Ccu 1 day training course

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Ccu 1 day training course

  1. 1. _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  2. 2. PRESENTED BY Derrick East______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  3. 3. *SAFETY* THE SUM AND QUALITY OF OUR INDIVIDUAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE MANAGEMENT OFSAFETY AND TRAINING DETERMINES WHETHERTHE COLLEAGUES WE WORK WITH LIVE OR DIE*TRAINING* ______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  4. 4. FAULTS IN LIFTING APPLIANCES AND LIFTING GEAR PURPOSE The faults observed in CCU`S and other cargo received from suppliers have Been categorised and codified with the following objectives.(1) To enable clear and detailed discussions to take place between senders of CCU`S rejected prior to shipment offshore, and any member of the Materials Handling Section, not just the person by whom the CCU was rejected as being unsuitable for shipping because of a fault with the gear or the methods of slinging or containerisation employed.(2) To enable faster and more meaningful analysis of appliance faults to take place so as to render them, through discussion, unlikely to recur. _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  5. 5. FAULTS IN LIFTING APPLIANCES AND LIFTING GEARINSPECTION PROCEDUREIf, on inspection, any piece of cargo is deemed unfit for shipment for anyreason, the Cargo Handling Controller shall complete a Cargo rejection note.the top copy of the note will be returned with the cargo to the sender with thedriver of the delivery vehicle.A copy of the note is given to the cargo co-ordinator, who uses it to advice theclient of the rejection of the cargo and when it should be resubmitted forshipment. The final copy is used to collate relevant information onto a dailyrejection summary sheet. The information is codified before entering ontothe sheet and passing to the Materials Handling Supervisor.The Clients cargo handling supervisor will enter the details onto a summarysheet. On a monthly basis, this data will be examined for patterns or persistingoffenders. The supervisor will then contact the senders involved to resolve anyproblems. _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  6. 6. FAULTSLifting appliance certification faultsLifting gear/sling certification faultsLifting gear/sling faultsStructural faultsLifting gear/sling marking faultsLifting appliance marking faultsTank faultsLoading security and general faultsDocumentation, dangerous goods manifesting labelling faults ______________________________________ _ A-ESCO LLC
  7. 7. LIFTING APPLIANCE CERTIFICATION FAULTSNew materials supplied without test certificatesNew materials supplied without Magnetic Particle Inspection(MPI) certificates for lift pointsReports etc. sent for wrong materialsMaterials supplied with out of date certification etc.A – Overdue T.B – Overdue V.C – Overdue VN.Materials supplied with non-unique certification etcCertification supplied has less than one months life span leftLoad/stress bearing components untestedCertification etc, illegible or poorly copiedCertification etc, provided is hand written _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  8. 8. LIFTING GEAR/SLING CERTIFICATION FAULTSNEW MATERIALS SUPPLIED WITHOUT TEST CERTIFICATESREPORTS ETC SENT FOR THE WRONG MATERIALSMATERIALS SUPPLIED WITH OUT OF DATE CERTIFICATION ETCMATERIALS SUPPLIED WITH NON-UNIQUE CERTIFICATION ETCCERTIFICATION SUPPLIED HAS LESS THAN ONE MONTH LIFESPAN LEFTLOAD/STRESS BEARING COMPONENTS UNTESTEDCERTIFICATION ETC ILLEGIBLE OR POORLY COPIEDCERTIFICATION ETC PROVIDED IS HAND WRITTEN _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  9. 9. LIFTING GEAR/SLING FAULTS Excessive numbers of broken wires (i.e. more than two) Badly twisted or kinked ropes Excessive wire corrosion Crushed or flattened ropes Exposed or distended fibre core Brittle wire rope (min 13mm dia rope size) Deformed thimbles _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  10. 10. LIFTING GEAR/SLING FAULTS cont`d Loose thimbles Torn or damaged ferrules Wires not showing outside standard ferrules Bights on reeved slings exceed 120º Unprotected slings passing over rough or sharp edges Reeved slings not de-rated by a minimum of 50% Soft eye used for main lifting point No thimbles fitted to wire terminations when slings pass through sharp edged or narrow faced lifting eyes _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  11. 11. LIFTING GEAR/SLING FAULTS cont`d Obtuse angle between opposing or adjacent lifting legs No bulldogs fitted to reeved slings on `live` leg above and tight down to the reeved eye Reeved eyes not secured in position below the bulldog by a cable tie or similar means Excessive wear on wire rope Fibre rope or web slings used as primary lifting medium Shackles of different sizes fitted No split _______________________________________ shackles pins (or similar means) fitted to safety A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  12. 