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Creating Value by Going GreenFlorida Chapter ASLA 2009Dennis L. Church, ASLA /AICPCommunity Development Advisors LLC<br />
Presentation Outline<br />Green Building and Buyer Trends<br />Development Scale Green Approaches <br />Low Impact Develop...
Green Facts:<br />New home construction consumes 2/5 of all the lumber & plywood used in the U.S. each year<br />A typical...
What is Green Building?<br />Green Building is a process that creates buildings which minimize the use of resources, reduc...
What is Sustainable Development?<br />  “Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present withou...
Logos to Recognize<br />
Green Standards Were Created To:<br />Establish a Common Standard of Measurement<br />Promote Integrated, Whole Building D...
Advantages of Green Homes<br />Designed & Built Better<br />Minimum or No Construction Cost Increase<br />Less Risky<br />...
Green Building Is:<br />Efficient<br />Energy<br />Design<br />Materials<br />Healthy<br />Products<br />Off-gassing<br />...
Site<br />Water<br />Energy <br />Materials<br />Resources<br />Durability<br />Indoor Air Quality<br />Landscaping & Drai...
Why Go Green?<br />Some Communities Require Green<br />Local, State & Federal Requirements / Incentives<br />Mortgage Prog...
What Buyers Are Saying<br /><ul><li>Save Energy,Include Environmental Features</li></ul>Source: RCLCO Spring 2007<br />
What Buyers Are Saying<br /><ul><li>With Payback 75% are Motivated by Energy Savings</li></ul>Source: RCLCO Spring 2007<br />
What Buyers Are Saying<br /><ul><li>Even without full payback 41% are willing to spend extra for environmental benefits</l...
Demand for New Urbanism/ Smart Growth Designs<br />12 studies for builders and developers as input to planning new communi...
New Urbanism and Smart Growth Design<br />Support Sustainability Agenda<br />New Urbanism and smart growth designs and pro...
Builder Motivation for Going Green<br />62%: Right Thing to Do<br />62%: Lowering Life Cycle Costs<br />53%: Limit Liabili...
Who’s Going Green? Almost Everyone<br />St. Petersburg first Certified Green City in FL<br />Pinellas County first Certifi...
Market Trends & Outlook circa 2006<br />97,000 Homes Have Been Green Certified Since the Mid-1990s<br />Green Home Buildin...
Buyer Profile<br />   There are no age or income barriers. Green Building interests everyone concerned about energy costs,...
Development Scale Green Approaches<br />
Developer’s Perspective<br />Sustainability<br />Environment<br />Economic <br />Social<br />Sustainability<br />Environme...
Bonita Bay Group<br />Bonita Bay Group is recognized nationally as a leader in environmentally sensitive large scale MPC D...
BBG Environmental Awards<br />Five time winner of awards from the council for sustainable Florida<br />First certified Gre...
BBG Sustainable Development<br />Environment<br /><ul><li>Master Planning & Analysis
Water Management
Wetland Restoration
Dual Water Systems
Xeriscape
IPM (Integrated Pest Management)
Audubon Certifications
Native Vegetation Preservation
Resident Environmental Education   Programs
Green Building Training for Our Builder Partners</li></li></ul><li>BBG Sustainable Development<br />Economic<br /><ul><li>...
Infrastructure – Building</li></ul>	Public Roads and Water<br />	Management Facilities<br /><ul><li>Jobs – Construction an...
HOA/CDD for Private Infrastructure Funding and Long-term Management and Governance</li></li></ul><li>BBG Sustainable Devel...
Transfer Fees Fund Community Foundation which Awards Grants to Local Causes
United Way Campaign
Leadership on Local</li></ul>	Not-for-<br />	Profit Boards<br />
BBG Sustainable Development<br />Dual Water Systems<br /><ul><li>Separate Irrigation System Using Non-potable Water
Re-use Effluent and Other Non-potable Sources
Less Expensive than Potable
RCS Serves 8000 Units
Average Savings of 12.6 Million Gallons of potable water a Day Last Year</li></li></ul><li>BBG Sustainable Development<br ...
FGBC Green Development<br />Protect Ecosystems and Conserve Natural Resources<br />Create a Green Circulation System<br />...
Verandah First FGBC Green Development<br />
First FGBC Green Development 2003 <br />Verandah<br /><ul><li>Single Family Homes Constructed to BuildSmart™ Standards (10...
