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Plagiarism

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Plagiarism occurs when a student presents another person’s work as his or her own. Plagiarism is considered an act of academic dishonesty. This presentation aims to help student develop a better understanding of what plagiarism is and how to avoid it.

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Plagiarism

  1. 1. PLAGIARISM A GUIDE TO UNDERSTANDING
  2. 2. "THE UNAUTHORIZED USE OF THE LANGUAGE AND THOUGHTS OF ANOTHER AUTHOR AND THE REPRESENTATION OF THEM AS ONE'S OWN" New Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the English Language, 1997 WHAT IS PLAGIARISM?
  3. 3. PLAGIARISM INCLUDES: • to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own • turning in someone else's work as your own • copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit • failing to put a quotation in quotation marks • giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation • changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit • to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source http://www.plagiarism.org/plagiarism-101/what-is-plagiarism/ DEFINING PLAGIARISM:
  4. 4. HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM: DO NOT: ▸ purchase instant essays on the internet ▸ get someone else to write your paper ▸ copy something, even a definition and pretend that you created this yourself ▸ take good notes and work on a draft of your work to prove (if you need to) the originality of your work ▸ ask for help from your teacher if you do not know how to proceed with an assignment ▸ give sources for your information either as citations, footnotes, or as a bibliography ▸ give the source of your information even if you are in a discussion ▸ plan your assignments DO:
  5. 5. PARAPHRASING AND QUALITY SOURCES A paraphrase is a restatement in your own words of someone else's ideas. To paraphrase correctly you should look to change both the words and the sentence structure of the original idea. You still need to cite a paraphrased idea as the idea comes from somewhere else. Not everything online is credible. Be diligent in analyzing and evaluating the sources of the information. In general wikipedia is a weak source, but you can find on this website, the source of their information which is a good place to start when looking for information.
  6. 6. MAYBE YOU DIDN’T MEAN TO DO IT… HOW TO PREVENT PLAGIARIZING (EVEN BY ACCIDENT) It is important to make the distinction between your work and outside ideas. By citing sources, the teacher can tell where the information came from and how your ideas are supported (or not). By plagiarizing your work, it shows fear and desperation to the teacher (“ I don’t understand this question or topic so I will use someone else’s work”) and it also tells the teacher that you are weak in areas of Thinking (“I cannot creatively answer this assignment and will avoid it”). The use of plagiarism also shows poor Learning Skills especially in areas of Responsibility, Organization and Initiative. Most cases of plagiarism can be avoided, however, by citing sources. Simply acknowledging that certain material has been borrowed and providing your audience with the information necessary to find that source is usually enough to prevent plagiarism.
  7. 7. NOT KNOWING OR UNDERSTANDING PLAGIARISM DOES NOT MEAN THAT IT IS OKAY FOR YOU TO KEEP DOING THIS TYPE OF CHEATING. BrightMinds Online School CULPABLE IGNORANCE
  8. 8. CITING AND QUOTING MATERIAL START WITH THE TEACHER’S INSTRUCTIONS Think about how you want to identify your sources. If your sources are very important to your ideas, you should mention the author and work in a sentence that introduces your citation. If, however, you are only citing the source to make a minor point, you may consider using parenthetical references, footnotes, or endnotes. Ask your teacher to determine the form of citation appropriate for your assignment. Simply by asking "How should I cite my sources," or "What style of citation should I use?" before you begin writing. Citation styles differ mostly in the location, order, and syntax of information about references. Here at BrightMinds Online School we recommend APA (more for Social Science) or MLA (for English) unless otherwise instructed. Please refer to the following links for more information on either style.: M.L.A. (Modern Languages Association) ▸ https://www.library.cornell.edu/research/citation ▸ http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/DocMLA.html A.P.A. (American Psychological Association) ▸ http://www.apastyle.org/apa-style-help.aspx ▸ http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/DocAPA.html
  9. 9. THE FOLLOWING WEBSITES CAN BE HELPFUL IN CREATING YOUR WORK: how to correctly quote the web: http://guides.lib.berkeley.edu/evaluating-resources free online bibliography maker: http://www.bibme.org SOURCES USED IN THIS PRESENTATION: https://www.library.cornell.edu/research/citation http://www.plagiarism.org/plagiarism-101/what-is-plagiarism/ https://acrbulletin.org/67-feb2016/376-plagiarism-scholarly- publishing
  10. 10. HERE AT BRIGHT MINDS ONLINE SCHOOL WE TAKE PLAGIARISM VERY SERIOUSLY. If you are still unclear about this topic, please discuss your questions with your teacher or the administration. We are committed to your success. BrightMinds Online School brightmindsonlineschool.ca 647-931-9070

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