12. LIFTING GEAR/SLING FAULTS cont`d Intended mousings broken or removed Damaged or deformed shackles Heat outside the permitted parameters applied to certified equipment after certification etc has taken place Mismatched screw pins fitted to shackles Shackles liable to be overloaded Excessive corrosion on shackles, master ring, quad assembly No secure single main lifting eye or ring Slings incorrectly fitted _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  13. 13. LIFTING GEAR/SLING FAULTS cont`d Excessive strain on opposite legs Bulldog terminations on primary lifting points No main lifting single lifting leg fitted when necessary S W L of slings is less than 1.3 x gross weight Shackles are too small, causing binding on lifting eye`s Chain slings will not be accepted for shipping unless they are constructed from alloy grade 80 chain (and similar components) to DNV specification, which have the suitable properties for working in cold weather (-20ºC) _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  14. 14. LIFTING GEAR/SLING FAULTS cont`d Shackle pins not secured Master link assembly not acceptable Lifting gear too short to enable safe hook-on hook-off Bulldog biting on choked wires Slings on tubular (s) double choked `R` clips on safety shackles not acceptable _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  15. 15. STRUCTURAL FAULTS Damaged or bent lifting eye`s Cracked lifting eye welds Doors incapable of being closed Unserviceable door to gate locking or fastening mechanisms Less than one locking mast per door fitted Broken or loose door or gate hinges Appliance design is as previously notified as unsuitable Floor unsound _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  16. 16. STRUCTURAL FAULTS CONT`DSubstantial deformation of structural membersCracks evident in exostructures (i.e. lifting frames, tank frames, bottle racks etc)Excessive corrosion evident in structural membersTears or holes in body work of dry watertight unitsDamage to lifting gear liable through contact with the loadDamage to shackles liable through contact with the loadExcessive damage to fork lifting pocketsDeformation of floor under loadLifting lugs not aligned to centre of unitNo forklift pockets. packers on underside _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  17. 17. LIFTING GEAR/SLING MARKING FAULTS No safe working load No O-90º No date for last test or examination Safe working load illegible 0-90º illegible Date of last test illegible No unique mark on slings Unique marks illegible Markings not permanent Markings not prominent Batch only markings given _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  18. 18. LIFTING APPLIANCE MARKING FAULTSNo tare weight No safe working load (where applicable)No gross weight Tare weight illegibleSafe working load illegible Gross weight illegibleNo unique mark Unique mark illegibleNo date of last test or examinationDate of last test or examination illegibleMarkings not prominent Markings not permanent ______________________________________ _ A-ESCO LLC TRAININING PRESENTATION
  19. 19. LIFTING APPLIANCE MARKING FAULTS Cont`dHazard `diamonds` not displayed when necessary, one on each faceNo test plate fitted No hatching or contrasting colourNo solid border or contrasting colour on roofNo ID number on all four sides No ID number on the roofAppropriate hazard labels not fitted Incorrect hazard labels fittedNo date of last proof load test on test plate Hazard labels are incorrect sizeOld hazard labels on appliance ______________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  20. 20. TANK FAULTSAppropriate hazard labels not fitted Incorrect hazard labels fittedNo user notes affixed firmly to the tank Incorrect user notes fitted to the tankDischarge valves not locked OFF Incorrect valve arrangement fittedUpper tank closure leakage Lower tank closure leakageTank vessel damage Exostructural damageClosure flange loose Valve loose _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  21. 21. TANK FAULTSExcessive corrosion evident on tank vesselInsufficient ullage space allowedHatch gratings damaged or looseValve integrity not re-certified at required levelsTank vessel integrity not re-certified at required intervalsTank contents monitoring equipment faultyLevel monitoring device inoperative or faultyNo dangerous goods declaration certificate supplied with hazardous materialsExcessive venting from relief valveHazard labels are incorrect size ______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  22. 