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The Ontario Education System

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In this short presentation, we provide a brief summary of the Ontario Education System (Grade 9 -12). The content can be used to meet expectation 3 of the Socio Cultural Competence and Media Literacy Unit of the ESL Curriculum as well.

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The Ontario Education System

  1. 1. The ontario Education System Secondary
  2. 2. This presentation is designed to familiarize newcomer families with the Ontario Education System. property of BrightMinds Online School, © 2017
  3. 3. what you should know 1 The Ontario Secondary Education System
  4. 4. The Ontario Secondary school diploma (o.s.s.D.) has 3 requirements students must complete 40 hours of community involvement activities students must meet the provincial secondary school literacy requirements students must earn a minimum of 30 credits, including 18 compulsory and 12 optional credits
  5. 5. The credits you need to graduate A maximum of 3 credits in English as a second language (ESL) or English literacy development (ELD) may be counted towards the 4 compulsory credits in English, but the fourth must be a credit earned for a Grade 12 compulsory English course. **In groups 1, 2, and 3, a maximum of 2 credits in French as a second language can count as compulsory credits, one from group 1 and one from either group 2 or group 3. ***A maximum of 2 credits in cooperative education can count as compulsory credits. †The 12 optional credits may include up to 4 credits earned through approved dual credit courses.
  6. 6. The Ontario Secondary school literacy test To meet this requirement, students are expected to take and successfully complete the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT)in Grade 10. The test is scheduled and administrated through the Education Quality and Accountability Office (EQAO) once each year, usually in the spring. Students who do not successfully complete the OSSLT will have additional opportunities to meet the literacy requirements. the aim is to have graduates with basic literacy skills that will benefit them in their personal and professional future lives
  7. 7. community hours The purpose of the community involvement requirement is to encourage students to develop awareness and understanding of civic responsibility of the role they can play and the contributions they can make in supporting and strengthening their communities. Students in Ontario are required to complete 40 volunteer hours (which can begin before grade 9) in order to graduate secondary school.
  8. 8. transferring to ontario For regular day school students who are transferring from a school outside Ontario, principals will grant equivalency credits for placement purpose through the Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition (PLAR) process, based on their evaluation of the student’s previous learning. Equivalency credits will be recorded on the student’s Ontario Student Transcript (OST).
  9. 9. Principals will use this table as a guide to determine the number of credits and additional graduation requirements that a student must complete to qualify for the OSSD. a. The compulsory English credit for Grade 12 is required if its equivalent has not already been earned. b. The principal will determine the number of hours of community involvement required for students who have successfully completed two or more years in a secondary school program.
  10. 10. the O.S.S.c. The Ontario Secondary School Certificate will be granted, on request, to students who are leaving secondary school upon reaching the age of 18 without having met the requirements for the OSSD. To be granted an OSSC, a student must have earned a minimum of 14 credits (7 compulsory and 7 optional): • 2 credits in English • 1 credit in mathematics • 1 credit in science • 1 credit in Canadian history or Canadian geography • 1 credit in health and physical education • 1 credit in the art, computer studies, or technological education • 7 credits selected by the student from available courses On the recommendation of the principal, the Minister of Education grants diplomas and certificates at anytime during the year to students who have successfully completed the necessary requirements. Where a student has completed the requirements through private study, night school, summer school or e-learning, the diploma or certificate will be issued by the principal of the school that holds the student’s Ontario Student Record (OSR).
  11. 11. Performance & content Standards in the Ontario Curriculum 2
  12. 12. The Ontario Curriculum outlines the knowledge and skills that students are expected to develop and demonstrate in their class work, on tests, and in various other activities through which achievement is assessed and evaluated.
