Lesson Plan in World Literature Simulated Demo for Language Curriculum for Secondary StudentsI. Learning Objectives At the end of discussion, the students are expected to: a. Tell something about the prolific literature and the majestic civilization of Greece. b. Identify the elements of the short story entitled, “The Adventures of Odysseus”. c. Share personal experiences about an act of heroism as embodied by the character of Odysseus. d. Identify the functions of gerunds in a sentenceII. Subject Matter: Literary Focus – “The Adventures of Odysseus”. Hamilton, Edith (an abridged short story from the original novel “The Odyssey” by Homer. Reference: Mythology – Timeless Tales of Gods and Heroes. Hamilton, Edith. pp. 211- 229. Grand Central Publishing Language Focus – Gerunds and its functions in a sentence Reference: Grammar for English Language Teachers with Exercises and a Key. Parrott, Martin. pp. 140-142. Cambridge University Materials PowerPoint Presentation Chalk PicturesIII. Procedure Teacher’s Activity Students’ Activity “Benito, please lead the prayer” (Benito leads the prayer) “Good morning class!” “Good morning Sir Aleluya, peace and all good!” (Students answer) “How are you today? How was your past class? Did you learn something? Motivation (Students answer) “Class, have you ever heard of this maxim? “There’s no place like home.” “Have you ever experienced being far away from (Students answer)
home?” What did you feel?“Yes, you all are right. Class, today, we are going to discuss a short story about a hero who has been away from his family and his experiences as he traveled homebound. It is entitled, “TheAdventures of Odysseus” by Homer. Let’s unlock the vocabularies first. “Class, I’ll read the word first and repeat it “Yes, Sir”afterwards. I’ll use the words in a sentence and choose it’s synonym from the pool of words, okay?” “Prophetess” (Students repeat) “Quaipo is swarmed with a lot of quack (Students raise their hands.) prophetess.” Who wants to answer?” (Student answers) 1. Prophetess (‘pra-fe-tes) – a female prophet Can you use it in a sentence? (Student answers)“Very good, thank you! The next word is “fleet”. Who wants to take it? (Students repeat and raise their hands.)“Spanish fleets defeated the Cuban fleets as they (Student answers) battle on shore.” 2. Fleet (flit) – warship Can you use it in a sentence? (Student answers) “Good Job! Thank you! The next word is (Students repeat and raise their hands) “sacked”. Who wants to answer?” “The Philippines was eventually sacked by the (Student answers) Spaniards. 3. Sacked (saekt) – captured Can you use it in a sentence? (Student answers) “Brilliant answer! Thank you! How about this (Students repeat and raise their hands) word “arrogance”. Who wants to take it?” “His arrogance made him lose all his money.” (Student answers)
4. Arrogance (‘ae-ro-gence) – boastfulness (Student answers) Can you use it in a sentence? (Students repeat and raise their hands) “Good! Thank you! And the last one, ‘voyage’. Who wants to answer?” (Student answers) At last! I finally won a voyage to Singapore! 5. Voyage (vo-ij’) – journey / trip (Student answers) “Can you use it in a sentence?” “That’s very good! “Class, let’s read the words for the day.” (Students read) 1. Prophetess 2. Fleet 3. Sacked 4. Arrogance 5. VoyageQuiz “Class, before discussing the story, I want to check if you’ve gone through it. Kindly get a quarter sheet of paper and number it 1-10. 1. Who told Trojans that the Greeks were inside the wooden horse? 2. How many years has Odysseus been away from home? 3. What was Odysseus’ disguise upon arriving in Ithaca? 4. Where did Odysseus traveled to look for Teiresias? 5. How many years did Odysseus fared in the sea? 6. What was Athena’s disguise when he talked to Telemachus at the sea? 7. Who were the allied gods of the Greeks? (2) When did Odysseus sailed away from Calypso’s Island? What was Penelope’s way to prolong the wait of her suitors?