22. LOADING, SECURITY AND GENERAL FAULTS Plate and tubulars in same bundle Plate and angle in same bundle Angle and tubulars in same bundle Goods supplied in unbraced wooden crates Goods not containerised Goods supplied unslung, not ready for shipment Load improperly secured _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  23. 23. LOADING, SECURITY AND GENERAL FAULTS Cont`dGas bottles presented for shipment in appliance other than a recognisedand approved gas bottle rackGas bottle secured by fibre ropeLoad liable to receive excessive damage in bad weather transit or transferLoose loads fastened together by fibrous methodsBundles of steel, pipe etc, not double wrapped and bulldogged with tie-wrap(or similar) through reeved eyeCargo protruding from appliance (susceptible to damage)Detached door seals on watertight units ______________________________________ _ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  24. 24. LOADING, SECURITY AND GENERAL FAULTS Cont`dDouble wrapping ineffective – looseIncompatible gases supplied in same applianceOpen top container supplied without cover and having no drainholesDangerous goods supplied without a dangerous goods declaration certificateDoors not secureDoor net not fitted or missingNo net fitted to general cargo basket containing wasteNo tag lines on loads over 45ft long or loads with a large surface areawhich may act as a sailAny loose items/debris on roof or frames liable to fall off and cause injury ______________________________________ _ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  25. 25. DOCUMENTATION, DANGEROUS GOODS MANIFESTING LABELLING FAULTSNo chemical data sheet Incorrect chemical data sheetNo hazard labels No user labelsNo dangerous goods certificateIncorrectly completed dangerous goods certificateIncorrect hazard labels Incorrect user labelsUnsuitable packaging/containerisation24hrs notification for explosive/radioactive materials not given as perHarbour Board requirements24hrs notification for lifts of 7000kg and over not givenNon compliance with IMDG code _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  26. 26. GUIDELINES FOR BACKLOADING CARGOThe following simple guidelines can be used for backloading cargo from an offshorelocation to shore. Responsibilities for backloading car go should be clearly defined (1) Is the lift necessary? (2) Could the container be better utilised? (3) Have you checked the test plate? (4) Are the strops secure and damage free? (5) Are the shackle pins secure? (6) Are the contents secure with the cargo net in place? (7) Are the doors secure and tagged? (8) Have you checked the top/sides and forklift pockets for loose objects? (9) Is the container properly labelled? (10) Have old “Dangerous Goods” labels been removed? (11) Are there any “Dangerous Goods” labels required? (12) Is the manifest complete? (13) Is a tag line required? (14) Do you know the actual weight? _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  27. 27. CARGO GUIDANCE SHEETSCargo Guidance Sheets outline the principal points to be considered whenpreparing cargo of any description for presentation to a supply base forshipment to and from offshore installationMany suppliers will use their own CCU’s. Where these appliances requireto be modified, or new ones built, the Clients Cargo Handling Section maygive advice on Standards to be worked to, and handling methods preferredby the CompanySheets 01 to 08 illustrate some types of CCU’s which are common use fortransporting material to and from offshore installations. These areaccompanied by notes of the particular features and characteristics of eachFurther sheets highlight categories of cargo which may create special problemsduring handling, transport or offshore transfer, and give guidance on thecertification and standards of construction of handling equipment _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  28. 28. SKIPSThis type of appliance currently represents the poorest method of transporting anymaterial. It is intended that with the availability of appliances currently underconstruction, which prove less expensive to service and be safer to use, these unitswill be dedicated for shore use only.However, whilst they remain in service, any cargo in them should be properlysecured and the whole unit covered with a rubbish skip cargo net, a supply ofwhich, for owned units, is available from materials handling section.Although they may be stacked, this should never be done onboard a supply vessel,and only performed onshore with the lifting gear removed. _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  29. 