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Understanding the Field of Critical
Information Literacy: A Descriptive
Analysis of Scientific Articles
Denis Kos and Sonj...
2
TheWhat?
• Research problem
– assessment of critical IL perspectives unavailable
and the true influence and nature of CIL not
thoro...
4
TheWhy?
?
• Rationale for a bibliometric approach
– sample creation for inductive literature analyses
– (ultimately) defining the th...
6
TheHow?
bibliometrics
– a descriptive analysis of
authorship , research and
publication patterns
Methodology
• a comprehensive ana...
“critical information literacy”
OR
“critical library instruction”
8Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis ...
The project
- focus on critical perspectives
in IL related issues (including
insights from CP, CT,
psychology, etc.)
9Unde...
Google Scholar
SCOPUS
WoS
4.6%
95.4%
10Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec
805 s...
805 search
results
66.34 %
duplicates
non-article entries
not mentioning CIL
mention only in ref.
mention in citing art.
c...
frequency
<3
102 core CIL
articles
12.67%
(including 22 book
chapters)
178 articles
22.11%
12Understanding Critical Inform...
frequency
<3
frequency
=>3
mention CIL only
in references
The research sets
13Understanding Critical Information Literacy ...
14
Theresults Temporal evolution -> 312 articles
Authorship patterns
Institutions and countries
Journal productivity and c...
15Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec
Temporal evolution in the sets
N=312 artic...
16Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec
Authorship patterns in core articles
N = 1...
17Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec
Institutions and countries
• 69 institutio...
Contribution type N %
Journal article 59 57,84%
Book chapter 31 30,39%
Conference paper 12 11,76%
Total 102 100,00%
18Unde...
Behavioral & Social
Sciences Librarian
9% The Journal of
Academic
Librarianship
9%
Communications in
Information Literacy
...
N %
Original scientific paper 12 11,76%
Scientific review 34 33,33%
Preliminary report 0 0,00%
Professional paper 51 50,00...
21Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec
Deductive content analyses
Subject area
• ...
22
Discussion
• fluctuating publishing patterns
• field activity due to high referal
to the concept
– actual engagement?
•...
23
Conclusion
• not a mature subfield
• more research needs to
focus on IL’s inherent
criticality
• inductive thematic ana...
24
References
1. Andrés, A., Measuring Academic Research. Chandos, Oxford (2009)
2. Burdenuk, G.: Living and Learning in t...
25
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Kos, D.; Špiranec, S. Understanding the field of critical information literacy: a descriptive analysis of scientific articles - PPT

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The purpose of the paper which was presented using this presentation at the 3rd European conference on information literacy was to contribute to the understanding of critical perspectives in information literacy whose importance has been recognized by a number of authors in the field. This paper was a preliminary report on a research project that aims to describe the field of critical information literacy (CIL) based on a comprehensive descriptive statistical analysis of the qualities of CIL literature. The analysis was undertaken on a sample of 102 full-text scientific and professional articles. The sample was created based on a preliminary analysis of Google Scholar, SCOPUS and WOS databases. Authors presented findings on the established authorship, publication and research patterns in the field.

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Kos, D.; Špiranec, S. Understanding the field of critical information literacy: a descriptive analysis of scientific articles - PPT