Answers: 1. Cassandra 2. 20 years 3. An seafarer 4. Erebus 5. 10 years 6. Mentor 7. Athena 8. Zeus 9. Fifth morning after Hermes’ visit 10. Weave and unweave the cloth she was doing.“Pass your papers. At the count of 10 all papers (Students pass and check their papers) must be in my hands now.”Class, I am sure you are already familiar with the (Students listen) Greek Civilization. It is one of the pioneers that ruled the early civilization. Can you say something about the Ancient Greece?“Yes, the Greek literature is one of the oldest yet (Students listen)popular literary resources that has ever made. It reflects the ingenuity and the creativity of the people during the ancient era. I am going to show a brief overview about Greek Lit. “What can you say about the literature of (Students raise their hands and answer) Greece?”“Very Good! Let’s discuss the life of the author.” (Student 1 answer) Who would like to start?Thank you! How about his education and works? (Student 2 answer) Who wants to answer Very Good! Thank you for your answersMotive Questions: 1. Why did Zeus and Athena became angry (Student answers) with the Greeks? 2. What was Telemachus plan to get rid of (Student answers) her mother’s suitors? 3. What happened during the meeting of (Student answers) Telemachus and Menelaus?
4. What happened when finally (Student answers) Telemachus and Odysseus sat face to face?During ReadingLet’s identify the elements of a short story. Let’s (Student answers)habve first the characters. Class, there are waysof describing the characters of a story. The firstone is through his/her physical appearance –isthe character fat, muscled, with green eyes,ebony hair. It can also be through what thecharacter thinks and feels and what othercharacters tell. Who would like to describe thefirst two characters?“Very Good! Thank you! How about the next 2 (Student answers)characters?“Good Job! Thank you! Who would like to take (Student answers)the next two characters?“Nice answer! Thank you! And the last two (Student answers)characters?”“Yes! Thank you! And where did the story (Student answers)happen?”“Good! Thank you! The story happened mainly (Student listens)at the sea and in Ithaca 10 years after the TrojanWar.”“Class, let’s talks about the plot. As you have (Students listen)observed, the story is about an adventure ofOdysseus. He has gone through different placesbecause of the Poseidon and Athena’s doing. Ihave here a map showing the trail Odysseus hadpassed before he eventually arrived in Ithaca.What we re going to do is group yourselves intofour. I’ll be giving you the stations and tell aboutwhat Odysseus had experienced, okay? “Yes, Sir” (Students group themselves) “Let’s start, group 1?” (Group 1 tells their summary) “Good, group 2?” (Group 2 narrates the events) “Nice summary, group 3?” (Group 3 narrates the events)
“Very Nice, group 4?” (Group 4 tells the events) “Great job! Group 5?” (Group 5 summarizes the events) Very Good! Group 6? (Group 6 narrates the events) “Great summary! And last but not the least, (Group 7 concludes the story) group 7?” “Good narration guys!”Plot: I. Greek fleet journeys back to Sparta. Athena gets angry because Ajax hurt Cassandra. Poseidon and Athena conjured to send big waves to sweep Greek fleet and destroy them. Ajax was killed. Menelaus has gone to Egypt and Odysseus was alive but wandered for 10 years. II. In Ithaca, Penelope is pursued by suitors across the land. She hated them and contrives a strategy to prolong their wait. Telemachus asked helped from Athena. Athena disguised as seafarer and told him to build a ship. He was jeered by the suitors and went to the sea and prayed again. This time Athena disguised as Mentor. They left at night and went to Nestor. III. They arrived at Nestor’s abode but he doesn’t know any news about Odysseus. He told them to go to Menelaus. They arrived at Sparta afterwards and attended a banquet. Menelaus told a story about Menelaus and Helen saw that Telemachus look like Odysseus. Telemachus asked Menelaus about his father. Menelaus told him that he was in Calypso’s Island. IV. Meanwhile, upon Zeus’ command to free Odysseus, Hermes told Calypso to build a ship and send him away. Odysseus sailed home but Poseidon saw him and he sent big waves. Odysseus woke up and saw that he
was in an island. He saw women bathing and asked help to Nausicaa. She told him to go to his father alone and asked for help. There, he told his story about his journey. V. His journey started from sailing 9 days in the sea and arrived at Lotus Eaters – Cyclops Polyphemus – Country of Winds (King Aeolus) – Country of Laestrygons – Aeaea (Circe’s lair) – Erebus (Persephone and Hades) – Sirens – Scylla and Charybdis – The Island of the Sun – Calypso’s Island – Country of Phaenicians VI. Odysseus sailed home and successfully arrived at Ithaca. Athena talked to him and turned him as a poor man. Eumaea helped him went to his house. Telemachus headed home and went to Eumaea and saw his father. They went home and saw Penelope’s suitor. VII. Penelope told that if anyone sent straight the arrow from the holes of twelve rings. Odysseus shot the suitors and he all killed them. Penelope rejoined with Odysseus.“Thank you! Very Good! Class, in short stories (Student listens)we have this element called “conflict”. A conflictis the opposition of forces which ties oneincident to another and makes the plot move.We have three classifications. 1. Man to Man – where the main character is battling against another character. Protagonist vs. Antagonist 2. Man vs. Himself – where the main character is battling against an internal problem inside him. 3. Man vs. Nature – where the min character is battling against the forces of nature.“Class, what do you think is the conflict of the (Student answers)story?”