All Model Homes Green Building Certified
High Dust Spot Efficiency Filters
Materials are Low VOC
“Softscaping” – Strategic</li></ul>	Placement of Plantings<br />  Florida Green Development Criteria<br />
First FGBC Green Development<br />Verandah<br /><ul><li>Build Green and Profit
Buyer Education in Marketing & Sales Cycle
Construction Waste Recycling</li></ul>  Florida Green Development Criteria<br />
First FGBC Green Development<br />Verandah<br /><ul><li>Designed and Developed Around Existing Oak Trees on the Site
65% Open Space
Dual Water Lines
50% Drought-tolerant</li></ul>	Plants in Landscaping<br /><ul><li>Computer-controlled </li></ul>	Irrigation System<br />  ...
First FGBC Green Development<br /><ul><li>Amenities include fitness & biking trail, River Village
1.75 mile conservation </li></ul>	easement at riverfront<br /><ul><li>Audubon International</li></ul>	certification underw...
Green Circulation area
Restore flow way</li></ul>Florida Green Development <br />   Criteria<br />
<ul><li>Green Development at Variety of Scale
Rural Scale
 Urban Infill
 Greenfield</li></li></ul><li>Collier County Rural Stewardship Plan<br /><ul><li>Stewardship Credits are the “currency”
 Credits are credited from the natural resource and agricultural value of Stewardship Sending Areas multiplied by the laye...
  A Sending Area property owner opts into the program and selects which uses to remove or refrain.
  Credits are calculated using an established GIS database and model.
  Credits are sold to builders of new communities in receiving areas.</li></li></ul><li>Stewardship Sending Areas<br />Sen...
Stewardship Receiving Areas<br />Receiving Area locations are not predetermined, market forces and suitability factors gui...
Serenbe: A Prototype Community for Sustainability<br />Land Preservation<br />Serenbe is 900 Acres in the Heart of 40,000 ...
Serenbe…A Prototype community for sustainability<br />Development Design<br /><ul><li>Building projects are designed to fl...
2-Stage chemical free passive wastewater treatment system</li></li></ul><li>Urban Infill: Eastwood Village<br />Green Attr...
Higher density infill deflects growth from greenfield areas.
Brownfield Site Remediation at Eastwood</li></ul>Eastwood Village<br />
Green Attributes of TND: Eastwood<br /><ul><li>Conventional Plan with 1063 Units</li></li></ul><li>Green Attributes of TND...
Development Cost 45% higher
Additional 1,237 Units
46% Higher Density
Fast-tracked Local and State Approval</li></li></ul><li>UrbanInfill with High Density Design<br />43 Units on 1.6 acres<br...
High Density Product Design <br />Rear Load<br />AutoCourt<br />Townhomes<br />20–30 du / ac<br />
Suburban Infill: Mixed Product<br />Gross: 8 du / ac<br />Net: 12 du / ac & 19 du / ac <br />
Small Lot Single Family<br />One Typical Lot <br />Can Now be <br />Three Small Lots.<br />These Lots are <br />26’ to 28’...
Small Lot Single Family<br />
Greenfield Development<br />
Greenfield Development North River Village<br /><ul><li>2,500 Units on 1,265 Acres
Preserves Open Space (65% Open Space)
Clustering Uses Less Land
Deflects Growth Away from Environmentally Sensitive Areas
Minimizes Impervious</li></ul>	Surfaces<br /><ul><li>Allows for Connection</li></ul>	of Wildlife Habitat<br /><ul><li>Make...
Density Analysis North River Village<br />Current 1 Unit per <br />Acre Zoning<br /><ul><li>990 Units on </li></ul>	1,265 ...
Classic Urban</li></ul>	Sprawl<br /><ul><li>Central Water / Sewer Not feasible</li></li></ul><li>Land consumed at 1 DU/ ac...
Green Programs at North River Village<br />FGBC Dev. Designation<br />LEED Silver for Amenity Buildings<br />LEED Neighbor...
Water Star<br />Buildsmart<br />Green Advantage Certification for builders<br />FY&N Standards for Residential Landscape<b...
Green Programs NRV<br />U.S. Green Building Council Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED) Certification:<br /...
Green Programs NRV<br />LEED for Neighborhood Development:<br />The LEED for Neighborhood Development Rating System integr...
