“Stand firm then, my brothers, to theTRADITIONS that we taught you, whether byWORD OF MOUTH or by LETTER.” 2 Thessalonians 2:15
Latin “tradere” - to hand on; to pass the CONTENT: the PROCESS: that which is being the manner by which the handed on content is passed TRADITION IS THE WHOLE PROCESS BY WHICH THE CHURCH PRESERVES AND HANDS ON THE FAITH THROUGH GENERATIONS
Fr. Ian Knox C.S.Sp.• THROUGH PREACHING• THROUGH TEACHING• THROUGH RELIGIOUS SERVICES AND CUSTOMS• THROUGH PERSONAL AND COMMUNAL PRAYERS AND DEVOTIONS• THROUGH SPECIAL DAYS OF FEAST AND REMEMBRANCE• THROUGH RELIGIOUS LAWS AND OBLIGATIONS• THROUGH SAYINGS AND CATCH PHRASES• THROUGH STORY TELLING
“There are so many other things that Jesus did, but if these were to be describedindividually, I do not think the whole world would contain the books that would bewritten.” John 21:25 SACRED TRADITION AND SACRED SCRIPTURES CONSTITUTE THE DEPOSIT OF DIVINE REVELATION. • Sacred Scriptures originated from Oral Tradition. • Not all of Tradition had been written down, hence the Bible, authoritative as it is, does not contain the entirety of revelation. • Tradition does not stop when it is written down. Rather, traditions continue in the life of the church.
“Tradition (capitalized) is the living and livedfaith of the church; traditions are customaryways of doing or expressing matters related tofaith. If tradition cannot be rejected or lostwithout essential distortion of the gospel, it ispart of Tradition itself. If tradition is notessential, then it is subject to change or evento elimination.” Richard McBrien CATHOLICISM, p.66
These are practices of the Church which are NON- DOCTRINAL. These may have resulted from the needs of the church which arose at a particular time in history. Some of these traditions may have been a product of the entry of the Church into other cultures. EXAMPLES: The MANNER of Easter Practices The Holy Rosary celebrating the EucharistThe Pope recently Before the Second Vatican Council, In the Philippines, theadded another set of the priest faced the altar and used “Salubong” is part of themysteries: the Luminous Latin, today , the priest faces the Introductory Rites forMysteries people and uses the vernacular the Easter Morning Mass
SCRIPTURAL TRADITIONS SACREDTRADITION APOSTOLOIC TRADITIONS TEACHINGS OF THE MAGISTERIUM
These are traditions that take their roots in the HOLY BIBLE. These practices and beliefs can be justified by quoting Sacred Scriptures. EXAMPLES: Baptism The Authority of the Pope The Holy Mass“Go therefore and make “I give you the keys to the kingdom “For as often as you eatdisciples of all nations, of heaven. Whatever you bind on this bread and drink thisbaptizing them in the name of earth shall be bound in heaven. cup, you proclaim thethe Father and of the Son and Whatever you loose on earth shall be death of the Lord until heof the Holy Spirit” Mt. 28:19 loosed in heaven.” Mt.16:19 comes.” 1 Cor 11:26
These are the teachings which the Apostles left us, not through written scripture, but through the unbroken chain of succession of Popes, bishops, priests and deacons. This unbroken chain is an assurance that the teachings of the Apostles are preserved intact.Church teachings that are based onApostolic Traditions are contained inthe Catechism of the Catholic Church. And for us Filipinos, we also have the Catechism for Filipino Catholics.
Lt. “Magister” - teacher IMMACULATE THE MARIANMAGISTERIUM- the teaching authority of the CONCEPTIONChurch. This is exercised by the Pope in making DOGMAS WEREsolemn definitions, or by Bishops in an Ecumenical DEFINED BYCouncil like Vatican 2 VIRTUE OF THE CHURCH’SThe teachings of faith are never stagnant. As time MAGISTERIUMgoes by, the Church’s understanding of her own DIVINE Pope Pius IX. 1854teachings deepen, leading to the definition and MOTHERHOOD ASSUMPTION OFpromulgation of new teachings. OUR LADYThese teachings are “new” not because they werejust invented. On the contrary, they have alwaysbeen part of the ancient teachings of the church,only that they were not immediately defined. Council of Ephesus, 431 Pope Pius XII, 1950
For our sake he was crucified under PontiusA SUMMARY OF SACRED TRADITION: Pilate; he suffered, died, and was buried. On the third day he rose again in fulfillment of the Scriptures, he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He We believe in One God, the Father will come again in glory to judge the living Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, and the dead, and his kingdom will have no of all that is seen and unseen. end. We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the We believe in one Lord Jesus Christ, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father only Son of God, eternally begotten of and the Son. With the Father and the Son, the Father, God from God, Light from he is worshipped and glorified. He has Light, true God from true God, spoken through the prophets. begotten, not made, one in Being with the Father. Through him all things We believe in one, holy, catholic, and apostolic were made. For us men and for our Church. We acknowledge one baptism for salvation, he came down from heaven, the forgiveness of sins. We look forward to by the power of the Holy Spirit he was the resurrection of the dead, and the life of born of the Virgin Mary and became the world to come. Amen. man. Council of Nicaea, 325
Richard McBrien CATHOLICISM Winston Press, 1980 James O. McDonnelJUST THE FAQ’s: WHAT CATHOLICS REALLY BELIEVE Makati: Word and Life Publications, 1994 Fr. Ian Knox, C.S.Sp. THEOLOGY FOR TEACHERS Ottawa:Novalis Press, 1994