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Prepared For:
Contact: Client Contact:
Project Number:
Project Name:Project Name:Engineering Showcase
April 22, 2016
Future of Engineering
Education – Where to begin?
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 3
A brief (and highly suspect) history of engineering education
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 4
ECHOLE
POLYTECHNIQUE
– FRANCE
1774
U...
Course of instruction
1866
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 5
UW Madison was an early Land
Grant university.
Here’s the required cour...
UW Engineering Course of instruction
By 1880, engineering was established at UW Madison and you saw the underpinnings of m...
A brief (and highly suspect) history of engineering education
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 7
CLASSROOM WORK
BEGINS TO OVERTAKE
LA...
A brief (and highly suspect) history of engineering education
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 8
ENGINEERING
SWINGS HEAVILY
TOWARDS S...
A period of
unprecedented
challenges…
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 9
?
What hasn’t changed?
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 10
What hasn’t changed?
Engineering education
reflecting the grand
challenges and
opportunities of the day
 Mechanization du...
What hasn’t changed?
Tension between
engineering as a
science and engineering
as an applied art
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 12
What hasn’t changed?
Tension between
analytical and hands-on
pedagogies
 There have always been
voices clamoring for more...
What hasn’t changed?
Challenges of fitting in
all of the relevant
learning into a
reasonable curriculum
DESIGN CONCEPTS, I...
What hasn’t changed?
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 15
“
“
The amount of work required in
engineering is … more than that required
...
Engineering has always taken on the tough challenges
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 16
Engineering has always
found opportunities.
...
What is different?
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 17
What is different?
Higher education is a
bit more expensive…
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 18
What is different?
Highly integrated
systems cross
conventional disciplines
with unprecedented
complexity
 Few design cha...
What is different?
Frictionless global
development
 Resources, problems,
competition and
opportunities cross time
zones a...
What is different?
Radically different levels
of early exposure &
acumen
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 21
What is different?
Unprecedented methods
of gathering, learning &
disseminating information
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 22
What is different?
Unprecedented pace of
innovation
1990: Paper dispenser design
 All mechanical
 3- year development
 ...
The future is here!
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 24
Our grand challenges
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 25
Stable
Food
Supply
Access To
Clean Water
& Sanitation
Personal
Security &
Na...
8 areas of focus for educating
tomorrow’s engineers
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 26
Areas of focus
Teach the ability to
conceptualize concrete
solutions to abstract
problems
It’s hard to teach,
evaluate and...
Areas of focus
Engage and connect
through team, project,
and goal-based
learning
Students are clamoring
for context. They ...
Areas of focus
Increase awareness,
exposure and empathy
with other disciplines
and perspectives
Engineering is a component...
Areas of focus
Reinvigorate hands-on
learning
The theoretical and analytical
parts of our profession
separate us from make...
Areas of focus
Teach our engineers to
become storytellers
Engineers must be able to
evocatively describe
complex, technica...
Future challenges
Erode boundaries and
blend between
engineering disciplines
Fostering curiosity
and the desire
to experim...
Future challenges
Inform and educate the
ethical humanist engineer
The engineer’s power to leverage
expertise for societal...
Future challenges
Empower engineers
as entrepreneurs
Encourage leadership and
exposure to business
strategy
DESIGN CONCEPT...
The 8 areas of focus for educating tomorrow’s engineers
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 35
ENGAGE AND CONNECT THROUGH
PROJECT, TEAM ...
It’s SIMPLE!
 Creativity & problem solving
 Project, team & problem
based learning
 Empathy with other
disciplines & pe...
I get it, it’s hard!!!
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 37
How do we do all this and stay sane?
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 38
Don’t have all the answers. Here are some thoughts:
• Online...
How do we do all this and stay sane?
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 39
Don’t have all the answers. Here are some thoughts:
• Studen...
Learning about learning
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 40
Worthy of effort
Worthy of research
Worthy of publishing
Can help put Mad...
Wrapping it up
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 41
Change is the only constant
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 42
Students no longer learn about steam
engines and stereotomy … as know...
DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 43
Prepared By:
5301 Buttonwood Dr.
Madison, WI 53718
260 Shipley St.
San Francisco, CA 94107
Thank You
Contact Us:
design-co...
The future of engineering education
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The future of engineering education

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Dave Franchino, president of the product development and innovation consultancy Design Concepts, takes a quick historic look at engineering education and the eight areas of focus necessary for educating tomorrow's engineers. The presentation was delivered on April 22, 2016, at the University of Wisconsin's Engineering Innovation Showcase.