Green Programs NRV<br />Clean Marina Program:<br />This program administered by the Department of Environmental Protection...
Green Programs NRV<br />LIDLow Impact Designis an approach to site development that minimizes engineered solutions to wate...
Green Programs NRV<br />Energy Star:<br />Energy Star is a voluntary partnership between the US EPA and more than 8,000 or...
Green Programs NRV<br />Florida Water Star:<br />The programencourages water efficiency in household appliances, plumbing ...
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Sustainable Development at Master Planned Community Scale

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An overview of sustainable design and practices at the master planned community scale from the past and going forward

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Sustainable Development at Master Planned Community Scale

  1. 1. Creating Value by Going GreenFlorida Chapter ASLA 2009Dennis L. Church, ASLA /AICPCommunity Development Advisors LLC<br />
  2. 2. Presentation Outline<br />Green Building and Buyer Trends<br />Development Scale Green Approaches <br />Low Impact Development<br />Construction Systems<br />
  3. 3. Green Facts:<br />New home construction consumes 2/5 of all the lumber & plywood used in the U.S. each year<br />A typical 2000 s.f. wood frame home uses 16,000 b.f. of lumber plus 6,000 s.f. of plywood<br />A typical 2,000 s.f. wood frame home produces 4 tons of waste<br />Homes have grown in size while family household has decreased…bigger is not always better…<br />“Southface Energy Institute: Guidelines for the Southeast”<br />
  4. 4. What is Green Building?<br />Green Building is a process that creates buildings which minimize the use of resources, reduce harmful environmental effects and provides a healthier environment.<br />
  5. 5. What is Sustainable Development?<br /> “Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”<br />
  6. 6. Logos to Recognize<br />
  7. 7. Green Standards Were Created To:<br />Establish a Common Standard of Measurement<br />Promote Integrated, Whole Building Design Practices<br />Recognize Environmental Leadership in the Building Industry<br />Stimulate Green Competition<br />Raise Consumer Awareness<br />Transform the Building Market<br />
  8. 8. Advantages of Green Homes<br />Designed & Built Better<br />Minimum or No Construction Cost Increase<br />Less Risky<br />Less Waste<br />Lower Operating Costs by up to 30% to 100%<br />Cut Water Consumption by up to 50%<br />Tax Incentives & Rebates<br />Increased Health & Comfort<br />
  9. 9. Green Building Is:<br />Efficient<br />Energy<br />Design<br />Materials<br />Healthy<br />Products<br />Off-gassing<br />Air Quality<br />Durable<br />Low Maintenance<br />Moisture Resistant Materials<br />Disaster Resistant<br />
  10. 10. Site<br />Water<br />Energy <br />Materials<br />Resources<br />Durability<br />Indoor Air Quality<br />Landscaping & Drainage<br />Green Building Components Include:<br />
  11. 11. Why Go Green?<br />Some Communities Require Green<br />Local, State & Federal Requirements / Incentives<br />Mortgage Programs<br />Growing Public Demand<br />Marketing Advantage<br />63% Motivated by Lower Operating Costs<br />85% More Satisfied with New Green Home than with Previous<br />It’s the Right Thing To Do<br />
  12. 12. What Buyers Are Saying<br /><ul><li>Save Energy,Include Environmental Features</li></ul>Source: RCLCO Spring 2007<br />
  13. 13. What Buyers Are Saying<br /><ul><li>With Payback 75% are Motivated by Energy Savings</li></ul>Source: RCLCO Spring 2007<br />
  14. 14. What Buyers Are Saying<br /><ul><li>Even without full payback 41% are willing to spend extra for environmental benefits</li></ul>Source: RCLCO Spring 2007<br />
  15. 15. Demand for New Urbanism/ Smart Growth Designs<br />12 studies for builders and developers as input to planning new communities<br />Consumer surveys in Atlanta, Phoenix, Denver, Provo, Albuquerque, Boise, and Chattanooga conducted in the early part of this decade.<br />More recent studies conducted in Tampa, Orlando, Phoenix, Charlotte, and Savannah<br />Both urban and suburban locations<br />Surveys measuring the interest in new urbanism communities indicate the market for smart growth<br />Consistently find one third respondents prefer new urbanism communities and housing product<br />RCLCO – Market for Smart Growth: High Production Builders Conference<br />
