IPv6 and Telecom: IPv4 Is FInally Running Out. Now What?

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IPv6 and Telecom: IPv4 Is FInally Running Out. Now What?

  1. 1. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 IPv6 and Telecom IPv4 Is Finally Running Out… Now What? Dan York, Internet Society May 22, 2014
  2. 2. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Internet Society Deploy360 Programme www.internetsociety.org/deploy360/ IPv6, DNSSEC, Securing BGP, TLS for Applications knowledge base including tutorials, case studies, training resources, etc. Content specific to: –  Network Operators –  Developers –  Content Providers –  Consumer Electronics Manufacturers –  Enterprise Customers Blog posts
  3. 3. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Web Portal (Online Knowledge Repository) •  Technical documents •  Audience-specific information •  Blogs & social media Social Media (Constant Audience Engagement) •  Twitter •  Facebook •  Google+ •  YouTube •  RSS Feeds Speaking Engagements (Come Meet Us or Invite Us to Speak) •  IPv6 Summits •  Interop Events •  Network Operators’ Groups ION Conferences (Hands-on Educational Events) •  Djibouti (May 2014) •  Ireland (Sep 2014) •  Chile (Oct 2014) •  Canada (Nov 2013) •  Poland (Sep 2013) Deploy360 Components
  4. 4. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Why IPv6?
  5. 5. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 In The Beginning... 192.168.20.12
  6. 6. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Mobility www.flickr.com/photos/kapungo/3396823518/
  7. 7. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 A Plethora of Portable Platforms www.flickr.com/photos/clonedmilkmen/5111779335/
  8. 8. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Internet of Things
  9. 9. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Everything over IP
  10. 10. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Only 2-3 Billion People Are Online – What About The Other 5 Billion? And IPv4 only has 4.3 billion addresses!
  11. 11. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 How IP Address Allocation Works Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) Internet Service Providers (ISPs) You
  12. 12. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Global IPv4 Disparity !
  13. 13. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 As of Feb 1, 2011... Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) Internet Service Providers (ISPs) You All Out!
  14. 14. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 You http://www.potaroo.net/tools/ipv4/ It's Even Worse… Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) All Out! Final Final
  15. 15. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 https://www.arin.net/resources/request/ipv4_countdown.html Here in North America…
  16. 16. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 https://www.icann.org/news/announcement-2-2014-05-20-en And this just in… (May 20, 2014)
  17. 17. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Solutions?
  18. 18. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 IPv4 Marketplace
  19. 19. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Prolonging IPv4 - NAT Today Firewall ISP   Internet Firewall IP Phone PC Home Firewall Home   Public  IP   NAT   Private  IP   Addresses  
  20. 20. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Carrier Grade NAT (a.k.a. LSN) ISP   Internet Firewall IP Phone PC Home Firewall Home   Public  IP   NAT   Private  IP   Addresses   Firewall
  21. 21. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Old NATs Never Die... ISP   Internet Firewall IP Phone PC Home Firewall Home   Public  IP   NAT   Private  IP   Addresses   Firewall NAT   Private  IP   Addresses  
  22. 22. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 The Problem? SIP NAT
  23. 23. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Challenges with CGN/LSN •  Increased latency •  Impact to communication, gaming, video streaming •  Challenges with logging •  Difficulty finding data for law enforcement agencies •  Geoff Huston (APNIC) on CGN and law enforcement •  http://www.potaroo.net/presentations/2014-03-12-cgns.pdf •  Added network complexity •  RFC 7021, Assessing the Impact of Carrier-Grade NAT on Network Applications •  https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7021
  24. 24. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 And then there is...
  25. 25. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 IPv6 2001:db8:34a5:23:aa1f:12f4:9009:1234 2001:db8:34a5:23::9009:1234 2001:db8::1234
  26. 26. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 But… how do you enter IPv6 here?
  27. 27. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Also, the simple picture… SIP Proxy A Alice Bob Media (RTP, MSRP, etc.) SIPSIP SIP Proxy BSIP
  28. 28. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 … is typically much more complex! Internet (or WAN) Alice Bob Media SIPSIP SIP Proxy A SIP SIP Proxy B SIP Proxy N SIP Proxy D SIP SIP Proxy CSIP SIP Media Proxy A Media Proxy BMedia Media