29. LIFTING FRAMESThese units can accommodate any type of cargo and provide a stable and securelifting medium which has the facility of being able to be altered to suit, or it canform the fixed frame around a pump, compressor or other type of unit.Whatever is inside the frame should be securely fastened, with no partsprotruding to get damaged, or to damage other cargo.All fastenings should be metal, and mountings should be bolted or welded.The main load and stress bearing structures should be subjected to test loads andMagnetic particle inspection as required by BS. EN 12079.The depth ofexamination is necessary because this type of unit, with no side stiffness is liableto receive impact damage sufficient to cause structural deformation. _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  30. 30. GENERAL PURPOSE TANKSThese tanks are significantly different from the IMO class 1 tanks. Thematerialsthey are to carry should be of an innocuous nature. The type of contents shouldbe clearly marked on the outside.Valve works shall be proven to be sound and the tank frame and vessel shall beinspected to BS. EN 12079.Valve opening handles are to be secured to preventaccidental opening.Tank closures are to_______________________________________ be sealed with non porous materials. A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  31. 31. PIPE CARRIERSCCU`S used to lift bundles or pieces of small bore or expensive pipe sections areoften made from ex-drilling materials.The materials used in fabrication may havebecome available because they are no longer suitable for their original purpose,therefore, it is important that the integrity of the material to be used in thefabrication is checked carefully, or the units rebuilt, if the integrity of thematerial is in doubt.When loading the cargo, particular attention should be paid to its weight and safeworking load of the appliance.When the appliance exceeds 20 ft in length forklift pockets must be fitted inaccordance with ISO 1496-1 _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  32. 32. GAS BOTTLE RACKSGas bottles should only be transportedin approved racks/carriers, never in closed CCU`SAll gate or door fastenings must be secured and locked to prevent accidentalrelease of cargo. Part full racks/carriers must have the cargo prevented frommoving by bottle restraints or by a bar welded across the structure to hold thebottles in place, or some other method (not rope) as agreed with the cargoHandling section. If a welded bar is used, a Hot Work Permit will be required toremove the bar.Gas bottle racks should provide adequate protection to the cylinder valves toprevent the potential for damage to the cylinder valves from dropped objectsor lifting slings from becoming entangled. _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  33. 33. IMO CLASS 1 TANKSIMO CLASS 1 TANKS often contain hazardous substances which must be clearlyIdentified. Such tanks should carry all labels required by the InternationalMaritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code, Code SI 1747.As well as `hazards diamonds` the tank should have firmly fixed to it, a waterproofpocket containing user notes, sufficient to advice the offshore operators of thehazards involved in using the material, and the course of action to be taken inthe event of accidental release of the contents. ______________________________________ _ A-ESCO LLC
  34. 34. IMO CLASS 1 TANKS Cont`dAll valves must be secured, and tested in accordance with the regulations.Users should also ensure tank integrity in accordance with the following :-(1) BS-EN-12079(2) LOLER(3) THE INTERNATIONAL MARITIME DANGEROUS GOODS CODE(4) THE MERCHANT SHIPPING (DANGEROUS GOODS) REGULATIONS 1981(5) DOT. CARRIAGE OF DANGEROUS GOODS IN SHIPS. When the unit exceeds 20ft in length, forklift pockets must be fitted in Accordance with ISO 1496. ______________________________________ _ A-ESCO LLC
  35. 35. MODULES UNITSAlthough these units are not strictly atype of CCU, the slings and the lifting points still have to be proven capable ofsafely supporting the weight of the unit, which in many cases is considerable,therefore, the whole structure should be treated as a CCUThe unit must be marked with all information required under BS.EN-12079.However, instead of the SWL, the unit should be marked with its tare/grossweight, unless it is likely to be used to transport tools etc; when SWL datashould also be givenWhen the unit exceeds 20ft in length, forklift pockets must be fitted inaccordance with ISO______________________________________ 1496 _ A-ESCO LLC