  13. 13. Secondary school courses in the Ontario curriculum are organized by discipline, grade, and course type. This Curriculum is open access, it can be accessed on the Ontario Ministry of Education Website. On the site you can see the distinction between applied and academic courses and the various destination (workplace, college or university). The Ontario curriculum for Grades 9 to 12 comprises content standards (curriculum expectations) and performance standards, outlined in the achievement chart. Assessment and evaluation will be based on both the content and the performance standards. the ontario curriculum
  14. 14. the ontario curriculum: performance standards The Ontario curriculum for Grades 9 to 12 comprises content and performance standards. Assessment and evaluation will be based on both of these. The content standards are the curriculum expectations identified for every subject. The performance standards are outlined in the achievement chart that appears in the curriculum document for every subject. The achievement chart identifies four categories of knowledge and skills that are common in all subject areas.
  15. 15. the four levels of achievement categories of knowledge and skills categories of knowledge and skills
  16. 16. assessment & evaluation in the Ontario System 3
  17. 17. assessment … Assessment is the process of gathering information that accurately reflects how well a student is achieving the curriculum expectations in a course.
  18. 18. ASSESSMENT FOR ASSESSMENT AS Assessment for the purpose of “improving” student learning is seen as both assessment for (AFL) and assessment as learning (AAL). Teachers engage in assessment as learning by helping students develop their capacity to become independent learners.
  19. 19. LEARNING GOALS AND SUCCESS CRITERIA • As part of assessment for learning, teachers provide students with descriptive feedback and coaching for improvement. • Students and teachers share a common understanding of what is being learned. Learning goals (developed and based on the curriculum expectations) clearly identify what students are expected to know and be able to do, in a language that students can readily understand. • Teacher will share with students a common understanding of what constitutes success in learning. Success criteria describes in specific terms what successful attainment of the learning goals look like.
  20. 20. ASSESSMENTS AT A GLANCE Ontario Curriculum Learning Goals Overall and Specific Expectations Achievement Chart Success Criteria Assessment Type Conducted by Purpose Outcome For Teacher Consolidate Learning Practice and Improve Descriptive Feedback As Student Self or Peer Reflection on Learning Becoming a More Independent Learner Of Teacher Determining Level of Achievement Mark For all three types of assessment, evidence of student achievement is collected from three diverse sources: Observation, Conversation and Student Product Assessments
  21. 21. EVALUATION (ASSESSMENT OF LEARNING) Evidence of student achievement for evaluation is collected over time from three different sources: observation conversation & student product The midterm and final grade represents a student’s achievement of the overall curriculum expectations. 30% 70% evaluation conducted throughout the semester cumulative evaluation (final exam and/or final project)
  22. 22. LEARNING SKILLS AND WORK HABITS The learning skills and work habits of Grade 9 -12 students are assessed throughout the semester and reported in the midterm and final report card. To the extent possible, the evaluation of learning skills and work habits is not considered in determination of a student’s grade. There is broad agreement among educators at all levels that learning skills and work habits substantially contribute to student success and that they are an integral part of student’s learning.
  23. 23. LEARNING SKILLS AND WORK HABITS
  24. 24. reporting achievement and other documents 4
  25. 25. REPORTING STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT A credit is granted in recognition of the successful completion of a course that has been scheduled for a minimum of 110 hours. Credits are granted by a principal on behalf of the Minister of Education for courses that have been developed or authorized by the Ministry.
  26. 26. SECONDARY SCHOOL CREDITS • Courses in Grade 10, 11 and 12 may have prerequisites for enrolment. • All prerequisite courses are identified in Course Descriptions and Prerequisites document. • Some students may change their educational goals as they proceed through secondary school. When they decide to embark on a new pathway, they may find that they have not completed all of the prerequisite courses they need.
  27. 27. ADDITIONAL WAYS FOR STUDENTS TO COMPLETE COURSES E-learning includes the use of digital learning resources in a virtual classroom setting, where there is a distance between the e-learning teacher and the student. In special circumstances, Independent Study is arranged. A student is excused from attending some or all classes in a course in order to study independently but under the supervision of a teacher. Secondary school credit courses are available through the Independent Learning Centre. Courses offered will be courses from the curriculum and will enable students to fulfil requirements for OSSD. Students can also obtain credits through an inspected private school. In such case, the principal of the publicly funded school will record the credit with notation “P” in the “Notes” column on the Ontario Student Transcript (OST). Some private schools can be e-learning facilities.
