ION Mumbai - Martin Levy: IPv6

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Martin Levy's presentation from ION Mumbai on 11 October 2012

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ION Mumbai - Martin Levy: IPv6

  1. 1. Industry Collaboration: Working Together to Deploy IPv6 ION Conference Mumbai India 10th October 2012 Martin J. Levy, Director IPv6 Strategy Hurricane Electric
  2. 2. Agenda  IPv6 IPv6 IPv6 *  11+ years of IPv6 at Hurricane Electric  Visualizing IPv6 usage and more  Motivate networks into implementing IPv6? * A reference to Dorothy’s ruby slippers from The Wizard of Oz10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 2
  3. 3. HURRICANE ELECTRIC10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 3
  4. 4. Hurricane Electric – Roots and History  Founded 17+ years ago - ISP & datacenter operator   1994 – Roots within the Silicon Valley high-tech community   1999 – Expanded IPv4 network nationwide in the US   2001 – Started IPv6 native and tunnel connectivity ( http://tunnelbroker.net )   2006 – Full “technology refresh” enabled native dual-stack IPv6 backbone   2008 – Became largest IPv6 backbone globally ( > 1Gbps IPv6 traffic level)   2009 – Continued expansion into Asia; enabled IPv6 6to4 & Teredo global service   2010 – Added more geographic coverage; expanded IPv6 6to4 and DNS service   2011 – Try to convince people to stop talking about IPv6; just talk about the “Internet”   2012 – World IPv6 Launch – 6th June 2012 – ready and waiting Deployed fully IPv6 ready Europe, Asia and the US and Toronto, Canada Further expansion in datacenter building expanded to 9 US, services in Atlanta Backbone for BGP 4 European Cities IPv6 tunnelbroker In Singapore and Tokyo and Zurich three continents 6to4 and teredo Ranked #1 IPv6 Added services Added services five other cities IPv6 backbone dns.he.net into Deployed IPv6 relays globally in Hong Kong IPv6 services In Stockholm, 206,000 sq ft adjacencies Added IPv6 Purchased Expansion dual-stack Rolled out European Added Q1 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q22005 2006 2007 2008 2008 2008 2008 2009 2009 2010 2011 2012 10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 4
  5. 5. Hurricane Electric’s 11 year experience with IPv6 IANA IPv4 exh aust ion IETF kicks o ff IPng (IPv 6) 2011 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Curiosity & Intrigue True operational experience .net IPv6 tunnelbroker 2001 Full technology re fresh 2006 Deployed 6to4 & Teredo 2009   Eleven years of experience really helps!   IPv6 has matured World IPv6 Launch   2012 – IPv6 is part of day-to-day work; no big deal! 2012 10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 5
  6. 6. Hurricane Electric – IPv6 Global Network All Hurricane Electric POPs are full IPv6 Native routing and peering Hong Kong Bay Area Los Angeles Kansas City New York Area Paris Equinix Equinix Telehouse 1100 Walnut Interxion Oak Tower Newark Fremont Palo Alto One Wilshire New York Mega-i 600 W 7th 1102 Grand Telehouse San Jose Vancouver Seattle Stockholm Portland Montreal Minneapolis Toronto Dublin Amsterdam Berlin Warsaw Salt Lake City Cleveland New York Frankfurt London Prague Tokyo Bay Area Paris Seoul Chicago Zurich Vienna Denver AshburnNew Delhi Kansas City Milan Las Vegas Hong Kong Taipei Los Madrid Angeles Phoenix AtlantaBangalore Dallas Singapore Houston Miami AS6939 Map o IPv6 peering at all major utdate peering points in US, Europe & d! Asia. Private and public peering capacity at 10Gbps and above. 10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 6
  7. 7. IT’S TWENTY TWELVE … IPv6 BY THE NUMBERS10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 7
  8. 8. IPv6 measured at via BGP ASNs with IPv6 http://bgp.he.net/ipv6-progress-report.cgi Networks Running IPv6 We can measure the percentage of networks running IPv6 by comparing the set of ASes in the IPv6 routing table to those in the combined set of IPv4 and IPv6. IPv4 and IPv6 RIBs Last Parsed: Wed Oct 10 01:10:25 PDT 2012 15% 14% 14.6%  W6L 13% IPv4 ASes: 42474 12% IPv6 ASes: 6207 Percentage of ASNs running v6 11% ASes using only IPv4: 36382 10%  W6D ASes using only IPv6: 115 9% 8% ASes using IPv4 and IPv6: 6092  IANA Runout 7% ASes using IPv4 or IPv6: 42589 6% Percentage of ASes (IPv4 or IPv6) 5% running IPv6: 14.6% 4% 3% 2% 1% 3.6% 0% 10/2008 10/2009 10/2010 01/2011 04/2011 07/2011 10/2011 10/2012 07/2008 01/2009 04/2009 07/2009 01/2010 04/2010 07/2010 01/2012 04/2012 07/2012 Date10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 8