  36. 36. MINI CONTAINERSThese units are the most common typefor shipping cargo. The criteria used todecide shipping suitability are given inthe Code Series Sheets and in earliercargo Guidance Sheets. However, theillustration above of the latest type of container shows most of the features of acontainer. These are: one locking post per door; facility for labelling; clearidentification of unit; good condition; sound structure; and a door safety net.The lifting gear (fifth leg) should be placed over the back of the container toprevent damage to the lifting gear during transportation and allow the doorsto be openedClosed containers should not be used for fuel gas cylinders, e.g. Propane,acetylene. These should be transported in cylinder racks or open skips (incase of Propane). The owner’s name should be shown as well as all the weightsand examination data ______________________________________ _ A-ESCO LLC
  37. 37. MINI CONTAINERS should be consideredr examination and marking purposes, the unit and the slings cont`dparate entities. It is recommended that mini-containers have forklift pockets on all 4 sides.elved containers should only be used for the transportation of palletised materials andly where there is a safe method of removing the pallets at the point of receipt The following guidelines apply when using shelved containers: Ensure the shelf is fitted correctly and locked in place Ensure that the pallet weight is not in excess of the safe working load of the shelf Ensure that the palletised goods are securely stowed and held on the pallet Always load the bottom shelf first and discharge the top shelf first Ensure that the container has a separate cargo retaining net for each shelf and that they are secured in place when the container is laden Goggles must be worn when opening the doors on containers being used to transport palletised chemicals as wind turbulence can possibly result in air blown particles entering the eyes Care must be taken to prevent sack damage when removing palletised chemicals from the containers using a forklift All shelves must be subject to BS-EN-12079 ______________________________________ _ A-ESCO LLC
  38. 38. TUBULAR MATERIALSThis category of cargo creates problems which, though not unique to it, are moreserious should an accident occur. Only pipes of the same nominal diameter shouldbe bundled together, and numbers in that bundle should not be such that themiddle pipes are liable to slip through lack of bundle tightness.The bundle must not have in it, length’s of steelwork etc, which may slip duringtransit. The whole load must be slung with two slings, each of which must have aSWL of at least equal to the gross weight of the load. The slings must be placedapproximately 25% of the length of the load in from each end and be double ______________________________________wrapped. _ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  39. 39. cont`dTUBULARMATERIALSThe live wire of the each sling which is held by the crane hook should be reevedthrough the eye at the other end of the sling and have a bulldog fastened ontothe live wire above the reeved eye to prevent it from loosening during transit.the reeved eye should have a tie-wrap or similar, through it and round the livewire to prevent the reeved eye slipping over the bulldog when the load shiftsand loosens on the deck of the supply vessel.NOTE: These same rules apply to sections of steel or any other long smallsection metallic loads. All lifts in excess of 45ft long shall be required to bedelivered with ONE TAG LINE OF 25FT MINIMUM LENGTH. ______________________________________ _ A-ESCO LLC
  40. 40. FLAT LOADS (LOOSE)These items of cargo are often presented for shipment bound with wire ropes for oose stowage on the decks of supply vessels. This method of handling isundesirable as the cargo may shift during transit and damage other cargo, andpossibly injure personnel during shored offloading operations.1) Obtain a cargo basket or half height CCU suitable to accommodate the cargo flat. Secure the cargo to prevent movement, or releasing itself under tension, as this can lead to steel plate etc becoming dangerous flying objects ______________________________________ _ A-ESCO LLC
  41. 41. FLAT LOADS (LOOSE) cont’d(2) If a receptacle of a suitable size is not available, the cargo should be stored securely into a larger one, with dunnage or other cargo, up to the SWL or pay load of the appliance. Drums, cans or fuel cylinders should not be regarded as suitable “other cargo” due to risk of rupture and the consequent release of perhaps harmful or dangerous vapours or liquids.(3) Slings should be left around the cargo, to enable easier unloading offshore.(4) Due to large quantities of scaffold boards going offshore, the accepted methods should be as bundles of tubulars strapped together by adequate banding. In the event that bundles are not strapped together, nets should be fitted over each end ______________________________________ _ A-ESCO LLC