Published in: Engineering
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The future of engineering education

  1. 1. Prepared For: Contact: Client Contact: Project Number: Project Name:Project Name:Engineering Showcase April 22, 2016
  2. 2. Future of Engineering Education – Where to begin? DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 3
  3. 3. A brief (and highly suspect) history of engineering education DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 4 ECHOLE POLYTECHNIQUE – FRANCE 1774 US ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS 1802 US SCHOOLS BEGIN POLYTECHNIQUE MODEL 1850s MORRILL ACT 1862 “ “ …teach such branches of learning as are related to … the mechanic arts… in order to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes… Early engineering education was driven by weapons and defense Established Land Grant universities to … French Revolution, Napoleon’s military academy Formed as a military academy by Thomas Jefferson
  4. 4. Course of instruction 1866 DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 5 UW Madison was an early Land Grant university. Here’s the required course load for incoming freshmen circa 1866.
  5. 5. UW Engineering Course of instruction By 1880, engineering was established at UW Madison and you saw the underpinnings of mechanical, civil and a nascent electrical engineering department  Blow Pipe Analysis  Shop work Electrical Engineers  Steam engines  Masonry arches  Testing of wires and cables  Railway engineering  Framed structures  Stereotomy DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 6
  6. 6. A brief (and highly suspect) history of engineering education DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 7 CLASSROOM WORK BEGINS TO OVERTAKE LAB WORK 1880s FEDERAL FUNDING TO SUPPORT THEORETICAL ENGINEERING 1940s GI BILL – COLD WAR RESEARCH FUNDING 1950s COMPLEX MATHEMATICS BEGINS TO DOMINATE 1920s TIMOSHENKO – MECHANICS VON KARMEN - FLUIDS WESTERGARD – CIVIL ENGR
  7. 7. A brief (and highly suspect) history of engineering education DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 8 ENGINEERING SWINGS HEAVILY TOWARDS SCIENCE 1970s HANDS-ON SKILLS DROPPED 1980s SHIFT BACK FROM PURE SCIENCE TO MORE HANDS-ON AND APPLIED WORK 2000s THE FUTURE 2020s BASIC RESEARCH APPLIED RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT APPLICATION UTILITY “I can’t tell whether he’s an engineer or a scientist.” ─ Theodore Von Karman
  8. 8. A period of unprecedented challenges… DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 9 ?
  9. 9. What hasn’t changed? DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 10
  10. 10. What hasn’t changed? Engineering education reflecting the grand challenges and opportunities of the day  Mechanization during Industrial Revolution  Transportation, infrastructure  Atomic energy, weapons during Cold War  Power, energy in the 1970s  Computing during Information Age DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 11
  11. 11. What hasn’t changed? Tension between engineering as a science and engineering as an applied art DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 12
  12. 12. What hasn’t changed? Tension between analytical and hands-on pedagogies  There have always been voices clamoring for more core research and scientific inquiry – and voices arguing for hands on and pragmatic application DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 13
  13. 13. What hasn’t changed? Challenges of fitting in all of the relevant learning into a reasonable curriculum DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 14
  14. 14. What hasn’t changed? DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 15 “ “ The amount of work required in engineering is … more than that required in other college(s). Many students find it difficult… they devote an additional year to lighten the work or enable them to elect additional studies.
  15. 15. Engineering has always taken on the tough challenges DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 16 Engineering has always found opportunities. But today’s opportunities are new & different. Hard problems are not unique to today. But today’s problems are contextually unique. YESTERDAY FUTURE TODAY
  16. 16. What is different? DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 17
  17. 17. What is different? Higher education is a bit more expensive… DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 18
  18. 18. What is different? Highly integrated systems cross conventional disciplines with unprecedented complexity  Few design challenges are limited to a single discipline and software-electro- mechanical- biological- materials challenges abound DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 19
  19. 19. What is different? Frictionless global development  Resources, problems, competition and opportunities cross time zones and boundaries like never before DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 20
  20. 20. What is different? Radically different levels of early exposure & acumen DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 21
  21. 21. What is different? Unprecedented methods of gathering, learning & disseminating information DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 22
  22. 22. What is different? Unprecedented pace of innovation 1990: Paper dispenser design  All mechanical  3- year development  6,500 man-hours 2006: Paper dispenser design  Electro-mechanical  9-12 month development  2,500 man-hours DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 23
  23. 23. The future is here! DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 24
  24. 24. Our grand challenges DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 25 Stable Food Supply Access To Clean Water & Sanitation Personal Security & National Defense Equal Education Opportunities For All Access To & Progress In Healthcare Equity In Quality & Dignity Of Life Sustainable, Responsible Housing, Energy & Transportation Stewardship Of The Earth’s Resources
  25. 25. 8 areas of focus for educating tomorrow’s engineers DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 26
  26. 26. Areas of focus Teach the ability to conceptualize concrete solutions to abstract problems It’s hard to teach, evaluate and grade creativity DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 27
  27. 27. Areas of focus Engage and connect through team, project, and goal-based learning Students are clamoring for context. They want to see not just the what but the why. DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 28
  28. 28. Areas of focus Increase awareness, exposure and empathy with other disciplines and perspectives Engineering is a component in the larger ecosystem of society and commerce Innovation is a team sport DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 29
  29. 29. Areas of focus Reinvigorate hands-on learning The theoretical and analytical parts of our profession separate us from makers and hackers, but Engineering must keep a foot firmly planted in the real and the applied DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 30
  30. 30. Areas of focus Teach our engineers to become storytellers Engineers must be able to evocatively describe complex, technical things and a future that doesn’t exist yet to help people make the best decisions. DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 31
  31. 31. Future challenges Erode boundaries and blend between engineering disciplines Fostering curiosity and the desire to experiment are critical DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 32
  32. 32. Future challenges Inform and educate the ethical humanist engineer The engineer’s power to leverage expertise for societal, philanthropic, artistic and humanitarian purposes is clear DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 33
  33. 33. Future challenges Empower engineers as entrepreneurs Encourage leadership and exposure to business strategy DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 34
  34. 34. The 8 areas of focus for educating tomorrow’s engineers DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 35 ENGAGE AND CONNECT THROUGH PROJECT, TEAM AND PROBLEM BASED LEARNING INCREASE AWARENESS, EXPOSURE AND EMPATHY WITH OTHER DISCIPLINES AND PERSPECTIVES REINVIGORATE HANDS-ON LEARNING INFORM AND EDUCATE THE ETHICAL HUMANIST ENGINEER EMPOWER ENGINEERS AS ENTREPRENEURS TEACH THE ABILITY TO CONCEPTUALIZE CONCRETE SOLUTIONS TO ABSTRACT PROBLEMS ERODE BOUNDARIES AND BLEND BETWEEN ENGINEERING DISCIPLINES TEACH OUR ENGINEERS TO BECOME STORYTELLERS
  35. 35. It’s SIMPLE!  Creativity & problem solving  Project, team & problem based learning  Empathy with other disciplines & perspectives  Hands-on learning  Cross engineering disciplines  Inform & educate the ethical humanist engineer  Empower engineers as entrepreneurs All while trying to teach complex, rigorous technical topics DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 36
  36. 36. I get it, it’s hard!!! DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 37
  37. 37. How do we do all this and stay sane? DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 38 Don’t have all the answers. Here are some thoughts: • Online learning to teach more rote skills leaving classroom time for deeper problem solving, synthesis and application. • Recognize students are coming in with deeper and more relevant skills. • Remove duplication across engineering and science courses.
  38. 38. How do we do all this and stay sane? DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 39 Don’t have all the answers. Here are some thoughts: • Students must understand core principles and theory, but technology can release them from some of the laborious aspects of application. • Reconsider some of our sacred cows in the light of new context and new challenges. Where is there a bit of Stereotomy in our courses that can be cut to make room for new learning?
  39. 39. Learning about learning DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 40 Worthy of effort Worthy of research Worthy of publishing Can help put Madison in the forefront
  40. 40. Wrapping it up DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 41
  41. 41. Change is the only constant DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 42 Students no longer learn about steam engines and stereotomy … as knowledge and society progresses, education changes Engineering has shifted between theoretical & applied focus to meet the needs We are now facing “wicked” problems that require engineers to work in a larger context than before It’s a great time to be and educate engineers
  42. 42. DESIGN CONCEPTS, INC. 43
  43. 43. Prepared By: 5301 Buttonwood Dr. Madison, WI 53718 260 Shipley St. San Francisco, CA 94107 Thank You Contact Us: design-concepts.com Prepared By: Dave Franchino dave.franchino@design-concepts.com

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