This research aimed at investigating the reasons for the decline of investigative
journalism in Tanzania. The study was guided by two specific objectives; to find out the
reasons for the decline of investigative journalism in Tanzania and to explore the
perception of journalists toward investigative journalism in Tanzania.
The study was guided by the watchdog theory of the press by Lichtenberg, (1990). The
theory asserts that the press should criticize and evaluate the government and other
institutions to ensure they don’t become corrupt or overstep their power. The basic idea is
that media needs to oversee the performance of government and private officials and
uncover all hidden matters which may affect the public negatively. The study used
interview and questionnaire for data collection.
Generally the study reveals that the reason behind the decline of investigative journalism
in Tanzania is the corrupt practices among journalists. Journalists use investigative stories
to blackmail suspects to make money. Other reasons include the fear of journalists to risk
their lives as they regard investigative journalism as the death line carrier, editors do not
provide assignments to investigative journalism and media owners are merely profit
seeking companies rather than public servants.