   ●  Interconnected   informa6on   ●  Connec6ng  disparate   concepts  and  re-­‐forming     them  in  new  ways   ●  Insights  emerge  over  6me       Bridging     Ontologies   Bridging     Ontologies  
  14. 14. 14  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context Local  Vocabularies  -­‐  When  YOU  are  the  Expert   ●  Examine  what’s  special   about  your  organiza6on   and  design  Local   Vocabularies  for  that   ●  Some  candidate  facets   could  include:  Organiza6on,   Content  Type,  Life  Cycle,   Project  Names,  Product   Lines   ●  Share  the  specific  exper6se   of  your  organiza6on      
  15. 15. 15  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context Domain  Vocabularies  -­‐     Tailored  for  a  Specific  Field   ●  Look  for  common  standards  and   terms  used  in  your  field     ●  Good  for  sharing  across  systems    or  organiza6ons  in  the  same  field   ●  Such  as:   ●  UMLS  /  MeSH  /  SNOMED  /  HL-­‐7  /  ICD   ●  Gemy  Art  &  Architecture  (AAT)   ●  CATT  
  16. 16. 16  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context General  Vocabularies   ●  Concepts  that  are  commonly  understood  across  communi6es   ●  Examples  of  General  Vocabulary  Standards   ●  Lexicon   - WordNet ●  People   - VIAF  (virtual  internaConal  authority  file),  ORCID ●  Loca6on  and  Places   - ISO  3166,  FIPS,  GeoNames,  Lat  Long,  Gey  TGN ●  Language     - ISO  639 ●  Industry       - NAICS
  17. 17. 17  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context Linked  Data…  The  Core  of  the  Seman6c  Web   What  exactly  is  the  Seman6c  Web?     ●  A  way  to  make  statements  about  things   ●  More  than  just  a  classifica6on  vocabulary  list  or  pile  of  keywords   ●  RDF  (Resource  Descrip4on  Framework  –  the  triples)  allows  us  to  express   rela6onships  between  en66es  -­‐  increases  the  level  of  "about-­‐ness"     ●  A  way  to  make  web  content/data  understandable  to  machines     ●  A  way  to  share  and  re-­‐use  data  by  following  standard  web   publica6on  rules       ●  Stable  URIs  and  non-­‐proprietary  formats  
  18. 18. 18  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context Linked  Data   Resources   Examples  of  sources:   •  LinkedData   hmp://linkeddata.org   •  LOV  from  Open   Knowledge   Founda6on   hmp://lov.okfn.org   •  BioPortal   hmp://bioportal.bioontology.org  
  19. 19. 19  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context ●  Sponsored  and  developed  by  the  W3C,  approved  2009   ●  Compa6ble  with  ANSI/NISO  Z39.19-­‐2005  Controlled  Vocab  Standards     ●  SKOS  allows  transla6on  of  taxonomies  into  a  format  that  can  be   shared  and  linked  on  the  web     ●  SKOS  expresses     ●  Defini6ons,  notes,  change  notes     ●  Preferred  and  Alternate  terms     ●  Hierarchical  Rela6onships     ●  Schemas  have  a  permanent  URI  which  can  be  used  to  map   concepts  to  each  other!   ●  Also  allows  for  fuzzy  matching  (close  or  exact)     ●  SKOS  Primer  -­‐  hmp://www.w3.org/TR/2009/NOTE-­‐skos-­‐primer-­‐20090818/   SKOS    –      Simple  Knowledge  Organiza6on  System  
  20. 20. 20  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context ●  Be  found  -­‐  Linked  data  ontologies  for  search  engines   Schema.org   •  Use  their  schema  as  a   star6ng  point   •  Add  your  organiza6on's   special  vocabulary   values  using  SKOS  files   •  Use  General  and   Domain  vocabularies   where  it  makes  sense  
  21. 21. 21  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context ●  Types  of  Organiza6ons   ●  Airline,  Corpora6on,  Educa6onal  Organiza6on,  Government  Organiza6on,   Local  Business,  NGO,  Performing  Group,  Sports  Organiza6on   ●  Types  of  People  (par6al)   ●  Actor,  Author,  Broker,  Buyer,  Candidate,  Character,  Colleague,  Compe6tor,   Customer,  Director,  Employee,  Founder,  Landlord,  Member,  Organizer,   Par6cipant,  Seller,  Spouse   ●  Also   ●  Products,  Places,  Events,  Ac6ons,  Intangibles,  Bibliographies…   Schema.org  -­‐  a  Rich  Resource   Recognized  by  the  major  search  engines!  
  22. 22. 22  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context Crea6ng  Bridges,  in  Prac6ce  (Sample)       NASA Content Types - Designs and Specifications - Quality Control JPL Content Types - Problem Failure Report - Incident Surprise Anomaly - Corrective Action Notice Kennedy Content Types - Quality Control Record - Error Log - Engineering Change Request Combined through SKOS format One  Search  Finds  Them  All!    
  23. 23. 23  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context Take-­‐Aways   ●  Using  Linked  Data  formats  to  publish  your  informa6on  is  a   powerful  way  to:   ●  reduce  overhead   ●  increase  integra6on  and  harmoniza6on  poten6al     ●  Be  the  authority  for  your  domain  vocabularies     ●  Know  what's  out  there  for  CV's  and  models  you  can  adopt   ●  Be  aware  of  some  important  standards  like  SKOS  for  taxonomies   ●  Use  common  approaches  where  it  makes  sense,  like  Schema.org   ●  Increase  your  data’s  richness  and  context-­‐building  possibili6es  
  24. 24. 24  Enabling  SemanCc  IntegraCon    w    Taxonomy  Boot  Camp  2015 @design4context Summary:  Vocabularies  and  Knowledge  Models   General  and     domain-­‐shared     terms  &  models   Your     organizaLon’s     unique     terms  &  models   ConnecLng   relaLonships   “Linked  Data”  as  the  bridge…   Using  ontologies  and  common  vocabularies  
  25. 25. First  Name  Last  Name     Title  can  go  here email@designforcontext.com @design4context Jayne  Dutra   jaynedutra100@gmail.com @JayneDutra Duane  Degler   duane@designforcontext.com @ddegler Building  Bridges  with  Taxonomy     Enabling    Seman6c    Integra6on     Taxonomy  Boot  Camp     2  November,  2015  

×