  29. 29. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 The Good News!
  30. 30. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 www.worldipv6launch.org/infographic/
  31. 31. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 IPv6 Measurements - Google http://www.google.com/ipv6/statistics.html
  32. 32. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 IPv6 Measurements – Verizon Wireless http://www.worldipv6launch.org/measurements/
  33. 33. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 IPv6 Measurements – Network Operators 5/21/14 33 http://www.worldipv6launch.org/measurements/
  34. 34. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Telecommunications Providers in China http://www.telecomasia.net/content/chinese-telcos-embark-ipv6-adoption
  35. 35. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 IPv6 Works Fine! Linphone – http://www.linphone.org Open source, free and available for Linux, Windows and MacOS X
  36. 36. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 More SIP Softphones Supporting IPv6 Jitsi (formerly SIP Communicator) §  www.jitsi.org –  (also supports DNSSEC) Counterpath Bria §  www.counterpath.com
  37. 37. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 In Fact, There Are Many More: IP Phones (Desktop): •  Avaya (unclear on exact models) •  Mitel 53xx Series •  Mocet •  Siemens OpenStage •  Snom •  Yealink SIP-T2x Other SIP Devices •  Cisco SIP Gateways ( ISR 28XX & 38XX, AS5400 ) •  Dialogic SBCs •  Mediatrix •  Mitel MiVoice Border Gateway IP-PBXs/Call Servers •  Asterisk 1.8+ •  Brekeke SIP •  Cisco Unified Communications Manager 7.1 •  Freeswitch 1.1+ •  Kamailio 3.1+ •  Microsoft Lync Server 2013 •  OpenSIPS •  Voxeo Prophecy and PRISM SIP Services (in the cloud) •  INUM.net 37 www.internetsociety.org/deploy360/resources/ipv6-voip/
  38. 38. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 WebRTC may be an answer…
  39. 39. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 IPv6 Transition Technologies http://www.ripe.net/lir-services/training/e-learning/ipv6/transition-mechanisms
  40. 40. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 464XLAT Mechanism to deploy IPv6-only networks that still access IPv4 content RFC 6877 •  http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6877 Blog post about using Skype on Android over IPv6-only •  http://wp.me/p4eijv-4rn
  41. 41. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Next Steps
  42. 42. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Next Steps 1.  Learn about IPV6! 2.  Obtain IPv6 connectivity 3.  Inventory your existing equipment and applications 4.  Start specifying IPv6 as a requirement for new purchases §  RIPE-554: http://www.ripe.net/ripe/docs/ripe-554 5.  Set up a test lab 6.  Join the SIP Forum IPv6 Task Group mailing list 42
  43. 43. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 IETF Documents RFC 6157 •  “IPv6 Transition in the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)” •  http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6157 Interoperability Impacts of IPv6 Interworking with Existing IPv4 SIP Implementations •  http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-klatsky-dispatch-ipv6-impact-ipv4 Locating Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Servers in a Dual-Stack IP Network •  http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-sipcore-dns-dual-stack
  44. 44. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 SIP Forum “IPv6” Mailing List sipforum.org/mailman/listinfo/ipv6
  45. 45. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 SIPNOC 2014 – Comcast IPv6 Case Study SIPNOC – SIP Network Operators Conference June 9-12, 2014 Herndon, VA http://www.sipnoc.org/ Tuesday, June 10, 10:00am US EDT Comcast Voice IPv6 Deployment Lessons Learned Presented by Carl Klatsky, Comcast •  This presentation will review the successes, challenges, and lessons learned in deploying IPv6 support into Comcast's IMS based SIP voice network, in support of an upcoming IPv6 technical trial. The presentation will review the overall target architecture covering both access and network side elements, and share the lessons learned with the SIP community.
  46. 46. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 SIPit Test Events sipit.net SIPit 30 – February 2013 – Raleigh-Durham, NC https://www.sipit.net/SIPit30_summary "55% of the implementations present supported IPv6." SIP 31 – September 29 – October 2, 2014 – Nice, France
  47. 47. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 Other resources Internet Society Deploy360 Programme •  www.internetsociety.org/deploy360/ipv6/ •  www.internetsociety.org/deploy360/home/operators/ •  www.internetsociety.org/deploy360/resources/ipv6-voip/
  48. 48. www.internetsociety.org/deploy360 york@isoc.org Dan York Senior Content Strategist Internet Society Thank You!

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