  42. 42. REELSReels containing drilling lines, hoses, wire,etc shall be shipped using a frame asshown above left) These frames are to betreated as lifting a appliance and shouldbe in accordance with BS-EN-12079Previously reels (above right) were shipped with a sling passed through thecentral core or wrapped around the core. Because of incidents this method isno longer used.The choice of frame will depend on the size and weight of the reel.When reels are shipped loose and (in a frame) they are best loaded into an opentopped appliance to facilitate vertical unloading offshore. The open top shouldbe of a size that restricts movement during transit. If movement seems inevitablethen effective wooden shoring should be used. ______________________________________ _ A-ESCO LLC
  43. 43. CONTAINERISINGLIFTING APPLIANCESAll equipment, especially heavy items, must be securely fastened inside CCU’SThe practice of putting a CCU that does not meet shipping standards into alarger receptacle which does, is not allowedAny such cargo intercepted as unsuitable for offshore shipment will be rejectedby the client’s cargo handling section prior to shippingAlso, any slings or strops used on gear inside a receptacle shall meet the criterialaid out in this chapter _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  44. 44. COLOUR CODES ON CARGO HANDLING SLINGSOnly transit slings for pipes may be colour coded. The coding is on the principalsling ferrules as shown above. Contractors and suppliers may also use thistechnique instead of date stamping (stamping may weaken a ferrule andeventually reduce it’s lifting power).Where suppliers elect to use the colour coding method, they must contact theCLIENTS Cargo Handling Section), and there cargo must be accompanied tothe Cargo Handling Section by the appropriate copy certification. ______________________________________ _ A-ESCO LLC
  45. 45. STANDARDS FOR CARGO HANDLING SLINGSSLING ASSEMBLIES SHALL BE DESIGNED AND CONSTRUCTED INACCORDANCE WITH BS-1290 / BS-EN- 13414-1 FOR 1.3 X MAX GROSSWEIGHT OF THE UNIT TO WHICH IT IS TO BE FITTED, EFFECTIVELYINCREASING THE DESIGN FACTOR OF SAFETY OF 5/1 TO 6/1. THES W L OF SLING ASSEMBLIES AND ASSOCIATED GEAR SHALL BECALCULATED USING THE UNIFORM LOAD METHOD.RATING STAMPED ON LIFTING SET. 1.3 X MAX GROSS WEIGHTSTAMPED ON THE CONTAINER PLATE _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  46. 46. STANDARDS FOR CARGOHANDLING SLINGSSome components of handling slings have deformed under normal offshoreconditions of use because of being constructed using commercial grade materialsand not the appropriate standardised materials. Commercial grade materialsmust not be used for cargo handling purposes.The illustration shows the standards appropriate to different sling componentsand these should be adopted progressively as the opportunity arises, e.g., atrepair intervals. Four, three and two legged sling assemblies main ring in themaster assembly shall have minimum dimensions 270mm x 140mm.‘R’ clips should not be used because of the risk of them getting knocked out _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  47. 47. 20FT CCU’SOPEN TOPPEDUnlike other open topped lifting appliances these units have relatively well sealeddoor openings and often no floor drain holes. This means that if filled with waterduring shipment offshore, it cannot drain, and up to 36 tons of water may becontained in a 20 ft unit.To reduce of this occurring and a crane being overstressed or damaged when alift is attempted, all open topped containers must be covered with a secureclosure, e.g. a tarpaulin properly lashed down and supported across thecontainer. The support will prevent a build-up of water on the coverWhere a tarpaulin is ______________________________________ holes not used, the unit must have drainage _ A-ESCO LLC
  48. 48. MESH SIDEDCARGO BASKETSMesh sided units are not acceptable as general purpose baskets.These baskets are not suitable for general shipment of materials which shouldalways be shipped in units having solid sides and endsCertain lightweight materials may be transported in mesh sided baskets, providedsufficient bracings are used in construction of the unit to constrain the materialbeing shipped, the mesh providing only an additional safety feature ______________________________________ _A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  49. 49. MESH SIDEDCARGO BASKETS cont’dAny mesh fitted must be maintained flush and unbroken to prevent injury topersonnelSuppliers who may wish to have mesh sided baskets approved for dedicatedmaterial should contact the Cargo Handling Section who will advise on theacceptability of these baskets. (for specified lightweight material only)Forklift pockets should be fitted. The cargo should be balanced inside the basketto avoid a turning movement onto the forklift ______________________________________ _ A-ESCO LLC
