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Locate15 Conference - Brisbane, Australia


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Open Standards for Sustainable Development

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Locate15 Conference - Brisbane, Australia

  1. 1. ® Open Standards for Sustainable DevelopmentOpen Standards for Sustainable Development Denise McKenzie Executive Director, Communications & Outreach Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Locate15 Brisbane, Australia 12 March 2015 Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial ConsortiumCopyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  2. 2. OGC ® Who am I?Who am I? Executive Director Communications & Outreach Open Geospatial Consortium Australian Citizen UK Resident Global traveler @spatialred
  3. 3. OGC ® WhitepaperWhitepaper Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  4. 4. OGC ® Anthropocene
  5. 5. OGC ® The technosphere: human impacts, good & badThe technosphere: human impacts, good & bad Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium We have entered the Anthropocene Epoch!
  6. 6. OGC ® Sustainability? It depends on us.Sustainability? It depends on us. To understand, adapt to and mitigate human-caused changes in the biosphere that supports us, we need Information technology (IT), and lots of data! Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  7. 7. OGC ® Exponential growth in data, but…Exponential growth in data, but… However, data has little value if it can’t be easily discovered, assessed, accessed, aggregated, combined, passed from system to system, etc. We get lots of data from an explosion of sensors, satellites, citizens, models, etc. Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  8. 8. OGC ® Open standards create a World Wide Web of Environmental dataOpen standards create a World Wide Web of Environmental data Discover, assess, access, aggregate, combine, pass from system to system, etc. Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  9. 9. OGC ® Data is worth more as a shared resource:Data is worth more as a shared resource: Open Data + Open Standards enable: •Reusability •Virtual experiments •Data-driven intelligence •Big Data spatial analytics •Harnessing the power of the crowd Adapted from Reinventing Discovery – The New Era of Networked Science by Michael Nielson Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  10. 10. OGC ® Standards are needed to…Standards are needed to… for science, education, business, policy and management . environmental observations & measurements… communicate, publish, discover, assess, access, aggregate, and process… to develop: information, knowledge, and good decisions Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  11. 11. OGC ® Unobstructed flow of environmental data Data stovepipes Consensus standards are essential!Consensus standards are essential! Sciences Professions Industry Government Consensus within and among: Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  12. 12. OGC ® OGC’s Role in Environmental StandardsOGC’s Role in Environmental Standards • Environmental features and phenomena exist in space & time. • OGC helps communities and other SDOs develop standards for communicating about things in space & time. • Not “maps”, but space & time in IT space! Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  13. 13. OGC ® Environment = natural + built environmentsEnvironment = natural + built environments For natural environment: Geography Markup Language (GML) = encoding standard for all types of geospatial data (including geosciences) For built environment: CityGML (a GML application schema) = encoding standard for 3D urban models. Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  14. 14. OGC ® GML, CityGML and SWE – Foundational standardsGML, CityGML and SWE – Foundational standards GML and CityGML and Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) standards (SensorML, Observations & Measurements, Sensor Planning Service etc.) (and soon SensorThings) provide the web service foundation for … and other environmental standards yet to be developed. WaterML GeoSciML WXXM netCDF PipeLineML Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  15. 15. OGC ® Is PipeLineML an environmental standard?Is PipeLineML an environmental standard? Yes! •Environment = natural + built environments •Knowledge of Earth systems is not enough! •Sustainable development means managing resources, infrastructure and behavior, guided by good science. PipeLineML Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  16. 16. OGC ® Environmental AccountingEnvironmental Accounting • Sustainable development will impact commerce, corporate “good will” accounts, government oversight, taxes, and perhaps monetary systems. • All of these will require environmental measurements & trustable, transparent, and digitally useful communication of environmental measurements. “Triple bottom line” accounting Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  17. 17. OGC ® Measurements that matter to value chains! •Greenhouse gases & offsets •Pollution •Wastes •Physical Infrastructure and “emergy*” •Resources •Hazards •Health What needs to be communicated?What needs to be communicated? (* embedded energy)RF spectrum Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  18. 18. OGC ® Status of Environmental IT StandardsStatus of Environmental IT Standards OGC geospatial Web Service, CityGML and Sensor Web Enablement Standards Other Web Standards… OGC WaterML 2.0 (adopted by OGC) OGC GeoSciML (introduced into OGC) OGC PipelineML (beginning) CarbonML (idea stage, prototype) Sediment ML (idea stage) SoilML (under development by JRC & partners) Air ? WXXM - Weather Information Exchange Model (WMO. Builds on OGC GML) Radiofreq. Spectrum ? Noise ? Species ? Neighborhoods? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? STANDARDS FOUNDATION Uncertainty & Imprecision Still-needed foundation standards: Provenance Rights management Unstructured data Points of Interest (PoI) More … Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  19. 19. OGC ® The standards ecosystem is dynamic!The standards ecosystem is dynamic! • JSON, REST, Linked Data and the Semantic Web provide alternatives to and new ways of using Web services. New IT trends will evolve. • Also, disciplines’ and domains’ focus, data models and workflows evolve. • This dynamism requires ongoing standards work! Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  20. 20. OGC ® United Nations – SD Post 2016 GoalsUnited Nations – SD Post 2016 Goals Goal 1 End poverty in all its forms everywhere Goal 2 End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture Goal 3 Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages Goal 4 Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all Goal 5 Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls Goal 6 Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all Goal 7 Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all Goal 8 Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all Goal 9 Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation Goal 10 Reduce inequality within and among countries Goal 11 Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable Goal 12 Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns Goal 13 Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts* Goal 14 Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development Goal 15 Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss Goal 16 Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels Goal 17 Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium Sustainable Development Goals * Acknowledging that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the primary international, intergovernmental forum for negotiating the global response to climate change
  21. 21. OGC ® It’s in our handsIt’s in our hands Copyright © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  22. 22. ® Please keep in touch!Please keep in touch! © 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium© 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium Denise McKenzie @spatialred @opengeospatial@opengeospatial Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC)Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC)