GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
1 | P a g e
ADVERBS and PREPOSITIONS
ADVERBS are words or groups of words...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
2 | P a g e
John got home yesterday. John came to home on
yesterday.
His ...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
3 | P a g e
ADVERB FUNCTIONS
Frequency: "frequently", "often", "rarely", ...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
4 | P a g e
A: Do you come here often?
B: No. I'm here occasionally.
A: W...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
5 | P a g e
These words can come at various points in the sentence.
I reg...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
6 | P a g e
 back*
 downtown*
 everywhere
 here
 home*
 nowhere
 o...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
7 | P a g e
 yesterday
 yet
 . . . ago
ADVERB FORMS
Many ADVERBS, part...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
8 | P a g e
The COMPARATIVE INFLECTION "-er" and SUPERLATIVE INFLECTION
"...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
9 | P a g e
angrily
annoyingly
annually
anxiously
anyhow
anyplace
anyway
...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
10 | P a g e
calmly
candidly
carefully
carelessly
casually
cautiously
cer...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
11 | P a g e
customarily
cutely
D
daily
daintily
dangerously
daringly
dar...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
12 | P a g e
energetically
enjoyably
enormously
enough
enthusiastically
e...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
13 | P a g e
finally
financially
finitely
fluently
fondly
foolishly
forev...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
14 | P a g e
harshly
hastily
hatefully
hauntingly
healthily
heartily
heav...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
15 | P a g e
inquisitively
instantly
intelligently
intensely
intently
int...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
16 | P a g e
limply
lithely
lively
loftily
longingly
loosely
loudly
lovin...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
17 | P a g e
nearby
nearly
neatly
negatively
nervously
never
nevertheless...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
18 | P a g e
particularly
passionately
patiently
perfectly
periodically
p...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
19 | P a g e
randomly
rapidly
rarely
readily
really
reasonably
reassuring...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
20 | P a g e
seriously
shakily
shamelessly
sharply
sheepishly
shoddily
sh...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
21 | P a g e
stressfully
strictly
structurally
studiously
stupidly
stylis...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
22 | P a g e
truthfully
twice
U
ultimately
unabashedly
unanimously
unbear...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
23 | P a g e
verbally
vertically
very
viciously
victoriously
vigilantly
v...
GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001
24 | P a g e
zealously
zestfully
zest
EXERCISE:
Practice using these ADVE...
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Adverbs and prepositions

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Language Tutorials English Grammar Adverbs and Prepositions

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Adverbs and prepositions

  1. 1. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 1 | P a g e ADVERBS and PREPOSITIONS ADVERBS are words or groups of words telling frequency, manner, place, or time and primarily used as modifiers of VERBS, ADJECTIVES or other ADVERBS. PREPOSITIONS are usually followed by objects in PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES that can also be used to show duration, frequency, manner, place, reason, time, or to demonstrate CONTRAST. Whilst many of the common English PREPOSITIONS have related ADVERBS, or PREPOSITIONAL ADVERBS, there are other types of ADVERB which are often derived from ADJECTIVES. EXAMPLES ADVERB: Emily is quite sad. PREPOSITION: Emily is at home, but her keys are in the hall. PREPOSITIONAL ADVERB: Emily is standing outside. She is waiting alone. Still wet from the shower, Tracey threw her keys down to her. Emily could then get in. NOTICE: The use of "in" as PREPOSITION and PREPOSITIONAL ADVERB. NOTICE: Do not use an ADVERB as the subject of a PREPOSITION Correct Incorrect I went somewhere else. I went to somewhere else. I was still busy late last night. I was still busy at late last night. The ship is moored downstream. The ship is moored in downstream.