  28. 28. ➤ the Secondary school students who transfer from one secondary school to another will have their credits transferred with them. This record keeping in maintained in the Ontario Student Record, (O.S.R.)This documents is the record of a student’s educational progress through schools in Ontario. TRANSFERS
  29. 29. REPORTING STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT Semestered schools will use the Provincial Report Card for formal written reports to parents two times a semester. Non-Semestered schools will use the Provincial Report Card for formal written reports to parents three times a year. The first report must be issued in the fall. A report card should look something like this: 83-0470E (2010/01) © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2010 Page 1 of 4 Semester Reporting Period Date Ministry of Education Provincial Report Card, Grades 9–12 STUDENT: OEN: Grade: Homeroom: Principal: Address: School Council Chair: SCHOOL: Telephone: BOARD: Email/Website: Address: Fax: Address: Learning Skills and Work Habits Attendance Courses ReportingPeriod PercentageMark CourseMedian CreditEarned Responsibility Organization IndependentWork Collaboration Initiative Self-Regulation Comments Strengths/Next Steps for Improvement TimesLate Course Title: Course Code: Teacher: First ESL/ELD IEP French SHSM Final Course Title: Course Code: Teacher: First ESL/ELD IEP French SHSM Final Course Title: Course Code: Teacher: First ESL/ELD IEP French SHSM Final Course Title: Course Code: Teacher: First ESL/ELD IEP French SHSM Final To parents/guardians and students: This copy of the report should be kept for reference. The original or an exact copy has been placed in the student's Ontario Student Record (OSR) folder and will be retained for five (5) years after the student leaves school. To view provincial curriculum documents, visit the Ministry of Education’s website: www.edu.gov.on.ca. ClassesMissed TotalClasses
  30. 30. STUDENT RECORDS & ATTENDANCE The Ontario Student Transcript (OST) is a comprehensive record of all course work and diploma requirements achieved by a student. Canadian law stipulates that students who are six years old on or before the first day of school are required to attend school until they reach the age of 18 or graduate. sample OST sample OSR
  31. 31. LATE, MISSED AND PLAGIARIZED ASSIGNMENTS Ontario students are responsible for providing evidence of their learning within established timelines. Furthermore, students are responsible to submit a work that is original, free of cheating and plagiarism. There are consequences for late, missing and plagiarized works. Individual school board will work collaboratively with their schools and communities to develop proper policies and strategies to address the issues.
  32. 32. and experiential learning opportunities 5 Supporting diverse learners
  33. 33. SUPPORTING DIVERSE LEARNERS English language learners are students whose first language is a language other than English. English as a second language (ESL) courses are intended to help English language learners develop proficiency in the language of instruction. A student’s Individual Education Plan (IEP) describes his or her education program and any accommodations that many be required. The IEP will specify whether the student requires: accommodation only; or modified learning expectations; or an alternative program.
  34. 34. EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING PROGRAMS Experiential learning programs may be part of the delivery of the curriculum in all disciplines. Such programs provide students with opportunities to see how their classroom learning applies in a workplace setting and allow them to explore a career of interest as they plan a pathway through secondary school to their post secondary destination.
  35. 35. SAMPLE EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING PROGRAMS Cooperative education programs allow students to earn secondary school credits while completing a work placement in the community. Work experience is a component of a course that provides students with a learning opportunity in the workplace for a limited period of time. Job shadowing allows a student to spend one-half to one day observing a worker in a specific occupation. Job twinning provides the opportunity for the students to observe a cooperative education student at his or her placement for one half to one day.
  36. 36. Information in this presentation can be found on the Ontario Ministry of Education Website and the following links. BrightMindsOnlineSchool.ca Ontario Schools (2016) Growing Success (2010) Ontario Ministry of Education Website Connect with us! We offer up to 15 minutes of free educational consultation to newcomer families.

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