  16. 16. New Urbanism and Smart Growth Design<br />Support Sustainability Agenda<br />New Urbanism and smart growth designs and products are similar:<br />Compact higher density communities<br />Connect with surrounding neighborhoods<br />Integrate multiple land uses reducing vehicle trips<br />Have a definable neighborhood center<br />Safe streets, and<br />Protect regional open spaces<br />RCLCO – Market for Smart Growth: High Production Builders Conference<br />
  17. 17. Builder Motivation for Going Green<br />62%: Right Thing to Do<br />62%: Lowering Life Cycle Costs<br />53%: Limit Liability Exposure<br />51%: Competitive Advantage<br />46%: Expand Business Opportunities<br />33%: Publicity Benefits<br />“McGraw Hill Construction: Residential Green Building SmartMarket Report”<br />
  18. 18. Who’s Going Green? Almost Everyone<br />St. Petersburg first Certified Green City in FL<br />Pinellas County first Certified Green County in FL<br />Verandah first Green Development in Florida<br />Atlanta: Earthcraft<br />Nashville: Green Power Switch<br />Memphis: EcoBuild<br />Southeast: Southface<br />Nationwide: Building America<br />Go to www.usgbc.org for complete listings<br />
  19. 19. Market Trends & Outlook circa 2006<br />97,000 Homes Have Been Green Certified Since the Mid-1990s<br />Green Home Building Will Reach Its Tipping Point in 2007...Increase Since 2005 Will be From 35% to 66% <br />More Than 2/3 of Builders Will be Building Green Homes During 2008<br />“McGraw Hill Construction: Residential Green Building SmartMarket Report”<br />
  20. 20. Buyer Profile<br /> There are no age or income barriers. Green Building interests everyone concerned about energy costs, depletion of natural resources and living a healthier and less complicated lifestyle. <br />
  21. 21. Development Scale Green Approaches<br />
  22. 22. Developer’s Perspective<br />Sustainability<br />Environment<br />Economic <br />Social<br />Sustainability<br />Environment<br />Social<br />Economic<br />
  23. 23. Bonita Bay Group<br />Bonita Bay Group is recognized nationally as a leader in environmentally sensitive large scale MPC Design and execution<br />Privately held development company based in Southwest Florida since 1985<br />Seven master planned communities with 12,000 units<br />9,000 units sold on 9,700 acres<br />15 golf courses<br />Two marinas<br />Irrigation utility company<br />Seven communities in planning and entitlement process totaling over 10,000 acres and 25,000 units<br />
  24. 24. BBG Environmental Awards<br />Five time winner of awards from the council for sustainable Florida<br />First certified Green Development by the Florida Green Building Coalition<br />Has 15 Audubon certified golf courses and communities<br />Twice has won ENVY awards from Florida Association of Realtors for environmental stewardship<br />Twice has been named environmental Leader in Golf and Golf Digest<br />And in 1999 Bonita Bay was awarded the Award of Excellence by the Urban Land Institute for the best Master Planned Community in North America<br />
  25. 25. BBG Sustainable Development<br />Environment<br /><ul><li>Master Planning & Analysis
  26. 26. Water Management
  27. 27. Wetland Restoration
  28. 28. Dual Water Systems
  29. 29. Xeriscape
  30. 30. IPM (Integrated Pest Management)
  31. 31. Audubon Certifications
  32. 32. Native Vegetation Preservation
  33. 33. Resident Environmental Education Programs
  34. 34. Green Building Training for Our Builder Partners</li></li></ul><li>BBG Sustainable Development<br />Economic<br /><ul><li>Tax Base
  35. 35. Infrastructure – Building</li></ul> Public Roads and Water<br /> Management Facilities<br /><ul><li>Jobs – Construction and Long-term Services
  36. 36. HOA/CDD for Private Infrastructure Funding and Long-term Management and Governance</li></li></ul><li>BBG Sustainable Development<br />Social <br /><ul><li>Social Infrastructure Program
  37. 37. Transfer Fees Fund Community Foundation which Awards Grants to Local Causes
  38. 38. United Way Campaign
  39. 39. Leadership on Local</li></ul> Not-for-<br /> Profit Boards<br />
  40. 40. BBG Sustainable Development<br />Dual Water Systems<br /><ul><li>Separate Irrigation System Using Non-potable Water
  41. 41. Re-use Effluent and Other Non-potable Sources
  42. 42. Less Expensive than Potable
  43. 43. RCS Serves 8000 Units