  9. 9. Is IPv6 routing/interconnect/peering prevalent? ~70% average increase per year! http://bgp.he.net/report/prefixes#_prefixes ~50% average increase per year! http://bgp.he.net/report/prefixes#_networks10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 9
  10. 10. http://www.worldipv6launch.org/ 2012 & WORLD IPv6 LAUNCH Don’t be left behind10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 10
  11. 11. But first … 2011 World IPv6 Day  World IPv6 Day was about enabling web-based traffic for IPv6   Focus on content providers   Web (port 80 & 443 TCP traffic) plotted below Instant traffic at 00:00 UTC 5X traffic peak10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 11
  12. 12. 2012 World IPv6 Launch - real IPv6 traffic  Long term win since W6D in IPv6 traffic levels   That means there are both content and eyeballs in play10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 12
  13. 13. 2012 World IPv6 Launch - real IPv6 traffic  Exchange points showing IPv6 traffic spikes   DE-CIX Frankfurt   AMS-IX Amsterdam Interesting IPv6 traffic spike in Frankfurt prior to W6L10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 13
  14. 14. VISUALIZING IPv6 GLOBALLY AND WITHIN INDIA10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 14
  15. 15. Checking global IPv6 routing – graphically! Showing IPv4/IPv6 route propagation in a graphical form .ne t/ gp .he ttp ://b hCaveat: - This tool is only as good as its source data. - IP information is uploaded from RIPE RIS & Oregon routeviews. - Some views are missing; not all routes and paths are visible. - NOT based on the Hurricane Electric routing tables.10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 15
  16. 16. http://bgp.he.net/ - Searching on ASN, IP, etc. ASN AS5713 IPv4 address 196.21.79.50 Search IPv4 block 196.4.160.0/23 command IPv6 address 2001:4200:ffff:a::1 IPv6 block 2001:4208::/32 …etc …¯¯¯10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 16
  17. 17. Example of BGP tools – IPv4/IPv6 statistics IPv6 and IP4 BGP and routing information http://bgp.he.net/10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 17
  18. 18. http://bgp.he.net/ – Route propagation graphs Select tab for v4 or v6 graphs Routes see downstream of peers Peers that see routes ASN originating routes10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 18
  19. 19. Can regional IPv6 routing be measured?  Question:   Is there enough IPv6 routing between ISPs?   Can IPv6 BGP routing tables provide insight?  Methodology:   Lots of BGP routing tables collected globally   Data from http://bgp.he.net/ processed further   Graphical view on a country-to-country basis10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 19
  20. 20. Measuring BGP routing by collecting tables  Build on exceptional work by others   RIPE/RIS & Oregon routeviews collect BGP tables   A hearty “thank you” to RIPE & University of Oregon  Use Hurricane Electric’s http://bgp.he.net/ site and it’s database   Daily processing of those BGP tables   Results are user-friendly visualization of routing  Take the data one step further …  Only look at BGP peer data (v4 & v6)   It’s only interesting to look at BGP adjacency   Map ASN to country-codes   Search for adjacencies where CCs are different  Process resulting data to search for in-region connections   Clean up the data   Display the data10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 20
  21. 21. Example processing – CC & ASN Process each ASN within each country http://bgp.he.net/country/MY http://bgp.he.net/AS24514#_peers Remove all peers within CC Note the ASNs within the country … Note the peer connections that are outside the country …10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 21
  22. 22. Visualizing IPv6 routing within India  Full country listing at http://bgp.he.net/country/IN http://bgp.he.net/country/INASNs sorted by Adjacency count10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 22
  23. 23. Visualizing IPv6 routing within India  Routing propagation graphs for four providers in India   These change all the time; it’s best to look online for latest BGP propagationCaveat: Not all links will show within these graphs10 Oct 2012 Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - Working Together to Deploy IPv6 23

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