  2. 2. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 2 | P a g e John got home yesterday. John came to home on yesterday. His office was moved downtown. His office was moved to downtown. NOTICE: When "Downtown" is used as a noun, the second example is correct. Take care with words such as "home", "downtown", "today", "last night", "next week" and so on, as they can be used as both ADVERBS and NOUNS. ADVERB NOUN She will return tomorrow. They say that tomorrow is another day. She went home alone last night. Where is her home? You should go to see her next week. Next week is my vacation. ADVERBS ADVERB POSITIONS Where an ADVERB modifies either an ADJECTIVE ["quite careless"] or another ADVERB ["quite carelessly"], it appears immediately before the word it is modifying. Where an ADVERB modifies a VERB the positioning can be quite versatile, but its positions within the sentence can change its meaning: "Softly she whispered to the child." [Keeping her voice down so that she did not disturb other people] "She whispered softly to the child." [Keeping her voice down to soothe the child or not to disturb it] "She softly whispered to the child." [Describes the type of whisper she used]
  3. 3. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 3 | P a g e ADVERB FUNCTIONS Frequency: "frequently", "often", "rarely", "sometime". Manner: "happily", "quickly", "slowly", "unwillingly". Place: "anywhere", "everywhere", "here", "nowhere", "over there", "there". Time: "today", "tomorrow", "yesterday", "the day after". Frequency Adverbs The most common frequency adverbs in English are: Always Frequently Usually Often Sometimes Occasionally Seldom Rarely Never 100% of the time about 90% of the time about 80% of the time about 70% of the time about 50% of the time about 40% of the time about 20% of the time about 10% of the time 00% of the time Note: The percentages here are rough estimates and should be used for guidance only. FREQUENCY ADVERBS can be placed at various points in the sentence, but are most commonly used before the main VERBS and after "be" VERBS. I always come to work on time. They are seldom home when we call. He's usually eating breakfast at this time. She's never been to Dublin.
  4. 4. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 4 | P a g e A: Do you come here often? B: No. I'm here occasionally. A: What do you usually do here? B: Sometimes I just sit and ponder the meaning of life. Note: The adverbs seldom, rarely, never and hardly ever are considered negative. A: Do you always carry a briefcase? B: (Yes,) I usually do. No, I usually don't. No, I rarely do. No, I hardly ever do. Other FREQUENCY ADVERBS and EXPRESSIONS are as follows: Every day/week/month Every other day/week Once a week/month/year Twice a year/day, etc. (Every) once in a while Every so often These expressions are used at the beginning and end of sentences, not before main VERBS. Every once in a while I visit my grandmother in Minnesota. I visit my grandmother in Minnesota every once in a while. I every once in a while visit my grandmother in Minnesota. (Incorrect) Regularly Normally Traditionally (according to schedule) (commonly nowadays) (commonly in the past)
  5. 5. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 5 | P a g e These words can come at various points in the sentence. I regularly floss my teeth. I floss my teeth regularly. Traditionally, that was considered child's play. I normally get up around 6 o'clock. Normally, I get up around 6 o'clock. ADVERBS OF MANNER (HOW?)  absolutely  almost  alone  barely  carefully  fast  hard  hardly  mostly  pretty  quickly  quite  really  slowly  together  very  well ADVERBS OF PLACE (WHERE?) (Note: Do not use these with "to.")  anywhere  away
  6. 6. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 6 | P a g e  back*  downtown*  everywhere  here  home*  nowhere  out  over there  there *These are also used as nouns and sometimes adjectives. ADVERBS OF TIME (WHEN?)  already  immediately  last night  lately  later  next week  now  recently  right now  soon  still  then  this morning  today  tomorrow  tonight
  7. 7. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 7 | P a g e  yesterday  yet  . . . ago ADVERB FORMS Many ADVERBS, particularly MANNER ADVERBS, can be formed by adding "-ly" to an adjective ["dependably", "easily", "happily", "quickly", "slowly", "willingly"], however, not every word that ends "-ly" is an ADVERB [ to be "friendly", to be "neighbourly"] and there are many common ADVERBS which do not end "-ly" ["almost", "just", "still", "not"]. ADVERBS versus ADJECTIVES Sometimes a word can be both and ADVERB and an ADJECTIVE. To tell the difference in use, it is important to considered the context and function of the word within the sentence. "The fast train to Cardiff leaves Paddington at three o'clock." Here, "fast" is an ATTRIBUTIVE ADJECTIVE, modifying the noun "train", which follows it in the sentence structure. "The train took the curve too fast." Here, "too fast" is an ADVERB which modifies the VERB "to take". "The bed was hard and the Princess got no sleep at all." Here, "hard" is a PREDICTIVE ADJECTIVE following the VERB "to be" but still modifying a NOUN, in this case "the bed". "Tripping over his feet, Oscar fell, hitting the ground hard." Here the ADVERB "hard" modifies the VERB "to hit".
  8. 8. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 8 | P a g e The COMPARATIVE INFLECTION "-er" and SUPERLATIVE INFLECTION "-est" combine with both ADVERBS and ADJECTIVES, although to a lesser degree. To make the COMPARATIVE FORM of "-ly" adverbs add "more" before the word and not "-er" to the end. Because it is comparatively unusual the SUPERLATIVE FORM which adds "most" before the word and retains the "-ly" ending, become the focus or stress of the sentence and draw attention to the emphasis. "I was most favourably impressed by your appearance." Below is a list of ADVERBS and you can use them to create these forms. ADVERB LIST A aboard abnormally about abroad absentmindedly absolutely abundantly accidentally accordingly actively actually acutely admiringly affectionately affirmatively after afterwards agreeably almost already always amazingly
  9. 9. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 9 | P a g e angrily annoyingly annually anxiously anyhow anyplace anyway anywhere appreciably appropriately around arrogantly aside assuredly astonishingly away awfully awkwardly B badly barely bashfully beautifully before begrudgingly believably bewilderedly bewilderingly bitterly bleakly blindly blissfully boldly boastfully boldly boyishly bravely briefly brightly brilliantly briskly brutally busily C
  10. 10. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 10 | P a g e calmly candidly carefully carelessly casually cautiously certainly charmingly cheerfully chiefly childishly cleanly clearly cleverly closely cloudily clumsily coaxingly coincidentally coldly colourfully commonly comfortably compactly compassionately completely confusedly consequently considerably considerately consistently constantly continually continuously coolly correctly courageously covertly cowardly crazily crossly cruelly cunningly curiously currently
  11. 11. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 11 | P a g e customarily cutely D daily daintily dangerously daringly darkly dastardly dearly decently deeply defiantly deftly deliberately delicately delightfully densely diagonally differently diligently dimly directly disorderly divisively docilely dopily doubtfully down dramatically dreamily during E eagerly early earnestly easily efficiently effortlessly elaborately eloquently elegantly elsewhere emotionally endlessly
  12. 12. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 12 | P a g e energetically enjoyably enormously enough enthusiastically entirely equally especially essentially eternally ethically even evenly eventually evermore every everywhere evidently evocatively exactly exceedingly exceptionally excitedly exclusively explicitly expressly extensively externally extra extraordinarily extremely F fairly faithfully famously far fashionably fast fatally favourably ferociously fervently fiercely fiery
  13. 13. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 13 | P a g e finally financially finitely fluently fondly foolishly forever formally formerly fortunately forward frankly frantically freely frequently frenetically fully furiously furthermore G generally generously genuinely gently genuinely girlishly gladly gleefully gracefully graciously gradually gratefully greatly greedily grimly grudgingly H habitually half-heartedly handily handsomely haphazardly happily hastily harmoniously
  14. 14. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 14 | P a g e harshly hastily hatefully hauntingly healthily heartily heavily helpfully hence highly hitherto honestly hopelessly horizontally hourly how however hugely humorously hungrily hurriedly hysterically I icily identifiably idiotically imaginatively immeasurably immediately immensely impatiently impressively inappropriately incessantly incorrectly indeed independently indoors indubitably inevitably infinitely informally infrequently innocently
  15. 15. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 15 | P a g e inquisitively instantly intelligently intensely intently interestingly intermittently internally invariably invisibly inwardly ironically irrefutably irritably J jaggedly jauntily jealously jovially joyfully joylessly joyously jubilantly judgmentally just justly K keenly kiddingly kind-heartedly kindly knavishly knowingly knowledgeably kookily L lastly late lately later lazily less lightly likely