  44. 44. Average Savings of 12.6 Million Gallons of potable water a Day Last Year</li></li></ul><li>BBG Sustainable Development<br />Compost & Recycling Program<br />
  45. 45. FGBC Green Development<br />Protect Ecosystems and Conserve Natural Resources<br />Create a Green Circulation System<br />Green Utilities Practices<br />Amenities<br />Covenants and Deed Restrictions<br />Provide Educational Information to Help Achieve and Promote Green Living Practices<br />
  46. 46. Verandah First FGBC Green Development<br />
  47. 47. First FGBC Green Development 2003 <br />Verandah<br /><ul><li>Single Family Homes Constructed to BuildSmart™ Standards (10 to 30% More Energy Efficient)
  48. 48. All Model Homes Green Building Certified
  49. 49. High Dust Spot Efficiency Filters
  50. 50. Materials are Low VOC
  51. 51. “Softscaping” – Strategic</li></ul> Placement of Plantings<br /> Florida Green Development Criteria<br />
  52. 52. First FGBC Green Development<br />Verandah<br /><ul><li>Build Green and Profit
  53. 53. Buyer Education in Marketing & Sales Cycle
  54. 54. Construction Waste Recycling</li></ul> Florida Green Development Criteria<br />
  55. 55. First FGBC Green Development<br />Verandah<br /><ul><li>Designed and Developed Around Existing Oak Trees on the Site
  56. 56. 65% Open Space
  57. 57. Dual Water Lines
  58. 58. 50% Drought-tolerant</li></ul> Plants in Landscaping<br /><ul><li>Computer-controlled </li></ul> Irrigation System<br /> Florida Green Development Criteria<br />
  59. 59. First FGBC Green Development<br /><ul><li>Amenities include fitness & biking trail, River Village
  60. 60. 1.75 mile conservation </li></ul> easement at riverfront<br /><ul><li>Audubon International</li></ul> certification underway <br /><ul><li>Covenants and deed </li></ul> restrictions<br /><ul><li>Conservation areas
  61. 61. Green Circulation area
  62. 62. Restore flow way</li></ul>Florida Green Development <br /> Criteria<br />
  63. 63. <ul><li>Green Development at Variety of Scale
  64. 64. Rural Scale
  65. 65. Urban Infill
  66. 66. Greenfield</li></li></ul><li>Collier County Rural Stewardship Plan<br /><ul><li>Stewardship Credits are the “currency”
  67. 67. Credits are credited from the natural resource and agricultural value of Stewardship Sending Areas multiplied by the layers of development rights removed.
  68. 68. A Sending Area property owner opts into the program and selects which uses to remove or refrain.
  69. 69. Credits are calculated using an established GIS database and model.
  70. 70. Credits are sold to builders of new communities in receiving areas.</li></li></ul><li>Stewardship Sending Areas<br />Sending Areas are selected based on natural resource values, agricultural values or other desirable rural land uses and features.<br />Multiple data sets representing a variety of characteristics are integrated through an innovative GIS based scoring system.<br />Wetland flow ways, listed species habitats, water resource areas and ranches are typical sending areas. <br />
  71. 71. Stewardship Receiving Areas<br />Receiving Area locations are not predetermined, market forces and suitability factors guide the location.<br />Desirable characteristics of rural development are integrated into the plan. <br />Communities are compact, mixed-use, self-sufficient and pedestrian oriented.<br />Design Standards are customized for each new community.<br />
  72. 72. Serenbe: A Prototype Community for Sustainability<br />Land Preservation<br />Serenbe is 900 Acres in the Heart of 40,000 Acres<br />Master Plan 80% Green Space<br />Limited to 220 Building Sites <br /> Including Live/Work, Commercial<br />Storm Water Management<br />Runoff Directed into Vegetated<br /> Filter Strips and Shallow <br /> Channels of Dense Vegetation<br />Organic Farm<br />
  73. 73. Serenbe…A Prototype community for sustainability<br />Development Design<br /><ul><li>Building projects are designed to flow with the terrain, to avoid disturbing natural landscape</li></ul>EarthCraft Houses<br /><ul><li> All homes are built to the standards</li></ul> of the EarthCraft House Program<br />Wastewater Treatment<br /><ul><li>Reused for irrigation and future toilet water supply
  74. 74. 2-Stage chemical free passive wastewater treatment system</li></li></ul><li>Urban Infill: Eastwood Village<br />Green Attributes of TND<br /><ul><li>Infill developments reduce gas consumption, pollution, etc. by keeping people closer to areas they frequently travel.