  1. 1. Understanding the Field of Critical Information Literacy: A Descriptive Analysis of Scientific Articles Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec University of Zagreb, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences Department of Information and Communication Sciences Ivana Lučića 3, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia {dkos, sspiran}@ffzg.hr
  2. 2. 2 TheWhat?
  3. 3. • Research problem – assessment of critical IL perspectives unavailable and the true influence and nature of CIL not thoroughly researched • Research goals – reveal the established author, publication and research patterns in the CIL subfield by employing a descriptive statistical literature analysis 3Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec
  4. 4. 4 TheWhy? ?
  5. 5. • Rationale for a bibliometric approach – sample creation for inductive literature analyses – (ultimately) defining the thematic scope to facilitate curriculum integration – the size of the subfield – state of the field and further areas of development 5Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec
  6. 6. 6 TheHow?
  7. 7. bibliometrics – a descriptive analysis of authorship , research and publication patterns Methodology • a comprehensive analysis (three databases) • combination of quantitative and qualitative methods • project began in March, 2015 7 deductive content analysis – a descriptive analysis of established literature qualities and categories Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec
  8. 8. “critical information literacy” OR “critical library instruction” 8Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec
  9. 9. The project - focus on critical perspectives in IL related issues (including insights from CP, CT, psychology, etc.) 9Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec This preliminary report - focus on the literature returned by the formulated query
  10. 10. Google Scholar SCOPUS WoS 4.6% 95.4% 10Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec 805 search results
  11. 11. 805 search results 66.34 % duplicates non-article entries not mentioning CIL mention only in ref. mention in citing art. critical as important 11.55% non-English not accessible 178 articles 22.11% 11Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec
  12. 12. frequency <3 102 core CIL articles 12.67% (including 22 book chapters) 178 articles 22.11% 12Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec
  13. 13. frequency <3 frequency =>3 mention CIL only in references The research sets 13Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec 102 articles 312 articles
  14. 14. 14 Theresults Temporal evolution -> 312 articles Authorship patterns Institutions and countries Journal productivity and contribution sources Contribution types Article classification Deductive content analyses 102 core CIL articles
  15. 15. 15Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec Temporal evolution in the sets N=312 articles
  16. 16. 16Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec Authorship patterns in core articles N = 102 • 109 unique authors • most articles published by: – Heidi Jacobs (6) – Alison Hicks (4) – Troy Swanson (4) • 17.43% published 2 articles • 79.82% published 1 article
  17. 17. 17Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec Institutions and countries • 69 institutions, 7 countries USA 73,53% Canada 12,75% UK 5,88% Australia 4,9% New Zealand Croatia <1% BIH
  18. 18. Contribution type N % Journal article 59 57,84% Book chapter 31 30,39% Conference paper 12 11,76% Total 102 100,00% 18Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec Contribution type • Accardi, Drabinski and Kumbier: Critical library instruction : Theories and methods • Gregory, Higgins – Information literacy and social justice : Radical professional praxis
  19. 19. Behavioral & Social Sciences Librarian 9% The Journal of Academic Librarianship 9% Communications in Information Literacy 5% Library Philosophy and Practice 5% portal: Libraries and the Academy 5% Urban Library Journal 5% Community College Journal of Research and Practice 3% In the Library with the Lead Pipe 3% Library Trends 3% Others (N = 1) 53% Total 0% 19 Journal productivity - 1
  20. 20. N % Original scientific paper 12 11,76% Scientific review 34 33,33% Preliminary report 0 0,00% Professional paper 51 50,00% Professional review 5 4,90% Total 102 100,00% 20Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec Article classification
  21. 21. 21Understanding Critical Information Literacy - by Denis Kos and Sonja Špiranec Deductive content analyses Subject area • 84,31% LIS • 15.69% non-LIS (Education, Politics) Social level • 88.24% organizational • 7.84% societal • 3.92% individual
  22. 22. 22 Discussion • fluctuating publishing patterns • field activity due to high referal to the concept – actual engagement? • small number of constant contributors – need for a CIL journal? – more CIL focused events? • the issues of diversity • more research in transformative IL pedagogy
  23. 23. 23 Conclusion • not a mature subfield • more research needs to focus on IL’s inherent criticality • inductive thematic analyses • taking publishing patterns seriously
  24. 24. 24 References 1. Andrés, A., Measuring Academic Research. Chandos, Oxford (2009) 2. Burdenuk, G.: Living and Learning in the Global Village. In: Lighthall, L., Haycock, K. (eds.) Information Rich, but Knowledge Poor? Emerging Issues for Schools and Libraries Worldwide. 109--117. IASL, Seattle (1997) 3. Elmborg, J.: Critical Information Literacy: Implications for Instructional Practice. Journal of Academic Librarianship. 32, 2, 192--199 (2006) 4. Harzing, A. W., Wal, R. van der: Google Scholar: A New Data Source for Citation Analysis. Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics. 8, 1, 62--71 (2008) 5. Jacobs, H.: Information Literacy and Reflective Pedagogical Practice. Journal of Academic Librarianship. 34, 3, 256--262 (2008) 6. Reference Services Review Article Classification, http://www.emeraldgrouppublishing.com/products/journals/author_guidelin es.htm?id=rsr 7. Simmons Holschuh, M.: Librarians as Disciplinary Discourse Mediators: Using Genre Theory to Move Toward Critical Information Literacy. portal: Libraries and the Academy. 5, 3, 297--311 (2005) 8. Tuomaala, O., Järvelin, K., Vakkari, P.: Evolution of Library and Information Science, 1965-2005: Content Analysis of Journal Articles. Journal of ASIS&T. 65, 7, 1446--1462 (2014) 9. Whitworth, A.: The Reflective Information Literacy Educator. Nordic Journal of Information Literacy in Higher Education. 4, 1, 38--55 (2012) 10.Whitworth, A.: Radical Information Literacy: Reclaiming the Political Heart of the IL Movement. Chandos, Oxford (2014)
  25. 25. 25 Thankyou!

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