  16. 16. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 16 | P a g e limply lithely lively loftily longingly loosely loudly lovingly loyally luckily luxuriously M madly magically mainly majestically markedly materially meaningfully meanly meantime meanwhile measurably mechanically medically menacingly merely merrily methodically mightily miserably mockingly monthly morally more moreover mortally mostly much mysteriously N nastily naturally naughtily
  17. 17. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 17 | P a g e nearby nearly neatly negatively nervously never nevertheless next nicely nightly noisily normally nosily not now nowadays numbly O obediently obligingly obnoxiously obviously occasionally oddly offensively officially often ominously once only openly optimistically orderly ordinarily outdoors outrageously outwardly outwards overconfidently overseas P painfully painlessly paradoxically partially
  18. 18. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 18 | P a g e particularly passionately patiently perfectly periodically perpetually persistently personally persuasively physically plainly playfully poetically poignantly politely poorly positively possibly potentially powerfully presently presumably prettily previously primly principally probably promptly properly proudly punctually puzzlingly Q quaintly queasily questionably questioningly quicker quickly quietly quirkily quite quizzically R
  19. 19. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 19 | P a g e randomly rapidly rarely readily really reasonably reassuringly recently recklessly regularly reliably reluctantly remarkably repeatedly reproachfully responsibly resentfully respectably respectfully restfully richly ridiculously righteously rightfully rightly rigidly roughly routinely rudely ruthlessly S sadly safely scarcely scarily scientifically searchingly secretively securely sedately seemingly seldom selfishly selflessly separately
  20. 20. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 20 | P a g e seriously shakily shamelessly sharply sheepishly shoddily shortly shrilly significantly silently simply sincerely singularly shyly skilfully sleepily slightly slowly slyly smoothly so softly solely solemnly solidly solicitously somehow sometimes somewhat somewhere soon specially specifically spectacularly speedily spiritually splendidly sporadically spasmodically startlingly steadily stealthily sternly still strenuously
  21. 21. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 21 | P a g e stressfully strictly structurally studiously stupidly stylishly subsequently substantially subtly successfully suddenly sufficiently suitably superficially supremely surely surprisingly suspiciously sweetly swiftly sympathetically systematically T temporarily tenderly tensely tepidly terribly thankfully then there thereby thoroughly thoughtfully thus tightly today together tomorrow too totally touchingly tremendously truly
  22. 22. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 22 | P a g e truthfully twice U ultimately unabashedly unanimously unbearably unbelievably unemotionally unethically unexpectedly unfailingly unfavourably unfortunately uniformly unilaterally unimpressively universally unnaturally unnecessarily unquestionably unwillingly up upbeat unkindly uplifting upright unselfishly upside-down unskilfully upward upwardly urgently usefully uselessly usually utterly V vacantly vaguely vainly valiantly vastly
  23. 23. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 23 | P a g e verbally vertically very viciously victoriously vigilantly vigorously violently visibly visually vivaciously voluntarily W warmly weakly wearily weekly well wetly when where while whole-heartedly wholly why wickedly widely wiggly wildly wilfully willingly wisely woefully wonderfully worriedly worthily wrongly Y yearly yearningly yesterday yet youthfully Z zanily
  24. 24. GRAMMAR - ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS - ADVERBS 001 24 | P a g e zealously zestfully zest EXERCISE: Practice using these ADVERBS by adding them to descriptions of people or places you know well. Be creative, not truthful. Exaggerate and use your imagination. The next section explains the use of PREPOSITIONS. ©SCG Language Tutorials 2014 www.scglanguagetutorials.com

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