  75. 75. Higher density infill deflects growth from greenfield areas.
  76. 76. Brownfield Site Remediation at Eastwood</li></ul>Eastwood Village<br />
  77. 77. Green Attributes of TND: Eastwood<br /><ul><li>Conventional Plan with 1063 Units</li></li></ul><li>Green Attributes of TND: Eastwood<br /><ul><li>2300 Units on 550 Acres
  78. 78. Development Cost 45% higher
  79. 79. Additional 1,237 Units
  80. 80. 46% Higher Density
  81. 81. Fast-tracked Local and State Approval</li></li></ul><li>UrbanInfill with High Density Design<br />43 Units on 1.6 acres<br />27 du/ac<br />
  82. 82. High Density Product Design <br />Rear Load<br />AutoCourt<br />Townhomes<br />20–30 du / ac<br />
  83. 83. Suburban Infill: Mixed Product<br />Gross: 8 du / ac<br />Net: 12 du / ac & 19 du / ac <br />
  84. 84. Small Lot Single Family<br />One Typical Lot <br />Can Now be <br />Three Small Lots.<br />These Lots are <br />26’ to 28’ Wide <br />and 95’ Deep.<br />
  85. 85. Small Lot Single Family<br />
  86. 86. Greenfield Development<br />
  87. 87. Greenfield Development North River Village<br /><ul><li>2,500 Units on 1,265 Acres
  88. 88. Preserves Open Space (65% Open Space)
  89. 89. Clustering Uses Less Land
  90. 90. Deflects Growth Away from Environmentally Sensitive Areas
  91. 91. Minimizes Impervious</li></ul> Surfaces<br /><ul><li>Allows for Connection</li></ul> of Wildlife Habitat<br /><ul><li>Makes Central Water /</li></ul> Sewer Feasible<br />
  92. 92. Density Analysis North River Village<br />Current 1 Unit per <br />Acre Zoning<br /><ul><li>990 Units on </li></ul> 1,265 Acres<br /><ul><li>Min 1 acre lots
  93. 93. Classic Urban</li></ul> Sprawl<br /><ul><li>Central Water / Sewer Not feasible</li></li></ul><li>Land consumed at 1 DU/ ac<br /><ul><li>2,500 Units </li></ul> covers<br /> 3,300 Acres<br />
  94. 94. Green Programs at North River Village<br />FGBC Dev. Designation<br />LEED Silver for Amenity Buildings<br />LEED Neighborhood Development ??<br />Clean Marina Program<br />LID for Stormwater System Design<br />Dual Water for Irrigation (include recycling stormwater)<br />FGBC Certification for all Single Family Homes<br />Energy Star<br />
  95. 95. Water Star<br />Buildsmart<br />Green Advantage Certification for builders<br />FY&N Standards for Residential Landscape<br />Xeriscape Initiatives for Community Landscape<br />Firewise Community Designation<br />Green Energy?<br />North River Green Programs cont.<br />
  96. 96. Green Programs NRV<br />U.S. Green Building Council Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED) Certification:<br />LEED is a green building rating system that was developed by the US Green Building Council. LEED is a point based system where projects earn LEED points for satisfying specific green building criteria in six categorieswhich include sustainable sites, water efficiency, energy and atmosphere, materials and resources, indoor environmental quality, and innovation in design.<br />
  97. 97. Green Programs NRV<br />LEED for Neighborhood Development:<br />The LEED for Neighborhood Development Rating System integrates the principles of smart growth, urbanism and green building into the first national system for neighborhood design. LEED certification provides independent, third-party verification thata development&apos;s location and design meet accepted high levels of environmentally responsible, sustainable development. <br />
  98. 98. Green Programs NRV<br />Clean Marina Program:<br />This program administered by the Department of Environmental Protection provides pollution prevention educational information and designation to marinas and boat yard owners. Clean Marinas implement a Clean Marina Action Plan (CMAP) focusing on waste management and pollution prevention.<br />
  99. 99. Green Programs NRV<br />LIDLow Impact Designis an approach to site development that minimizes engineered solutions to water managementand minimizes development impact by:<br />Decreasing Impervious Surfaces<br />Reducing Roadway Surfaces<br />Permeable Pavement Surfaces<br />Vegetative Roof Systems<br />Natural Resource Preservation and Xeriscaping<br />www.lowimpactdevelopment.org/<br />