  50. 50. SHIPPING COMPACT HEAVY ITEMSOccasionally, small loads (that are heavy) can cause extensive damage to theircarrying appliances and consequently be difficult to remove on arrival at theirdestinationAny such loads, e.g. power slips/ elevators etc, should be well secured by lashingor bracing (no fibrous means) into an open top or half-height container or basketso as to prevent excessive movement during transit and also in a manner tofacilitate it’s removal by crane at it’s destinationThe unit should have drainage holes and be fitted with forklift pockets _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  51. 51. CONTAINERISATION OF RADIOACTIVE SOURCES/CONTAINERSTo reduce the possibility of cargo handling incidents, the shippingrequirements in respect of radioactive sources of all types presented forshipment by supply vessel are as follows:(1) Packaging and labelling of radioactive sources/containers shall be in accordance with The Merchant Shipping (Dangerous Goods and Marine Pollutants) Regulations SI 1990 No. 2605(2) Radioactive source containers shall be transported in dedicated cargo carrying units only(3) The cargo carrying unit in (2) will be characterised by having the following features:(a) They shall be of distinctive design, being no larger than necessary to carry the requisite number of sources and any other systems required(b) They shall be of distinctive livery and bear the required labels, user notes etc.(c) They shall be closed (but by venting arrangements, on immersion in water will sink quickly to the sea bed)(d) They shall have door(s) with at least two mutually independent securing methods, one of which shall be under lock and key, and available for inspection _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  52. 52. CONTAINERISATION OF RADIOACTIVE SOURCES/CONTAINERS cont`d(e) The CCU shall be fitted with a buoy and line recovery/marking system capable of self deployment in case of loss overboard in depths encountered in its operational area (on average this line length shall be 600ft). An alternative would be a salt water activated pinger tuned to the bell rescue frequency(f) Individual source CCU’s inside the shipping CCU shall be secured by chain, safety hook and shackle arrangement to an integral part of the interior of the CCU. The source CCU referred to is the primary one, not the aluminium CCU(g) The chain for (f) shall only be of the length necessary to facilitate loading and unloading operations.(4) A Dangerous Goods Declaration similar to that held by the Cargo Handling Section shall accompany each CCU presented for shipping(5) 24 hours notice prior to shipping is required as per Harbour Regulations Consignors of cargo are reminded that cargo presented unfit for shipping will be rejected by the Cargo Handling Section and returned to the originator _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  53. 53. CARGO INTEGRITYContainerised cargo consisting of itemsof different weights are prone to damageduring transit if loaded incorrectly. To reduce the possibility of damage, thefollowing shall apply:(1)When loading a CCU with varied items, consideration should be given to the size, shape and weight of the goods, so that when packed and in transit, they remain stationary within the CCU and arrive at there destination in a usable condition(2)If necessary, as well as loading lighter/more fragile goods on top of heavier items, the heavier items should be separately secured to the container so that more appropriate lighter lashings can be used ton secure the lighter loads _______________________________________ A-ESCO LLC TRAINING PRESENTATION
  54. 54. COMPACTORSOffshore locations are requested not to continue filling thecompactor after the machine has been turned off, thusleaving the charge box full of rubbish. This would preventan operator having to climb onto the compactor to removeThe rubbish by hand and would reduce the risk of injurydue to falling waste or cuts from sharp objects ______________________________________ _ A-ESCO LLC
  55. 55. COMPACTOR BAGSRecently, there has been a gradual introduction, on smaller rigs/platforms ofusing permanent offshore compactors. Generally these units use ‘single trip’bags which are for the movement of the ‘galley waste’ onlyInstances have occurred where these bags have been back loaded onto the decksof supply vessels direct from the deck of the rig/platform. This practice isforbidden. The bags shall only be back loaded in a suitable applianceAlthough the above refers to ‘single trip’ bags there now exists’ multi trip’ bagswhich are in common use. These bags are received, emptied, checked and thenre-used. The back loading rule above applies equally to this type of bag ______________________________________ _ A-ESCO LLC

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