“Very Good! Thank you! Class, the story has (Students listen)portrayed Odysseus as person who goes onamidst the trials. What do you think does thestory tell us?“Nice answer! Thank you! Who else wants to (Students raise their hands)answer? (Student answers)“Thank you! Good realization! Class, we have toremember that an act of heroism and a valiantsoul will always prevail and conquer everythingthat hinders you to be successful. Do you haveany experiences where someone or somethinghas got you away from being successful?” (Student answers)“Thank you for the sharing.” Class, the story of (Students listen)Odysseus is one of the greatest novels everwritten in Greek Literature. It is a mythologicalstory.”Language FocusClass for our language focus for today, we’re (Students listen)going to discuss gerunds. Gerunds are one of thethree classifications under Verbals. Gerunds areverb forms that functions as nouns.In forming the Gerund, you should alwaysremember the formula: main verb + ingFor example:jouney+ ing = journeyingbelieve + ing = believingdestroy+ ing = destroying Can you give me examples of gerunds? (Students give examples) Good, thank you!Class, there are 5 functions of Gerunds in a (Students listen)sentence. a. Subject – Gerunds functions as subject in the sentence.
Examples: Voyaging back home took Odysseus forever. Caring for Odysseus is the passion of Calypso. Talking to Teiresias warned Odysseus about the sacred oxen. Can you give me an example? (Student answers) Very good! Where is the gerund here? (Student answers) Okay, is it clear?b. Direct Object – usually follows after the (Students listen) transitive verb and answers the question who? Or what? Example: Odysseus kept waiting for a sail homebound. Telemachus cannot bear seeing her mother weep. Poseidon detests looking for Athena. Can you give me an example? (Students give examples) Nice sentence! Where is the gerund (Student answers) here? Okay, is it clear?c. Subject Complement – usually follows (Students listen) after a linking verb/ verb auxiliary Polyphemus’ revenge is prolonging the journey of Odysseus. Circe’s evil magic is weakening the assembly of Odysseus. Athena’s plan is helping Odysseus find a way.
Can you give me an example? (Students answer) That’s a brilliant one! Where is the (Students answer) gerund here? Is it clear? d. Object of the Preposition – usually (Students listen) follows after a preposition Ino, the sea-goddess, succeeded in helping Odysseus. By using his eternal prowess, Odysseus sent straight the arrows. Athena encouraged Telemachus about voyaging. Who wants to give an example? (Students give examples) Good! Thank you. Where is the gerund (Student points the gerund) here? Is it clear? Generalization Class, let us generalize. What are gerunds? (Student answers) Good! Can you repeat that? (Student repeats it) Good! How about the functions of gerunds? (Students answer) Good! Class, bring out a quarter sheet of paper.IV. Evaluation Directions: Underline the gerund word and identify its function in the sentence (2pts each item). 1. Athena hated seeing Telemachus cry out of loneliness. Direct Object 2. Calypso’s love for Odysseus was preventing her to set him free. Subject Complement 3. Penelope missed spending her day with Odysseus. Direct Object 4. Longing was Odysseus’ hardest trial. Subject 5. Nausicaa finds happiness in doing the laundry. Ob of the Preposition 6. Odysseus’ journey involves fighting a lot of monsters. Direct Object 7. Menelaus kept narrating about the war. Direct Object
8. In keeping with his tradition, Telemachus honored Menelaus. Ob of the Preposition 9. Penelope’s suitors were jeering Telemechus. Subject Complement 10. Crying was the only resort of Odysseus to ease his pain. Subject V. Assignment Write 3-paragraph essay about your planned career in life. Use gerunds and underline them. (10 pts)Comments and Evaluation:Prepared by:Denmark D. AleluyaBSEd – English IIISJCQC