  100. 100. Green Programs NRV<br />Energy Star:<br />Energy Star is a voluntary partnership between the US EPA and more than 8,000 organizations, including 3,500 of the nation’s home builders. The goal is to increase energy efficiency, decrease utility bills, and help to prevent greenhouse gas emissions. The Energy Star symbol identifies more than 50 types of products such as appliances, lighting, and heating and cooling equipment that are energy efficient.<br />
  101. 101. Green Programs NRV<br />Florida Water Star:<br />The programencourages water efficiency in household appliances, plumbing fixtures, irrigation systems and landscapes.These promote the economic and environmental benefits of efficiency in new home construction.<br />
  102. 102. Green Programs NRV<br />Florida Power & Light (FP&L) Build Smart:<br />FPL’s energy efficient home certification program offers energy efficient options for homesto certify they are built to a higher standard than Florida code requires.<br />
  103. 103. Green Programs NRV<br />Green Advantage Certification:<br />Green Advantage is an environmental certification for building related practitioners-primarily contractors, subcontractors and trades people. Certified individuals must pass an examination for Commercial, Residential and/or Commercial/Residential Certification that demonstrates their knowledge in green building principles, materials, and techniques.<br />
  104. 104. Green Programs NRV<br />Florida Yards & Neighborhoods (FY&N):<br />This voluntary program is a partnership of the University of Florida/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) and provides education and outreach activities in the community to help residents reduce pollution, conserve water, and enhance their environment by improving home and landscape management.<br />
  105. 105. Green Programs NRV<br />Firewise Communities & Wildfire Hazard Assessment Guide for Florida Homeowners:<br />The program recognizes those communities that determine if a wildfire hazard exists in a community, evaluate the risk, and implement Firewise principles to mitigate the risk.<br />
  106. 106. Barriers to Green Development <br /><ul><li>Innovative Rural Village Concept
  107. 107. Regional Land Use Solution
  108. 108. Greenbelt Land Preservation
  109. 109. Commercial
  110. 110. Parks & Schools
  111. 111. Transportation Solutions
  112. 112. Pedestrian-friendly
  113. 113. Affordable / Workforce Housing
  114. 114. Village Center / Village Green</li></ul>Immokalee Road South<br />High Density Concept<br />
  115. 115. Barriers to Green Development<br />Rural Village Plan<br /><ul><li>1,422 Units on 563 Acres
  116. 116. 167 Acre Greenbelt
  117. 117. 150,000 s.f. Commercial
  118. 118. $40,000 per Unit Development Cost</li></ul>Immokalee Road South<br />High Density Concept<br />
  119. 119. Barriers to Green Development<br />Regulatory Challenges<br /><ul><li>Transportation Extractions
  120. 120. Fiscal Neutrality Requirement by End of Year One
  121. 121. 20% Increase in Water Management Requirements
  122. 122. Considerable Anti Growth or Slow Growth Sentiment
  123. 123. Result is low density plan based on existing zoning</li></ul>Immokalee Road South<br />Low Density Concept<br />
  124. 124. Barriers to Green Development<br />Final Plan:<br /><ul><li>470 Units on 563 Acres
  125. 125. Doubled per Unit Development Cost
  126. 126. Average Unit Cost 56% higher</li></ul>Immokalee Road South<br />Low Density Concept<br />
  127. 127. Low Impact Development<br />
  128. 128. LID* Storm Water Management<br />Low Impact Development Strategies:<br />The strategies fall under the two broad categories of practices and site design.<br />Practices:<br />Grass Swales<br />Filter Strips<br />Disconnected Impervious Areas<br />Cistern Collection Systems<br />*Low Impact Development<br />
  129. 129. LID Storm Water Management<br />Site Design:<br />Decreasing Impervious Surfaces<br />Reducing Roadway Surfaces<br />Permeable Pavement Surfaces<br />Vegetative Roof Systems<br />Natural Resource Preservation and Xeriscaping<br />Clustering Homes<br />www.lowimpactdevelopment.org/<br />
  130. 130. Conservation Development<br />Conventional<br />Conservation<br />Source: Conservation Design Forum<br />
  131. 131. Moderate Density Conservation<br />Source: Conservation Design Forum<br />
  132. 132. Bioswale<br />
  133. 133. Cost Comparisons<br />Conventional $3,350,000 ($37,600/lot) / Conservation $2,880,000 ($32,400/lot)<br />Source: Conservation Design Forum<br />
  134. 134. Green Residential Design <br />
  135. 135. Design Basics: Economize<br /><ul><li>Smaller Lots
  136. 136. Smaller Homes
  137. 137. Smaller Prices</li></li></ul><li>Floor Plan Design Basics<br />Build Smaller: we don’t buy cars by the pound…so why should we buy homes by the square footage?<br />Be Flexible…Double Duty Rooms<br />Add Extra Height & Fill the Entire Volume<br />Reduce Circulation Paths<br />Built in Furniture and Provide Ample Storage<br />Remove Formal Spaces<br />Use Bedrooms for Sleeping<br />Add Focal Points<br />
  138. 138. Maximize Space Perception<br />Clear Circulation & Focal Points<br />Add Volume<br />“Thanks to Duo Dickinson”<br />
  139. 139. Unplugged<br /><ul><li>Exposed Materials and Ductwork
  140. 140. Unfinished
  141. 141. Overlapping Spaces
  142. 142. Interior Windows</li></li></ul><li>Open, Flexible, & Efficient<br />
  143. 143. Take Advantage of Unused Space<br />
  144. 144. Lessons From Grandma’s House<br />
  145. 145. Think Inside the Box<br />Stay Simple and Be<br />Deliberate With Details<br />
  146. 146. Construction Systems<br />
  147. 147. Construction Systems:<br />SIPS – Structural Integrated Panel System<br />Smart Frame / Optimum Value Engineering (OVE)<br />Insulated Concrete Panels<br />Insulated Concrete Forms<br />Panelized<br />Modular<br />
  148. 148. Construction Systems<br />Typical CMU<br />Insulated Concrete Forms<br />
  149. 149. Systems: SIPS<br />
  150. 150. Systems: Underway<br />Day One After Slab Pour<br />
  151. 151. Shell In Place<br />Interior View End of Day Three<br />
  152. 152. Pre-Charley<br />Completed Building Grand Opening – August 6, 2004<br />
  153. 153. Post-Charley<br />Building after surviving Hurricane Charley – August 13, 2004<br />
  154. 154. Variety<br />
  155. 155. Bottom Line Issues<br />Shell<br />Window & Door Installation<br />Roof Installation<br />Site Selection / Soil Preparation<br />Framing<br />HVAC / Mechanical Equipment Installation<br />Siding Installation<br />Foundation Construction<br />
  156. 156. Most Common Green Practices<br />Energy Efficiency<br /><ul><li>Low-E Windows
  157. 157. Sealing Joints
  158. 158. Energy Efficient Appliances
  159. 159. Ceiling Fans</li></li></ul><li>Costs of Green Building <br />First Cost<br />Cost to Purchase<br />Life Cycle Cost<br />Cost Plus Savings for a Product’s Life<br />Payback<br />Time Needed to Recoup Additional First Costs Via Long-Term Savings<br />Return on Investment<br />Overall Return Over Time Allows for an “Apples to Apples” Comparison<br />
  160. 160. Associated Costs<br />Cost of Greening: As a Total Cost of Construction <br /> Mean: 4.95%<br /> Median: 3.83%<br /> Range: -25% to 38.94%<br />75% of Cases under 5%<br />“New Ecology, Inc, Green Affordable Housing Workshop”<br />
  161. 161. Sustainable Development Key Points<br />Sustainability incorporates<br /> environment, social and<br /> economic principles<br />Density reduces sprawl<br />Consider innovative, <br /> horizontal “green building”<br /> such as low impact design<br /> for water management<br />Integrate green development <br /> and green building for maximum effect<br />
  162. 162. Don’t forget its……about creating communities<br />
  163. 163. Web Sites<br />Green Resources: www.usgbc.org<br />www.nahb.org<br />www.floridagreenbuilding.org<br />www.buildingamerica.gov<br />www.eeba.org<br />www.thegbi.org<br />

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